Autoimmune Disease Ribbons | Personalized Cause
Autoimmune diseases and their associated awareness ribbon colors available in a searchable list of autoimmune conditions that correspond to enamel and fabric awareness ribbons. Engraved with the name of the condition, each is sold individually and made to order.
Autoimmune Conditions And Their Associated Autoimmune Disease Ribbon Colors
Immune system disorders cause abnormally low activity or over activity of the immune system. In cases of immune system over activity, the body attacks and damages its own tissues (autoimmune diseases). In response to an unknown trigger, the immune system may begin producing antibodies that instead of fighting infections, attack the body's own tissues. Our database of autoimmune diseases and conditions and their associated autoimmune disease ribbon colors, below, is searchable by ribbon color and type of autoimmune disease or condition. A link to our awareness ribbons is also included for each type of autoimmune disease or condition.
Please note: Do not reproduce this list without explicit permission. Copyright, 2018.
Autoimmune Disease Conditions Starting with A - C
Achalasia - Light Blue Awareness Ribbons
Light Blue Awareness Ribbons for Achalasia Awareness
Achalasia is a rare disorder of the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. It is characterized by impaired ability to push food down toward the stomach (peristalsis), failure of the ring-shaped muscle at the bottom of the esophagus, the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), to relax. It is the contraction and relaxation of the sphincter that moves food through the tube.
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis - Black and White Awareness Ribbons
Black and White Awareness Ribbons for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis Awareness
Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a brief but intense attack of inflammation (swelling) in the brain and spinal cord and white coating of nerve fibers). Other terms used to refer to ADEM include post-infectious encephalomyelitis and immune-mediated encephalomyelitis.
Acute Motor Axonal Neuropathy - Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Acute Motor Axonal Neuropathy Awareness
Acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) is a pure motor axonal form of Guillain-Barré syndrome.
Addison's Disease - Light Blue Awareness Ribbons
Light Blue Awareness Ribbons for Addison's Disease Awareness
Addison’s disease is a disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol and aldosterone. Addison’s disease is caused by an autoimmune response, in which the body’s immune system assaults its own organs and tissues. Treatment includes hormones similar to those made by the adrenal glands.
Adiposis Dolorosa - Yellow and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Yellow and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Adiposis Dolorosa Awareness
Adiposis dolorosa is a condition characterized by painful folds of fatty (adipose) tissue or the growth of multiple noncancerous (benign) fatty tumors called lipomas. This condition occurs most often in women who are overweight or obese, and signs and symptoms typically appear between ages 35 and 50. Other names for Adiposis dolorosa are Dercum's disease, Fatty tissue rheumatism, Juxta-articular adiposis dolorosa, and lipomatosis dolorosa morbus dercum's.
Adult-Onset Still's Disease - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Adult-Onset Still's Disease Awareness
Adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare inflammatory disorder that affects the entire body (systemic disease). The cause of the disorder is unknown (idiopathic). Affected individuals may develop episodes of high, spiking fevers, a pink or salmon colored rash, joint pain, muscle pain, a sore throat and other symptoms associated with systemic inflammatory disease.
Agammaglobulinemia - Zebra Awareness Ribbons
Zebra Awareness Ribbons for Agammaglobulinemia Awareness
Agammaglobulinemia is a group of inherited immune deficiencies characterized by a low concentration of antibodies in the blood due to the lack of particular lymphocytes in the blood and lymph.
Alopecia Areata - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Alopecia Areata Awareness
Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune skin disease, causing hair loss on the scalp, face and sometimes on other areas of the body. In fact, it affects as many as 6.8 million people in the U.S. with a lifetime risk of 2.1%. People of all ages, both sexes and all ethnic groups can develop alopecia areata. It often first appears during childhood and can be different for everyone who has it.
Amyloidosis - Burgundy Awareness Ribbons
Burgundy Awareness Ribbons for Amyloidosis Awareness
Amyloidosis is a rare disease that occurs when a substance called amyloid builds up in organs. Amyloid is an abnormal protein that is produced in bone marrow and can be deposited in any tissue or organ.
Ankylosing Spondylitis - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Ankylosing Spondylitis Awareness
Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis that primarily affects the spine, although other joints can become involved. It causes inflammation of the spinal joints (vertebrae) that can lead to severe, chronic pain and discomfort. In more advanced cases this inflammation can lead to ankylosis, new bone formation in the spine, causing sections of the spine to fuse in a fixed, immobile position.
Anti-GBM/Anti-TBM Nephritis - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Anti-GBM/Anti-TBM Nephritis Awareness
Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane disease (anti-GBM disease) is a disease that occurs as a result of injury to small blood vessels (capillaries) in the kidneys and/or lungs. Autoantibodies are antibodies directed toward the body itself (rather than towards something foreign such as bacteria or viruses). In anti-GBM disease, these autoantibodies are targeted to the basement membrane, which is part of the wall of these capillary blood vessels in the kidneys and lungs. The name anti-GBM disease reflects the fact that this disease is caused by autoantibodies targeting and causing damage to (anti-) the glomerular basement membrane (GBM).
Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Anti-Body Associated Vasculits - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Anti-Body Associated Vasculitis Awareness
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of diseases (granulomatosis with polyangiitis, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis), characterized by destruction and inflammation of small vessels. The clinical signs vary and affect several organs, such as the kidney, stomach, intestine, and lung. Skin lesions, such as purpura and urticaria, result when blood from small vessels leaks under the skin. AAV occurs when neutrophils attack small and medium vessels of the body. The underlying reason for this remains unclear.
Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis Awareness
The major role of the immune system is to recognise and get rid of infection. But sometimes some components of the immune system, called antibodies, may instead react with proteins in the body causing an autoimmune disease. When this reaction is against proteins in the brain it is called autoimmune encephalitis. If the brain protein is the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, the condition is termed NMDA-receptor antibody encephalitis, or anti-NMDAR encephalitis. Essentially the immune system is attacking the brain.
Antiphospholipid Syndrome - Burgundy Awareness Ribbons
Burgundy Awareness Ribbons for Antiphospholipid Syndrome Awareness
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder. Signs and symptoms vary, but may include blood clots, miscarriage, rash, chronic headaches, dementia, and seizures. APS occurs when the body's immune system makes antibodies that attack phospholipids. Phospholipids are a type of fat found in all living cells, including blood cells and the lining of blood vessels.
Antisynthetase Syndrome - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Antisynthetase Syndrome Awareness
Antisynthetase syndrome is a chronic autoimmune condition that affects the muscles and various other parts of the body. The signs and symptoms can vary but may include muscle inflammation (myositis), polyarthritis (inflammation of many joints), interstitial lung disease, thickening and cracking of the hands, and Raynaud phenomenon. The exact underlying cause is unknown.
Aplastic Anemia - Red and White Pinstripes Awareness Ribbons
Red and White Pinstripes Awareness Ribbons for Aplastic Anemia Awareness
Aplastic anemia is a blood disorder in which the body's bone marrow does not make enough new blood cells. Bone marrow is a sponge-like tissue inside the bones. It makes stem cells that develop into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
Autoimmune Angioedema - Blue and Zebra Awareness Ribbons
New Pin - Blue and Zebra Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Angioedema Awareness
Hereditary angioedema and acquired angioedema resemble angioedema caused by an allergic reaction, with swelling of areas of tissues under the skin. However, hives do not develop, and the cause is different. Hereditary angioedema is a genetic disorder that causes a deficiency or malfunction of C1 inhibitor. Acquired angioedema, a rare disorder, differs from hereditary angioedema. It develops when certain cancers, such as lymphoma, or autoimmune disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) or dermatomyositis, cause a deficiency of C1 inhibitor. Symptoms usually start later in life, after people have developed a disorder that can cause this deficiency.
Autoimmune Dysautonomia - Light Blue or Turquoise Awareness Ribbons
Light Blue Awareness Ribbons or Turquoise Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Dysautonomia Awareness
Dysautonomia is an umbrella medical term utilized for a group of complex conditions that are caused by a dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The ANS regulates all of the unconscious functions of the body, including the cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, metabolic system, and endocrine system. A dysfunction of the ANS can cause debilitating symptoms and may pose significant challenges for effective medical treatment. Orthostatic intolerance (the inability to remain upright) is a hallmark of the various forms of dysautonomia.
Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis - Zebra and Red Awareness Ribbons
Zebra and Red Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis Awareness
Autoimmune encephalomyelitis (AE) is a serious medical condition in which the immune system attacks the brain, impairing function. While AE may be triggered by an infection, many cases have an unknown cause. Depending on what part of the brain is affected, and which part of the immune system is activated, the symptoms can vary broadly. AE is a severe condition, with an approximately 6% mortality rate. While rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment allows many patients to recover most or all functions, a significant percentage of patients have persistent symptoms that negatively impact their ability to function.
Autoimmune Enteropathy - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Enteropathy Awareness
Autoimmune enteropathy (AIE) is a rare disease characterized by intractable diarrhea, villous atrophy of the small intestine, the presence of autoantibodies, and usually the need for immunosuppressive treatment. Patients do not respond to dietary modification, including a gluten free diet, and some will require total parenteral nutrition. This condition more commonly affects infants within the first six months of life; however, AIE is increasingly recognized in adults.
Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia Awareness
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a form of autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is a group of rare but serious blood disorders. They occur when the body destroys red blood cells more rapidly than it produces them.
Autoimmune Hepatitis - Purple and Yellow Awareness Ribbons
Purple and Yellow Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Hepatitis Awareness
Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic disease in which the body’s immune system attacks the liver and causes inflammation and liver damage. Without treatment, autoimmune hepatitis may get worse and lead to complications, such as cirrhosis.
Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (AIED) - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (AIED) Awareness
Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED), also called autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss (ASNHL), is characterized by bilateral, rapidly progressive sensorineural hearing loss over a period of weeks to months.
Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome Awareness
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is an inherited disorder in which the body cannot properly regulate the number of immune system cells (lymphocytes). ALPS is characterized by the production of an abnormally large number of lymphocytes (lymphoproliferation). Accumulation of excess lymphocytes results in enlargement of the lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy), the liver (hepatomegaly), and the spleen (splenomegaly).
Autoimmune Myocarditis - Red and Purple Awareness Ribbons
Red and Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Myocarditis Awareness
Autoimmune myocarditis is an autoimmune disease that affects the heart. The condition is characterized by inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium). Some people with autoimmune myocarditis have no noticeable symptoms of the condition. When present, signs and symptoms may include chest pain, abnormal heartbeat, shortness of breath, fatigue, signs of infection (i.e. fever, headache, sore throat, diarrhea), and leg swelling. The exact underlying cause of the condition is currently unknown; however, autoimmune conditions, in general, occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue.
Autoimmune Neutropenia - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Neutropenia Awareness
Autoimmune neutropenia is a form of neutropenia which is most common in infants and young children where the body identifies the neutrophils as enemies and makes antibody to destroy them. Primary autoimmune neutropenia (AIN) is an autoimmune disease first reported in 1975 that primarily occurs in infancy.
Autoimmune Oophoritis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Oophoritis Awareness
Autoimmune oophoritis is a rare cause of primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). It happens when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the ovaries causing inflammation, atrophy and fibrosis. These changes stop the ovaries from working normally. The main symptoms of autoimmune oophorotis are irregular or absent menstrual period (amenorrhea) and symptoms related to ovarian cysts such as abdominal cramping, bloating, nausea and vomiting.
Autoimmune Orchitis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Orchitis Awareness
Autoimmune orchitis is characterized by testis inflammation and the presence of specific antisperm antibodies (ASA). It is classified in two categories. Primary autoimmune orchitis is defined by infertility and asymptomatic orchitis associated with ASA (100%) directed to the basement membrane or seminiferous tubules in infertile men, without any systemic disease and usually asymptomatic. Secondary autoimmune orchitis is characterized by symptomatic orchitis and/or testicular vasculitis associated with a systemic autoimmune disease, particularly vasculitis. These patients typically demonstrate testicular pain, erythema and/or swelling. ASA in secondary autoimmune orchitis have been reported in up to 50% of patients, especially in systemic lupus erythematosus patients.
Autoimmune Pancreatitis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Pancreatitis Awareness
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) was fist described in 1995, and introduced to be a form of chronic pancreatitis associated with autoimmune manifestations. The disease represents a systemic autoimmune condition that involves not only the pancreas but also a variety of other organs such as bile duct, the retroperitoneum, and lymph nodes.
Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Awareness
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes (APSs), also called autoimmune polyglandular syndromes (APSs), polyglandular autoimmune syndromes (PGASs), or polyendocrine autoimmune syndromes, are a heterogeneous group of rare diseases characterized by autoimmune activity against more than one endocrine organ, although non-endocrine organs can be affected.
Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 2 - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 2 Awareness
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 is an autoimmune disorder that affects many hormone-producing (endocrine) glands. It is characterized by the presence of Addison's disease along with autoimmune thyroid disease and/or type 1 diabetes. Affected individuals may also have problems with other endocrine glands and other common features include primary hypogonadism, myasthenia gravis, and celiac disease. Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 is diagnosed in adulthood, typically around age 30. The cause of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 is unknown, although it may involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. This condition occurs more often in women than men.
Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 3 - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 3 Awareness
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (APS) type 3 is an autoimmune condition that affects the body's endocrine glands. The syndrome, which typically affects women during middle age, results from failure of the glands to produce their hormones. This condition is characterized by autoimmune thyroiditis along with another organ-specific autoimmune disease. The other autoimmune diseases may include diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, vitiligo, alopecia, myasthenia gravis, and Sjogren's syndrome.
Autoimmune Progesterone Dermatitis - Peach Awareness Ribbons
Peach Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Progesterone Dermatitis Awareness
Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis (APD) is an uncommon disease characterized by the appearance of a cyclic rash that develops premenstrually. It is considered a hypersensitivity reaction to either endogenous or exogenous progesterone and has a variable cutaneous presentation.
Autoimmune Retinopathy - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Retinopathy Awareness
Autoimmune retinopathy and cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) are rare eye disorders in which autoantibodies damage the retina, causing progressive vision loss. An autoantibody is a type of protein produced by the immune system that is directed against one or more of an individual's own proteins. It is thought that in autoimmune retinopathies the autoantibodies attack proteins of the retina, therefore causing retinal disease. In CAR, the autoantibodies are thought to be generated in response to a cancerous tumor that is present in the body.
Autoimmune Thrombocytopenic Purpura - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Thrombocytopenic Purpura Awareness
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a clinical syndrome in which a decreased number of circulating platelets (thrombocytopenia) manifests as a bleeding tendency, easy bruising (purpura), or extravasation of blood from capillaries into skin and mucous membranes (petechiae).
Autoimmune Thyroiditis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Thyroiditis Awareness
Autoimmune thyroiditis is a chronic disease in which the body interprets the thyroid glands and its hormone products T3, T4 and TSH as threats, therefore producing special antibodies that target the thyroid’s cells, thereby destroying it.
Autoimmune Urticaria - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Urticaria Awareness
In about half of patients with chronic idiopathic hives, the explanation is that body's immune system is, in a sense, overactive. The urticaria is "autoimmune". The immune system is attacking the normal tissues of the body and causing hives as a result.
Autoimmune Uveitis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Autoimmune Uveitis Awareness
The uvea represents the vascular organ of the eye and it is composed of the iris, ciliary body and, choroid. Autoimmune uveitis (AU) is an inflammatory process of these uveal components due to an autoimmune reaction to self-antigens or caused by an innate inflammatory reaction secondary to an external stimulus. It can present as an isolated entity or associated with a systemic autoimmune or autoinflammatory disease. Because of its proximity to other parts in the eye, inflammation can cause damage to ocular layers such as the retina and structures like the vitreous body and optic nerve. This compromise is considered one of the principal causes of preventable blindness around the world.
Axonal and Neuronal Neuropathy (AMAN) - Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Axonal and Neuronal Neuropathy (AMAN) Awareness
Anonal and neuronal neuropathy (AMAN) is a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome, an autoimmune disease. It is characterized by acute paralysis and loss of reflexes without sensory loss. The syndrome typically presents as a progressive symmetric paralysis (loss of muscle function) with areflexia (absence of neurologic reflexes such as the knee jerk reaction), often causing respiratory failure. Antibodies attack the coating of the motor neurons without causing inflammation. It does not affect sensory neurons, so sensation remains intact despite loss of movement.
Balo's Disease - Orange Awareness Ribbons
Orange Awareness Ribbons for Balo's Disease Awareness
Balo’s disease is a rare demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) in which the myelin (the fatty substance covering nerve fibers) is damaged. Balo’s disease shares features with other demyelinating diseases and, while some consider it a distinct disorder, most MS specialists view it as a rare variant of multiple sclerosis (MS).
Behcet's Disease - Light Blue Awareness Ribbons
Light Blue Awareness Ribbons for Behcet's Disease Awareness
Behcet's disease, also called Behcet's syndrome, is a rare disorder that causes blood vessel inflammation throughout the body. The disease can lead to numerous signs and symptoms that may seem unrelated at first. They may include mouth sores, eye inflammation, skin rashes and lesions, and genital sores. The effects of Behcet's disease vary from person to person and may clear up on their own.
Bickerstaff's Encephalitis - Silver Awareness Ribbons
Silver Awareness Ribbons for Bickerstaff's Encephalitis Awareness
Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE) is a rare post-infectious neurological disease characterized by the association of external ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, lower limb arreflexia, extensor plantar response and disturbance of consciousness (drowsiness, stupor or coma).
Benign Mucosal Pemphigoid - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Benign Mucosal Pemphigoid Awareness
Cicatricial pemphigoid (also known as benign mucosal pemphigoid, mucous membrane pemphigoid, or benign mucous membrane pemphigoid) is a rare chronic autoimmune blistering disease characterized by erosive skin lesions of the mucous membranes and skin that results in scarring of at least some sites of involvement. The autoimmune reaction most commonly affects the mouth, causing lesions in the gums, but it can also affect areas of mucous membrane elsewhere in the body, such as the sinuses, genitals and anus. When the cornea of the eye is affected, repeated scarring may result in blindness.
Bullous Pemphigoid - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Bullous Pemphigoid Awareness
Bullous pemphigoid is a rare skin condition that causes large, fluid-filled blisters. The blisters develop on areas of skin that often flex, such as the lower abdomen, upper thighs or armpits. Bullous pemphigoid is most common in people older than age 60. Bullous pemphigoid occurs when the immune system attacks a thin layer of tissue below your outer layer of skin. The reason for this abnormal immune response is unknown, although it sometimes can be triggered by taking certain medications.
Castleman Disease (CD) - Dark and Light Blue Awareness Ribbons
New Pin - Dark and Light Blue Awareness Ribbons for Castleman Disease (CD) Awareness
Castleman disease (CD) is a rare disease of lymph nodes and related tissues. It was first described by Dr. Benjamin Castleman in the 1950s. It is also known as Castleman’s disease, giant lymph node hyperplasia, and angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia (AFH). CD is not cancer. Instead, it is called a lymphoproliferative disorder. This means there is an abnormal overgrowth of cells of the lymph system that is similar in many ways to lymphomas (cancers of lymph nodes).
Celiac Disease - Light Green Awareness Ribbons
Light Green Awareness Ribbons for Celiac Disease Awareness
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that can occur in genetically predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine. It is estimated to affect 1 in 100 people worldwide.
Chagas Disease - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Chagas Disease Awareness
Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis, is a potentially life-threatening illness caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi).
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Awareness
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a complicated disorder characterized by extreme fatigue that cannot be explained by any underlying medical condition. The fatigue may worsen with physical or mental activity, but doesn't improve with rest. This condition is also known as systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) or myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME). Sometimes it is abbreviated as ME/CFS. The cause of chronic fatigue syndrome is unknown, although there are many theories, ranging from viral infections to psychological stress. Some experts believe chronic fatigue syndrome might be triggered by a combination of factors.
Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) Awareness
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a neurological disorder characterized by progressive weakness and impaired sensory function in the legs and arms. The disorder, which is sometimes called chronic relapsing polyneuropathy, is caused by damage to the myelin sheath (the fatty covering that wraps around and protects nerve fibers) of the peripheral nerves. Although it can occur at any age and in both genders, CIDP is more common in young adults, and in men more so than women.
Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis (CRMO) - White Awareness Ribbons
White Awareness Ribbons for Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis (CRMO) Awareness
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an inflammatory bone condition. Signs and symtpoms include recurrent episodes of pain and joint swelling, with or without fever. Symptoms typically begin in childhood. CRMO may occur alone, with psoriasis or inflammatory bowel disease, or as part of the syndromes, Majeed syndrome or DIRA. For most children, CRMO resolves after many years without lasting effects. However, CRMO can cause slow growth and permanent bone deformity.
Churg-Strauss Syndrome (CSS) or Eosinophilic Granulomatosis (EGPA) - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Churg-Strauss Syndrome (CSS) or Eosinophilic Granulomatosis (EGPA) Awareness
Churg-Strauss syndrome is a disorder marked by blood vessel inflammation. This inflammation can restrict blood flow to vital organs and tissues, sometimes permanently damaging them. This condition is also known as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis.
Cicatricial Pemphigoid - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Cicatricial Pemphigoid Awareness
Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP), also known as cicatricial pemphigoid, refers to a group of rare chronic autoimmune blistering diseases that predominately affect the mucous membranes, including the conjunctiva, and occasionally the skin.
Cogan's Syndrome - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Cogan's Syndrome Awareness
Cogan’s syndrome (CS) is the combination of hearing loss, vertigo, and inflammation in the eyes of uncertain cause, which can be associated with a large-, more often than medium-, size vessel vasculitis in 10-15% of patients. It is not clear that Cogan’s syndrome is a primary vasculitis.
Cold Agglutinin Disease - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Cold Agglutinin Disease Awareness
Cold agglutinin disease is a rare type of autoimmune hemolytic anemia in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys its own red blood cells. When affected people's blood is exposed to cold temperatures (32º to 50º F), certain proteins that normally attack bacteria (IgM antibodies) attach themselves to red blood cells and bind them together into clumps (agglutination). This eventually causes red blood cells to be prematurely destroyed (hemolysis) leading to anemia and other associated signs and symptoms. Cold agglutinin disease can be primary (unknown cause) or secondary, due to an underlying condition such as an infection, another autoimmune disease, or certain cancers.
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome - Orange
Orange Awareness Ribbons for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Awareness
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a form of chronic pain that usually affects an arm or a leg. CRPS typically develops after an injury, a surgery, a stroke or a heart attack. The pain is out of proportion to the severity of the initial injury.
Congenital Heart Block - Red and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Red and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Congenital Heart Block Awareness
Congenital heart block is characterized by interference with the transfer of the electrical nerve impulses (conduction) that regulate the normal, rhythmic, pumping action of the heart muscle (heart block). The severity of such conduction abnormalities varies among affected individuals.
Coxsackie Myocarditis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Coxsackie Myocarditis Awareness
Coxsackie myocarditis is inflammation and weakness of the heart muscle caused by a viral infection (Coxsackie virus) that reaches the heart. Myocarditis can damage the heart muscle causing it to become thick and swollen. The heart muscle may be directly damaged by the virus or the bacteria that infect it. The body’s immune response can also damage the heart muscle (called the myocardium) in the process of fighting the infection. This can lead to symptoms of heart failure.
CREST Syndrome - Teal Awareness Ribbons
Teal Awareness Ribbons for CREST Syndrome Awareness
CREST syndrome is an acronym for calcinosis, Raynaud’s phenomenon, esophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia.
Crohn's Disease - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Crohn's Disease Awareness
Crohn’s disease belongs to a group of conditions known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract.
Autoimmune Disease Conditions Starting with D - K
Dermatitis Herpetiformis- Light Green Awareness Ribbons
Light Green Awareness Ribbons for Dermatitis Herpetiformis Awareness
Dermatitis herpetiformis, also known as DH and Duhring’s disease, is a chronic skin condition caused by a reaction to gluten ingestion. The vast majority of patients with DH also have an associated gluten sensitive enteropathy (celiac disease). Extremely itchy bumps or blisters appear on both sides of the body, most often on the forearms near the elbows, as well as on knees and buttocks, and along the hairline.
Dermatomyositis - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Dermatomyositis Awareness
Dermatomyositis is an uncommon inflammatory disease marked by muscle weakness and a distinctive skin rash. The condition can affect adults and children. In adults, dermatomyositis usually occurs from the late 40s to early 60s. In children, it most often appears between 5 and 15 years of age. Dermatomyositis affects more females than males.
Devic's Disease (Neuromyelitis Optica) - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Devic's Disease (Neuromyelitis Optica) Awareness
Devic's disease, also called neuromyelitis optica or NMO, is an immunological disorder that may be confused with multiple sclerosis (MS). Devic's disease is often characterized by immune attacks on the optic nerves (which transmit what you see to the brain) and the spinal cord. Patients may experience these attacks at the same time or at different times. They may also have just problems with the optic nerves alone or just problems with the spinal cord alone and still have Devic's disease.
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 - Blue and Gray Awareness Ribbons
Blue and Gray Awareness Ribbons for Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 Awareness
Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.
Discoid Lupus Erythematosus - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Discoid Lupus Erythematosus Awareness
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic skin condition of sores with inflammation and scarring favoring the face, ears, and scalp and at times on other body areas.
Dressler's Syndrome - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Dressler's Syndrome Awareness
Dressler's syndrome is a type of pericarditis, an inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart (pericardium). Dressler's syndrome is believed to be an immune system response after damage to heart tissue or to the pericardium, from events such as a heart attack, surgery or traumatic injury. Symptoms include chest pain, which may be similar to chest pain experienced during a heart attack. Dressler's syndrome may also be called postpericardiotomy syndrome, postmyocardial infarction syndrome and post-cardiac injury syndrome.
Endometriosis - Yellow Awareness Ribbons
Yellow Awareness Ribbons for Endometriosis Awareness
Endometriosis is the development of uterine-lining tissue outside the uterus. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, heavy periods, and infertility. Treatment options include pain relievers, hormones, and surgery.
Enthesitis - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Enthesitis Awareness
Enthesitis is inflammation of the entheses, the sites where tendons or ligaments insert into the bone. It is also called enthesopathy, or any pathologic condition involving the entheses.
Enthesitis-Related Arthritis - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Enthesitis-Related Arthritis Awareness
There are many different types of arthritis. Enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) is one type. Patients with ERA not only have joint swelling or inflammation (arthritis), but also have enthesitis. Enthesitis is swelling or inflammation of the entheses, the connective tissue where tendons or ligaments attach to bone.
Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) - Fuchsia Awareness Ribbons
Fuchsia Awareness Ribbons for Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) Awareness
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a recognized chronic allergic/immune condition. A person with EoE will have inflammation of the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that sends food from the mouth to the stomach.
Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita Awareness
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare autoimmune disorder that causes the skin to blister in response to minor injury. Common areas of blistering include the hands, feet, knees, elbows, and buttocks. It can also affect the mouth, nose, and eyes. Some affected people have other health problems such as Crohn's disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, amyloidosis, or multiple myeloma. EBA is not inherited and usually occurs in adulthood.
Erythema Nodosum - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Erythema Nodosm Awareness
Erythema nodosum is a type of skin inflammation that is located in a part of the fatty layer of skin. Erythema nodosum results in reddish, painful, tender lumps most commonly located in the front of the legs below the knees. The tender lumps, or nodules, of erythema nodosum range in size from a dime to a quarter. They may be inflamed off and on for a period of weeks, then shrink and become flat, leaving a bruised appearance.
Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Awareness
Cryoglobulinemia is a medical condition that is caused by proteins called cryoglobulins, which are present in the blood. Cryoglobulins are abnormal proteins that by definition have the unusual property of precipitating from the serum when it is chilled in the laboratory and then dissolves back into the serum upon rewarming.
Evans Syndrome - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Evans Syndrome Awareness
Evans syndrome is a very rare autoimmune disorder in which the immune system destroys the body's red blood cells, white blood cells and/or platelets. Affected people often experience thrombocytopenia (too few platelets) and Coombs' positive hemolytic anemia (premature destruction of red blood cells). Signs and symptoms may include purpura, paleness, fatigue, and light-headedness. The exact cause of this condition is unknown.
Felty Syndrome - Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Felty Syndrome Awareness
Felty syndrome is a disorder that involves rheumatoid arthritis, a swollen spleen, decreased white blood cell count, and repeated infections. It is rare.
Fibromyalgia - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Fibromyalgia Awareness
Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain accompanied by fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Researchers believe that fibromyalgia amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way your brain processes pain signals.
Fibrosing Alveolitis - Red and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Red and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Fibrosing Alveolitis Awareness
Fibrosing alveolitis is a disease of unknown cause mainly involving the gas-exchanging portions of the lungs. It may occur in isolation and be called cryptogenic or idiopathic, in which case the clinical manifestations are mainly respiratory, or it may be associated with other disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Gastritis - Yellow Awareness Ribbons
Yellow Awareness Ribbons for Gastritis Awareness
Gastritis is an inflammation, irritation, or erosion of the lining of the stomach. It can occur suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic).
Gestational Pemphigoid - Fuchsia Awareness Ribbons
Fuchsia Awareness Ribbons for Gestational Pemphigoid Awareness
Pemphigoid gestationis (PG) is a pregnancy-associated autoimmune skin disorder. It usually begins abruptly during the 2nd or 3rd trimester of pregnancy, but can occur any time during pregnancy.
Giant Cell Arteritis (Temporal Arteritis) - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Giant Cell Arteritis (Temporal Arteritis) Awareness
Giant cell arteritis (GCA), or temporal arteritis, is an inflammatory disease affecting the large blood vessels of the scalp, neck and arms. Inflammation causes a narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels, which interrupts blood flow. The disease is commonly associated with polymyalgia rheumatica.
Giant Cell Myocarditis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Giant Cell Myocarditis Awareness
Giant cell myocarditis is a rare cardiovascular disorder that occurs for unknown reasons (idiopathic). It is characterized by inflammation of the heart muscle (myocardium), a condition referred to as myocarditis.
Glomerulonephritis - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Glomerulonephritis Awareness
Glomerulonephritis is inflammation of the tiny filters in the kidneys (glomeruli). Glomeruli remove excess fluid, electrolytes and waste from your bloodstream and pass them into the urine. Glomerulonephritis can come on suddenly (acute) or gradually (chronic).
Goodpasture's Syndrome - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Goodpasture's Syndrome Awareness
Goodpasture syndrome is an autoimmune disorder. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. People with this syndrome develop substances that attack a protein called collagen in the tiny air sacs in the lungs and the filtering units (glomeruli) of the kidneys.
Granulomatosis with Polyangitis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Granulomatosis with Polyangitis Awareness
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis is an uncommon disorder that causes inflammation of the blood vessels in the nose, sinuses, throat, lungs and kidneys. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis, formerly called Wegener's granulomatosis, is one of a group of blood vessel disorders called vasculitis. It slows blood flow to some of the body's organs. The affected tissues may develop areas of inflammation called granulomas, which sometimes affect how these organs work.
Graves' Disease - Light Blue Awareness Ribbons
Light Blue Awareness Ribbons for Graves' Disease Awareness
Graves' disease is an immune system disorder that results in the overproduction of thyroid hormones (hyperthyroidism). Although a number of disorders may result in hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease is a common cause.
Graves' Ophthalmopathy - Teal Awareness Ribbons
Teal Awareness Ribbons for Graves' Ophthalmopathy Awareness
Graves’ eye disease, also called Graves’ Ophthalmopathy or Thyroid Eye disease, is a problem that usually develops in people with an overactive thyroid caused by Graves’ disease. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease caused by antibodies directed against receptors present in the thyroid cells and also on the surface of the cells behind the eyes.
Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Guillain-Barre Syndrome Awareness
Guillain-Barre syndrome is a rare disorder in which the body's immune system attacks the nerves. Weakness and tingling in the extremities are usually the first symptoms.
Hashimoto's Encephalopathy - Red and Zebra Awareness Ribbons
New Ribbon - Red and Zebra Awareness Ribbon for Hashimoto's Encephalopathy Awareness
Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE) is a condition characterized by onset of confusion with altered level of consciousness; seizures; and jerking of muscles (myoclonus). Psychosis, including visual hallucinations and paranoid delusions, has also been reported. The exact cause of HE is not known, but may involve an autoimmune or inflammatory abnormality.
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis - Blue Paisley Ribbons
New Ribbon - Blue Paisley Ribbon for Hashimoto's Thyroiditis Awareness
Hashimoto's disease is a condition in which your immune system attacks the thyroid, a small gland at the base of the neck below the Adam's apple. The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system, which produces hormones that coordinate many of the body's functions. Inflammation from Hashimoto's disease, also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, often leads to an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism). Hashimoto's disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in the United States. It primarily affects middle-aged women but also can occur in men and women of any age and in children.
Hemolytic Anemia - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Hemolytic Anemia Awareness
Hemolytic anemia is a condition in which red blood cells are destroyed and removed from the bloodstream before their normal lifespan is over.
Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP) - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (HSP) Awareness
Henoch-Schonlein purpura is a disorder that causes inflammation and bleeding in the small blood vessels in the skin, joints, intestines and kidneys. The most striking feature of Henoch-Schonlein purpura is a purplish rash, typically on the lower legs and buttocks. Henoch-Schonlein purpura can also cause abdominal pain and aching joints. Rarely serious kidney damage can occur.
Herpes Gestationis or Pemphigoid Gestationis (PG) - Fuchsia Awareness Ribbons
Fuchsia Awareness Ribbons for Herpes Gestationis or Pemphigoid Gestationis (PG) Awareness
Pemphigoid gestationis is a rare pregnancy-associated autoimmune skin disease that is characterised by an itchy rash that develops into blisters. It is most common during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.
Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) (Acne Inversa) - Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) (Acne Inversa) Awareness
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a rare, long-term skin condition that features small, painful lumps under the skin. They typically develop where the skin rubs together, such as the armpits, the groin, between the buttocks and under the breasts. The lumps may break open and smell or cause tunnels under the skin.
Hypogammaglobulinemia - Zebra Awareness Ribbons
Zebra Awareness Ribbons for Hypogammalobulinemia Awareness
Hypogammaglobulinemia is an immune disorder characterized by a reduction in all types of gamma globulins, including antibodies that help fight infection. It may be congenital (present at birth), related to medication; it may be due to a kidney or gastrointestinal condition, cancer or severe burns.
Idiopathic Inflammatory Demyelinating Diseases - Orange Awareness Ribbons
Orange Awareness Ribbons for Idiopathic Inflammatory Demyelinating Diseases Awareness
Inflammatory demyelinating diseases (IDDs), sometimes called Idiopathic (IIDDs) because the unknown etiology of some of them, and sometimes known as borderline forms of multiple sclerosis, is a collection of multiple sclerosis variants, sometimes considered different diseases, but considered by others to form a spectrum differing only in terms of chronicity, severity, and clinical course.
IgA Nephropathy - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for IgA Nephropathy Awareness
IgA nephropathy, also known as Berger's disease, is a kidney disease that occurs when IgA deposits build up in the kidneys, causing inflammation that damages kidney tissues. IgA is an antibody—a protein made by the immune system to protect the body from foreign substances such as bacteria or viruses.
IgG4-Related Sclerosing Disease - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for IgG4-Related Sclerosing Disease Awareness
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an increasingly recognized immune-mediated condition comprised of a collection of disorders that share particular pathologic, serologic, and clinical features. These disorders were previously thought to be unrelated. The commonly shared features include tumor-like swelling of involved organs, a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate enriched in IgG4-positive plasma cells, and a variable degree of fibrosis that has a characteristic "storiform" pattern. In addition, elevated serum concentrations of IgG4 are found in 60 to 70 percent of patients with IgG4-RD.
Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) Awareness
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a disorder that can lead to easy or excessive bruising and bleeding. The bleeding results from unusually low levels of platelets — the cells that help blood clot. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, which is also called immune thrombocytopenia, affects children and adults. Children often develop ITP after a viral infection and usually recover fully without treatment. In adults, the disorder is often long term.
Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM) - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM) Awareness
IBM is one of the inflammatory myopathies, a group of muscle diseases that involves inflammation of the muscles or associated tissues, such as the blood vessels that supply the muscles. A myopathy is a muscle disease, and inflammation is response to cell damage.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Inflammatory Bowel Disease Awareness
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella term used to describe disorders that involve chronic inflammation of your digestive tract. Types of IBD include: Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
Intermediate Uveitis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Intermediate Uveitis Awareness
Intermediate uveitis refers to inflammation localized to the vitreous and peripheral retina.
Interstitial Cystitis (IC) - Teal Awareness Ribbons
Teal Awareness Ribbons for Interstitial Cystitis (IC) Awareness
Interstitial cystitis, also called painful bladder syndrome, is a chronic condition causing bladder pressure, bladder pain and sometimes pelvic pain. The pain ranges from mild discomfort to severe.
Juvenile Arthritis - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Juvenile Arthritis Awareness
Juvenile arthritis is a disease in which there is inflammation (swelling) of the synovium in children aged 16 or younger. The synovium is the tissue that lines the inside of joints. Juvenile arthritis is an autoimmune disease.
Juvenile Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes) - Blue and Gray Awareness Ribbons
Blue and Gray Awareness Ribbons for Juvenile Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes) Awareness
Juvenile diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes) is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
Juvenile Myositis (JM) - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Juvenile Myositis (JM) Awareness
Juvenile Myositis (JM), including Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM) and Juvenile Polymyositis (JPM), is a group of rare and life-threatening autoimmune diseases, in which the body's immune system attacks its own cells and tissues.
Kawasaki Disease - Orange and Red Awareness Ribbons
Orange and Red Awareness Ribbons for Kawasaki Disease Awareness
Kawasaki disease, also referred to as Kawasaki syndrome or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, affects children and includes several symptoms including fever, rash, swelling of the hands and feet, irritation and redness of the whites of the eyes, swollen lymph glands in the neck, and irritation and inflammation of the mouth, lips and throat. The disease is named after Dr. Tomisaku Kawasaki, a Japanese pediatrician. The condition has likely existed for a long time, but was not recognized as a separate syndrome until 1967.
Autoimmune Disease Conditions Starting with L - Q
Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome Awareness
Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) is an autoimmune disease, a disease in which the immune system attacks the body's own tissues. The attack occurs at the connection between nerve and muscle (the neuromuscular junction) and interferes with the ability of nerve cells to send signals to muscle cells.
Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis Awareness
Leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV), also known as hypersensitivity vasculitis and hypersensitivity angiitis, is a histopathologic term commonly used to denote a small-vessel vasculitis.
Lichen Planus - Lavender and White Awareness Ribbons
New Ribbon - Lavender and White Awareness Ribbons for Lichen Planus Awareness
Lichen planus is an inflammatory condition that can affect the skin, hair, nails and mucous membranes. On the skin, lichen planus usually appears as purplish, often itchy, flat-topped bumps, developing over several weeks. In the mouth, vagina and other areas covered by a mucous membrane, lichen planus forms lacy white patches, sometimes with painful sores.
Lichen Sclerosus - Teal Awareness Ribbons
Teal Awareness Ribbons for Lichen Sclerosus Awareness
Lichen sclerosus is an uncommon condition that creates patchy, white skin that appears thinner than normal. It usually affects the genital and anal areas.
Ligneous Conjunctivitis - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Ligneous Conjunctivitis Awareness
Ligneous conjunctivitis is a rare form of chronic conjunctivitis characterized by recurrent, fibrin-rich pseudomembranous lesions of wood-like consistency that develop mainly on the underside of the eyelid (tarsal conjunctiva).
Linear IgA Disease (LAD) - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Linear IgA Disease (LAD) Awareness
Linear immunoglobulin A (IgA) dermatosis (LAD) is an autoimmune subepidermal vesiculobullous disease that may be idiopathic or drug-induced. Children and adults are affected, with disease of the former historically referred to as chronic bullous dermatosis of childhood.
Lupus - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Lupus Awareness
Lupus is a systemic autoimmune disease that occurs when the body's immune system attacks its own tissues and organs. Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems, including the joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart and lungs. Lupus can be difficult to diagnose because its signs and symptoms often mimic those of other ailments. The most distinctive sign of lupus, a facial rash that resembles the wings of a butterfly unfolding across both cheeks, occurs in many but not all cases of lupus.
Lupus Nephritis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Lupus Nephritis Awareness
Lupus nephritis is the medical name for kidney swelling and irritation that is caused by lupus. Lupus is an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases cause the immune system to attack its own healthy cells. When the immune system attacks the kidneys, they get damaged. The damage can be very serious. The most severe kind of lupus nephritis is proliferative nephritis, which causes scars on the kidneys.
Lupus Vasculitis - Red and Purple Awareness Ribbons
Red and Purple Awareness Ribbons for Lupus Vasculitis Awareness
Lupus (systemic lupus erythematosus) is a condition in which antibodies attack one's own tissues. These autoantibodies can attack nearly any tissues of the body, including blood vessels. Vasculitis is an inflammation of the blood vessels which occurs due to antibodies of the immune system attacking blood vessels. Vasculitis can affect any type of blood vessels; the arteries which carry blood from the heart to the tissues, the veins which return deoxygenated blood from the tissues to the heart, and the small single cell capillaries, the smallest of blood vessels through which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, as well as nutrients, takes place. Roughly 11 to 36 percent of people with lupus will develop vasculitis in some tissues and to some degree.
Lyme Disease (Chronic) - Lime Green Awareness Ribbons
Lime Green Awareness Ribbons for Lyme Disease (Chronic) Awareness
If Lyme disease is not diagnosed and treated early, the spirochetes can spread and may go into hiding in different parts of the body. Weeks, months or even years later, patients may develop chronic Lyme disease resulting in problems with the brain and nervous system, muscles and joints, heart and circulation, digestion, reproductive system, and skin. Symptoms may disappear even without treatment and different symptoms may appear at different times. Untreated or undertreated Lyme can cause some people to develop severe symptoms that are hard to resolve. This condition may be referred to as post-treatment Lyme disease (PTLD) or chronic Lyme disease (CLD).
Meniere's Disease - Silver and Gold Awareness Ribbons
Silver and Gold Awareness Ribbons for Meniere's Disease Awareness
Meniere's disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes episodes in which you feel as if you're spinning (vertigo), and you have fluctuating hearing loss with a progressive, ultimately permanent loss of hearing, ringing in the ear (tinnitus), and sometimes a feeling of fullness or pressure in your ear. In most cases, Meniere's disease affects only one ear.
Microscopic Colitis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Microscopic Colitis Awareness
Microscopic colitis is an inflammation of the large intestine (colon) that causes persistent watery diarrhea. The disorder gets its name from the fact that it's necessary to examine colon tissue under a microscope to identify it, since the tissue may appear normal with colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy.
Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) Awareness
Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is an uncommon disease. It is the result of blood vessel inflammation (vasculitis), which can damage organ systems. The areas most commonly affected by MPA include the kidneys, lung, nerves, skin, and joints.
Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD) - Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD) Awareness
Mixed connective tissue disease is a term used by some doctors to describe a disorder characterized by features of systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, and polymyositis. Raynaud phenomenon, joint pains, various skin abnormalities, muscle weakness, and problems with internal organs can develop.
Mooren's Ulcer - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Mooren's Ulcer Awareness
Mooren's ulcer, also referred to as Mooren ulcer, is a rare, painful, inflammatory condition affecting one or both eyes that results in the destruction of corneal tissue.
Morphea - Teal Awareness Ribbons
Teal Awareness Ribbons for Morphea Awareness
Morphea, also known as localized scleroderma, is a disorder characterized by excessive collagen deposition leading to thickening of the dermis, subcutaneous tissues, or both.
Mucha-Habermann Disease - Red and White Polka Dots Awareness Ribbons
New Pin - Red and White Polka Dots Awareness Ribbons for Mucha-Habermann Disease Awareness
Mucha-Habermann disease, also known as pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta or PLEVA, is a rare skin disorder. The lesions most often appear on the trunk and the arms and legs. Lesions tend to develop in small groups. Mucha-Habermann disease most often affects children or young adults.
Multifocal Motor Neuropathy (MMN) / (MMNCB) - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Multifocal Motor Neuropathy (MMN) / (MMNCB) Awareness
Multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN) is a rare neuropathy characterized by progressive, asymmetric muscle weakness and atrophy (wasting). Signs and symptoms may include weakness in the hands and lower arms; cramping; involuntary contractions or twitching; wrist drop or foot drop, and atrophy of affected muscles.
Multiple Sclerosis - Orange Awareness Ribbons
Orange Awaerness Ribbons for Multiple Sclerosis Awareness
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system). In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause the nerves themselves to deteriorate or become permanently damaged.
Myasthenia Gravis - Teal Awareness Ribbons
Teal Awareness Ribbons for Myasthenia Gravis Awareness
Myasthenia gravis is characterized by weakness and rapid fatigue of any of the muscles under your voluntary control. Myasthenia gravis is caused by a breakdown in the normal communication between nerves and muscles. There is no cure for myasthenia gravis, but treatment can help relieve signs and symptoms, such as weakness of arm or leg muscles, double vision, drooping eyelids, and difficulties with speech, chewing, swallowing and breathing. Though myasthenia gravis can affect people of any age, it's more common in women younger than 40 and in men older than 60.
Myocarditis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Myocarditis Awareness
Myocarditis is a disease marked by inflammation and damage of the heart muscle. Although the exact incidence of myocarditis is not known, it is estimated that several thousand patients per year are diagnosed in the United States. Myocarditis usually attacks otherwise healthy people. It is believed that 5 to 20% of all cases of sudden death in young adults are due to myocarditis. There are many causes of myocarditis, including viral infections, autoimmune diseases, environmental toxins, and adverse reactions to medications. The prognosis is variable but chronic heart failure is the major long term complication. Myocarditis and the associated disorder of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy are the cause of approximately 45% of heart transplants in the United States.
Myositis - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Myositis Awareness
Myositis means inflammation of the muscles that one uses to move the body. An injury, infection, or autoimmune disease can cause the inflammation. Two specific kinds of myositis are polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Polymyositis causes muscle weakness, usually in the muscles closest to the trunk of your body. Dermatomyositis causes muscle weakness, plus a skin rash.
Narcolepsy - Black Awareness Ribbons
Black Awareness Ribbons for Narcolepsy
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that causes overwhelming daytime drowsiness.
Neonatal Lupus - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Neonatal Lupus Awareness
Neonatal lupus is a rare acquired autoimmune disorder that is present at birth (congenital). Affected infants often develop a characteristic red rash or skin eruption. The most significant potential complication is a heart condition known as congenital heart block. If congenital heart block does not resolve within the first several months of life, infants may ultimately require a pacemaker. Some infants develop only skin symptoms, some infants develop only heart symptoms, and, less often, some infants develop both. Less common findings include liver disease, an abnormally large head circumference (macrocephaly), and/or low numbers of circulating blood platelets that assist in blood clotting functions (thrombocytopenia), white blood cells that help fight infection (neutropenia), and red blood cells that help deliver oxygen to the body (anemia). Neonatal lupus results from specific autoantibodies that travel across the placenta from a pregnant woman to her developing fetus. These autoantibodies damage specific fetal tissue through a process that is not fully understood.
Neuromyelitis Optica - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Neuromyelitis Optica Awareness
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO), also known as Devic's disease or Devic's syndrome, is a heterogeneous condition consisting of the inflammation and demyelination of the optic nerve (optic neuritis) and the spinal cord (myelitis). It can be monophasic or recurrent.
Neuromyotonia (NMT) is a form of peripheral nerve hyperexcitability that causes spontaneous muscular activity resulting from repetitive motor unit action potentials of peripheral origin. The prevalence of NMT is unknown but 100–200 cases have been reported so far.
Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid Awareness
Ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP) is a form of mucous membrane pemphigoid (a group of rare, chronic autoimmune disorders) that affects the eyes.
Opsoclonus Myoclonus Syndrome - Yellow and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Yellow and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Opsoclonus Myoclonus Syndrome Awareness
Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare neuroinflammatory disease of paraneoplastic, parainfectious or idiopathic origin, characterized by opsoclonus, myoclonus, ataxia, and behavioral and sleep disorders.
Optic Neuritis - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Optic Neuritis Awareness
Optic neuritis is an inflammation that damages the optic nerve, a bundle of nerve fibers that transmits visual information from the eye to the brain. Pain and temporary vision loss in one eye are common symptoms of optic neuritis. Optic neuritis is linked to multiple sclerosis (MS), a disease that causes inflammation and damage to nerves in your brain and spinal cord. Signs and symptoms of optic neuritis can be the first indication of multiple sclerosis, or they can occur later in the course of MS. Besides MS, optic neuritis can occur with other infections or immune diseases, such as lupus.
Ord's Thyroiditis - Blue Paisley Awareness Ribbons
New Ribbon - Blue Paisley Awareness Ribbons for Ord's Thyroiditis Awareness
Ord's thyroiditis is a common form of thyroiditis, an autoimmune disease where the body's own antibodies fight the cells of the thyroid. It is named after the physician, William Miller Ord, who first described it in 1877 and again in 1888.
Palindromic Rheumatism (PR) - Blue Awareness Ribbon
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Palindromic Rheumatism (PR) Awareness
Palindromic rheumatism (PR) is a rare episodic form of inflammatory arthritis, such that joint pain and swelling come and go. Between attacks, the symptoms disappear and the affected joints go back to normal, with no lasting damage.
PANDAS - Lime Green Awareness Ribbons
Lime Green Awareness Ribbons for PANDAS Awareness
PANDAS is short for Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections. A child may be diagnosed with PANDAS when obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and/or tic disorders suddenly appear following a strep infection (such as strep throat or scarlet fever); or the symptoms of OCD or tic symptoms suddenly become worse following a strep infection.
Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration (PCD) - Silver
Silver Awareness Ribbons for Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration (PCD) Awareness
Paraneoplastic cerebellar degenerations are disorders of the cerebellum, the part of the brain responsible for coordination, which are associated with tumors (neoplasms). They arise when tumors express proteins that are normally found only in neurons, and it is believed that the immune system, in its attempt to kill the tumor, also damages the cerebellum.
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) Awareness
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired disease, which means it develops in some people over time. In PNH, a change occurs in the stem cells in the body, including in the bone marrow, where red blood cells are produced. The stem cell change causes the lifelong production of “bad” cells - cells that are missing important protective proteins. Without these proteins, the body’s natural defense system destroys PNH red blood cells. This destruction is known as hemolysis.
Parry Romberg Syndrome - Lime Green Awareness Ribbons
Lime Green Awareness Ribbons for Parry Romberg Syndrome Awareness
Parry–Romberg syndrome (also known as progressive hemifacial atrophy) is a rare disease characterized by progressive shrinkage and degeneration of the tissues beneath the skin, usually on only one side of the face (hemifacial atrophy) but occasionally extending to other parts of the body.
Pars Planitis (Peripheral Uveitis) - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Pars Planitis (Peripheral Uveitis) Awareness
Pars planitis is a disease of the eye that is characterized by inflammation of the narrowed area (pars plana) between the colored part of the eye (iris) and the choroid. This may lead to blurred vision; dark, floating spots in the vision; and progressive vision loss. As the condition advances, cataracts, retinal detachment, or macular edema (fluid within the retina) may develop. Pars planitis most often affects young men and is generally not associated with any other disease or symptoms (idiopathic); however, it can be associated with other autoimmune conditions such as multiple sclerosis and sarcoidosis.
Parsonage-Turner Syndrome - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Parsonage-Turner Syndrome Awareness
Parsonage Turner syndrome (PTS) is characterized by the sudden onset of shoulder and upper arm pain followed by progressive (worsening over time) weakness and/or atrophy of the affected area. The pain is felt along the path of one or more nerves and often has no obvious physical cause. The network of nerves involved in this syndrome is called the brachial plexus and it controls movement and sensation in the shoulders and arms. The cause is still unknown (idiopathic). However, researchers believe that most cases are due to an autoimmune response following exposure to an illness or environmental factor.
Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus - Lime Green Awareness Ribbons
Lime Green Awareness Ribbons for Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus Awareness
PANDAS is an acronym for Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcal infection. It is an autoimmune condition initially triggered by strep infections, which disrupts a child’s normal neurologic activity. PANDAS occurs when the immune system produces antibodies, intended to fight an infection, and instead mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in the child’s brain, resulting in inflammation of the brain (basal ganglia section) and inducing a sudden onset of movement disorders, neuropsychiatric symptoms and abnormal neurologic behaviors.
Pemphigus Vulgaris - Orange Awareness Ribbons
Orange Awareness Ribbons for Pemphigus Vulgaris Awareness
Pemphigus vulgaris is a rare autoimmune disease that causes painful blistering on the skin and mucous membranes. If you have an autoimmune disease, your immune system mistakenly attacks your healthy tissues. Pemphigus vulgaris is the most common type of a group of autoimmune disorders called pemphigus.
Peripheral Neuropathy - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Peripheral Neuropathy Awareness
Peripheral neuropathy, a result of damage to the peripheral nerves, often causes weakness, numbness and pain, usually in the hands and feet. It can also affect other areas of the body. People with peripheral neuropathy generally describe the pain as stabbing, burning or tingling.
Perivenous Encephalomyelitis - Silver Awareness Ribbons
Silver Awareness Ribbons for Perivenous Encephalomyelitis Awareness
Perivenous demyelination is the pathological hallmark of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is characterized by a brief but widespread attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord that damages myelin, the protective covering of nerve fibers. ADEM is thought to be an autoimmune disorder and often follows viral or bacterial infections, or less often, vaccination for measles, mumps, or rubella. The symptoms of ADEM appear rapidly, beginning with encephalitis-like symptoms such as fever, fatigue, headache, nausea and vomiting, and in the most severe cases, seizures and coma. ADEM typically damages white matter (brain tissue that takes its name from the white color of myelin), leading to neurological symptoms such as visual loss (due to inflammation of the optic nerve) in one or both eyes, weakness even to the point of paralysis, and difficulty coordinating voluntary muscle movements (such as those used in walking). ADEM is sometimes misdiagnosed as a severe first attack of multiple sclerosis (MS), since the symptoms and the appearance of the white matter injury on brain imaging may be similar. However, ADEM has several features which differentiate it from MS.
Pernicious Anemia (PA) - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Pernicious Anemia (PA) Awareness
When the body cannot make enough healthy red blood cells because it lacks vitamin B-12, it is known as pernicious anemia (PA). A long time ago, this disorder was believed to be fatal (“pernicious” means deadly). These days it’s easily treated with B-12 pills or shots.
Pityriasis Lichenoides et Varioliformis Acuta - Red and White Polka Dots Awareness Ribbons
New Pin - Red and White Polka Dots Awareness Ribbons for Pityriasis Lichenoides et Varioliformis Acuta Awareness
Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA) is the acute form of an inflammatory skin condition called pityriasis lichenoides. People with PLEVA may develop a few to more than one hundred scaling papules which may become filled with blood and/or pus, or erode into crusted red-brown spots. Papules may itch or burn, and some people may experience fever or joint pain. Although PLEVA may occur at any age (including infancy), it most commonly affects children and young adults.
POEMS Syndrome - Blue and Zebra Awareness Ribbons
New Pin - Blue and Zebra Awareness Ribbons for POEMS Awareness
POEMS syndrome (Polyneuropathy, Organomegaly, Endocrinopathy, Monoclonal protein, Skin changes) is characterized by the presence of a monoclonal plasma cell disorder, peripheral neuropathy, and one or more of the following features: osteosclerotic myeloma, Castleman disease (angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia), increased levels of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), organomegaly, endocrinopathy, edema, typical skin changes, and papilledema.
Polyarteritis Nodosa - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Polyarteritis Nodosa Awareness
Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a rare disease that results from blood vessel inflammation ("vasculitis") causing injury to organ systems. The areas most commonly affected by PAN include the nerves, intestinal tract, heart, and joints. PAN can also affect the blood vessels to the kidney resulting in high blood pressure and damage to kidney function.
Polyglandular Syndromes Type I, II, III - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Polyglandular Syndromes Type I, II, III (Autoimmune) Awareness
Polyglandular syndromes type I, II, III (PDS) is characterized by sequential or simultaneous deficiencies in the function of several endocrine glands that have a common cause. Etiology (cause, set of causes) is most often autoimmune. Polyglandular deficiency syndromes (PDS) involve deficiencies in the function of several endocrine glands, which may occur simultaneously or sequentially. Nonendocrine organs also may be affected. Most cases are autoimmune; triggers are often unknown but may involve viruses or dietary substances. PDS is distinguished by the glands affected. Categorization depends on the combination of deficiencies, which fall within 1of 3 types. Diagnosis requires measurement of hormone levels and autoantibodies against affected endocrine glands.
Polymyalgia Rheumatica - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Polymyalgia Rheumatica Awareness
Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness, especially in the shoulders. Signs and symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica usually begin quickly and are worse in the morning. Most people who develop polymyalgia rheumatica are older than 65. It rarely affects people under 50.
Polymyositis - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Polymyositis Awareness
Polymyositis is a muscle disease, and inflammation is response to cell damage. Polymyositis is an uncommon inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness affecting both sides of the body. Having this condition can make it difficult to climb stairs, rise from a seated position, lift objects or reach overhead. Polymyositis most commonly affects adults in their 30s, 40s or 50s. It's more common in blacks than in whites, and women are affected more often than men. Signs and symptoms usually develop gradually, over weeks or months.
Postmyocardial Infarction Syndrome - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Postmyocardial Infarction Syndrome Awareness
Dressler syndrome is a type of pericarditis, which is the inflammation of the sac around the heart (pericardium). It is also called post-pericardiotomy syndrome, post-myocardial infarction syndrome, or post-cardiac injury syndrome. This is because the condition typically occurs after a heart surgery, myocardial infarction (heart attack), or injury. Dressler syndrome is thought to occur when the immune system responds excessively following one of these events.
Postpericardiotomy Syndrome - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Postpericardiotomy Syndrome Awareness
Postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) is a medical syndrome referring to an immune phenomenon that occurs days to months (usually 1–6 weeks) after surgical incision of the pericardium (membranes encapsulating the human heart).
Primary Biliary Cholangitis (formerly Primary Biliary Cirrhosis) - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Awareness
Primary biliary cholangitis, previously called primary biliary cirrhosis, is a chronic disease in which the bile ducts in the liver are slowly destroyed. Bile is a fluid made in your liver. It aids with digestion and helps your body get rid of cholesterol, toxins and worn-out red blood cells. When the bile ducts are damaged, bile can back up in the liver and sometimes lead to irreversible scarring of liver tissue (cirrhosis). Primary biliary cholangitis is considered an autoimmune disease, which means the body's immune system is mistakenly attacking healthy cells and tissue. Researchers think a combination of genetic and environmental factors triggers the disease.
Primary Immunodeficiency - Zebra Awareness Ribbons
Zebra Awareness Ribbons for Primary Immunodeficiency Awareness
Primary immunodeficiency disorders, also called primary immune disorders or primary immunodeficiency, weaken the immune system, allowing infections and other health problems to occur more easily. Many people with primary immunodeficiency are born missing some of the body's immune defenses or with the immune system not working properly, which leaves them more susceptible to germs that can cause infections.
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Awareness
Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a disease of the bile ducts. Bile ducts carry the digestive liquid bile from the liver to your small intestine. In primary sclerosing cholangitis, inflammation causes scars within the bile ducts. These scars make the ducts hard and narrow and gradually cause serious liver damage.
Progesterone Dermatitis - Fuchsia and Teal Awareness Ribbons
Fuchsia and Teal Awareness Ribbons for Progesterone Dermatitis Awareness
Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis (APD) is primarily characterized by a recurrent skin rash that varies in severity depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle. The rash generally appears during the second half of the cycle when levels of the hormone, progesterone, begin to rise and it subsides shortly after menstruation. Although the exact underlying cause of APD is not well understood, it is thought to involve an abnormal immune reaction (autoimmune response) triggered by a woman's own progesterone.
Progressive Inflammatory Neuropathy - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Progressive Inflammatory Neuropathy Awareness
Inflammatory neuropathies can be caused by infections or an autoimmune process. There are several specific causes of this neuropathy. However, in most cases the immune system begins attacking the nerves, which causes neuropathy. Patients can complain of sensory symptoms like burning, tingling or numbness.
Psoriasis - Orange and Lavender Awareness Ribbons
Orange and Lavender Awareness Ribbons for Psoriasis Awareness
Psoriasis is a common skin condition that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that are itchy and sometimes painful.
Psoriatic Arthritis - Orange and Lavender Awareness Ribbons
Orange and Lavender Awareness Ribbons for Psoriatic Arthritis Awareness
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects some people who have psoriasis, a condition that features red patches of skin topped with silvery scales. Most people develop psoriasis first and are later diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis, but the joint problems can sometimes begin before skin lesions appear.
Pure Red Cell Aplasia (PRCA) - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Pure Red Cell Aplasia (PRCA) Awareness
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is a condition in which the bone marrow stops making red blood cells, causing anemia as well as reticulocytopenia, which is the absence of young red cells.
Pyoderma Gangrenosum - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Pyoderma Gangrenosum Awareness
Pyoderma gangrenosum is a condition that causes tissue to become necrotic, causing deep ulcers that usually occur on the legs. When they occur, they can lead to chronic wounds. Ulcers usually initially look like small bug bites or papules, and they progress to larger ulcers.
Autoimmune Disease Conditions Starting with R - S
Raynaud's Phenomenon - Purple, Red and White Awareness Ribbons
New Pin - Purple, Red and White Awareness Ribbons for Raynaud's Phenomenon Awaeness Raynaud's disease causes some areas of the body, such as the fingers and toes, to feel numb and cold in response to cold temperatures or stress. In Raynaud's disease, smaller arteries that supply blood to the skin narrow, limiting blood circulation to affected areas (vasospasm).
Reactive Arthritis - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Reactive Arthritis Awareness
Reactive arthritis is joint pain and swelling triggered by an infection in another part of the body, most often your intestines, genitals or urinary tract. Reactive arthritis usually targets the knees and the joints of the ankles and feet. Inflammation also can affect the eyes, skin and urethra. Previously, reactive arthritis was sometimes called Reiter's syndrome, which was characterized by eye, urethra and joint inflammation.
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy - Orange Awareness Ribbons
Orange Awareness Ribbons for Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Awareness
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (RSDS), also known as complex regional pain syndrome, is a rare disorder of the sympathetic nervous system that is characterized by chronic, severe pain. The sympathetic nervous system is that part of the autonomic nervous system that regulates involuntary functions of the body such as increasing heart rate, constricting blood vessels, and increasing blood pressure. Excessive or abnormal responses of portions of the sympathetic nervous system are thought to be responsible for the pain associated with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome.
Relapsing Polychondritis - Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Relapsing Polychondritis Awareness
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare condition characterized by recurrent inflammation of cartilage and other tissues throughout the body. Cartilage is a tough but flexible tissue that covers the ends of bones at a joint, and gives shape and support to other parts of the body. Ear involvement is the most common feature, but a variety of other areas of the body may be affected, including the costal (rib) cartilage, eyes, nose, airways, heart, vascular (veins) system, skin, joints, kidney, and nervous system. The signs and symptoms vary from person to person depending on which parts of the body are affected. The exact underlying cause of RP is unknown; however, scientists suspect that it is an autoimmune condition.
Restless Legs Syndrome - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Restless Legs Syndrome Awareness
Restless legs syndrome (RLS), also called Willis-Ekbom Disease, causes unpleasant or uncomfortable sensations in the legs and an irresistible urge to move them. Symptoms commonly occur in the late afternoon or evening hours, and are often most severe at night when a person is resting, such as sitting or lying in bed. They also may occur when someone is inactive and sitting for extended periods (for example, when taking a trip by plane or watching a movie). Since symptoms can increase in severity during the night, it could become difficult to fall asleep or return to sleep after waking up. Moving the legs or walking typically relieves the discomfort but the sensations often recur once the movement stops. RLS is classified as a sleep disorder since the symptoms are triggered by resting and attempting to sleep, and as a movement disorder, since people are forced to move their legs in order to relieve symptoms. It is, however, best characterized as a neurological sensory disorder with symptoms that are produced from within the brain itself.
Retroperitoneal Fibrosis - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Retroperitoneal Fibrosis Awareness
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a slowly progressive disorder in which the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder (ureters) and other abdominal organs or vessels become blocked by a fibrous mass and inflammation in the back of the abdomen. The disorder may cause pain in the abdomen that worsens with time, pain or swelling of the legs, decreased urine output, and swelling of the scrotum in men.
Rheumatic Fever - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Rheumatic Fever Awareness
Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can develop as a complication of inadequately treated strep throat or scarlet fever. Strep throat and scarlet fever are caused by an infection with streptococcus bacteria.
Rheumatoid Arthritis - Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons
Purple and Blue Awareness Ribbons for Rheumatoid Arthritis Awareness
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect more than just the joints. In some people, the condition also can damage a wide variety of body systems, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels. An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body's own tissues.
Rheumatoid Vasculitis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Rheumatoid Vasculitis Awareness
Rheumatoid vasculitis is a condition that causes blood vessels to be inflamed. It happens in some people who have had rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for a long time. RA is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease is caused by a problem with the immune system. The immune system's job is to protect the body from disease.
Sarcoidosis - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Sarcoidosis Awareness
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease characterized by the formation of granulomas, tiny clumps of inflammatory cells, in one or more organs of the body. When the immune system goes into overdrive and too many of these clumps form, they can interfere with an organ’s structure and function. When left unchecked, chronic inflammation can lead to fibrosis, which is the permanent scarring of organ tissue. This disorder affects the lungs in approximately 90% of cases, but it can affect almost any organ in the body.
Schnitzler Syndrome - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Schnitzler Syndrome Awareness
Schnitzler syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by a chronic reddish rash that resembles hives (urticaria) and elevated levels of a specific protein in the blood (monoclonal IgM gammopathy). Symptoms associated with Schnitzler syndrome may include repeated bouts of fever, joint inflammation (arthritis), joint pain (arthralgia), bone pain, and other findings such as enlarged lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy).
Scleritis - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Scleritis Awareness
Scleritis is a serious inflammatory disease that affects the white outer coating of the eye, known as the sclera. The disease is often contracted through association with other diseases of the body, such as granulomatosis with polyangiitis or rheumatoid arthritis.
Scleroderma - Teal Awareness Ribbons
Teal Awareness Ribbons for Scleroderma Awareness
cleroderma, or systemic sclerosis, is a chronic connective tissue disease generally classified as one of the autoimmune rheumatic diseases. The word “scleroderma” comes from two Greek words: “sclero” meaning hard, and “derma” meaning skin. Hardening of the skin is one of the most visible manifestations of the disease. The disease has been called “progressive systemic sclerosis,” but the use of that term has been discouraged since it has been found that scleroderma is not necessarily progressive. The disease varies from patient-to-patient.
Sjogren's Syndrome - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Sjogren's Syndrome Awareness
Sjögren's syndrome is an inflammatory disease that can affect many different parts of the body, but most often affects the tear and saliva glands. Patients with this condition may notice irritation, a gritty feeling, or painful burning in the eyes. Dry mouth (or difficulty eating dry foods) and swelling of the glands around the face and neck are also common. Some patients experience dryness in the nasal passages, throat, vagina and skin. Swallowing difficulty and symptoms of acid reflux are also common.
Sperm and Testicular Autoimmunity - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Sperm and Testicular Autoimmunity Awareness
The human immune system is trained during the early postnatal period. In men, at puberty when the sperm first appear in the testis and epididymis, the human immune system will have the chance to contact sperm antigens. Similarly, when women become sexually active, their immune system will inevitably contact sperm antigens. Therefore, once sperm, as an autoantigen, activates the human immune system, an autoimmune response against human sperm will occur. The blood-testis barrier and the epididymal blood-epithelium barrier in humans are important structures in preventing sperm antigens from contacting immunocompetent cells, due to the tight junctions of Sertoli and epithelial cells. This creates favorable conditions for spermatogenesis and sperm survival in the testicular fluid, and sperm maturation in the epididymal fluid. It also prevents the occurrence of autoimmunity after puberty. Therefore, alteration of the blood-testis barrier and the blood-epithelium barrier allows the production of ASAs and, hence, may lead to infertility. There are three types of sperm autoimmunity: that associated with genital tract obstruction, that accompanied by testicular inflammation, and a spontaneously occurring type that does not present with either of the preceding associated features.
Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS) - Orange and Yellow or Zebra Awareness Ribbons
Orange and Yellow or Zebra Awareness Ribbons for Stiff Person Syndrome Awareness
Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neurological disorder with features of an autoimmune disease. SPS is characterized by fluctuating muscle rigidity in the trunk and limbs and a heightened sensitivity to stimuli such as noise, touch, and emotional distress, which can set off muscle spasms.
Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis (SBE) - Red and Purple Awareness Ribbons
Red and Purple Awareness Ribbons for Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis (SBE) Awareness
Subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE) is a slowly developing type of infective endocarditis, an infection of the lining of the heart (endocardium). Infective endocarditis can affect the heart’s valves, too. SBE differs from acute bacterial endocarditis, which develops suddenly and can become a life-threatening condition within a few days.
Susac's Syndrome - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Susac's Syndrome Awareness
Susac's syndrome is a relatively rare disorder characterized by three main problems: impaired brain function (encephalopathy), partial or complete blockage (occlusion) of the small arteries and capillaries that supply blood to the retina (branch retinal artery occlusion, or BRAO), and inner ear disease (hearing loss, most notably). MRI of the brain typically reveals “snowball” lesions in the corpus callosum. Three main forms of Susac's syndrome have become apparent. In one form, encephalopathy is the main problem. In the second form, BRAO and hearing loss are the main problems, and there is little or no brain disease. In the third form, encephalopathy is the main problem in the beginning, but recurrent episodes of BRAO become the main problem after the encephalopathy subsides. The encephalopathic form of Susac's syndrome often resolves within 1-3 years. The other forms tend to follow a more prolonged, more chronic, or more recurrent course (for 3-10 years, or more). Susac syndrome is an autoimmune disease.
Sydenham Chorea - Zebra Awareness Ribbons
Zebra Awareness Ribbons for Sydenham Chorea Awareness
Sydenham chorea is a rare neurological disorder characterized by sudden onset chorea, usually in childhood. Chorea is defined as random-appearing, continuous (while awake), involuntary movements which can affect the entire body. This often includes the face and tongue. Symptoms in arms and legs are often worse on one side of the body. Additional symptoms of Sydenham Chorea may include slurring of speech and difficulty maintaining steady hand grip. Anxiety, sadness, inattention, and obsessive compulsive thoughts and behaviors may also occur. Sydenham chorea most often affects children over the age of 5 years and adolescents. Sydenham chorea usually develops within weeks to months following group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection and may occur as an isolated finding or as a major complication of acute rheumatic fever. It is considered an autoimmune disorder, meaning it occurs when the body's immune system (which normally responds to foreign substances) mistakenly targets part of the body, disrupting normal function.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Awareness
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease. In this disease, the immune system of the body mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. It can affect the skin, joints, kidneys, brain, and other organs.
Systemic Scleroderma - Teal Awareness Ribbons
Teal Awareness Ribbons for Systemic Scleroderma Awareness
Systemic scleroderma is an autoimmune disorder that affects the skin and internal organs. Autoimmune disorders occur when the immune system malfunctions and attacks the body's own tissues and organs. The word "scleroderma" means hard skin in Greek, and the condition is characterized by the buildup of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the skin and other organs. The condition is also called systemic sclerosis because the fibrosis can affect organs other than the skin. Fibrosis is due to the excess production of a tough protein called collagen, which normally strengthens and supports connective tissues throughout the body.
Sympathetic Ophthalmia (SO) - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Sympathetic Ophthalmia (SO) Awareness
Sympathetic ophthalmia is a rare, bilateral granulomatous uveitis that occurs after either surgical or accidental trauma to one eye. The ocular inflammation in the fellow eye becomes apparent usually within 3 months after injury.
Autoimmune Disease Conditions Starting with T - Z
Takayasu's Arteritis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Takayasu's Arteritis Awareness
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare type of vasculitis, a group of disorders that cause blood vessel inflammation. In Takayasu's arteritis, the inflammation damages the aorta, the large artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body, and its main branches.
Temporal Arteritis/Giant Cell Arteritis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Temporal Arteritis/Giant Cell Arteritis Awareness
Temporal arteritis is a condition in which the temporal arteries, which supply blood to the head and brain, become inflamed or damaged. It is also known as cranial arteritis or giant cell arteritis. Although this condition usually occurs in the temporal arteries, it can occur in almost any medium to large artery in the body.
Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) Awareness
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a disorder that can lead to easy or excessive bruising and bleeding. The bleeding results from unusually low levels of platelets, the cells that help blood clot.
Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (THS) - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (THS) Awareness
Tolosa Hunt syndrome (THS) is a rare condition characterized by painful ophthalmoplegia (paralysis and/or weakness of the eye muscles). Onset can occur at any age.
Transverse Myelitis - Blue Awareness Ribbons
Blue Awareness Ribbons for Transverse Myelitis Awareness
ransverse myelitis is an inflammation of the spinal cord, a major part of the central nervous system. The spinal cord carries nerve signals to and from the brain through nerves that extend from each side of the spinal cord and connect to nerves elsewhere in the body. The term myelitis refers to inflammation of the spinal cord; transverse refers to the pattern of changes in sensation—there is often a band-like sensation across the trunk of the body, with sensory changes below.
Type 1 Diabetes- Blue and Gray Awareness Ribbons
Blue and Gray Awareness Ribbons for Type 1 Diabetes Awareness
Type 1 diabetes (previously called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes) is usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults, but it can develop at any age. It is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
Ulcerative Colitis (UC) - Purple Awareness Ribbons
Purple Awareness Ribbons for Ulcerative Colitis (UC) Awareness
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes long-lasting inflammation and ulcers (sores) in the digestive tract. Ulcerative colitis affects the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. Symptoms usually develop over time, rather than suddenly.
Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease (UCTD) - Purple and White Pinstripes
New Pin - Purple and White Pinstripes for Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease (UCTD)
The term "undifferentiated connective tissue disease" (UCTD) is used to describe a condition in people who have symptoms and lab test results that indicate a systemic autoimmune disorder or connective tissue disease, but which do not meet enough such characteristics to indicate a diagnosis for a well-defined connective tissue disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) or scleroderma. Thus, they seem to have another, similar disorder that doctors call undifferentiated connective tissue disease. Although the word "undifferentiated" sounds vague, it describes a real problem. It does not mean that a doctor does not know what to call the condition, it just means that all or most of the clinical features (problems) traditionally seen in lupus or another connective tissue disease aren't present but some of those features are present.This undifferentiated category is distinctly separate from another group of vague-sounding disorders called overlap syndromes. People with overlap syndromes have the clear features of at least two or more CTDs, and thus may meet the diagnoses for several at the same time. In general, this term refers to a condition in which a patient has symptoms of two or more recognized autoimmune diseases. In contrast, patients with UCTD do not have enough of the features of a definite CTD (systemic lupus, systemic sclerosis, or dermatomyositis/polymyositis) to be firmly classified with such a diagnosis. However, because they may have a few features from several known diseases, they are said to be "undifferentiated."
Urticaria - Red and White Polka Dots Awareness Ribbons
Red and White Polka Dots Awareness Ribbons for Urticaria Awareness
Hives (urticaria) are red, itchy welts that result from a skin reaction. The welts vary in size and appear and fade repeatedly as the reaction runs its course. The condition is considered chronic hives if the welts appear for more than six weeks and recur frequently over months or years. Often, the cause of chronic hives is not clear.
Urticarial Vasculitis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Urticarial Vasculitis Awareness
Urticarial vasculitis is a variant of cutaneous small vessel vasculitis. It is characterised by inflamed and reddened patches or wheals on the skin that appear to resemble urticaria, but when the skin is examined closely under a microscope, a vasculitis is found (inflamed blood vessels).
Uveitis - Green Awareness Ribbons
Green Awareness Ribbons for Uveitis Awareness
Uveitis is an inflammation of the middle layer of the eye (uvea).
Vasculitis - Red Awareness Ribbons
Red Awareness Ribbons for Vasculitis Awareness
Vasculitis is inflammation of the blood vessels. It causes changes in the blood vessel walls, including thickening, weakening, narrowing or scarring. These changes can restrict blood flow, resulting in organ and tissue damage. There are many types of vasculitis, and most of them are rare. Vasculitis might affect just one organ, or several. The condition can be short term (acute) or long lasting (chronic). Vasculitis is also known as angiitis and arteritis.
Vitiligo - Purple Awareness Ribbons
New Ribbon - Purple Awareness Ribbons for Vitiligo Awareness
Vitiligo is a disease that causes the loss of skin color in blotches. The extent and rate of color loss from vitiligo is unpredictable. It can affect the skin on any part of your body. It may also affect hair and the inside of the mouth.
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease - Zebra Awareness Ribbons
Zebra Awareness Ribbons for Vog-Koyanagi-Harada Disease Awareness
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease is a rare disorder of unknown origin that affects many body systems, including as the eyes, ears, skin, and the covering of the brain and spinal cord (the meninges). The most noticeable symptom is a rapid loss of vision. There may also be neurological signs such as severe headache, vertigo, nausea, and drowsiness. Loss of hearing, and loss of hair (alopecia) and skin color may occur along, with whitening (loss of pigmentation) of the hair and eyelashes (poliosis).