Cancer Ribbons - M | Personalized Cause
Cancer ribbons colors and meanings for more than 100 types of cancer. Cancer ribbons page includes a brief explanation of cancer type beginning with the letter M.
Cancer Ribbons / Cancer Awareness Ribbons
There are more than 100 types of cancer. Types of cancer are usually named for the organs or tissues where the cancers form, but they also may be described by the type of cell that formed them.
Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma - Yellow Cancer Ribbons
Yellow Cancer Ribbons for Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Bone and Osteosarcoma Awareness
Osteosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the bone are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells form in bone. Osteosarcoma usually starts in osteoblasts, which are a type of bone cell that becomes new bone tissue. Osteosarcoma is most common in adolescents. It commonly forms in the ends of the long bones of the body, which include bones of the arms and legs. In children and adolescents, it often forms in the long bones, near the knee. Rarely, osteosarcoma may be found in soft tissue or organs in the chest or abdomen. Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer.
Melanoma - Black Cancer Ribbons
Black Cancer Ribbons for Melanoma Awareness
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer. Melanoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in melanocytes (cells that color the skin). Melanoma is much less common than the other types but much more likely to invade nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body. Most deaths from skin cancer are caused by melanoma. The number of new cases of melanoma has been increasing over the last 30 years. Melanoma is most common in adults, but it is sometimes found in children and adolescents. The main types of skin cancer are squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, and melanoma.
Childhood Melanoma - see Unusual Cancers of Childhood - Black or Gold Cancer Ribbons
Black Cancer Ribbons or Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Melanoma Awareness
Even though melanoma is rare, it is the most common skin cancer in children. It occurs more often in adolescents aged 15 to 19 years.
Melanoma, Intraocular (Eye) - Black and Navy Cancer Ribbons
Black and Navy Cancer Ribbons for Intraocular Melanoma (Eye) Cancer Awareness
Intraocular (uveal) melanoma is a rare cancer that forms in the eye. It usually has no early signs or symptoms. As with melanoma of the skin, risk factors include having fair skin and light-colored eyes.
Childhood Intraocular Melanoma - see Unusual Cancers of Childhood - Gold and Navy or Gold Cancer Ribbons
Black and Navy Cancer Ribbons or Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Intraocular Melanoma Awareness
Intraocular melanoma begins in the middle of three layers of the wall of the eye. The outer layer includes the white sclera (the "white of the eye") and the clear cornea at the front of the eye. The inner layer has a lining of nerve tissue, called the retina, which senses light and sends images along the optic nerve to the brain. The middle layer, where intraocular melanoma forms, is called the uvea or uveal tract.
Merkel Cell Carcinoma (Skin Cancer) - Orange Cancer Ribbons
Orange Cancer Ribbons for Merkel Cell Carcinoma (Skin Cancer) Awareness
Merkel cell carcinoma is a very rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the skin. Merkel cells are found in the top layer of the skin. These cells are very close to the nerve endings that receive the sensation of touch. Merkel cell carcinoma, also called neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin or trabecular cancer, is a very rare type of skin cancer that forms when Merkel cells grow out of control. Merkel cell carcinoma starts most often in areas of skin exposed to the sun, especially the head and neck, as well as the arms, legs, and trunk.
Mesothelioma, Malignant - Pearl Cancer Ribbons
Pearl Cancer Ribbons for Malignant Mesothelioma Awareness
Malignant mesothelioma is a cancer of the thin tissue (mesothelium) that lines the lung, chest wall, and abdomen. The major risk factor for mesothelioma is asbestos exposure.
Mesothelioma, Childhood - see Unusual Cancers of Childhood - Gold or Pearl Cancer Ribbons
Gold Cancer Ribbons or Pearl Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Mesothelioma Awareness
Mesothelioma is a rare cancer most commonly diagnosed in people in their 60s and 70s, but doctors have reported roughly 300 cases worldwide in young adults, children and even infants. In most cases of mesothelioma diagnosed in youth and childhood, there is no history of exposure to asbestos, which is a much more common cancer among adults.
Use the Primary Cancer Awareness Ribbon
The main reason that cancer is so serious is its ability to spread in the body. Cancer cells can spread locally by moving into nearby normal tissue. Cancer can also spread regionally, to nearby lymph nodes, tissues, or organs. And it can spread to distant parts of the body. When this happens, it is called metastatic cancer. For many types of cancer, it is also called stage IV (four) cancer.
The process by which cancer cells spread to other parts of the body is called metastasis. Metastatic cancer has the same name as the primary cancer. For example, breast cancer that spreads to the lung is called metastatic breast cancer, not lung cancer. It is treated as stage IV breast cancer, not as lung cancer. When a new primary cancer occurs in a person with a history of cancer, it is known as a second primary cancer. Second primary cancers are rare. Most of the time, when someone who has had cancer has cancer again, it means the first primary cancer has returned. The most common sites where cancer spreads are the bone, liver, and lung.
Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary (Head and Neck Cancer) - Red and White Pinstripes Cancer Ribbons
Red and White Pinstripes Cancer Ribbons for Metastatic Squamous Neck (Head and Neck) Cancer with Occult (Hidden) Primary Tumor Awareness
When squamous cell cancer spreads to lymph nodes in the neck or around the collarbone, it is called metastatic squamous neck cancer. The doctor will try to find the primary tumor (the cancer that first formed in the body), because treatment for metastatic cancer is the same as treatment for the primary tumor. For example, when lung cancer spreads to the neck, the cancer cells in the neck are lung cancer cells and they are treated the same as the cancer in the lung. Sometimes doctors cannot find where in the body the cancer first began to grow. When tests cannot find a primary tumor, it is called an occult (hidden) primary tumor. In many cases, the primary tumor is never found.
Midline Tract Carcinoma With NUT Gene Changes - Gold Cancer Ribbons
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Midline Tract Carcinoma with NUT Gene Changes Awareness
Childhood midline tract carcinoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the respiratory tract or other places along the middle of the body. Midline tract carcinoma is sometimes caused by a change in the NUT gene. Midline tract carcinoma is caused by a change in a chromosome. Every cell in the body contains DNA that controls how the cell looks and acts. Midline tract cancer may form when part of the DNA from chromosome 15 (called the NUT gene) joins with the DNA from another chromosome or when there are other changes to the NUT gene.
Mouth Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer) - Red and White Pinstripes Cancer Ribbons
Red and White Pinstripes Cancer Ribbons for Mouth (Head and Neck) Cancer Awareness
Lip and oral cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lips or mouth. The oral cavity includes: the front two thirds of the tongue; the gums; the lining of the inside of the cheeks; the bottom of the mouth under the tongue; the the roof of the mouth; the small area behind the wisdom teeth. Most lip and oral cavity cancers start in squamous cells, the thin, flat cells that line the lips and oral cavity. These are called squamous cell carcinomas. Cancer cells may spread into deeper tissue as the cancer grows. Squamous cell carcinoma usually develops in areas of leukoplakia (white patches of cells that do not rub off).
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes - see Unusual Cancers of Childhood - Gold Cancer Ribbons
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes Awareness
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes are inherited disorders that affect the endocrine system. The endocrine system is made up of glands and cells that make hormones and release them into the blood. MEN syndromes may cause the growth of too many normal cells or tumors that may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). The two main types of MEN syndromes are MEN1 Syndrome (Werner syndrome) and MEN2 (Sipple syndrome).
Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasms - Burgundy Cancer Ribbons
Burgundy Cancer Ribbons for Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasms Awareness
Plasma cell neoplasms occur when abnormal plasma cells form cancerous tumors in bone or soft tissue. When there is only one tumor, the disease is called a plasmacytoma. When there are multiple tumors, it is called multiple myeloma.
Mycosis Fungoides (Lymphoma) - Lime Green Cancer Ribbons
Lime Green Cancer Ribbons for Mycosis Fungoides (Lymphoma) Awareness
Mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome are types of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. In mycosis fungoides, T-cell lymphocytes become cancerous and affect the skin. In Sézary syndrome, cancerous T-cell lymphocytes affect the skin and are in the blood. Mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome are the two most common types of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms - Burgundy, Red, or Orange and Red Cancer Ribbons
Burgundy Cancer Ribbons / Red Cancer Ribbons / Orange and Red Cancer Ribbons for Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Awareness
Myeloproliferative neoplasms and myelodysplastic syndromes are diseases of the blood cells and bone marrow. Sometimes both conditions are present. Myelodysplastic syndromes are a group of cancers in which immature blood cells in the bone marrow do not mature or become healthy blood cells. Myeloproliferative neoplasms are a group of diseases in which the bone marrow makes too many red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets. Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms are a group of diseases in which the bone marrow makes too many white blood cells.
Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic (CML) - Orange Cancer Ribbons
Orange Cancer Ribbons for Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) Awareness
Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a disease in which the bone marrow makes too many white blood cells. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (also called CML or chronic granulocytic leukemia) is a slowly progressing blood and bone marrow disease that usually occurs during or after middle age, and rarely occurs in children. In CML, too many blood stem cells become a type of white blood cell called granulocytes. These granulocytes are abnormal and do not become healthy white blood cells. They are also called leukemia cells. The leukemia cells can build up in the blood and bone marrow so there is less room for healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. When this happens, infection, anemia, or easy bleeding may occur.
Myeloid Leukemia, Acute (AML) - Orange Cancer Ribbons
Orange Cancer Ribbons for Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Awareness
Adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes abnormal myeloblasts (a type of white blood cell), red blood cells, or platelets. This type of cancer usually gets worse quickly if it is not treated. It is the most common type of acute leukemia in adults. AML is also called acute myelogenous leukemia, acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, and acute nonlymphocytic leukemia.
Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, Chronic - Burgundy, Red, or Orange and Red Cancer Ribbons
Burgundy Cancer Ribbons / Red Cancer Ribbons / Orange and Red Cancer Ribbons for Chronic Myeloproliferative Neuoplasms Awareness* There are 6 types of chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms. The type of myeloproliferative neoplasm is based on whether too many red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets are being made. Sometimes the body will make too many of more than one type of blood cell, but usually one type of blood cell is affected more than the others. Chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms include the following 6 types: Chronic myelogenous leukemia, Polycythemia vera, Primary myelofibrosis (also called chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis), Essential thrombocythemia, Chronic neutrophilic leukemia, and Chronic eosinophilic leukemia