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Master List of Awareness Causes - B | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter B and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter B:


Babesiosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Babesiosis is also known as:
• Piriplasmosis
• Redwater Fever

What is Babesiosis?
Babesiosis is a rare infectious disease caused by single-celled microorganisms belonging to the Babesia family. It is believed that the Babesia protozoa are usually carried and transmitted by ticks. Babesiosis occurs primarily in animals; however, in rare cases, babesiosis infection may occur in humans.

Categories

• Parasitic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Back Pain

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Back Pain

What is Back Pain?
Many factors can cause Back Pain. Physical behavior, such as lack of exercise and sedentary lifestyle, and environmental factors affecting posture or exposing the back to strain may contribute to pain. Other factors, such as age, height, poor physical condition, and also poor psychological condition, can contribute to the risk of developing Back Pain.

The causes of Back Pain are most often non-specific, leading to a functional disorder that may involve wear or damage, although often the exact etiology of non-specific Back Pain is hard to determine. Specific, clearly identifiable causes of back pain, such as nerve root irritation or compression and inflammatory diseases, are less common.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Balantidiasis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Balantidiasis is also known as:
• Balantidiosis
• Ciliary Dysentery

What is Balantidiasis?
Balantidiasis is a rare intestinal infection caused by the bacterium, Balantidium coli, a single celled parasite that frequently infects pigs but on occasion infects humans. Some infected people may have no symptoms or only mild diarrhea and abdominal discomfort but others may experience more severe symptoms reminiscent of an acute inflammation of the intestines.

Catagories

• Bacterial Infections
• Parasitic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Baller Gerold Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Baller Gerold Syndrome is also known as:
• Craniosynostosis-Radial Aplasia Syndrome
• Craniosynostosis with Radial Defects

What is Baller Gerold Syndrome?
Baller-Gerold Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is apparent at birth. The disorder is characterized by distinctive malformations of the skull and facial area and bones of the forearms and hands. In infants with Baller-Gerold Syndrome, there is premature fusion of the fibrous joints between certain bones in the skull. As a result, the head may appear unusually short and wide and/or pointed at the top or relatively triangular in shape.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Balo Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Balo Disease is also known as:
• Concentric Sclerosis
• Encephalitis Periaxialis Concentrica
• Leukoencephalitis Periaxialis Concentric

What is Balo Disease?
Balo Disease is a rare and progressive variant of multiple sclerosis. It usually first appears in adulthood, but childhood cases have also been reported. While multiple sclerosis typically is a disease that waxes and wanes, Balo Disease is different in that it tends to be rapidly progressive.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Banti’s Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Banti’s Syndrome is also known as:
• Banti's Disease
• Hypersplenism
• Idiopathic Congestive Splenomegaly
• Idiopathic Portal Hypertension

What is Banti’s Syndrome?
Banti's Syndrome is a disorder of the spleen, the large, gland-like organ in the upper left side of the abdomen that produces red blood cells before birth and, in newborns, removes and destroys aged red blood cells, and plays a role in fighting infection. In the case of Banti's Syndrome, the spleen rapidly but prematurely destroys blood cells. This syndrome is characterized by abnormal enlargement of the spleen due to obstruction of blood flow in some veins and abnormally increased blood pressure within the veins of the liver, or the spleen.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Barakat Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Barakat Syndrome is also known as:
• HDR Syndrome
• Hypoparathyroidism, Sensorineural Deafness, and Renal Disease

What is Barakat Syndrome?
First described by Barakat, et al in 1977, the Barakat Syndrome, also known as HDR syndrome is a clinically variable, rare genetic disorder characterized by three characteristics: hypoparathyroidism (H), sensorineural deafness (D), and renal disease (R).

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bardet-Biedl Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Bardet-Biedl Syndrome is also known as:
• BBS

What is Bardet-Biedl Syndrome?
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is a genetic condition that impacts multiple body systems. It is classically defined by six features. Individuals with BBS can experience problems with obesity, specifically with fat deposition along the abdomen. They often also suffer from intellectual impairments. Commonly, the kidneys, eyes and function of the genitalia will be compromised.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Barth Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Barth Syndrome is also known as:
• 3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria, Type II (MGA, Type II)
• Cardioskeletal Myopathy, Barth Type
• Cardioskeletal Myopathy With Neutropenia and Abnormal Mitochondria
• Endocardial Fibroelastosis, Type 2 (EFE2)
• X-Linked Cardioskeletal Myopathy and Neutropenia

What is Barth Syndrome?
Barth Syndrome is a rare, metabolic, and neuromuscular, genetic disorder that occurs exclusively in males, since it is passed from mother to son through the X chromosome. Although Barth Syndrome typically becomes apparent during infancy or early childhood, the age of onset, associated symptoms and findings, and disease course varies considerably, even among affected members of the same family. Primary characteristics of the disorder include abnormalities of heart and skeletal muscle, low levels of certain white blood cells that help to fight bacterial infections, and growth retardation, potentially leading to short stature.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Bartonellosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bartonellosis is also known as:
• Carrion's Disease
• Cat Scratch Disease
• Trench Fever

What is Bartonellosis?
Bartonellosis is a group of emerging infectious diseases caused by bacteria belonging to the Bartonella genus. Bartonella includes at least 22 named species of bacteria that are mainly transmitted by carriers, including fleas, lice, or sandflies. Both domestic and wild animals can be infected with Bartonella species by these vectors. Among the Bartonella spp, at least 14 have been implicated in diseases that can be transmitted from animals to people. Of these zoonotic species, several may be transmitted to humans by companion animals (dogs and cats), typically through a bite or scratch.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Bartter’s Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Bartter’s Syndrome is also known as:
• Salt-Losing Tubulopathy with Secondary Hyperaldosteronism

Subdivisions of Bartter’s Syndrome
• Bartter Syndrome Type 1 (Loop Disorder Type 1)
• Bartter Syndrome Type 2 (Loop Disorder Type 2)
• Bartter Syndrome Type 3 (Classic Bartter Syndrome; DCT Disorder Type 2)
• Bartter Syndrome Type 4A (Loop-DCT Disorder Type 1)
• Bartter Syndrome Type 4B (Loop-DCT Disorder Type 2)
• Gitelman Syndrome (DCT Disorder Type 1)

What is Bartter’s Syndrome?
Bartter Syndrome is a general term for a group of rare genetic disorders in which there are specific defects in kidney function. These defects impair the kidney’s ability to reabsorb salt and cause imbalances in various electrolyte and fluid concentrations in the body.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Skin

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Skin

What is Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Skin?
Basal Cell Carcinoma is a type of skin cancer. Basal Bell Carcinoma begins in the basal cells, a type of cell within the skin that produces new skin cells as old ones die off. Basal cell carcinoma often appears as a slightly transparent bump on the skin, though it can take other forms. Basal Cell Carcinoma occurs most often on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, such as the head and neck. Most Basal Cell Carcinomas are thought to be caused by long-term exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight.

Categories

• Cancer

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome is also known as:
• Beckwith-Syndrome
• BWS
• EMG Syndrome
• Exomphalos-Macroglossia-Gigantism Syndrome
• Hypoglycemia with Macroglossia
• Omphalocele-Visceromegaly-Macroglossia Syndrome
• Visceromegaly-Umbilical Hernia-Macroglossia Syndrome
• Wiedemann-Beckwith Syndrome

What is Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome?
Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS) is an overgrowth disorder. In many individuals, associated features include above-average birth weight and increased growth after birth, an unusually large tongue, enlargement of certain internal organs, and abdominal wall defects.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Behçet’s Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Behçet’s Syndrome is also known as:
• Adamantiades-Behcet's Syndrome
• BD
• Behcet's Disease

Subdivisions of Behçet’s Syndrome
• Neuro-Behcet
• Ocular-Behcet
• Vasculo-Behcet

What is Behçet’s Syndrome?
Behçet's Syndrome is a rare multisystem inflammatory disorder characterized by ulcers affecting the mouth and genitals, various skin lesions, and abnormalities affecting the eyes.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bejel

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bejel is also known as:
• Dichuchwa
• Endemic Syphilis
• Frenga
• Njovera
• Nonvenereal Syphilis
• Siti
• Treponematosis, Bejel Type

What is Bejel?
Bejel is an infectious disease that is rare in the United States but common in certain parts of the world. The infection is very similar to syphilis but is not sexually transmitted. Most frequently, transmission is by means of non-sexual skin contact or by common use of eating and drinking utensils. The organism that causes Bejel is known as treponema. Treponemas are spiral-shaped bacteria. Also known as Endemic Syphilis, Bejel is characterized by lesions of the skin and bones that begin in the mouth and progress in gradual stages. The late stages are the most severe. Bejel is very common in dry, hot climates especially in the countries of the eastern Mediterranean region and in Saharan West Africa.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Bell’s Palsy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bell’s Palsy is also known as:
• Antoni's Palsy
• Facial Nerve Palsy
• Facial Paralysis
• Idiopathic Facial Palsy
• Refrigeration Palsy

What is Bell’s Palsy?
Bell's Palsy is a non-progressive neurological disorder of one of the facial nerves (7th cranial nerve). This disorder is characterized by the sudden onset of facial paralysis that may be preceded by a slight fever, pain behind the ear on the affected side, a stiff neck, and weakness and/or stiffness on one side of the face. Paralysis results from decreased blood supply and/or compression of the 7th cranial nerve.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Benign Essential Blepharospasm

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Benign Essential Blepharospasm is also known as:
• BEB
• Blepharospasm

What is Benign Essential Blepharospasm?
Benign Essential Blepharospasm (BEB) is a rare neurological disorder in which affected individuals experience involuntary muscle spasms and contractions of the muscles around the eyes.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Benign Mucosal Pemphigoid

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Benign Mucosal Pemphigoid?
Cicatricial Pemphigoid is a rare chronic autoimmune blistering disease characterized by erosive skin lesions of the mucous membranes and skin that results in scarring of at least some sites of involvement. The autoimmune reaction most commonly affects the mouth, causing lesions in the gums, but it can also affect areas of mucous membrane elsewhere in the body, such as the sinuses, genitals and anus. When the cornea of the eye is affected, repeated scarring may result in blindness.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is also known as:
• BPPV

What is Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo?
Benign Paroxysmal Position Vertigo (BPPV) is a disorder characterized by brief, recurrent bouts of vertigo. Vertigo is a sensation of spinning, whirling or turning. BPPV is most often triggered by rapid, sometimes unexpected changes in head position.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bernard-Soulier Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bernard-Soulier Syndrome is also known as:
• BSS
• Giant Platelet Syndrome
• Hemorrhagiparous Thrombocytic Dystrophy
• Hereditary Platelet Disorder
• Macrothrombocytopenia, Familial Bernard-Soulier Type
• Platelet Glycoprotein Ib Deficiency
• Von Willebrand Factor Receptor Deficiency

What is Bernard-Soulier Syndrome?
Bernard-Soulier Syndrome (BSS) is a rare inherited disorder of blood clotting (coagulation) characterized by unusually large platelets, low platelet count and prolonged bleeding time. Affected individuals tend to bleed excessively and bruise easily.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Berylliosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Berylliosis is also known as:
• Acute Beryllium Disease
• Beryllium Granulomatosis
• Beryllium Pneumonosis
• Beryllium Poisoning

Subdivisions of Berylliosis
• Acute Berylliosis (Acute Beryllium Disease)
• Chronic Berylliosis (Chronic Beryllium Disease [CBD])

What is Berylliosis?
Berylliosis is a form of metal poisoning caused by inhalation of beryllium dusts, vapors, or its compounds or implantation of the substance in the skin. The toxic effects of beryllium most commonly occur due to occupational exposure.

Categories

• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Best Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Best Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy is also known as:
• Best Macular Dystrophy
• Macular Degeneration, Polymorphic Vitelline
• Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy, Early-Onset
• Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy, Juvenile-Onset
• Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy, Type 2

What is Best Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy?
Best Vitelliform Macular Dystrophy is an autosomal dominant genetic form of macular degeneration that usually begins in childhood or adolescence and slowly progresses to affect central vision.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Beta Thalassemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Beta Thalassemia is also known as:
• Mediterranean Anemia

Subdivisions of Beta Thalassemia
• Beta Thalassemia Major (Cooley’s Anemia)
• Beta Thalassemia Intermedia
• Beta Thalassemia Minor (Beta Thalassemia Trait)
• Dominant Beta Thalassemia

What is Beta Thalassemia?
Beta Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder characterized by reduced levels of functional hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is found in red blood cells; it is the red, iron-rich, oxygen-carrying pigment of the blood. A main function of red blood cells is to deliver oxygen throughout the body. The characteristic finding of Beta Thalassemia is anemia.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bickerstaff Encephalitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Silver Ribbon for Bickerstaff Encephalitis

What is Bickerstaff Encephalitis?
Bickerstaff Brainstem Encephalitis is a rare inflammatory disorder of the central nervous system, first described by Edwin Bickerstaff in 1951. It may also affect the peripheral nervous system, and has features in common with both Miller fisher syndrome and Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bile Acid Synthesis Disorders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bile Acid Synthesis Disorders is also known as:
• BASD
• Bile Acid Synthesis Defects

Subdivisions of Bile Acid Synthesis Disorders
• 3-Beta-Hydroxy-Delta-5-C27-Steroid Oxidoreductase Deficiency
• Alpha-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (AMACR) Deficiency
• Amino Acid N-Acyltransferase Deficiency
• Bile Acid CoA Ligase Deficiency
• Cholesterol 7alpha-Hydroxylase Deficiency
• Delta4-3-Oxosteroid 5-Beta-Reductase Deficiency
• Oxysterol 7-Alpha-Hydroxylase Deficiency
• Sterol 27-Hydroxylase Deficiency (Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis)
• Trihydroxycholestanoic Acid CoA Oxidase Deficiency

What is Bile Acid Synthesis Disorders?
Bile Acid Synthesis Disorders (BASDs) are a group of rare metabolic disorders characterized by defects in the creation of bile acids. Bile acids are chemical compounds found in the liver that have several roles in the body including promoting the flow and excretion of bile and assisting in the intestinal absorption of fat and fat-soluble vitamins.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma)

Subdivisions of Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma) are:
• Intrahepatic
• Extrahepatic

What is Bile Duct Cancer (Cholangiocarcinoma)?
Cancers of the bile ducts are relatively uncommon in the United States. About 10,000 cases are diagnosed each year, mostly in people over the age of 70. Since most bile duct cancers are diagnosed in more advanced stages, the current five-year survival rate is only 10% to 30%, depending upon the type of cancer.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Biliary Atresia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Biliary Atresia?
Biliary Atresia is a rare gastrointestinal disorder characterized by destruction or absence of all or a portion of the bile duct that lies outside the liver. In Biliary Atresia, absence or destruction of the bile ducts results in the abnormal accumulation of bile in the liver.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Binder Type Nasomaxillary Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Binder Type Nasomaxillary Dysplasia is also known as:
• Binder Syndrome
• Maxillonasal Dysplasia
• Nasomaxillary Hypoplasia

What is Binder Type Nasomaxillary Dysplasia?
Binder Type Nasomaxillary Dysplasia is a rare developmental defect that is present at birth. The disorder is characterized by the underdevelopment of the central portion of the face, particularly the area including the nose and upper jaw.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Mouth Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Binswanger Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Binswanger Disease is also known as:
• Binswanger Encephalopathy
• Multi-Infarct Dementia, Binswanger Type
• Subcortical Arteriosclerotic Encephalopathy, SAE
• Subcortical Dementia
• Subcortical Ischemic Vascular Disease
• Vascular Dementia, Binswanger Type

What is Binswanger Disease?
Binswanger Disease is a progressive neurological disorder caused by arteriosclerosis and thromboembolism affecting the blood vessels that supply the white-matter and deep structures of the brain. Most individuals experience progressive loss of memory and intellectual abilities, urinary urgency or incontinence, and an abnormally slow, shuffling, unsteady pattern of walking, usually over a 5-10 year period.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Biotinidase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Biotinidase Deficiency is also known as:
• BTD Deficiency
• Infantile Multiple Carboxylase Deficiency
• Juvenile Multiple Carboxylase Deficiency
• Late-Onset Multiple Carboxylase Deficiency
• Multiple Carboxylase Deficiency, Due to Biotinidase Deficiency

What is Biotinidase Deficiency?
Biotinidase Deficiency (BTD) is a metabolic disorder that is the result of a low concentration, or complete lack, of the enzyme, biotinidase. Biotinidase deficiency is an inherited disorder in which the body is not able to properly process the vitamin, biotin, which is sometimes referred to as Vitamin H. Most infants with BTD show signs of lactic acid in the urine, a widespread, red, skin rash, seizures, poor muscle tone, developmental delays, and hair loss.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome is also known as:
• BHD Syndrome
• Hornstein-Knickenberg Syndrome

What is Birt-Hogg-Dubé Syndrome?
Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) Syndrome is a rare complex genetic skin disorder characterized by the development of skin papules generally located on the head, face and upper torso. These benign tumors of the hair follicle are called fibrofolliculomas. BHD syndrome also predisposes individuals to the development of benign cysts in the lungs, repeated episodes of a collapsed lung, and increased risk for developing kidney neoplasia.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Björnstad Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Björnstad Syndrome is also known as:
• Deafness and Pili Torti, Bjornstad Type
• Pili Torti and Nerve Deafness
• Pili Torti-Sensorineural Hearing Loss

What is Björnstad Syndrome?
Björnstad Syndrome is an extremely rare inherited disorder characterized by the presence of abnormally flattened, twisted hair shafts, and, in most cases, deafness.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bladder Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Marigold/Purple/Blue Ribbon for Bladder Cancer, Adult
Yellow Cancer Ribbons for Bladder Cancer Awareness

What is Bladder Cancer, Adult?
Bladder Cancer is one of the most common cancers, affecting approximately 68,000 adults in the United States each year. Bladder Cancer most often begins in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. Although it is most common in the bladder, this same type of cancer can occur in other parts of the urinary tract drainage system.

Categories

• Cancer
• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Bladder Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Marigold/Purple/Blue Ribbon for Bladder Cancer, Childhood
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Bladder Cancer Awareness
Yellow Cancer Ribbons for Bladder Cancer Awareness

What is Bladder Cancer, Childhood?
Cancer in children and adolescents is rare, although the overall incidence of childhood cancer has been slowly increasing since 1975. Bladder Cancer most often begins in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. Although it is most common in the bladder, this same type of cancer can occur in other parts of the urinary tract drainage system.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex is also known as:
• Ectopia Vesicae

What is Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex?
Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias-Cloacal Exstrophy Complex is a spectrum of anomalies involving the urinary tract, genital tract, musculoskeletal system and sometimes the intestinal tract. In classic bladder exstrophy, most anomalies are related to defects of the abdominal wall, bladder, genitalia, pelvic bones, rectum and anus. Bladder exstrophy is a rare developmental abnormality that is present at birth in which the bladder and related structures are turned inside out.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Blastomycosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Blastomycosis is also known as:
• Gilchrist's Disease
• North American Blastomycosis

What is Blastomycosis?
Blastomycosis is a rare infectious multisystem disease that is caused by the fungus Blastomyces Dermatitidis. The symptoms vary greatly according the affected organ system. It is characterized by fever, chills, cough, and/or difficulty breathing. In the chronic phase of the disease, the lungs and skin are most frequently affected. The genitourinary tract and bones may also be involved.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome is also known as:
• Blepharophimosis Syndrome
• BPES

Subdivisions of Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome
• BPES Type I
• BPES Type II

What is Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome?
Blepharophimosis, Ptosis, and Epicanthus Inversus Syndrome (BPES) is a rare developmental condition affecting the eyelids and ovary. Typically, four major facial features are present at birth: narrow eyes, droopy eyelids, an upward fold of skin of the inner lower eyelids and widely set eyes.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bloom Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Bloom Syndrome is also known as:
• Bloom’s Syndrome
• Bloom-Torre-Machacek Syndrome

What is Bloom Syndrome?
Bloom Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, increased skin sensitivity to ultraviolet rays from the sun, multiple small dilated blood vessels over the nose and cheeks resembling a butterfly in shape, mild immune deficiency with increased susceptibility to infections, and most importantly, a markedly increased susceptibility to many types of cancer, especially leukemia, lymphoma and gastrointestinal tract tumors. Bloom Syndrome is a prototype of a group of genetic conditions known as chromosome breakage syndromes. The genetic abnormality in Bloom Syndrome causes problems with DNA repair, resulting in a high number of chromosome breaks and rearrangements. The abnormal DNA repair is responsible for the increased risk for cancer.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Blue Diaper Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Blue Diaper Syndrome is also known as:
• Drummond's Syndrome
• Hypercalcemia, Familial, with Nephrocalcinosis and Indicanuria

What is Blue Diaper Syndrome?
Blue Diaper Syndrome is a rare, genetic metabolic disorder characterized by the incomplete intestinal breakdown of tryptophan, a dietary nutrient. Symptoms typically include digestive disturbances, fever, irritability and visual difficulties. Some children with blue diaper syndrome may also develop kidney disease. Infants with this disorder may have bluish urine-stained diapers.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome is also known as:
• Bean Syndrome

What is Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome?
Blue Rubber Bleb Nevus Syndrome (BRBNS) is a rare blood vessel disorder that affects the skin and internal organs of the body. Multiple distinctive skin lesions are usually characteristic of this disorder and are often present at birth or present during early childhood. Lesions in the gastrointestinal tract frequently become apparent during childhood or early adulthood.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bone Cancer (includes Ewing Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Yellow Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bone Cancer (includes Ewing Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma) is also known as:
• Primary Malignant Neoplasm of Bone
• Rare Bone Tumor

Subdivisions of Bone Cancer (includes Ewing Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma)
• Chondrosarcoma
• Chordoma
• Ewing Sarcoma
• Maffucci Syndrome

What is Bone Cancer (includes Ewing Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma)?
Bone Cancer is rare and includes several types. Some bone cancers, including Osteosarcoma and Ewing Sarcoma, are seen most often in children and young adults. Malignant Fibrous Histeoctoma (MFH) is a rare tumor of the bone. It is treated like osteosarcoma.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Börjeson-Forssman-Lehman Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Börjeson-Forssman-Lehman Syndrome is also known as:
• BFLS
• BORJ
• Borjeson Syndrome

What is Börjeson-Forssman-Lehman Syndrome?
Börjeson-Forssman-Lehmann Syndrome (BFLS) is an extremely rare disorder characterized by intellectual disability, obesity, seizures, failure of the testes in males or the ovaries in females to produce hormones, and distinctive facial features.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bosma Arhinia Microphthalmia Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Bosma Arhinia Microphthalmia Syndrome is also known as:
• Arhinia, Choanal Atresia, Microphthalmia, and Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism
• BAM Syndrome
• Bosma Syndrome
• Gifford-Bosma Syndrome
• Ruprecht Majewski Syndrome

What is Bosma Arhinia Microphthalmia Syndrome?
Bosma Arhinia Microphthalmia (BAM) syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disorder that has been reported in fewer than 100 individuals worldwide in the past century. It is defined by three major features: 1) complete absence of the nose, 2) eye defects, and 3) absent sexual maturation.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Botulism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Botulism is also known as:
• Adult Intestinal Colonization (Intestinal Toxemia) Botulism
• Foodborne Botulism
• Iatrogenic Botulism
• Infant Botulism
• Wound Botulism

What is Botulism?
Botulism is a rare but serious paralytic illness caused by a toxin usually produced by the bacterium Clostridium Botulinum. There are four generally recognized naturally-occurring types; foodborne, wound, infant, and, rarely, adult intestinal colonization. Iatrogenic and inhalational botulism may also occur.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Bowen Hutterite Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bowen Hutterite Syndrome is also known as:
• Bowen-Conradi Hutterite Syndrome
• Bowen-Conradi Syndrome
• Hutterite Syndrome, Bowen-Conradi Type

What is Bowen Hutterite Syndrome?
Bowen Hutterite Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is apparent at birth. The disorder is characterized by growth delays before birth, failure to grow and gain weight at the expected rate during infancy, malformations of the head and facial area, and other physical abnormalities. These may include restricted joint movements, abnormal deviation or permanent flexion of the fifth fingers, foot deformities, and/or undescended testes in affected males. Some affected infants may also have kidney, brain, and/or other malformations.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bowenoid Papulosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bowenoid Papulosis is also known as:
• BP

What is Bowenoid Papulosis?
Bowenoid Papulosis is a rare, sexually transmitted disorder thought to be caused by human papillomavirus type 16. This disorder is characterized by lesions that are found on the genitals of males and females.

Categories

• Viral infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Brain Tumors, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gray Ribbon for Brain Tumors, Adult

What are Brain Tumors, Adult?
Primary Brain Tumors include any tumor that starts in the brain. Primary brain tumors can start from brain cells, the membranes around the brain (meninges), nerves, or glands. Tumors can directly destroy brain cells. They can also damage cells by producing inflammation, placing pressure on other parts of the brain, and increasing pressure within the skull.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Brain Tumors, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Brain Tumors, Childhood
Gray Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Brain Tumors Awareness

What are Brain Tumors, Childhood?
A brain tumor occurs when there is a genetic alteration in the normal cells in the brain. The alteration causes the cells to undergo a series of changes that result in a growing mass of abnormal cells. Primary brain tumors involve a growth that starts in the brain, rather than spreading to the brain from another part of the body. Brain tumors may be low grade or high grade. The cause of primary brain tumors is unknown, although some tumors have germ line mutations and tend to be hereditary. The majority result from somatic mutations and are not hereditary.

Central nervous system tumors are the most common solid tumor in children. There are approximately 4,500 new brain tumors each year, and they are the most common cause of cancer deaths. The majority of pediatric tumors are in the posterior fossa (60 percent). The most common tumors, in decreasing frequency, are: Medulloblastoma, juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma (JPA), ependymoma, diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), and atypicaly teratoid rhabdoid tumor (ATRT). The other 40 percent of pediatric brain tumors are in the cerebral hemispheres of the brain. These include astrocytomas, gangliogliomas, craniopharyngiomas, supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET), germ cell tumors, dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNET), oligodendrogliomas, and meningiomas.

Gliomas
The most common type of brain tumor at all ages is a glioma. Gliomas consist of glial cells, which form the supportive tissue of the brain. The two major types of glial tumors are astrocytomas and ependymomas.

Astrocytoma
Astrocytomas are the most common type of childhood glioma and favor the nervous system. They typically occur in the cerebellum, a part of the brain that coordinates voluntary muscle movements and maintains posture, balance and equilibrium. The majority are curable by surgery. Astrocytomas may arise in the optic nerve, especially in children with neurofibromatosis. Children may also suffer from gliomas in the brainstem, at the base of the brain.

Malignant Gliomas
These tumors, including the anaplastic astrocytomas and glioblastomas, can develop anywhere in the brain and are much more aggressive than astrocytomas. They are never cured by surgery alone and require combination therapy with radiation and chemotherapy.

Ependymoma
This type of glial tumor usually arises from the cells lining the ventricles — the cerebrospinal fluid-filled cavities in the brain. Often slow growing, glial tumors may reoccur after treatment.

Mixed N-Glial Tumors
Tumors containing a mix of glial cells (most commonly astrocytes) and neurons (ganglion cells) occur more often in children than in adults. They may develop anywhere in the nervous system but most typically appear in the cerebrum, an area of the brain involved in motor function and personality. Surgery to remove mixed neuronal-glial tumors often is effective.

Ganglioglioma
This is the most common of the mixed neuronal-glial tumors and generally appears in childhood or the early teen years. The majority are benign and can usually be treated successfully by surgery.

Subependymal Giant Cell Tumor
These tumors are common in children who have a genetic condition called tuberous sclerosis. These tumors are rarely malignant.

Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma
These tumors are most commonly seen in teens or young adults; most are benign.

Embryonal Tumors
Up to 25 percent of nervous system tumors that occur in infants and children are tumors made up of poorly-differentiated neuroepithelia cells. When the nervous system develops, neuroepithelia cells are those that differentiate into glial (supportive tissue) and nerve cells.

The two main types of embryonal tumors are:
Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor (PNET)
This most common embryonal tumor can arise anywhere in the nervous system but typically appears in the cerebellum. When this happens, it is called medulloblastoma. New advances in therapy have made treatment more effective for these tumors.

Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumor
Ninety percent of patients with these tumors are age 2 or younger. Approximately 90 percent of these tumors have a chromosomal abnormality involving chromosome 22. The tumors may arise anywhere in the nervous system but typically appear in the cerebellum. They may also appear in the kidneys of infants. At the time of diagnosis, about one-third of these tumors have spread throughout the nervous system.

Choroid Plexus Papilloma/Carcinoma
These tumors may also be found in ventricles. They may be benign or malignant, and may spread throughout the nervous system. Choroid plexus papillomas/carcinomas are filled with blood vessels (vascular), making them difficult to remove because of their tendency to bleed.

Tumors Arising from Non-Neuroepithelial Tissue
The intracranial (inside the skull) and intraspinal (within the spine) cavities contain tissues and structures that may give rise to tumors, a number of which are more common in children than adults. These tumors include:

Craniopharyngioma
These benign tumors are thought to originate from residual tissue left behind following the development of the head. Because they occur at the front base of the brain near the pituitary gland and optic nerves, they may cause serious neurological and endocrine problems. Surgery may not be able to completely remove them.

Pineal Region Tumors
These tumors can arise near the pineal gland at the base of the skull. The most common type, germinoma, is treated with radiation.

Meningeal Tumors
The brain and spinal cord are covered with membranes called dura mater, arachnoid and pia mater. Tumors called meningiomas may develop in these membranes, but are more common in adults than children.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Branchiootorenal Spectrum Disorders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Branchiootorenal Spectrum Disorders is also known as:
• Branchiootorenal (BOR) Syndrome
• Branchiootic (BOS) Syndrome

What is Branchiootorenal Spectrum Disorders?
Branchiootorenal Spectrum Disorders are inherited as autosomal dominant genetic conditions that can vary greatly from one person to another, even in members of the same family. Branchiootorenal (BOR) Syndrome is characterized by pits or ear tags in front of the outer ear, abnormal passages from the throat to the outside surface of the neck, branchial cysts, malformations of the outer, middle and inner ear, hearing loss and kidney (renal) abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Mouth Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Breast Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink Ribbon for Breast Cancer, Adult

What is Breast Cancer, Adult?
Breast Cancer is the second most common cancer among women, with about 192,000 new cases each year. It remains the leading cause of death of women between ages 40 and 55. While known primarily as a woman's disease, men also develop breast cancer.

Breast Cancer begins with abnormal cells developing in breast tissue. Breast Cancer can be confined to the breast or may spread beyond your breast or into other parts of the body. The most common type of breast cancer begins in the ducts designed to carry milk to the nipple. But cancer also may occur in the small sacs that produce milk, called lobules, or in other breast tissue.

Categories

• Cancers
• Female Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Breast Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Breast Cancer, Childhood
Pink Cancer Ribbons for Breast Cancer Awareness

What is Breast Cancer, Childhood?
Breast Cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast. Breast cancer may occur in both male and female children. Most breast tumors in children are fibroadenomas, which are benign. Rarely, these tumors become large phyllodes tumors (cancer) and begin to grow quickly.

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among teenage and young adult women aged 15 to 39 years. Breast cancer in this age group is more aggressive and more difficult to treat successfully than in older women. Care for younger patients with breast cancer includes checking for familial cancer syndromes and considering possible fertility issues when choosing treatment.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Breast Cancer, Male

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink and Blue Ribbon for Breast Cancer, Male

What is Breast Cancer, Male?
Breast Cancer occurs mainly in women, but men can get it, too. Many people do not realize that men have breast tissue and that they can develop Male Breast Cancer.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Bronchial Adenoma, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl Ribbon for Bronchial Adenoma, Adult

What is Bronchial Adenoma, Adult?
Bronchial Adenoma, Adult is a rare type of cancer that starts in the mucous glands and ducts of the bronchi or trachea, and in the salivary glands. Although the word "adenoma" means a noncancerous tumor, most bronchial adenomas are cancer and can spread to other parts of the body.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Bronchial Adenoma, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Bronchial Adenoma, Childhood
Pearl Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Bronchial Tumor Awareness

What is Bronchial Adenoma, Childhood?
Primary tumors of the lung rarely occur in children. However, 230 well-documented cases have been identified in the English-language literature. One hundred fifty-one tumors were classified as malignant lesions and 79 as benign neoplasms. Bronchial ”adenomas” constituted the largest group, with most of these lesions of the carcinoid variety. Eight percent were definitely malignant. Forty-seven cases of bronchogenic carcinoma were reported in children under 16 years of age, although there were few squamous cell tumors (12%). Fifty-six percent of the benign tumors were classified as inflammatory pseudotumor.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia is also known as:
• Epler's Pneumonia
• BOOP

What is Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia?
Bronchiolitis Obliterans Organizing Pneumonia (BOOP) is a rare inflammatory lung disorder which was first described in the 1980’s as a unique disease entity composed of clinical symptoms such as flu-like illness in many individuals as well as cough and shortness of breath with exertional activities.

Categories

• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bronchogenic Carcinoma, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl Ribbon for Bronchogenic Carcinoma, Adult

What is Bronchogenic Carcinoma, Adult?
Bronchogenic Carcinoma was the term used historically to describe the origin of some types of lung cancer, namely those that arise in the bronchi and bronchioles. Now, this term is used interchangeably with lung cancer of all types. While Bronchogenic Carcinoma is associated with smoking, there are a number of potential causes, including radon and air pollution, and the majority of people who develop these cancers are non-smokers (either never smokers or former smokers).

There are 2 main types of Bronchogenic Carcinoma:

• Small Cell Lung Cancer: Small cell lung cancer is named for the appearance of the cells under a microscope (small cells.) This type of cancer is present in approximately 15 percent of people with lung cancer.

• Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for most Bronchogenic Carcinomas (around 80 percent) and is further broken down into lung adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the lungs, and large cell lung cancer.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Bronchogenic Carcinoma, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Bronchogenic Carcinoma, Childhood
Pearl Cancer ribbons for Childhood Broncogenic Carcinoma Awareness

What is bronchogenic Carcinoma, Childhood?
Lung cancer in children is rare. One out of 300 boys and only one out of 333 girls will develop cancer by the age of 19. In lung cancer, cells form a mass called a tumor. A tumor in the lung can be benign or cancerous. A study published in the 2008 issue of the Archives of Pathology and Pulmonary Medicine has found that primary lung tumors are rare in children.

The common types of lung tumors include:
• Carcinoid Tumor
• Pleuropulmonary Blastoma

Rarer types of lung tumors include:
• Sarcomas
• Carcinoma
• Congenital Peribronchial Myofibroblastic Tumor
• Mesothelioma

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia is also known as:
• BPD
• Chronic Lung Disease, Respiratory Outcomes after Premature Birth

What is Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia?
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic respiratory disease that most often occurs in low-weight or premature infants who have received supplemental oxygen or have spent long periods of time on a breathing machine, such as infants who have acute respiratory distress syndrome. BPD can also occur in older infants who experience abnormal lung development or some infants that have had an infection before birth or placental abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Brown Séquard Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Brown Séquard Syndrome is also known as:
• BSS
• Hemiparaplegic Syndrome
• Hemisection of the Spinal Cord
• Partial Spinal Sensory Syndrome
• Spastic Spinal Monoplegia Syndrome

What is Brown Séquard Syndrome?
Brown-Séquard Syndrome is a rare spinal disorder that results from an injury to one side of the spinal cord in which the spinal cord is damaged but is not severed completely. It is usually caused by an injury to the spine in the region of the neck or back. In many cases, affected individuals have received some type of puncture wound in the neck or in the back that damages the spine and causes symptoms to appear. The affected person loses the sense of touch, vibrations and/or position in three dimensions below the level of the injury. The sensory loss is particularly strong on the same side as the injury to the spine. These sensations are accompanied by a loss of the sense of pain and of temperature on the side of the body opposite to the side at which the injury was sustained.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Brown Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Brown Syndrome is also known as:
• Superior Oblique Tendon Sheath Syndrome
• Tendon Sheath Adherence, Superior Oblique

Subdivisions of Brown Syndrome
• Acquired Brown Syndrome
• Congenital Brown Syndrome
• Primary Brown Syndrome
• Secondary Brown Syndrome

What is Brown Syndrome?
Brown Syndrome is a rare eye disorder characterized by defects in eye movements. This disorder may be present at birth or may occur as the result of another underlying disorder.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Brucellosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Brucellosis is also known as:
• Bang Disease
• Brucellemia
• Brucelliasis
• Cyprus Fever
• Febris Melitensis
• Febris Sudoralis
• Febris Undulans
• Fievre Caprine
• Gibraltar Fever
• Goat Fever
• Maltese Fever
• Mediterranean Fever, Nonfamilial
• Melitensis Septicemia
• Melitococcosis
• Neapolitan Fever
• Phthisis

Subdivisions of Brucellosis
• Acute Brucellosis
• Chronic Brucellosis
• Localized Brucellosis
• Subacute Brucellosis
• Undulant Fever

What is Brucellosis?
Brugada Syndrome is a rare inherited cardiovascular disorder characterized by disturbances affecting the electrical system of the heart. The main symptom is irregular heartbeats and, without treatment, may potentially result in sudden death. Recent reports suggest that Brugada Syndrome could be responsible up to 20% of sudden death in individuals with structurally normal hearts.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Bubonic Plague

Awareness Ribbon Color:

What is Bubonic Plague?
Bubonic Plague is caused by bacteria called Yersinia Pestis. It is usually spread by fleas. Fleas pass it to the next animal or person they bite. Individuals can also catch the plague directly from infected animals, such as rats, mice, or squirrels.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Budd Chiari Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Budd Chiari Syndrome is also known as:
• Budd's Syndrome
• Chiari-Budd Syndrome
• Chiari's Disease
• Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease
• Rokitansky's Disease

What is Budd Chiari Syndrome?
Budd-Chiari Syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by narrowing and obstruction of the veins of the liver. Symptoms associated with Budd Chiari syndrome include pain in the upper right part of the abdomen, an abnormally large liver, and/or accumulation of fluid in the space between the two layers of the membrane that lines the stomach. In some cases, if the major hepatic veins are involved, high blood pressure in the veins carrying blood from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract back to the heart through the liver may be present.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases
• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Bullous Pemphigoid

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Bullous Pemphigoid is also known as:
• BP
• Pemphigoid

What is Bullous Pemphigoid?
Bullous Pemphigoid (BP) is a rare, autoimmune, chronic skin disorder characterized by blistering, urticarial lesions and itching. Less commonly these blisters can involve the mucous membranes including the eyes, oral mucosa, esophagus and genital mucosa.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Burkitt Lymphoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Burkitt Lymphoma

Subdivisions of Burkitt Lymphoma
• Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma
• Immunodeficiency-Related Burkitt Lymphoma
• Sporadic Burkitt Lymphoma

What is Burkitt Lymphoma?
Burkitt Lymphoma is a rare but highly aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Translocation of a gene called MYC is a hallmark of Burkitt Lymphoma, making this an important finding for diagnosis. In adults, Burkitt Lymphoma is often indistinguishable from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), another aggressive B-cell lymphoma.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Bursitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Bursitis

What is Bursitis?
Bursitis is a painful condition that affects the small, fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion the bones, tendons and muscles near the joints. Bursitis occurs when bursae become inflamed. The most common locations for bursitis are in the shoulder, elbow and hip. Bursitis can also occur by the knee, heel and the base of the big toe. Bursitis often occurs near joints that perform frequent repetitive motion.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Buruli Ulcer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

What is Buruli Ulcer?
Buruli ulcer, caused by Mycobacterium Ulcerans, is a chronic, debilitating, necrotizing disease of the skin and soft tissue. Buruli Ulcer is an emerging infectious disease and is the third most common mycobacterial disease of the immunocompetent host, after tuberculosis and leprosy. Although it has been reported in over 33 countries around the world, the greatest burden of disease is in the tropical regions of West and Central Africa, Australia, and Japan. It primarily affects children aged 5-15 years.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical