Contact Us | Personalized Cause

Do you have a question or concern?

We can help!!

Phone - 949-533-4977

Email - hello@personalizedcause.com

Sales & Orders Sarah.PersonalizedCause@gmail.com

949-533-4977

YOUR source for SINGLE custom awareness ribbons. Personalized awareness ribbons engraved with name, date, logo. Large selection of cancer ribbons.

Master List of Awareness Causes - C | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter C and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter C:


C Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

C Syndrome is also known as:
• Opitz Trigonocephaly Syndrome
• Trigonocephaly "C" Syndrome
• Trigonocephaly Syndrome

What is C Syndrome?
C syndrome, also known as Opitz Trigonocephaly Syndrome, is a rare disorder transmitted as a result of "gonadal mosaicism". Mosaicism refers to a condition in which a person has cells that differ from each other in genetic makeup. The difference is usually a variation in the number of chromosomes. Normally, all body cells would have 46 chromosomes, but in mosaicism, some cells may have 45 or 47. Mosaicism occurs as a result of an error in cell division very early in fetal development.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


C3 Glomerulopathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

C3 Glomerulopathy is also known as:
• C3G

Subdivisions of C3 Glomerulopathy: Dense Deposit Disease and C3 Glomerulonephritis
• C3 Glomerulonephritis
• Dense Deposit Disease

What is C3 Glomerulopathy?
Dense Deposit Disease (DDD) is a very rare kidney disease characterized on a renal biopsy test by an abundance of a protein called C3 in the renal glomeruli, and named for the extremely dense ‘sausage-like’ deposits that are seen in the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) using electron microscopy. In addition to dense deposits in the kidney, persons with DDD can develop deposits in their eyes in an area called Bruch’s membrane.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


CADASIL

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

CADASIL is also known as:
• Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy w/Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy
• Hereditary Multi-Infarct Dementia

What is CADASIL?
CADASIL is a rare genetic disorder affecting the small blood vessels in the brain. The age of onset, severity, specific symptoms and disease progression varies greatly from one person to another, even among members of the same family. CADASIL is an acronym that stands for: (C)erebral - relating to the brain (A)utosomal (D)ominant - a form of inheritance in which one copy of an abnormal gene is necessary for the development of a disorder (A)rteriopathy - disease of the arteries (S)ubcortical - relating to specific areas of the brain supplied by deep small arteries (I)nfarcts - tissue loss in the brain caused by lack of blood flow to the brain, which occurs when circulation through the small arteries is severely reduced or interrupted (L)eukoencephalopathy - lesions in the brain white matter caused by the disease and observed on MRI.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease (CPPD)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease (CPPD)

What is Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease (CPPD)?
Calcium Pyrophosphate Dihydrate Crystal Deposition Disease (CPPD) occurs when crystals form deposits in the joint and surrounding tissues. The crystal deposits provoke inflammation in the joint, which can cause the joint cartilage to break down. The disease may take a few different arthritis-related forms: osteoarthritis, a chronic rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-like inflammatory arthritis, or an acutely painful inflammatory condition called pseudogout. The name pseudogout comes from the fact that it resembles another acutely painful condition called gout. The main difference is the type of crystals involved in the inflammation and damage.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Campomelic Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Campomelic Syndrome is also known as:
• Acampomelic Campomelic "Dysplasia"
• Campomelic Dwarfism
• Campomelic Dysplasia
• Campomelic Syndrome, Long-Limb Type
• Camptomelic Dwarfism
• Camptomelic Syndrome
• Camptomelic Syndrome, Long-Limb Type
• CMDI
• Dwarfism, Campomelic
• SRY-Box 9, SOX9 Mutations Syndrome

What is Campomelic Syndrome?
Campomelic Syndrome is a rare congenital disorder in which multiple anomalies are present. It is characterized by bowing and angular shape of the long bones of the legs, multiple minor anomalies of the face, cleft palate, skeletal anomalies such as abnormalities of the shoulder and pelvic area and eleven pairs of ribs instead of the usual twelve, underdevelopment of the trachea, developmental delay in some cases and incomplete development of genitalia in males such that they appear to be females.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Camurati-Engelmann Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Camurati-Engelmann Disease is also known as:
• CED
• Diaphyseal Dysplasia
• Diaphyseal Hyperostosis
• Engelmann’s Disease
• Progressive Diaphyseal Dysplasia (PDD)

What is Camurati-Engelmann Disease?
Camurati-Engelmann Disease (CED) is characterized by increased bone density primarily affecting the long bones of the arms and legs and the skull. The thickening of these bones leads to pain, a waddling gait, muscle weakness, and extreme fatigue. Increased density of the skull can cause a variety of neurological deficits. The first symptoms of the condition can appear at varying ages, but usually during childhood, with pain and proximal muscle weakness developing by adolescence.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Canavan Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Canavan Disease is also known as:
• ASPA Deficiency
• Aspartoacylase Deficiency
• Canavan's Leukodystrophy
• Canavan-Van Bogaert-Bertrand Disease
• Spongy Degeneration of the Central Nervous System
• Van Bogaert-Bertrand Syndrome

What is Canavan Disease?
Canavan Disease is rare genetic neurological disorder characterized by the spongy degeneration of the white matter in the brain. Affected infants may appear normal at birth, but usually develop symptoms between 3-6 months of age. Canavan Disease belongs to a group of disorders known as the leukodystrophies. Leukodystrophies are a group of rare, progressive, metabolic, genetic disorders that can affect the brain, spinal cord and often the nerves outside the central nervous system (peripheral nerves).

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cancer (Dogs and Cats)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Paws Ribbon for Animal Diseases

What is Cancer (Dogs and Cats)
Approximately 1 in 4 dogs will, at some stage in their life, develop neoplasia. Almost half of dogs over the age of 10 will develop cancer. Dogs get cancer at roughly the same rate as humans, while there is less information about the rate of cancer in cats. Some cancers, such as lymphoma, are more common in cats than in dogs.

Categories

• Animal Causes

Cause Classification: Animal


Cancers of Childhood, Unusual

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Childhood Cancer

What are Cancers of Childhood, Unusual?
Cancer in children and adolescents is rare, although the overall incidence of childhood cancer has been slowly increasing since 1975. Many childhood cancers are treated through a multidisciplinary approach. The multidisciplinary team approach incorporates the skills of the primary care physician, pediatric surgeons, radiation oncologists, pediatric medical oncologists/hematologists, rehabilitation specialists, pediatric nurse specialists, social workers, and others to ensure that children receive treatment, supportive care, and rehabilitation that will achieve optimal survival and quality of life.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Candidiasis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Candidiasis is also known as:
• Candida Granuloma
• Candida Infection around the Nails
• Candida Paronichia
• Candidiasis of the Skin
• Cutaneous Candidiasis
• Cutaneous Moniliasis
• Mucocutaneous Candidiasis, Chronic
• Oral Candidiasis
• Penis, infected by Candida
• Systemic Candidiasis
• Thrush
• Vaginitis, Caused by Candida
• Vulvovaginitis, Caused by Candida
• Yeast Infection, Systemic

What is Candidiasis?
Candida Albicans is a normally harmless yeast infection found in the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina. Candidiasis is an infection caused by a fungus called Candida; most commonly the Candida Albicans variety. The Candida infection (yeast infection) usually affects the skin and/or the mucous membranes of the mouth, intestines, or the vagina. Candida infections are rarely serious in otherwise healthy people. In rare cases, it may spread through other parts of the body if the patient's immune system is not functioning properly.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


CARASIL

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

CARASIL is also known as:
• Cerebral Autosomal Recessive Arteriopathy w/Subcortical
• Maeda Syndrome

What is CARASIL?
CARASIL is an extremely rare genetic disorder that is characterized by damage to the small blood vessels in the brain. Individuals with CARASIL are at risk of developing multiple strokes, even if they do not have cardiovascular risk factors. The symptoms of CARASIL result from damage to various small blood vessels, especially those within the brain. The age of onset is between 20 to 50 years old. CARASIL is an acronym that stands for:
(C)erebral - relating to the brain or the cerebellum, which is part of the brain that controls balance and muscular coordination.
(A)utosomal (R)ecessive - a form of inheritance in which two copies (one from each parent) of an abnormal gene is necessary for the development of a disorder.
(A)rteriopathy - disease of the small arteries.
(S)ubcortical - relating to a specific area of the deep brain that is involved in higher functioning.
(I)nfarcts - tissue loss in the brain caused by lack of oxygen to the brain, which occurs when blood flow in the small arteries is blocked or abnormal.
(L)eukoencephalopathy - destruction of the myelin, an oily substance that covers and protects nerve fibers in the central nervous system.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase I Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase I Deficiency is also known as:
• Carbamoylphosphatase Deficiency I
• Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase Deficiency
• Carbamylphosphatase Deficiency I
• Carbamyl Phosphate Synthetase I
• CPSID
• CPSI Deficiency

What is Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase I Deficiency?
Carbamoyl Phosphate Synthetase I Deficiency (CPSID) is a rare inherited disorder characterized by complete or partial lack of the carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS) enzyme. This is one of five enzymes that play a role in the breakdown and removal of nitrogen from the body, a process known as the urea cycle. The lack of the CPSI enzyme results in excessive accumulation of nitrogen, in the form of ammonia, in the blood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Carcinoid Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Carcinoid Syndrome is also known as:
• Carcinoid Apudoma
• Carcinoid Cancer
• Carcinoid Disease
• Functioning Argentaffinoma
• Functioning Carcinoid
• Malignant Carcinoid Syndrome
• Neuroendocrine Tumor Carcinoid Type

What is Carcinoid Syndrome?
Carcinoid Syndrome is a disease consisting of a combination of symptoms, physical manifestations, and abnormal laboratory findings. Carcinoid syndrome is seen in individuals who have an underlying carcinoid tumour with spread to the liver. Carcinoid tumors are well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours with secretory properties, releasing serotonin, along with a number of other active peptides. These tumors can arise anywhere along the primitive gut and are therefore found in the airways and along the gastrointestinal tract. The tumor cells can also migrate to the liver. Carcinoid tumors most commonly occur in the small intestine and appendix, but 10% originate in the lung.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Carcinoid Tumors, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Carcinoid Tumors, Adult?
Carcinoid Tumors are a type of slow-growing cancer that can arise in several places throughout the body. Carcinoid tumors, which are one subset of tumors called neuroendocrine tumors, usually begin in the digestive tract or in the lungs. Carcinoid tumors often do not cause signs and symptoms until late in the disease.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Carcinoid Tumors, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Carcinoid Tumor Awareness

What is Carcinoid Tumors, Childhood?
Neuroendocrine Tumors (including carcinoid tumors) usually form in the lining of the stomach or intestines, but they can form in other organs, such as the pancreas, lungs, or liver. These tumors are usually small, slow-growing, and benign. Some neuroendocrine tumors are malignant and spread to other places in the body. Sometimes neuroendocrine tumors in children form in the appendix. The tumor is often found during surgery to remove the appendix.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


CARD9 Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

What is CARD9 Deficiency?
CARD9 Deficiency is a rare disorder of the immune system caused by changes in the gene called caspase recruitment domain family member 9(CARD9). CARD9 Deficiency leads to increased susceptibility to certain fungal infections. CARD9 Deficiency can render affected individuals susceptible particularly to the yeast called Candida, as well as to certain types of molds.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cardiac (Heart) Tumors, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Cardiac (Heart) Tumors, Adult

What are Cardiac (Heart) Tumors, Adult?
Cardiac primary tumors, those originating in the heart itself, are extremely rare. In published autopsy series, the high-end incidence of such tumors is about one quarter of one percent. The majority of diagnosed cardiac tumors are benign. In adults, a somewhat mushy, gelatinous type of tumor called a myxoma is the most common; in infants and children, rhabdomyomas predominate, typically associated with the syndrome tuberous sclerosis.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Cardiac (Heart) Tumors, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Cardiac (Heart) Tumors, Childhood
[Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Cardiac (Heart) Tumor Awareness[2

What are Cardiac (Heart) Tumors, Childhood?
Cardiac Tumors in children are rare, are more commonly benign, and differ in types when compared with those in adults. Rhabdomyoma, teratoma, and fibroma are the most common cardiac tumors in fetuses and neonates. In infants and children, the most common cardiac tumors are rhabdomyoma and fibroma, which are benign primary cardiac tumors, whereas in adults, thrombus is the most common cardiac mass and myxoma is the most common primary cardiac tumor. Sarcomas are the most common primary malignant cardiac tumors in both children and adults. Metastatic cardiac tumors are less common in children than in adults and include sarcoma, lymphoma, testicular cancer, and Wilms tumor.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome is also known as:
• Cardio-Facial-Cutaneous Syndrome
• CFC Syndrome
• RASopathy

What is Cardiofaciocutaneous Syndrome?
Cardiofaciocutaneous (CFC) Syndrome is one of the RASopathies and is a rare genetic disorder typically characterized by unusually sparse, brittle, curly hair, a relatively large head, prominent forehead and abnormal narrowing of the sides of the forehead, intellectual disability, failure to thrive, heart defects that are present at birth or acquired later, short stature and skin abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Carney Complex

Awareness Ribbon Color: Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Carney Complex is also known as:
• Carney Syndrome
• CNC
• Familial Myxoma
• Lentigines, Atrial Myxoma, and Blue Nevi (LAMB) Syndrome
• Nevi, Atrial Myxoma, Myxoid Neurofibromas, and Ephelides (NAME) Syndrome

What is Carney Complex?
Carney Complex is a rare genetic disorder characterized by multiple benign tumors most often affecting the heart, skin and endocrine system and abnormalities in skin coloring resulting in a spotty appearance to the skin of affected areas. Benign tumors of connective tissue (myxomas) are common in individuals with Carney Complex and, most often, are found in the heart where they can potentially cause serious, life-threatening complications including stroke, valvular obstruction or heart failure.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A Deficiency is also known as:
• CPT 1A Deficiency
• Hepatic Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1 Deficiency
• Hepatic CPT1
• L-CPT1 Deficiency

What is Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A Deficiency?
Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase 1A Deficiency (CPT1A) is characterized by a sudden onset of liver failure and damage to the nervous system resulting from liver failure, usually associated with fasting or illness. CPT1A deficiency is caused by a mutation in the CPT1A gene.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Carnosinemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Carnosinemia is also known as:
• Carnosinase Deficiency

What is Carnosinemia?
Carnosinemia is a very rare inherited metabolic disorder characterized by developmental delays and seizures. Symptoms can begin during infancy and may include drowsiness, seizures that may be accompanied by involuntary jerking muscle movements of the arms, legs, or head (myoclonic seizures), and intellectual disability.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Caroli Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Caroli Disease is also known as:
Congenital Dilatation of Intrahepatic Bile Duct

What is Caroli Disease?
Caroli Disease is a rare inherited disorder characterized by abnormal widening of the ducts that carry bile from the liver. According to the medical literature, there are two forms of Caroli disease. In most cases, the isolated or simple form is characterized by widening of the bile ducts. A second, more complex form is often called Caroli Syndrome. The complex form or syndrome is associated with the presence of bands of fibrous tissue in the liver and high blood pressure in the portal artery. This form of Caroli Disease is also often associated, in ways that are not well understood, with polycystic kidney disease, and, in severe cases, liver failure.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm. The condition occurs when one of the major nerves to the hand, the median nerve, is squeezed or compressed as it travels through the wrist.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Carpenter Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Carpenter Syndrome is also known as:
• ACPS II
• Acrocephalopolysyndactyly Type II

Subdivisions of Carpenter Syndrome
• Carpenter Syndrome Type 1
• Carpenter Syndrome Type 2

What is Carpenter Syndrome?
Carpenter Syndrome belongs to a group of rare genetic disorders known as “acrocephalopolysyndactyly” (ACPS) disorders. All forms of ACPS are characterized by premature closure of the fibrous joints between certain bones of the skull, webbing or fusion of certain fingers or toes, and/or more than the normal number of digits. Carpenter Syndrome is also known as ACPS type II. Carpenter Syndrome is typically evident at or shortly after birth.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Castleman Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Castleman Disease is also known as:
• Angiofollicular Lymph Node Hyperplasia
• Angiomatous Lymphoid
• Castleman Tumor
• Giant Benign Lymphoma
• Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia
• Hamartoma of the Lymphatics

What is Castleman Disease?
Castleman Disease describes a group of disorders with a wide range of symptoms that each has enlarged lymph nodes that share similar appearances when reviewed under the microscope. Castleman Disease is first classified based on the number of regions of enlarged lymph nodes that demonstrate these abnormal features. Unicentric Castleman Disease (UCD) involves a single enlarged lymph node or single region of enlarged lymph nodes whereas multicentric Castleman Disease (MCD) involves multiple regions of enlarged lymph nodes.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cat Eye Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cat Eye Syndrome is also known as:
• CES
• Chromosome 22, Inverted Duplication (22pter-22q11)
• Chromosome 22, Partial Tetrasomy (22pter-22q11)
• Chromosome 22, Partial Trisomy (22pter-22q11)
• Schmid-Fraccaro Syndrome

What is Cat Eye Syndrome?
Cat Eye Syndrome (CES) is a rare chromosomal disorder that may be evident at birth. The name “cat eye syndrome” is derived from a distinctive eye abnormality that is present in a little over half affected individuals. This defect, known as a coloboma, usually appears as a cleft or gap in the iris below the pupil, and the elongated pupil therefore resembles the appearance of a cat’s eye.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cat Scratch Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Cat Scratch Disease is also known as:
• Bartonellosis Due to Bartonella Henselae Infection

What is Cat Scratch Disease?
Cat Scratch Disease is an infectious illness caused by the bacteria bartonella. It is believed to be transmitted by cat scratches, bites, or exposure to cat saliva. This self-limiting infectious disease is characterized by a bump or blister at the site of the bite or scratch and swelling and pain in the lymph nodes. Other features may include fatigue, headache, achiness, and fever.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Catamenial Pneumothorax

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Catamenial Pneumothorax?
Catamenial Pneumothorax is an extremely rare condition that affects women. Pneumothorax is the medical term for a collapsed lung, a condition in which air or gas is trapped in the space surrounding the lungs causing the lungs to collapse. Women with Catamenial Pneumothorax have recurrent episodes of pneumothorax that occur within 72 hours before or after the start of menstruation. The exact cause of catamenial pneumothorax is unknown. Some cases are associated with endometriosis, although the exact nature of this relationship in these cases is unknown.

Categories

• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Catel Manzke Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Catel Manzke Syndrome is also known as:
• Catel-Manzke Type Palatodigital Syndrome
• Hyperphalangy-Clinodactyly of Index Finger with Pierre Robin Syndrome
• Micrognathia-Digital Syndrome

What is Catel Manzke Syndrome?
Catel-Manzke Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive abnormalities of the index fingers and the classic features of Pierre Robin Sequence. Affected individuals have an extra bone at the base of the index that causes the index fingers to be locked in a bent position. Pierre Robin Sequence refers to abnormalities that may occur as a distinct syndrome or as part of another underlying disorder.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Caudal Regression Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Caudal Regression Syndrome is also known as:
• Caudal Dysplasia
• Caudal Dysplasia
• Caudal Dysplasia Sequence
• Sacral Agenesis, Congenital
• Sacral Regression

What is Caudal Regression Syndrome?
Caudal Regression Syndrome is a broad term for a rare complex disorder characterized by abnormal development of the lower (caudal) end of the spine. A wide range of abnormalities may potentially occur in infants with Caudal Regression Syndrome including abnormal development of the sacrum and coccyx and abnormalities of the lumbar spine. More severe malformations may occur in some cases.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cavernous Malformation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cavernous Malformation is also known as:
• Cavernoma
• Cavernous Angioma
• Cavernous Hemangioma
• Cerebral Cavernous Malformation (CCM)

Subdivisions of Cavernous Malformation
• Familial Cavernous Malformation
• Sporadic Cavernous Malformation

What is Cavernous Malformation?
Vascular malformations are localized collections of blood vessels that are abnormal in structure or number, lead to altered blood flow, and are not cancerous. While it was originally believed that most vascular malformations are present at birth, cavernous malformation lesions may develop throughout the lifetime of the affected individual.

Cavernous malformations are dilated blood vessels that are characterized by multiple distended "caverns" of blood-filled vasculature through which the blood flows very slowly. Vessels of a cavernous malformation lesion have a tendency to leak because they lack the proper junctions between neighboring cells as well as the necessary structural support from smooth muscle and stretchable material (elastin). Leakage (bleeding) from these vascular lesions is the underlying cause of clinical symptoms associated with the illness. Cavernous malformations are primarily located in the brain, but can also be found in the spinal cord, on the skin, and more rarely in the retina.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


CDKL5

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

CDKL5 is also known as:
• CDKL5 Deficiency
• CDKL5 Disorder
• STK9

What is CDKL5?
CDKL5 is a rare X-linked genetic disorder that results in severe neurodevelopmental impairment and early onset, difficult to control seizures. CDKL5 stands for cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5, and is a gene located on the X chromosome. Most of the children affected by the CDKL5 disorder suffer from seizures that begin in the first few months of life.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Celiac Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Green Ribbon for Celiac Disease

What is Celiac Disease?
Celiac Disease is a serious autoimmune disorder that can occur in genetically predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine. It is estimated to affect 1 in 100 people worldwide. When people with celiac disease eat gluten (a protein found in wheat, rye and barley), their body mounts an immune response that attacks the small intestine. These attacks lead to damage on the villi, small fingerlike projections that line the small intestine, that promote nutrient absorption. When the villi get damaged, nutrients cannot be absorbed properly into the body.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases
• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Central Core Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Central Core Disease is also known as:
• CCD
• CCO
• Central Core Disease of Muscle
• Muscle Core Disease
• Muscular Central Core Disease
• Myopathy, Central Core
• Myopathy, Central Fibrillar
• Shy-Magee Syndrome

What is Central Core Disease?
Central Core Disease (CCD) is a rare genetic neuromuscular disorder that is classified as a congenital myopathy, a muscle disorder that is present at birth. Affected infants have diminished muscle tone resulting in abnormal "floppiness", muscle weakness, and a variety of skeletal abnormalities such as side-to-side curvature of the spine. Muscle weakness normally affects those muscles closest to the center of the body such as the muscles of the shoulder, pelvis and upper arms and legs.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Central Diabetes Insipidus

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Central Diabetes Insipidus is also known as:
• CDI
• Neurogenic Diabetes Insipidus
• Neurohypophyseal Diabetes Insipidus
• Vasopressin-Sensitive Diabetes Insipidus

What is Central Diabetes Insipidus?
Central Diabetes Insipidus (CDI) is a rare disorder characterized by excessive thirst and excessive urination. It is not related to the more common diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes), in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. CDI is a distinct disorder caused by complete or partial deficiency of the protein, arginine vasopressin (AVP), which is required by the kidneys to manage water balance in the body.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Central Nervous System Tumors and Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gray Ribbon for Central Nervous System Tumors and Cancer, Adult

Subdivisions of Central Nervous System Tumors and Cancer, Adult
The tumors may be either benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer):
• Benign brain and spinal cord tumors grow and press on nearby areas of the brain. They rarely spread into other tissues and may recur.
• Malignant brain and spinal cord tumors are likely to grow quickly and spread into other brain tissue.

What are Central Nervous System Tumors and Cancer, Adult?
An adult central nervous system tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain and/or spinal cord. There are many types of brain and spinal cord tumors. Tumors are formed by the abnormal growth of cells and may begin in different parts of the brain or spinal cord. Together, the brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system (CNS).

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Central Nervous System Tumors and Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gray Ribbon for Central Nervous System Tumors and Cancer, Childhood
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Central Nervous System Tumors and Central Nervous System Childhood (Brain Cancer) Awareness

What are Central Nervous System Tumors and Cancer, Childhood?
Brain and spinal cord tumors in children tend to be different from those in adults. They often form in different places, develop from different cell types, and may have a different treatment and prognosis.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Central Pain Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Central Pain Syndrome is also known as:
• CPS

Subdivisions of Central Pain Syndrome
• Brain Central Pain (BCP), includes Central Post-Stroke Syndrome
• Cord Central Pain (CCP)
• Dejerine-Roussy Syndrome (obsolete)
• Thalamic Pain Syndrome (obsolete)
• Thalamic Syndrome (obsolete)

What is Central Pain Syndrome?
Central Pain Syndrome is a neurological disorder caused by damage to the sensory pathways of the central nervous system (CNS). Common symptoms include pain and loss of sensation, usually in the face, arms and/or legs. Pain is often constant and can be mild, moderate, or severe in intensity. Affected individuals may become hypersensitive to painful stimuli.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Centronuclear Myopathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Centronuclear Myopathy is also known as:
• Autosomal Dominant Centronuclear Myopathy (AD-CNM)
• Autosomal Recessive Centronuclear Myopathy (AR-CNM)
• CNM

Subdivisions of Centronuclear Myopathy
• BIN1-Related CNM
• DNM2-Related CNM
• RYR1-Related CNM
• X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy (XLMTM)

What is Centronuclear Myopathy?
Centronuclear Myopathy (CNM) is an umbrella term for a group of rare genetic muscle disorders. These disorders are characterized by muscle weakness that can range from mild to profound.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cerebellar Agenesis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cerebellar Agenesis is also known as:
• Cerebellar Aplasia
• Isolated Cerebellar Agenesis
• Subtotal Cerebellar Agenesis

What is Cerebellar Agenesis?
Cerebellar Agenesis is an extremely rare condition. Cerebellar Agenesis is a descriptive term implying complete absence of the cerebellum, irrespective of its underlying cause. It is now recognized that Cerebellar Agenesis can represent a primary disturbance of embryonic development, but it can also result from a secondary destruction of normally developed tissue.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cerebellar Degeneration, Subacute

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cerebellar Degeneration, Subacute is also known as:
• Subacute Cerebellar Degeneration

Subdivisions of Cerebellar Degeneration, Subacute
• Alcoholic Cerebellar Degeneration
• Nutritional Cerebellar Degeneration

What is Cerebellar Degeneration, Subacute?
Subacute Cerebellar Degeneration (SCD) is characterized by the deterioration of the area of the brain concerned with muscle coordination and balance (the cerebellum). Less frequently, the area involved may include the area connecting the spinal cord to the brain. There are two types of subacute cerebellar degeneration: Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration, which sometimes precedes the diagnosis of cancer, and alcoholic or nutritional Cerebellar Degeneration, caused by a lack of the vitamin B-1.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cerebral Creatine Deficiency Syndromes

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cerebral Creatine Deficiency Syndromes is also known as:
• Arginine:Glycine Amidinotransferase Deficiency (AGAT)
• CCDS
• Creatine Transporter Defect (CTD) - X-Linked Creatine Deficiency
• Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase deficiency (GAMT)

What is Cerebral Creatine Deficiency Syndromes?
Cerebral Creatine Deficiency Syndromes (CCDS) are disorders of creatine metabolism or transport that decrease the availability of creatine within the body. Lack of creatine is detrimental to organs with high-energy demands such as muscle and brain.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Cerebral Palsy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy is also known as:
• Cerebral Diplegia
• CP
• Infantile Cerebral Paralysis
• Little Disease
• Palsy

Subdivisions of Cerebral Palsy
• Ataxia Cerebral Palsy
• Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
• Congenital Cerebral Palsy
• Diplegia of Cerebral Palsy
• Hemiparesis of Cerebral Palsy
• Hemiplegia of Cerebral Palsy
• Postnatal Cerebral Palsy
• Quadriparesis of Cerebral Palsy
• Quadriplegia of Cerebral Palsy
• Spastic Cerebral Palsy

What is Cerebral Palsy?
Cerebral Palsy is a neurological movement disorder characterized by the lack of muscle control and impairment in the coordination of movements. This disorder is usually a result of injury to the brain during early development in the uterus, at birth, or in the first two years of life. Cerebral Palsy is not progressive.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cerebro Oculo Facio Skeletal Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cerebro Oculo Facio Skeletal Syndrome is also known as:
• Cerebrooculofacioskeletal Syndrome
• Cockayne Syndrome Type II
• COFS Syndrome
• Pena Shokeir II Syndrome
• Pena Shokeir Syndrome Type II

What is Cerebro Oculo Facio Skeletal Syndrome?
Cerebro-Oculo-Facio-Skeletal (COFS) Syndrome is a genetic degenerative disorder of the brain and spinal cord that begins before birth. The disorder is characterized by growth failure at birth and little or no neurological development, structural abnormalities of the eye and fixed bending of the spine and joints. Abnormalities of the skull, face, limbs and other parts of the body may also occur.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cerebrocostomandibular Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cerebrocostomandibular Syndrome is also known as:
• CCMS
• CCM Syndrome
• Rib Gap Defects with Micrognathia

What is Cerebrocostomandibular Syndrome?
Cerebrocostomandibular Syndrome is an extremely rare inherited disorder characterized by an abnormally small jaw, malformations of the roof of the mouth, improper positioning of the tongue, and abnormal development of the ribs. In most cases, such abnormalities contribute to respiratory problems during early infancy.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis is also known as:
• Cerebral Cholesterinosis
• CTX
• Sterol 27-Hydroxylase Deficiency

What is Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis?
Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare genetic disorder, resulting in a deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme sterol 27-hydroxylase. The lack of this enzyme prevents cholesterol from being converted into a bile acid called chenodeoxycholic acid. Deposits of cholesterol and cholestanol accumulate in the nerve cells and membranes potentially causing damage to the brain, spinal cord, tendons, lens of the eye and arteries.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cervical Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal and White Ribbon for Cervical Cancer, Adult

What is Cervical Cancer, Adult?
Cervical Cancer tends to occur in midlife and is most frequently diagnosed in women between the ages of 35 and 44. It rarely develops in women younger than 20. More than fifteen percent of cases of cervical cancer are found in women over 65. However, these cancers rarely occur in women who have been getting regular tests to screen for cervical cancer before they were 65.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Cervical Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal and White Ribbon for Cervical Cancer, Childhood Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Cervical Cancer Awareness

What is Cervical Cancer, Childhood?
Cervical Cancer is rarely seen in children and teens. Cases of Cervical Cancer in women under twenty is seen in only about 0.2 percent of females. In very rare cases in the past, some cervical cancer was seen in girls whose mothers were treated with a drug called diethylstilbestrol (DES), which was used to prevent miscarriage. DES has not been used with pregnant women since the early 1970s.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Cervical Dystonia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cervical Dystonia is also known as:
• Focal Dystoniaidiopathic Cervical Dystonia
• Isolated (formally primary) Cervical Dystonia
• Spasmodic Torticollis
• Spasmodic Wryneck
• Torticollis

What is Cervical Dystonia?
Cervical Dystonia, also known as spasmodic torticollis, is a rare neurological disorder that originates in the brain. Cervical Dystonia is characterized by involuntary muscle contractions in the neck that cause abnormal movements and postures of the neck and head. In some cases, these abnormal contractions may be sustained or continuous. In others, they may be present as spasms that can resemble tremor.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Cervical Teratoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cervical Teratoma is also known as:
• Primary Thyroid Teratoma

What is Cervical Teratoma?
Cervical Teratomas are extremely rare germ cell tumors (neoplasm) that occur in the neck. The majority of teratomas occur in the testes or ovaries or the lower back. In rare cases, other areas such as the neck may be affected. Most cervical tumors occur in children and are non-cancerous (benign). In extremely rare cases, cervical teratomas occur in adults and are usually cancerous (malignant).

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chagas Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Chagas Disease?
Chagas Disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which is transmitted to animals and people by insect vectors that are found only in the Americas (mainly, in rural areas of Latin America where poverty is widespread). Chagas Disease is also referred to as American trypanosomiasis. It is estimated that as many as eight million people in Mexico, Central America, and South America have Chagas Disease, most of whom do not know they are infected. If untreated, infection is lifelong and can be life threatening.

Categories

• Not a Rare Diseaser
• Parasitic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chanarin-Dorfman Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chanarin-Dorfman Syndrome is also known as:
• CDS
• CGI58 Deficiency
• Chanarin-Dorfman Disease
• Disorder of Cornification 12 (neutral lipid storage type)
• DOC 12 (neutral lipid storage type)
• Dorfman Chanarin Syndrome
• Ichthyosiform Erythroderma with Leukocyte Vacuolation
• Ichthyotic Neutral Lipid Storage Disease
• Neutral Lipid Storage Disease Type I
• Triglyceride Storage Disease Impaired Long-Chain Fatty Acid Oxidation

What is Chanarin-Dorfman Syndrome?
Chanarin-Dorfman Syndrome (CDS) is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by dry, scaly skin at birth as well as progressive fatty liver disease and various degrees of muscular involvement. Vision problems, hearing loss, short stature and mild intellectual disability are also associated with this condition. The skin abnormalities are present at birth but the disease is often diagnosed a few years later in childhood when more symptoms become apparent.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chancroid

Awareness Ribbon Color:

What is Chancroid?
Chancroid is a bacterial infection that is spread through sexual contact. It is caused by a type of bacteria called Haemophilus ducreyi. Chancroid is characterized by a small bump on the genital which becomes a painful ulcer. Men may have just one ulcer, but women often develop four or more.

Categories:

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Chandler’s Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chandler’s Syndrome is also known as:
• Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome
• Iris Atrophy with Corneal Edema and Glaucoma

What is Chandler’s Syndrome?
Chandler's Syndrome (CS) is a rare eye disorder in which the endothelium, the single layer of cells lining the interior of the cornea, proliferates causing corneal edema, distortion of the iris, and unusually high pressure in the eye. CS is one of three syndromes affecting the eyes that make up the iridocorneal endothelial syndrome (ICE syndrome). The spectrum is an acquired, unilateral disorder, which typically occurs in early to middle adulthood and predominantly affects women.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease is also known as:
• CMT
• Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathy
• HSMN
• Peroneal Muscular Atrophy

What is Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease?
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a group of disorders in which the motor and/or sensory peripheral nerves are affected, resulting in muscle weakness and atrophy, as well as sensory loss. These manifestations occur first in the distal legs and later in the hands. The nerve cells in individuals with this disorder are not able to send electrical signals properly because of abnormalities in the nerve axon or abnormalities in the insulation (myelin) around the axon.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


CHARGE Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

CHARGE Syndrome is also known as:
• CHARGE Association
• Coloboma, Heart, Atresia of the Choanae, Retardation of Growth and Development, Genital and Urinary Anomalies, and Ear Anomalies
• Hall-Hittner Syndrome

What is CHARGE Syndrome?
CHARGE Syndrome is a rare disorder that arises during early fetal development and affects multiple organ systems. The CHARGE acronym comes from the first letter of some of the more common features seen in these children: (C) = coloboma (usually retinochoroidal) and cranial nerve defects (80-90%) (H) = heart defects in 75-85%, especially tetralogy of Fallot (A) = atresia of the choanae (blocked nasal breathing passages) (50-60%) (R) = retardation of growth (70-80%) and development (G) = genital underdevelopment due to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (E) = ear abnormalities and sensorineural hearing loss (>90%). Diagnosis is based on a specific set of features.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases
• Mouth Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chediak Higashi Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chediak Higashi Syndrome is also known as:
• Begnez-Cesar's Syndrome
• Chediak-Steinbrinck-Higashi Syndrome
• CHS
• Leukocytic Anomaly Albinism
• Natural Killer Lymphocytes, Defect in
• Oculocutaneous Albinism, Chediak-Higashi Type

What is Chediak Higashi Syndrome?
Chediak-Higashi Syndrome (CHS) is a rare, inherited, complex, immune disorder that usually occurs in childhood characterized by reduced pigment in the skin and eyes, immune deficiency with an increased susceptibility to infections, and a tendency to bruise and bleed easily.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chiari Frommel Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chiari Frommel Syndrome is also known as:
• Frommel-Chiari Syndrome
• Lactation-Uterus Atrophy
• Postpartum Galactorrhea-Amenorrhea Syndrome

What is Chiari Frommel Syndrome?
Chiari-Frommel Syndrome is a rare endocrine disorder that affects women who have recently given birth and is characterized by the over-production of breast milk, lack of ovulation, and the absence of regular menstrual periods. In Chiari-Frommel Syndrome, these symptoms persist long after childbirth.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chiari Malformations

Awareness Ribbon Color: Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chiari Malformations is also known as:
• Arnold-Chiari Malformation (ACM)
• CM
• Hindbrain Herniation
• Tonsillar Ectopia

Subdivisions of Chiari Malformations
• Chiari Type 0 (Chiari Malformation 0)
• Chiari Type I (Chiari Malformation I)
• Chiari Type II (Chiari Malformation II)
• Chiari Type III (Chiari Malformation III)
• Chiari Type IV (Chiari Malformation IV)


What are Chiari Malformations?
Chiari Malformations are a group of complex brain abnormalities that affect the area in lower posterior skull where the brain and spinal cord connect. The underlying anatomy of Chiari Malformations is thought to be present at birth, although in many cases they may not become clinically apparent until adulthood. In extremely rare cases, a Chiari Malformation may be acquired during life.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chikungunya

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chikungunya is also known as:
• Arbovirus A Chikungunya Type
• CHIK
• CK

What is Chikungunya?
Chikungunya is a rare viral infection transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. It is characterized by a rash, fever, and severe joint pain that usually lasts for three to seven days. Because of its effect on the joints, Chikungunya has been classified among the Arthritic Viruses. It primarily occurs in tropical areas of the world.

Categories

• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Chilaiditi’s Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Chilaiditi’s Syndrome?
Chilaiditi's Syndrome is a rare condition in which a portion of the colon is abnormally located in between the liver and the diaphragm.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Childhood Cancers

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Childhood Cancers

What are Childhood Cancers?
In the United States in 2018, an estimated 10,590 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed among children from birth to fourteen years, and about 1,180 children are expected to die from the disease. Although cancer death rates for this age group have declined by 57 percent over the past four decades, cancer remains the leading cause of death from disease among children. The most common types of cancer diagnosed in children up to age fourteen years are leukemia, brain and other central nervous (CNS) tumors, and lymphoma.

Categories

• Cancers
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Cholangiocarcinoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
Green Cancer Ribbons for Cholangiocarcinoma (Bile Duct) Cancer Awareness

Cholangiocarcinoma is also known as:
• Distal Cholangiocarcinoma
• Gallbladder Adenocarcinoma (biliary tract cancer, not cholangiocarcinoma)
• Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
• Perihilar Cholangiocarcinoma

What is Cholangiocarcinoma?
Cholangiocarcinomas are cancers that arise from the cells lining the bile duct. They are grouped according to the location from which they arise as intrahepatic, perihilar, or distal. Gallbladder cancers are also biliary tract cancers, but arise from the cells lining the inside of the gallbladder. More than 95% of tumors arising from the biliary tract are a type of cancer called adenocarcinoma. The majority of individuals with bile duct cancers are diagnosed when the cancer is far too advanced to be removed by surgery.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Cholecystitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cholecystitis is also known as:
• Acalculous Cholecystitis
• Calculous Cholecystitis

What is Cholecystitis?
Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder, the pear-shaped muscular sac the lies below the liver. The gallbladder's main function is to store and concentrate bile and to expel bile through the bile duct into the intestine to assist with the digestion of fats. Cholecystitis may come on suddenly or may persist over a period of time.

Acute cholecystitis is typically caused by obstruction of the outlet of the gallbladder, which is often due to the development of a stone formed in the biliary tract. Repeated mild episodes of acute cholecystitis may result in chronic cholecystitis, which may be characterized by thickening and shrinking of the gallbladder walls and a resulting inability to store bile.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cholera

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cholera is also known as:
• Asiatic Cholera
• Epidemic Cholera

What is Cholera?
Cholera is an acute infectious disease caused by the bacterium vibrio cholerae, which lives and multiples in the small intestine but does not destroy or invade the intestinal tissue.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Cholesteryl Ester Storage Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cholesteryl Ester Storage Disease is also known as:
• Acid Cholesteryl Ester Hydrolase Deficiency, Type 2
• CESD
• Cholesterol Ester Hydrolase Deficiency
• LAL Deficiency, CESD Type

What is Cholesteryl Ester Storage Disease?
Cholesteryl Ester Storage Disease (CESD) is a type of lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) deficiency, a rare genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency of the lysosomal acid lipase (LIPA or LAL) enzyme. This enzyme is essential for hydrolysis of triglycerides and cholesteryl esters in lysosomes. Deficiency of the LIPA enzyme causes accumulation of certain fatty substances and certain complex carbohydrates within the cells of many tissues of the body, potentially causing a variety of symptoms. In the liver, the consequences are abnormally enlarged liver due to hepatic steatosis and fibrosis that can lead to micronodular cirrhosis. Some individuals may not be diagnosed with CESD until adulthood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chondrocalcinosis 2

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chondrocalcinosis 2 is also known as:
• Articular Chondrocalcinosis 2
• CCAL2

What is Chondrocalcinosis 2?
Chondrocalcinosis 2 (CCAL2) is a genetic type of calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease (CPDD), a metabolic disorder characterized by deposits of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals (CPPD) in joint cartilage and eventual damage to affected joints.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chondromalacia Patella

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Chondromalacia Patella

What is Chondromalacia Patella?
Chondromalacia Patella (knee pain) is the softening and breakdown of the tissue on the underside of the kneecap. Pain results when the knee and the thigh bone rub together.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chordoma, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
[Yellow Cancer Ribbons for Chordoma Awareness][2]

Chordoma, Adult is also known as:
• Clival Chordoma
• Familial Chordoma
• Intracranial Chordoma
• Sacrococcygeal Chordoma
• Skull Base Chordoma
• Spinal Chordoma

What is Chordoma, Adult?
A chordoma is a rare tumor that develops in the bones of the skull and the spine. These tumors arise from the remnants of the notochord, a flexible, rod-like structure that provides support to the developing embryo. During fetal development, the notochord is replaced by the bones of the spine. Notochordal cells that persist within the spinal column may give rise to chordoma. Chordomas are slow growing tumors that cause destruction of the surrounding bone and eventually extend into the surrounding soft tissue.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Chordoma, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Chordoma Awareness
Yellow Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Chordoma Awareness

What is Chordoma, Childhood?
Chordoma is a very rare type of bone tumor that forms anywhere along the spine from the base of the skull to the tailbone. In children and adolescents, chordomas develop more often in the base of the skull, making them hard to remove completely with surgery. Childhood chordoma is linked to the condition tuberous sclerosis, a genetic disorder in which tumors that are benign form in the kidneys, brain, eyes, heart, lungs, and skin.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Choroideremia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Choroideremia is also known as:
• Choroidal Sclerosis
• Progressive Choroidal Atrophy
• Progressive Tapetochoroidal Dystrophy

What is Choroideremia?
Choroideremia is a genetic disorder of sight that usually affects males. Female carriers may have mild symptoms without loss of vision. Major symptoms are difficulty seeing in the dark leading to progressive loss of peripheral vision, followed by tunnel vision.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Choroiditis, Serpiginous

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Choroiditis, Serpiginous is also known as:
• Geographic Choroiditis
• Geographic Choroidopathy
• Geographic Helicoid Peripapillary Choroidopathy (GHPC)
• Geographic Serpiginous Choroiditis
• Peripapillary Choroidopathy
• Serpiginous Choroidopathy

What is Choroiditis, Serpiginous?
Serpiginous Choroiditis is one of the conditions in a group termed the white dot syndromes which all involve inflammation of the retina and choroid and are defined by the appearance of white dots in the posterior inner part of the eye.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 10, Distal Trisomy 10q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 10, Distal Trisomy 10q is also known as:
• Chromosome 10, Partial Trisomy 10q24-qter
• Chromosome 10, Trisomy 10q2
• Distal Duplication 10q
• Distal Trisomy 10q Syndrome
• Dup(10q) Syndrome

What is Chromosome 10, Distal Trisomy 10q?
Chromosome 10, Distal Trisomy 10q is an extremely rare chromosomal disorder in which the end portion of the long arm (q) of one chromosome 10 (10q) appears three times rather than twice in cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 10, Monosomy 10p

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 10, Monosomy 10p is also known as:
• 10p Deletion Syndrome (Partial)
• Chromosome 10, 10p- Partial
• Chromosome 10, Partial Deletion (Short Arm)

What is Chromosome 10, Monosomy 10p?
Chromosome 10, Monosomy 10p is a rare chromosomal disorder in which the end portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 10 is missing.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders


Chromosome 11, Partial Monosomy 11q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 11, Partial Monosomy 11q is also known as:
• 11q- Syndrome, Partial
• 11q Terminal Deletion Disorder
• Deletion 11q Syndrome, Partial
• Distal 11q Monosomy
• Distal 11q- Syndrome
• Jacobsen Syndrome
• JBS
• Monosomy 11q, Partial
• Partial Monosomy of Long Arm of Chromosome 11

What is Chromosome 11, Partial Monosomy 11q?
Partial Monosomy 11q, also known as Jacobsen Syndrome, is a rare chromosomal disorder in which a portion of chromosome 11 is deleted.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 11, Partial Trisomy 11q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 11, Partial Trisomy 11q is also known as:
• 11q Partial Trisomy
• Chromosome 11, Partial Trisomy 11q13-qter
• Chromosome 11, Partial Trisomy 11q21-qter
• Chromosome 11, Partial Trisomy 11q23-qter
• Distal Trisomy 11q
• Partial Trisomy 11q
• Trisomy 11q, Partial

What is Chromosome 11, Partial Trisomy 11q?
Chromosome 11, Partial Trisomy 11q is a rare chromosomal disorder in which the end portion of the long arm (q) of the 11th chromosome appears three times (rather than twice in cells of the body).

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 13, Partial Monosomy 13q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 13, Partial Monosomy 13q is also known as:
• 13q- Syndrome, Partial
• Deletion 13q Syndrome, Partial
• Monosomy 13q, Partial
• Partial Monosomy of the Long Arm of Chromosome 13

What is Chromosome 13, Partial Monosomy 13q?
Chromosome 13, Partial Monosomy 13q is a rare chromosomal disorder in which a portion of the long arm (q) of chromosome 13 is missing.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 14 Ring

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 14 Ring is also known as:
• r14
• Ring 14
• Ring Chromosome 14

What is Chromosome 14 Ring?
Chromosome 14 Ring is a rare disorder that is characterized by abnormalities of the 14th chromosome. Affected infants and children typically have delays in the acquisition of skills that require the coordination of physical and mental activities, mental retardation, growth delays, and episodes of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 14, Trisomy Mosaic

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 14, Trisomy Mosaic is also known as:
• Trisomy 14 Mosaic
• Trisomy 14 Mosaicism Syndrome

What is Chromosome 14, Trisomy Mosaic?
Chromosome 14, Trisomy Mosaic is a rare chromosomal disorder in which chromosome 14 appears three times rather than twice in some cells of the body. The term "mosaic" indicates that some cells contain the extra chromosome 14, whereas others have the normal chromosomal pair.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 15 Ring

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 15 Ring is also known as:
• r15
• Ring 15
• Ring 15, Chromosome
• Ring 15, Chromosome (mosaic pattern)

What is Chromosome 15 Ring?
Chromosome 15 Ring results from loss of genetic material from both ends of the 15th chromosome and a joining of the ends to form a ring.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 15, Distal Trisomy 15q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 15, Distal Trisomy 15q is also known as:
• Chromosome 15, Trisomy 15q2
• Distal Duplication 15q
• Partial Duplication 15q Syndrome

What is Chromosome 15, Distal Trisomy 15q?
Chromosome 15, Distal Trisomy 15q is an extremely rare chromosomal disorder in which the end portion of the long arm (q) of the 15th chromosome (15q) appears three times rather than twice in cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 18 Ring

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 18 Ring is also known as:
• r18
• Ring 18
• Ring Chromosome 18

What is Chromosome 18 Ring?
Chromosome 18 Ring is a rare disorder in which there is loss of genetic material from one or both ends of the 18th chromosome and joining of the chromosomal ends to form a ring.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 18, Tetrasomy 18p

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 18, Tetrasomy 18p is also known as:
• Tetrasomy, Short Arm of Chromosome 18

What is Chromosome 18, Tetrasomy 18p?
Chromosome 18, Tetrasomy 18p is a very rare chromosomal disorder in which the short arm of the 18th chromosome (18p) appears four times rather than twice in cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 18q- Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 18q- Syndrome is also known as:
• 18q Deletion Syndrome
• 18q- Syndrome
• Chromosome 18 Long Arm Deletion Syndrome
• Chromosome 18, Monosomy 18Q
• Del(18q) Syndrome
• Monosomy 18q Syndrome

What is Chromosome 18q- Syndrome?
Chromosome 18q- Syndrome (also known as Chromosome 18, Monosomy 18q) is a rare chromosomal disorder in which there is deletion of part of the long arm (q) of chromosome 18.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 21 Ring

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 21 Ring is also known as:
• r21
• Ring 21
• Ring 21, Chromosome

What is Chromosome 21 Ring?
Chromosome 21 Ring is a rare chromosomal disorder in which the affected infant has a breakage of chromosome 21 at both ends, and the ends of the chromosome join together to form a ring.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 22 Ring

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 22 Ring is also known as:
• r(22)
• Ring 22
• Ring 22, Chromosome

What is Chromosome 22 Ring?
Chromosome 22 Ring is a rare disorder characterized by abnormalities of the 22nd chromosome. Associated symptoms and findings may be extremely variable from case to case. However, the disorder is typically associated with moderate to severe mental retardation.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome is also known as:
• Autosomal Dominant Opitz G/BBB Syndrome
• Cayler Cardiofacial Syndrome
• Conotruncal Anomaly Face Syndrome
• DiGeorge Syndrome
• Shprintzen Syndrome
• Velocardiofacial Syndrome
• 22q11.2DS

What is Chromosome 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome?
Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a disorder caused by a small piece of chromosome 22 missing.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 3, Monosomy 3p

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 3, Monosomy 3p is also known as:
• Chromosome 3, Deletion of Distal 3p
• Chromosome 3, Distal 3p Monosomy
• Monosomy 3p

What is Chromosome 3, Monosomy 3p?
Chromosome 3, Monosomy 3p is a rare chromosomal disorder in which the end portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 3 is missing.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 3, Trisomy 3q2

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 3, Trisomy 3q2 is also known as:
• Chromosome 3, Distal 3q2 Duplication
• Chromosome 3, Distal 3q2 Trisomy
• Partial Duplication 3q Syndrome
• Partial Trisomy 3q Syndrome

What is Chromosome 3, Trisomy 3q2?
Chromosome 3, Trisomy 3q2 is a rare chromosomal disorder in which a portion of the 3rd chromosome appears three times rather than twice in cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4qis also known as:
• Chromosome 4 Long Arm Deletion
• Chromosome 4q- Syndrome

Subdivisions of Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q
• Interstitial Deletion of 4q, Included
• Proximal Deletion of 4q, Included
• Terminal Deletion of 4q, Included

What is Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q?
Chromosome 4, Monosomy 4q is a chromosomal disorder caused by a partial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 4.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 4, Monosomy Distal 4q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 4, Monosomy Distal 4q is also known as:
• 4q Deletion Syndrome, Partial
• Chromosome 4, 4q Terminal Deletion Syndrome
• Chromosome 4, Partial Monosomy 4q
• Del(4q) Syndrome, Partial
• Distal 4q Monosomy
• Distal 4q- Syndrome

What is Chromosome 4, Monosomy Distal 4q?
Chromosome 4, Monosomy Distal 4q is a rare chromosomal disorder in which there is deletion of a portion of the 4th chromosome.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 4, Partial Trisomy Distal 4q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 4, Partial Trisomy Distal 4q is also known as:
• Chromosome 4, Partial Trisomy 4q (4q21-qter to 4q32-qter, included)
• Chromosome 4, Partial Trisomy 4q (4q2 and 4q3, included)
• Distal 4q Trisomy
• Dup(4q) Syndrome, Partial
• Duplication 4q Syndrome, Partial
• Partial Trisomy 4q Syndrome

What is Chromosome 4, Partial Trisomy Distal 4q?
Chromosome 4, Partial Trisomy Distal 4q is a rare chromosomal disorder in which a portion of the fourth chromosome appears three times rather than twice in cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 4, Trisomy 4p

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 4, Trisomy 4p is also known as:
• Chromosome 4, Partial Trisomy 4p
• Dup(4p) Syndrome
• Duplication 4p Syndrome

What is Chromosome 4, Trisomy 4p?
Chromosome 4, Trisomy 4p is a rare chromosomal disorder in which all or a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 4 appears three times rather than twice in cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 5, Trisomy 5p

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 5, Trisomy 5p is also known as:
• Chromosome 5, Trisomy 5p, Complete (5p11-ter), included
• Chromosome 5, Trisomy 5p, Partial, included
• Dup(5p) Syndrome
• Duplication 5p Syndrome
• Supernumerary Marker Chromosome 5p
• Trisomy 5p
• r(5)

What is Chromosome 5, Trisomy 5p?
Trisomy 5p is a rare chromosomal disorder in which all or a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 5 (5p) appears three times rather than twice in cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 6 Ring

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 6 Ring is also known as:
• r6
• Ring 6
• Ring 6, Chromosome

What is Chromosome 6 Ring?
Chromosome 6 Ring is a rare disorder in which there is loss of chromosomal material from both ends of the 6th chromosome and joining of the ends to form a ring.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 6, Partial Trisomy 6q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 6, Partial Trisomy 6q is also known as:
• 6q+ Syndrome, Partial
• Chromosome 6, Trisomy 6q2
• Distal Duplication 6q
• Distal Trisomy 6q
• Duplication 6q, Partial
• Trisomy 6q, Partial
• Trisomy 6q Syndrome, Partial

What is Chromosome 6, Partial Trisomy 6q?
Chromosome 6, Partial Trisomy 6q is an extremely rare chromosomal disorder in which a portion of the 6th chromosome (6q) is present three times rather than twice in cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 7, Partial Monosomy 7p

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 7, Partial Monosomy 7p is also known as:
• Chromosome 7, 7p Deletion Syndrome, Partial
• Chromosome 7, Partial Deletion of Short Arm
• Del(7p) Syndrome, Partial
• Interstitial 7p Monosomy, Included
• Partial 7p Monosomy
• Terminal 7p Monosomy, Included
• Terminal 7p Monosomy, Included

What is Chromosome 7, Partial Monosomy 7p?
Chromosome 7, Partial Monosomy 7p is a rare chromosomal disorder characterized by deletion of a portion of the short arm (p) of chromosome 7 (7p).

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 8, Monosomy 8p

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chromosome 8, Monosomy 8p is also known as:
• 8p- Syndrome, Partial
• Chromosome 8, 8p Deletion Syndrome, Partial
• Chromosome 8, Partial Deletion of Short Arm
• Chromosome 8, Partial Monosomy 8p
• Del(8p) Syndrome, Partial
• Distal 8p Monosomy
• Partial 8p Monosomy
• Terminal 8p- Syndrome (8p21 to 8p23-pter), Included

What is Chromosome 8, Monosomy 8p?
Chromosome 8, Monosomy 8p is a rare chromosomal disorder characterized by deletion of a portion of the eighth chromosome.

Categories

• Chromosome

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 9 Ring

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chromosome 9 Ringis also known as:
• R9
• Ring 9
• Ring 9, Chromosome

What is Chromosome 9 Ring?
Chromosome 9 Ring is a rare disorder in which there is loss of chromosomal material from both ends of the 9th chromosome and joining of the ends to form a ring.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 9, Partial Monosomy 9p

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chromosome 9, Partial Monosomy 9p is also known as:
• 9p Partial Monosomy
• 9p- Syndrome, Partial
• Chromosome 9, Partial Monosomy 9p22
• Chromosome 9, Partial Monosomy 9p22-pter
• Del(9p) Syndrome, Partial
• Deletion 9p Syndrome, Partial
• Distal 9p- Syndrome
• Distal Monosomy 9p
• Monosomy 9p, Partial
• Partial Deletion of Short Arm of Chromosome 9

What is Chromosome 9, Partial Monosomy 9p?
Chromosome 9, Partial Monosomy 9p is a rare chromosomal disorder in which there is deletion of a portion of the 9th chromosome.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p is also known as:
• Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p Mosaicism • Mosaic Tetrasomy 9p
• Tetrasomy 9p
• Tetrasomy, Short Arm of Chromosome 9

What is Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p?
Chromosome 9, Tetrasomy 9p is a very rare chromosomal disorder in which the short arm of the ninth chromosome (9p) appears four times rather than twice in all or some cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia is also known as:
• Carrington's Disease
• CEP
• ICEP
• Idiopathic Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia

What is Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia?
Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) is a rare disorder characterized by the massive accumulation of eosinophils in the lungs. Eosinophils are a type of white blood cell and are part of the immune system. They are usually produced in response to allergens, inflammation or infection and are particularly active in the respiratory tract. In CEP, eosinophils also accumulate in the bloodstream.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is also known as:
• Amyalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME)
• ME/CFS
• Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease (SEID)

What is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a complicated disorder characterized by extreme fatigue that cannot be explained by any underlying medical condition. The fatigue may worsen with physical or mental activity, but does not improve with rest. The cause of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is unknown, although there are many theories — ranging from viral infections to psychological stress. Some experts believe Chronic Fatigue Syndrome might be triggered by a combination of factors.

Categories

• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Chronic Granulomatous Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Chronic Granulomatous Disease is also known as:
• CGD
• Chronic Dysphagocytosis
• Chronic Granulomatous Disease
• Congenital Dysphagocytosis
• Fatal Granulomatous Disease of Childhood
• Granulomatosis, Chronic, Familial
• Granulomatosis, Septic, Progressive
• Impotent Neutrophil Syndrome

What is Chronic Granulomatous Disease?
Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) is a rare inherited primary immune deficiency disorder that affects certain white blood cells (neutrophils, monocytes, macrophages, eosinophils). The disorder is characterized by an inability to resist infections caused by certain types of bacteria and fungal species and a tendency to develop chronic inflammation.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• RDCRN
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy is also known as:
• Chronic Relapsing Polyneuropathy
• CIDP

What is Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy?
Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a rare neurological disorder in which there is inflammation of nerve roots and peripheral nerves and destruction of the fatty protective covering (myelin sheath) over the nerves. This affects how fast the nerve signals are transmitted and leads to loss of nerve fibers.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction is also known as:
• Chronic Idiopathic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction
• CIIP
• CIP
• Pseudo-Obstruction Syndrome

What is Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction?
Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction (CIP) is a rare, potentially disabling gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abnormalities affecting the involuntary, coordinated muscular contractions of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Peristalsis propels food and other material through the digestive system under the control of nerves, pacemaker cells and hormones. CIP usually results from abnormalities affecting the muscles or nerves that are involved in peristalsis. Consequently, peristalsis becomes altered and inefficient.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
Orange Cancer Ribbons for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) Awareness

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia is also known as:
• Chronic Lymphoid Leukemia
• CLL
• SLL (Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma)

Subdivisions of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
• IgHV-Mutated CLL
• IgHV-Unmutated CLL

What is Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia?
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) is a malignant blood disorder in which there are an increased number of white blood cells in the lymphoid tissue. As the number of unhealthy blood cells grows, there is less room for healthy cells. The combination of fewer healthy cells and the fact that the CLL lymphocytes are poor at fighting infections can lead to frequent infection, anemia, and easy bleeding.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
Orange Cancer Ribbons for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) Awareness

Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia is also known as:
• CGL
• Chronic Granulocytic Leukemia
• Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia
• Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
• CML

What is Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia?
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) accounts of about 20% of all leukemias affecting adults. It typically affects middle-aged individuals and rarely adolescents or children. CML is a slowly progressing blood and bone marrow disorder, characterized by the excessive development of white blood cells in the spongy tissue found inside large bones of the body, spleen, liver and blood. As the disease progresses, the leukemic cells invade other areas of the body including the intestinal tract, kidneys, lungs, gonads and lymph nodes. These diseased cells do not grow old and eventually die like normal cells. They build up in huge numbers, overwhelm healthy blood cells and damage the bone marrow.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis (CRMO)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

White Ribbon for Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteoyelitis (CRMO)

What is Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis (CRMO)?
Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis is an autoinflammatory disease that mostly affects children. The causes of the disease have been linked to gene mutations in some cases, especially on chromosome 18q in one family. CRMO presents in patients with periodic fevers, bone pain and bone lesions that can develop anywhere in the body. This is a rare disease, that has been found to affect more girls than boys.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Churg Strauss Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Churg Strauss Syndrome is also known as:
• Allergic Angiitis and Granulomatosis
• Allergic Granulomatosis
• Allergic Granulomatosis and Angiitis
• Churg-Strauss Vasculitis
• CSS
• Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis
• EGPA

What is Churg Strauss Syndrome?
Churg-Strauss Syndrome is a rare disorder that may affect multiple organ systems, especially the lungs. The disorder is characterized by the abnormal clustering of certain white blood cells in the blood and tissues, inflammation of blood vessels, and the development of inflammatory nodular lesions called granulomas.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Cicatricial Alopecia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cicatricial Alopecia is also known as:
• Alopecia Cicatrisata
• Scarring Alopecia
• Scarring Hair Loss

What is Cicatricial Alopecia?
Cicatricial Alopecias are classified as primary or secondary. Primary cicatricial alopecia refers to a diverse group of rare disorders that destroy the hair follicle, replace it with scar tissue, and cause permanent hair loss. Hair loss can be gradual, without symptoms, and unnoticed for long periods. In other cases, the hair loss may be associated with severe itching, pain and burning, and progress rapidly. In secondary Cicatricial Alopecias, destruction of the hair follicle is incidental to a non-follicle-directed process or external injury, such as severe infections, burns, radiation, or tumors.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cicatricial Pemphigoid

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Cicatricial Pemphigoid?
Cicatricial Pemphigoid is a rare, chronic, blistering and scarring disease that affects the oral and ocular mucosa.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Ciguatera Fish Poisoning

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Ciguatera Fish Poisoning is also known as:
• Ciguatera Poisoning
• Ichthyosarcotoxism

What is Ciguatera Fish Poisoning?
Ciguatera Fish Poisoning is a rare disorder that occurs because of the ingestion of certain contaminated tropical and subtropical fish. When ingested, the toxin (ciguatoxin), which is present at high levels in these contaminated fish, may affect the digestive, muscular, and/or neurological systems. More than 400 different species of fish have been implicated as a cause of Ciguatera Fish Poisoning, including many that are otherwise considered edible. These fish typically inhabit low-lying shore areas or coral reefs in tropical or subtropical areas. In the United States, ciguatera fish poisoning has occurred more frequently in the last decade perhaps as a result of a general increase in fish consumption.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Citrullinemia Type 1

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Citrullinemia Type 1 is also known as:
• Argininosuccinate Synthetase Deficiency
• Argininosuccinic Acid Synthetase Deficiency
• ASS Deficiency
• Citrullinemia, Classic
• CTLN1

What is Citrullinemia Type 1?
Citrullinemia Type I (CTLN1) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder that includes a neonatal acute form, a milder late-onset form, a form that begins during or after pregnancy, and an asymptomatic form. CTLN1 is caused by deficiency or absence of the enzyme argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS). ASS is one of six enzymes that play a role in the removal of nitrogen from the body, a process known as the urea cycle. The lack of this enzyme results in excessive accumulation of nitrogen, in the form of ammonia (hyperammonemia), in the blood and all body fluids.

Categories

• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Classic Hereditary Hemochromatosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Classic Hereditary Hemochromatosis is also known as:
• Bronze Diabetes
• Classic Hemochromatosis
• Hemochromatosis Type I
• Hemosiderosis
• HFE-Related Hemochromatosis
• HH
• Primary Hemochromatosis

What is Classic Hereditary Hemochromatosis?
Hereditary Hemochromatosis (HH) is a general term for several rare genetic disorders that are characterized by the accumulation of iron in various organs of the body such as the liver, heart and pancreas. The most common form of hemochromatosis is known by several different names including hemochromatosis type I, HFE-related hemochromatosis, hereditary hemochromatosis and classic hereditary hemochromatosis. Iron accumulation in classic hereditary hemochromatosis occurs slowly over many years. Eventually, iron accumulation causes tissue damage and impaired functioning of affected organs. In many affected individuals, symptoms may not become apparent until some point between 40-60 years of age. Onset is usually earlier for men compared to women.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Classic Infantile CLN1 Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Classic Infantile CLN1 Disease is also known as:
• CLN1
• INCL
• Infantile Finnish Type Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis (Balkan Disease)
• Infantile NCL
• Infantile Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
• Santavuori-Haltia Disease
• Santavuori Disease

What is Classic Infantile CLN1 Disease?
Classic Infantile CLN1 Disease is a rare genetic disorder with an onset of symptoms between 6 and 24 months of age. CLN1 Disease is characterized by delays in reaching developmental milestones, twitching or jerking of muscles, seizures, and mild to moderate intellectual disability.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cleidocranial Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cleidocranial Dysplasia is also known as:
• Cleidocranial Dysostosis
• Dysplasia, Cleidocranial
• Dysplasia, Osteodental
• Marie-Sainton Disease

What is Cleidocranial Dysplasia?
Cleidocranial Dysplasia is a rare skeletal dysplasia characterized by short stature, distinctive facial features and narrow, sloping shoulders caused by defective or absent collarbones. Major symptoms may include premature closing of the soft spot on the head, delayed closure of the space between the bones of the skull, narrow and abnormally shaped pelvic and pubic bones and deformations in the chest.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Clostridial Myonecrosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Clostridial Myonecrosis is also known as:
• Clostridium Myonecrosis
• Clostridium Septicum Infection
• Clostridium Perfringens Infection

What is Clostridial Myonecrosis?
Clostridial Myonecrosis is a serious, life-threatening bacterial infection caused by a small number of Clostridium species of bacteria.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Clostridium Sordellii Infection

Awareness Ribbon Color:

What is Clostridium Sordellii Infection?
Clostridium Sordellii is a rare bacterium that causes pneumonia, endocarditis, arthritis, peritonitis, and myonecrosis. Severe toxic shock syndrome among previously healthy individuals has also been described in a small number of C. sordellii cases, most often associated with gynecologic infections in women and infection of the umbilical stump in newborns.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


CLOVES Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

CLOVES Syndrome is also known as:
• CLOVE Syndrome
• CS

What is CLOVES Syndrome?
CLOVES Syndrome (CS) is a recently described rare disorder characterized by tissue overgrowth and complex vascular anomalies. CLOVES stands for congenital lipomatous (fatty) overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal nevi and scoliosis/skeletal/spinal anomalies.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cluster Headache

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cluster Headache is also known as:
• Familial Cluster Headaches
• Histamine Cephalalgia
• Vasogenic Facial Pain

Subdivisions of Cluster Headache
• Chronic Cluster Headache
• Episodic Cluster Headache

What is Cluster Headache?
Cluster Headaches (CH) are an uncommon, severe form of primary neurovascular headaches. CH are the most painful form of headaches, with the pain occurring on one side of the head and behind or above the eye or at the temple most commonly. The pain has been described as searing, burning and stabbing. The age of onset of CH is most often between 20 and 40, and they are more common in men than women with a ratio of 2:1. Episodic cluster headache patients usually suffer from 1 to 4 short headaches a day that can individually last between 15-120 minutes when they are having a series of attacks. These attacks last for weeks or months and are separated by months or years of remission periods where the patients are pain-free. Chronic cluster headache patients suffer without remissions for 1 year or more or with remissions so brief they do not even span a month. Less than 20% of cluster headache patients have the chronic form.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Coats Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Coats Disease is also known as:
• Coats Syndrome

What is Coats Disease?
Coats Disease is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal development of the blood vessels in the retina. Affected individuals may experience loss of vision due to changes in the retina and, in severe cases, retinal detachment. In almost all people with Coats Disease, only one eye is affected.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cockayne Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cockayne Syndrome is also known as:
• CS
• Deafness-Dwarfism-Retinal Atrophy
• Dwarfism with Renal Atrophy and Deafness
• Neill-Dingwall Syndrome
• Progeroid Nanism

Subdivisions of Cockayne Syndrome
• Classical Form, Cockayne Syndrome Type I (Type A)
• Congenital Form, Cockayne Syndrome Type II (Type B)
• Late Onset, Cockayne Syndrome Type III (Type C)

What is Cockayne Syndrome
Cockayne Syndrome (CS) is a rare form of dwarfism. It is an inherited disorder whose diagnosis depends on the presence of three signs (1) growth retardation, i.e. short stature, (2) abnormal sensitivity to light, and (3) prematurely aged appearance. In the classical form of Cockayne Syndrome (CS type I) the symptoms are progressive and typically become apparent after the age of one year. An early onset or congenital form of Cockayne Syndrome (CS type II) is apparent at birth. There is a third form, known as Cockayne Syndrome Type III (CS type III), that presents later in the child's development and is generally a milder form of the disease. A fourth form; now recognized as Xeroderma Pigmentosa-Cockayne Syndrome (XP-CS), combines features of both of these disorders.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Coffin Lowry Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Coffin Lowry Syndrome is also known as:
• Coffin Syndrome
• Mental Retardation with Osteocartilaginous Abnormalities

What is Coffin Lowry Syndrome?
Coffin-Lowry Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by mental retardation, abnormalities of the head and facial area, large, soft hands with short, thin fingers, short stature, and/or various skeletal abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Coffin Siris Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Coffin Siris Syndrome is also known as:
• CSS
• Fifth Digit Syndrome

What is Coffin Siris Syndrome?
Coffin-Siris Syndrome (CSS) is a rare genetic disorder that may be evident at birth. The disorder is characterized by abnormalities of the head and facial area, resulting in a coarse facial appearance. Craniofacial malformations may include an abnormally small head or large head, a wide nose with a low nasal bridge, a wide mouth with thick, prominent lips, thick eyebrows and eyelashes or excess hair growth in unusual places such as the back, and sparse scalp hair. In addition, affected infants and children may have short fifth fingers and toes with underdeveloped or absent nails, other malformations of the fingers and toes, and eye abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cogan Reese Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cogan Reese Syndrome is also known as:
• ICE Syndrome, Cogan-Reese Type
• Iridocorneal Endothelial (ICE) Syndrome, Cogan-Reese Type
• Iris Naevus Syndrome
• Iris Nevus Syndrome

What is Cogan Reese Syndrome?
Cogan-Reese Syndrome is an extremely rare eye disorder characterized by a matted or smudged appearance to the surface of the iris, the development of small colored lumps on the iris, the attachment of portions of the iris to the cornea, and/or increased pressure in the eye.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cogan’s Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Cogan’s Syndrome?
Cogan’s Syndrome (CS) is the combination of hearing loss, vertigo, and inflammation in the eyes of uncertain cause, which can be associated with a large, more often than medium-size vessel vasculitis in 10-15% of patients.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cohen Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cohen Syndrome is also known as:
• Pepper Syndrome

What is Cohen Syndrome?
Cohen Syndrome is a variable genetic disorder characterized by diminished muscle tone, abnormalities of the head, face, hands and feet, eye abnormalities, and non-progressive intellectual disability. Affected individuals usually have microcephaly, a condition that indicates that head circumference is smaller than would be expected for an infant’s age and sex. In many, but not all cases, obesity is present, especially around the torso and is associated with slender arms and legs. A lowered level of certain white blood cells known as neutrophils is present from birth in some affected individuals.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cold Agglutinin Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Cold Agglutinin Disease

What is Cold Agglutinin Disease
Cold Agglutinin Disease is a rare type of autoimmune hemolytic anemia, in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys its own red blood cells. When affected people's blood is exposed to cold temperatures (32º to 50º F), certain proteins that normally attack bacteria attach themselves to red blood cells and bind them together into clumps. This eventually causes red blood cells to be prematurely destroyed, leading to anemia and other associated signs and symptoms. Cold agglutinin disease can be primary or secondary, due to an underlying condition such as an infection, another autoimmune disease, or certain cancers.

Categories

• Blood Diseasesr>

Cause Classification: Medical


Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Collagen Type VI-Related Disorders is also known as:
• Benign Congenital Myopathy with Contractures
• Ullrich Disease

Subdivisions of Collagen Type VI-Related Disorders
• Bethlem Myopathy
• Ullrich Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (UCMD)

What is Collagen Type VI-Related Disorders?
Collagen Type VI-Related Disorders encompass two genetic muscle disorders formerly thought to be separate entities: Bethlem Myopathy and Ullrich Congenital Muscular Dystrophy. Bethlem Myopathy represents the milder form of this spectrum and Ullrich Congenital Muscular Dystrophy represents the severe end.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Colorado Tick Fever

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Colorado Tick Fever is also known as:
• CTF
• Mountain Fever
• Mountain Tick Fever

What is Colorado Tick Fever?
Colorado Tick Fever is a rare viral disease transmitted by ticks that commonly inhabit the western United States.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Colorectal Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Colorectal Cancer, Adult

What is Colorectal Cancer, Adult?
Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon), which is the final part of the digestive tract. Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, noncancerous clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps. Over time some of these polyps can become colon cancers. Polyps may be small and produce few, if any, symptoms. For this reason, doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer by identifying and removing polyps before they turn into cancer.

Inherited gene mutations that increase the risk of colon cancer can be passed through families, but these inherited genes are linked to only a small percentage of colon cancers. Inherited gene mutations do not make cancer inevitable, but can increase an individual's risk of cancer significantly.

The most common forms of inherited colon cancer syndromes are:
• Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC). HNPCC, also called Lynch syndrome, increases the risk of colon cancer and other cancers. People with HNPCC tend to develop colon cancer before age 50.

• Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP). FAP is a rare disorder that causes a person to develop thousands of polyps in the lining of your colon and rectum. People with untreated FAP have a greatly increased risk of developing colon cancer before age 40.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Ribbons And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Colorectal Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Colorectal Cancer, Childhood
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Colorectal Cancer Awareness

What is Colorectal Cancer, Childhood?
Childhood colorectal cancer may be part of an inherited syndrome. Some colorectal cancers in young people are linked to a gene mutation that causes polyps (growths in the mucous membrane that lines the colon) to form that may turn into cancer later in life.

The risk of colorectal cancer is increased by having certain inherited conditions, such as:
• Attenuated Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
• Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP)
• Lynch Syndrome
• Li-Fraumeni Syndrome
• MYH-Associated Polyposis
• Turcot Syndrome
• Cowden Syndrome
• Juvenile Polyposis Syndrome
• Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome

Colon polyps that form in children who do not have an inherited syndrome are not linked to an increased risk of cancer.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Common Variable Immune Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Common Variable Immune Deficiency is also known as:
• Acquired Hypogammaglobulinemia
• Common Variable Hypogammaglobulinemia
• Common Variable Immunodeficiency
• CVI
• CVID
• Immunodeficiency, Common Variable
• Late-Onset Immunoglobulin Deficiency

What is Common Variable Immune Deficiency?
Common Variable Immune Deficiency (CVID) is a type of primary immunodeficiency, which is defined as an immune system dysfunction typically caused by a mutation in a gene or genes. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes more than 180 primary immunodeficiencies ranging from relatively common to quite rare.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

What is Complex Regional Pain Syndrome?
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a form of chronic pain that usually affects an arm or a leg. CRPS typically develops after an injury, a surgery, a stroke or a heart attack. The pain is out of proportion to the severity of the initial injury.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cone Dystrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cone Dystrophy is also known as:
• Retinal Cone Degeneration
• Retinal Cone Dystrophy

Subdivisions of Cone Dystrophy
• Progressive Cone Dystrophy
• Stationary Cone Dystrophy

What is Cone Dystrophy?
Cone Dystrophy is a general term used to describe a group of rare eye disorders that affect the cone cells of the retina. Cone Dystrophy can cause a variety of symptoms including decreased visual clarity when looking straight ahead, a reduced ability to see colors and an increased sensitivity to light. In Stationary Cone Dystrophy symptoms tend to remain stable and are usually present at birth or early childhood. In Progressive Cone Dystrophy symptoms slowly become worse over time.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia is also known as:
• Adrenogenital Syndrome
• CAH

Subdivisions of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
• 11-Beta Hydroxylase Deficiency
• 17a-Hydroxylase Deficiency
• 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency
• 3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Deficiency
• Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia
• p450 Oxidoreductase Deficiency

What is Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia?
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of rare inherited autosomal recessive disorders characterized by a deficiency of one of the enzymes needed to make specific hormones. CAH affects the adrenal glands located at the top of each kidney.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Afibrinogenemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Congenital Afibrinogenemia?
Congenital Afibrinogenemia is a rare bleeding disorder characterized by absence of fibrinogen in the blood, a protein that is essential in the blood clotting process. Affected individuals may be susceptible to severe bleeding episodes, particularly during infancy and childhood. Women are at increased risk for vaginal bleeding and increased blood loss during menstruation and tend to have recurrent miscarriages.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Bilateral Perisylvian Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Bilateral Perisylvian Syndrome is also known as:
• CBPS

What is Congenital Bilateral Perisylvian Syndrome?
Congenital Bilateral Perisylvian Syndrome (CBPS) is an extremely rare neurological disorder that may be apparent at birth, infancy, or later during childhood. It is characterized by partial paralysis of muscles on both sides of the face, tongue, jaws, and throat; difficulties in speaking, chewing, and swallowing; and/or sudden episodes of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome is also known as:
• Congenital Failure of Respiratory Drive
• CCHS
• HADDAD Syndrome
• Ondine’s Curse

What is Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome?
Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) is a rare lifelong and life-threatening disorder. CCHS affects the central and autonomic nervous system which controls many of the automatic functions in the body. The most recognized symptom of CCHS is the inability to control breathing that varies in severity, resulting in the need for life-long ventilatory support during sleep in some patients or all the time in others.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly is also known as:
• Arthrogryposis, Distal, Type 9
• CCA
• Beals Syndrome
• Beals-Hecht Syndrome

What is Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly?
Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly (CCA) is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by a Marfan-like body habitus, the permanent fixation of certain joints in a flexed position, abnormally long, slender fingers and toes, permanently flexed fingers, and/or abnormally shaped ears resulting in a "crumpled" appearance. CCA is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation is also known as:
• Carbohydrate-Deficient Glycoprotein Syndromes
• CDG
• CDG Syndrome

What is Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation?
Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (CDG) is an umbrella term for a rapidly expanding group of rare genetic, metabolic disorders due to defects in complex chemical process known as glycosylation. Glycosylation is the process by which glycans are created, altered and chemically attached to certain proteins or lipids. When these sugar molecules are attached to proteins, they form glycoproteins; when they are attached to lipids, they form glycolipids.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases
• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria is also known as:
• CEP
• Gunther Disease
• Uroporphyrinogen III Synthase Deficiency
• UROS Deficiency

What is Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria?
Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria (CEP) is a very rare inherited metabolic disorder resulting from the deficient function of the enzyme uroporphyrinogen lll cosynthase (UROS). Due to the impaired function of this enzyme, excessive amounts of particular porphyrins accumulate, particularly in the bone marrow, plasma, red blood cells, urine, teeth, and bones. The major symptom of this disorder is hypersensitivity of the skin to sunlight and some types of artificial light. After exposure to light, the photo-activated porphyrins in the skin cause blistering and the fluid-filled sacs rupture. Often the lesions become infected.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• RDCRN
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Fiber Type Disproportion

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Congenital Fiber Type Disproportion is also known as:
• Atrophy of Type I Fibers
• CFTD
• CFTDM
• Myopathy, Congenital, with Fiber-Type Disproportion
• Myopathy of Congenital Fiber Type Disproportion

What is Congenital Fiber Type Disproportion?
Congenital Fiber Type Disproportion (CFTD) is a rare genetic muscle disease that is usually apparent at birth. It belongs to a group of muscle conditions called the congenital myopathies that tend to affect people in a similar pattern.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Fibrosis of the Extraocular Muscles

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Congenital Fibrosis of the Extraocular Muscles is also known as:
• Congenital Fibrosis Syndrome

Subdivisions of Congenital Fibrosis of the Extraocular Muscles
• Congenital Fibrosis of the Extraocular Muscles 1 (CFEOM 1)
• Congenital Fibrosis of the Extraocular Muscles 2 (CFEOM 2)
• Congenital Fibrosis of the Extraocular Muscles 3 (CFEOM 3)
• Tukel syndrome

What is Congenital Fibrosis of the Extraocular Muscles?
Congenital Fibrosis of the Extraocular Muscles (CFEOM) includes at least five rare genetic eye movement disorders present at birth that are characterized by incomitant strabismus. Specifically, there is an inability to move the eyes in certain directions, droopy eyelids and eyes that are fixed in an abnormal position.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy is also known as:
• Berardinelli-Seip Syndrome
• Berardinelli Seip Congenital Lipodystrophy
• BSCL
• CGL
• Congenital Lipoatrophic Diabetes

Subdivisions of Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy
• CGL Type 1
• CGL Type 2
• CGL Type 3
• CGL Type 4

What is Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy?
Congenital Generalized Lipodystrophy (CGL), also known as Berardinelli-Seip Syndrome, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the near total loss of body fat and extreme muscularity that is often present at birth or soon thereafter. CGL is associated with metabolic complications related to insulin resistance such as an inability to break down glucose intolerance, elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood, and diabetes.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis is also known as:
• CHF

What is Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis?
Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis (CHF) is a rare disease that is present at birth and affects the liver. CHF rarely occurs as an isolated problem, and is usually associated with ciliopathies that affect the kidneys, called Hepatorenal Fibrocystic Diseases (FCD).

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Hyperinsulinism is also known as:
• CHI
• Familial Hyperinsulinism
• HI
• Islet Cell Dysregulation Syndrome
• Persistent Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia of Infancy (PHHI)
• Sidioblastosis (antiquated)

Subdivisions of Congenital Hyperinsulinism
• Diffuse KATP HI
• Exercise Induced HI
• Focal KATP HI
• GDH HI or HI/HA
• GK HI
• HNF4A/HNF1A HI
• SCHAD HI

What is Congenital Hyperinsulinism?
Congenital Hyperinsulinism (HI) is the most frequent cause of severe, persistent hypoglycemia in newborn babies, infants, and children. In most countries it occurs in approximately 1/25,000 to 1/50,000 births. About 60% of babies with HI are diagnosed during the first month of life. An additional 30% will be diagnosed later in the first year and the remainder after that.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Lactic Acidosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Lactic Acidosis is also known as:
• CLA

What is Congenital Lactic Acidosis?
Lactic Acidosis occurs when lactate and other molecules, called protons, accumulate in bodily tissues and fluids faster than the body can remove them. Consequently, tissues and fluids may become acidic and impair the normal functioning of cells.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Congenital Muscular Dystrophy is also known as:
• CMD

Subdivisions of Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
• Bethlem Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
• Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Type 1A (MDC1A; Merosin-Deficient CMD)
• Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Type 1B (MDC1B)
• Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Type 1C (MDC1C)
• Congenital Muscular Dystrophy Type 1D (MDC1D)
• Congenital Muscular Dystrophy with Integrin Deficiency
• Fukuyama Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
• LMNA-Related Disorders
• Rigid Spine Muscular Dystrophy (RSMD1)
• SEPN1-Related Disorders
• SYNE1-Related Disorder
• Ullrich Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
• Walker-Warburg Syndrome

What is Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD) is a general term for a group of genetic muscle diseases that occur at birth or early during infancy.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes is also known as:
• Congenital Defect of Glycosylation
• Defects in Acetlcholine Receptor
• Defects in Endplate Development and Maintenance
• Other Myasthenic Syndromes
• Presynaptic
• Synaptic Basal Lamina-Associated

What is Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes?
The Congenital Myasthenic Syndromes (CMS) are a diverse group of disorders that have an underlying defect in the transmission of signals from nerve cells to muscles. These disorders are characterized by muscle weakness, which is worsened upon exertion.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Plasminogen Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Congenital Plasminogen Deficiency is also known as:
• Plasminogen Deficiency Type I (True Plasminogen Deficiency, Hypoplasminogenemia)
• Plasminogen Deficiency Type II (Dysplasminogenemia)

What is Congenital Plasminogen Deficiency?
Congenital Plasminogen Deficiency Type I is a rare genetic disorder. Individuals lack an enzyme called plasminogen. They develop thick growths, sometimes referred to as lesions, on the mucous membranes of the body. The mucous membranes are a moist layer of tissue that serves as a protective barrier that keeps the inside of the body from drying out.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Pulmonary Lymphangiectasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Pulmonary Lymphangiectasia is also known as:
• CPL
• PPL
• Primary Pulmonary Lymphangiectasia
• Pulmonary Cystic Lymphangiectasis

What is Congenital Pulmonary Lymphangiectasia?
Congenital Pulmonary Lymphangiectasia (CPL) is a rare developmental disorder that is present at birth. Affected infants have abnormally widened lymphatic vessels within the lungs. The lymphatic system helps the immune system in protecting the body against infection and disease. Infants with CPL often develop severe, potentially life-threatening, respiratory distress shortly after birth. Affected infants may also develop cyanosis, a condition marked by abnormal bluish discoloration of the skin that occurs because of low levels of circulating oxygen in the blood.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency is also known as:
• CSID
• Congenital Sucrose Intolerance
• Congenital Sucrose-Isomaltase Malabsorption
• Disaccharide Intolerance I
• SI Deficiency

What is Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency?
Congenital Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency (CSID) is a rare inherited metabolic disorder characterized by the deficiency or absence of the enzymes sucrase and isomaltase. When this enzyme complex is deficient, nutrients based on ingested sucrose and starch cannot be absorbed properly from the gut.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Syphilis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Syphilis is also known as:
• Lues, Congenital

What is Congenital Syphilis?
Congenital Syphilis is a chronic infectious disease caused by a spirochete acquired by the fetus in the uterus before birth. Symptoms of this disease may not become apparent until several weeks or months after birth and, in some cases, may take years to appear. Congenital Syphilis is passed on to the child from the mother who acquired the disease prior to or during pregnancy.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Congenital Varicella Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Congenital Varicella Syndrome is also known as:
• Fetal Effects of Chickenpox
• Fetal Effects of Varicella Zoster Virus
• Fetal Varicella Infection
• Fetal Varicella Zoster Syndrome
• Varicella Embryopathy

What is Congenital Varicella Syndrome?
Congenital Varicella Syndrome is an extremely rare disorder in which affected infants have distinctive abnormalities at birth due to the mother's infection with chickenpox early during pregnancy.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Conradi Hünermann Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Conradi Hünermann Syndrome is also known as:
• CDPXD2
• Chondrodysplasia Punctata, X-Linked Dominant
• Conradi-Hunermann-Happle Syndrome
• Happle Syndrome

What is Conradi Hünermann Syndrome?
Conradi-Hünermann Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by skeletal malformations, skin abnormalities, cataracts and short stature.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cor Triatriatum

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cor Triatriatum is also known as:
• Cor Triatriatum Sinistrum
• Triatrial Heart

What is Cor Triatriatum?
Cor Triatriatum is an extremely rare congenital heart defect. Normally, the human heart has four chambers, of which two are the atria. These two are separated from each other by a partition called the atrial septum. The other two chambers, known as ventricles, are also separated by a septum. In Cor Triatriatum there is a small extra chamber above the left atrium of the heart. The pulmonary veins, returning blood from the lungs, drain into this extra "third atrium." The passage of blood from the lungs into the hearti s slowed by this extra chamber.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Corneal Dystrophies

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Subdivisions of Corneal Dystrophies
• Congenital Hereditary Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy
• Epithelial Basement Membrane Dystrophy
• Fuchs Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy
• Granular Corneal Dystrophy Type I
• Granular Corneal Dystrophy Type II (Avellino)
• Lattice Corneal Dystrophy Type I
• Lattice Corneal Dystrophy Type II
• Lisch Corneal Dystrophy
• Macular Corneal Dystrophy
• Meesmann Corneal Dystrophy
• Posterior Polymorphous Corneal Dystrophy
• Reis-Buckler Corneal Dystrophy
• Schnyder Crystalline Corneal Dystrophy
• Thiel-Behnke Corneal Dystrophy

What are Corneal Dystrophies?
Corneal Dystrophies are a group of genetic, often progressive, eye disorders in which abnormal material often accumulates in the clear outer layer of the eye.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cornelia de Lange Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cornelia de Lange Syndrome is also known as:
• BDLS
• Brachmann-de Lange Syndrome
• CdLS
• de Lange syndrome

What is Cornelia de Lange Syndrome?
Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) is a rare genetic disorder that is apparent at birth. Associated symptoms and findings typically include delays in physical development before and after birth, characteristic abnormalities of the head and facial area, malformations of the hands and arms, and mild to severe intellectual disability.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Corticobasal Degeneration

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Corticobasal Degeneration is also known as:
• CBD
• CBGD
• Cortical Basal Ganglionic Degeneration

What is Corticobasal Degeneration?
Corticobasal Degeneration (CBD) is a rare progressive neurological disorder characterized by cell loss and deterioration of specific areas of the brain. Affected individuals often initially experience motor abnormalities in one limb that eventually spreads to affect all the arms and legs. Such motor abnormalities include muscle rigidity and the inability to perform purposeful or voluntary movements. Affected individuals may have sufficient muscle power for manual tasks, but often have difficulty directing their movements appropriately.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Costello Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Costello Syndrome is also known as:
• Faciocutaneoskeletal Syndrome
• FCS Syndrome

What is Costello Syndrome?
Costello Syndrome is an extremely rare disorder that affects multiple organ systems of the body. This condition is characterized by growth delays after birth, short stature, extra loose skin on the neck, palms of the hands, fingers, and soles of the feet, noncancerous tumors around the face and anus, developmental delay and intellectual disability, and a characteristic facial appearance.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Coxsackie Myocarditis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Coxsackie Myocarditis

What is Coxsackie Myocarditis?
Coxsackie Myocarditis is inflammation and weakness of the heart muscle caused by a viral infection (Coxsackie virus) that reaches the heart. Myocarditis can damage the heart muscle causing it to become thick and swollen.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia is also known as:
• CFND
• Craniofrontonasal Dysostosis
• Craniofrontonasal Syndrome
• CFNS

What is Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia?
Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia (CFND) is a very rare inherited disorder characterized by body asymmetry, midline defects, skeletal abnormalities, and dermatological abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia is also known as:
• CMD
• Jackson Type CMD
• Osteochondroplasia

What is Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia?
Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive abnormalities of the head and facial area, impairment of certain nerves that emerge from the brain, and malformations of the long bones of the arms and legs.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Craniopharyngioma, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gray Ribbon for Craniopharyngioma, Adult

What is Craniopharyngioma, Adult?
A Craniopharyngioma is a benign tumor arising from small nests of cells near the pituitary stalk. Crangiopharyngiomas are localized tumors and become large before they are diagnosed.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Craniopharyngioma, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gray Ribbon for Craniopharyngioma, Childhood
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Craniopharyngioma (Brain Cancer) Awareness

What is Craniopharyngioma, Childhood?
Adamantinomatous (ordinary) craniopharyngioma occurs in children and tends to be less solid than Papillary Craniopharyngioma. Papillary craniopharyngioma occurs in adults and is a more solid tumor.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


CREST Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for CREST Syndrome

What is CREST Syndrome?
CREST syndrome, also known as limited scleroderma, is a widespread connective tissue disease characterized by changes in the skin, blood vessels, skeletal muscles, and internal organs. The symptoms involved in CREST syndrome are associated with the generalized form of the disease Systemic Sclerosis (scleroderma). CREST is an acronym for the clinical features that are seen in a patient with this disease.

(C) - Calcinosis: calcium deposits in the connective tissues.
(R) - Raynaud's Phenomenon: where the hands and feet turn white and cold and then blue, in response to cold or anxiety.
(E) - Esophageal dysfunction resulting in swallowing difficulty.
(S) - Sclerodactyly: thick and tight skin on the fingers, caused by an excess of collagen deposits within skin layers.
(T) - Telangiectasia: small red spots on the hands and face that are caused by the swelling of tiny blood vessels.

At least two of these five features need to be present to be diagnosed with the disease. CREST syndrome is believed to be an autoimmune disorder, where the immune system appears to stimulate the production of too much collagen which builds up in the skin and internal organs, impairing their function.

Catagories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease is also known as:
• CJD
• Jakob-Creutzfeldt Disease
• Jakob's Disease
• Subacute Spongiform Encephalopathy

Subdivisions of Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease
• Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (V-CJD)

What is Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease?
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) is an extremely rare degenerative brain disorder characterized by sudden development of rapidly progressive neurological and neuromuscular symptoms.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cri du Chat Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cri du Chat Syndrome is also known as:
• 5p- Syndrome
• Cat's Cry Syndrome
• CdCS
• Lejeune Syndrome

What is Cri du Chat Syndrome?
Cri du Chat syndrome (CdCS or 5p-) is a rare genetic disorder in which a variable portion of the short arm of chromosome 5 is missing or deleted. Symptoms vary greatly from case to case depending upon the exact size and location of the deleted genetic material. Common symptoms include a distinctive cry that resembles the mewing of a cat, characteristic facial features, slow growth, and microcephaly, a condition that indicates that head circumference is smaller than would be expected for an infant's age and sex.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Crigler Najjar Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Crigler Najjar Syndrome is also known as:
• Familial Nonhemolytic Unconjugated Hyperbilirubinemia
• Hereditary Unconjugated Hyperbilirubinemia

Subdivisions of Crigler Najjar Syndrome
• Crigler-Najjar Syndrome Type I
• Crigler-Najjar Syndrome Type II (Arias syndrome)

What is Crigler Najjar Syndrome?
Crigler-Najjar Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by an inability to properly convert and clear bilirubin from the body. Affected individuals cannot convert unconjugated bilirubin to the conjugated form because they lack a specific liver enzyme required to break down bilirubin. Since they cannot convert bilirubin, they develop abnormally high levels of unconjugated bilirubin in the blood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Crohn's Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Crohn's Disease

What is Crohn's Disease?
Crohn's Disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes inflammation of the digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. Inflammation caused by Crohn's Disease can involve different areas of the digestive tract. The inflammation caused by Crohn's disease often spreads deep into the layers of affected bowel tissue.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome is also known as:
• Allergic Granulomatous Angiitis of Cronkhite-Canada
• Canada-Cronkhite Disease
• CCD
• CCS
• Gastrointestinal Polyposis and Ectodermal Changes
• Polyposis, Skin Pigmentation, Alopecia, and Fingernail Changes

What is Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome?
Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome (CCS) is an extremely rare disease characterized by various intestinal polyps, loss of taste, hair loss, and nail growth problems. It is difficult to treat because of malabsorption that accompanies the polyps. CCS occurs primarily in the older population (average age 59) and predominantly occurs in males.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Crouzon Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Crouzon Syndrome is also known as:
• Craniofacial Dysostosis
• Craniostenosis, Crouzon Type
• Crouzon Craniofacial Dysostosis

What is Crouzon Syndrome?
Crouzon Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. It is a form of craniosynostosis, a condition in which there is premature fusion of the fibrous joints between certain bones of the skull. In Crouzon Syndrome, the sutures fuse prematurely affecting the proper growth of the skull and head and potentially altering the shape and development of the skull. Certain bones in the face may be affected as well.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS)?
Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS), also called Cryopyrin-Associated Autoinflammatory Syndrome are three disease related to a defect in the same gene: Neonatal Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID), Muckle-Wells Syndrome and Familial Cold Autoinflammatory Syndrome. The differences in these diseases are in their severity and the organs involved.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cryptococcosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cryptococcosis is also known as:
• Busse-Buschke Disease
• Cryptococcic Meningitis
• Cryptococcosis Lung
• Cryptococcosis Skin
• European Blastomycosis
• Torular Meningitis
• Torulosis

What is Cryptococcosis?
Cryptococcosis is caused by a fungus known as Cryptococcosis neoformans. The infection may be spread to humans through contact with pigeon droppings or unwashed raw fruit. Contact with an infected individual may also spread the infection. Individuals with disorders characterized by lowered immunity are at high risk for contracting these infections.

Categories

• Fungal Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Cushing Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cushing Syndrome is also known as:
• Hypercortisolism

Subdivisions of Cushing Syndrome
• Endogenous Cushing Syndrome
• Exogenous Cushing Syndrome

What is Cushing Syndrome
Cushing Syndrome is a rare endocrine disorder characterized by a variety of symptoms and physical abnormalities that occur due to excessive amounts of the hormone cortisol, a vital glucocorticoid. Although it may occur in children, Cushing Syndrome most commonly affects adults between the ages of 25 to 40. It can be caused by prolonged exposure to elevated levels of glucocorticoids produced within the body or introduced from outside the body. Symptoms can include weight gain, obesity, a rounded face, thin purple streaks which occur on the skin, increased fat around the neck, and slender arms and legs. Children with Cushing syndrome are typically obese and have delay in growth.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cutaneous Anthrax

Awareness Ribbon Color:

What is Cutaneous Anthrax?
Cutaneous anthrax is the most common form of anthrax infection, and it is also considered to be the least dangerous. Infection usually develops from 1 to 7 days after exposure. When anthrax spores get into the skin, usually through a cut or scrape, a person can develop Cutaneous Anthrax. This can happen when a person handles infected animals or contaminated animal products like wool, hides, or hair. Cutaneous Anthrax is most common on the head, neck, forearms, and hands. It affects the skin and tissue around the site of infection.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma is also known as:
• CTCL

Subdivisions of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphomas
• Granulomatous Slack Skin
• Lymphomatoid Papulosis
• Mycosis Fungoides
• Pagetoid Reticulosis (Woringer-Kolopp Disease)
• Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphomas
• Sezary Syndrome
• Subcutaneous Panniculitic T-Cell Lymphoma

What is Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma?
Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCLs) is a group of disorders characterized by abnormal accumulation of malignant T-Cells in the skin potentially resulting in the development of rashes, plaques and tumors. CTCLs belong to a larger group of disorders known as Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas (NHLs), which are related malignancies that affect the lymphatic system.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Cutaneous Vasculitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cutaneous Vasculitis is also known as:
• Cutaneous Leukocytoclastic Angiitis
• Dermal Necrotizing Angiitis
• Hypersensitivity Vasculitis

What is Cutaneous Vasculitis?
Cutaneous Necrotizing Vasculitis (CNV) is characterized by inflammation and tissue damage of blood vessel walls and associated skin lesions. CNV may be a primary disease process or occur as a result of, or in association with, a number of different underlying disorders or other factors. CNV is one of a larger group of disorders involving inflammation and blood vessels known as the vasculitides or the vasculitic syndromes. These syndromes range from modest disorders limited to the skin to more serious ones that may involve various organ systems.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cutis Laxa

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cutis Laxa is also known as:
• Elastolysis

Subdivisions of Cutis Laxa
• Acquired Cutis Laxa
• ALDH18A1-Related Cutis Laxa
• ATP6V0A2-Related Cutis Laxa
• Autosomal Dominant Cutis Laxa (ADCL)
• Autosomal Recessive Cutis Laxa Type 1A (ARCL1A)
• Autosomal Recessive Cutis Laxa Type 1B (ARCL1B)
• Autosomal Recessive Cutis Laxa Type 1C (ARCL1C)
• Autosomal Recessive Cutis Laxa Type 2A (ARCL2A
• Autosomal Recessive Cutis Laxa Type 2B (ARCL2B)
• Autosomal Recessive cutis Laxa Type 3
• Debre-type Cutis Laxa
• EFEMP2-Related Cutis Laxa
• ELN-Related Cutis Laxa
• Geroderma Osteodyplasticum
• LTBP4-Related Cutis Laxa
• MACS Syndrome
• PYCR1-Related Cutis Laxa
• RIN2-Related Cutis Laxa
• Urban-Rifkin-Davis Syndrome
• Wrinkly Skin Syndrome

What is Cutis Laxa?
Cutis Laxa is a general term for a group of rare disorders that may occur in several inherited forms or acquired at some point during life. This group of disorders involves a wide spectrum of symptoms and signs that result from defects in connective tissue, the material between cells of the body that gives the tissue form and strength. Cutis Laxa is characterized by skin that is loose, wrinkled, sagging, redundant, and lacking elasticity. When stretched, inelastic skin returns to place abnormally slowly. The skin around the face, arms, legs and trunk is most commonly affected. Abnormal skin may give affected individuals and children a prematurely-aged appearance and they can look much older than their true age.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita is also known as:
• CMTC
• Van Lohuizen Syndrome

What is Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita?
Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita (CMTC) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by discolored patches of skin caused by widened surface blood vessels. As a result, the skin has a purple or blue "marbled" or "fishnet" appearance. In some affected individuals, ulcerations or congenital skin defects can be present. The latter association can be part of Adams-Oliver syndrome.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cyclic Neutropenia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cyclic Neutropenia is also known as:
• CN
• Cyclic Hematopoiesis
• Human Cyclic Neutropeni
• Periodic Neutropenia

What is Cyclic Neutropenia?
Cyclic Neutropenia is a rare blood disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of abnormally low levels of certain white blood cells in the body.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome is also known as:
• Adult Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome
• Abdominal Migraine
• Childhood Cyclic Vomiting
• CVS
• Cyclical Vomiting
• Periodic Syndrome

What is Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome?
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS) is an uncommon disorder affecting both children and adults and characterized by recurrent, episodes of severe nausea and vomiting. An episode may last for a few hours to several days and then is followed by a period of time during which affected individuals are free of severe nausea and vomiting.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Cystic Fibrosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cystic Fibrosis is also known as:
• CF
• Fibrocystic Disease of Pancreas
• Mucoviscidosis
• Pancreatic Fibrosis

What is Cystic Fibrosis?
Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that often affects multiple organ systems of the body. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by abnormalities affecting certain glands of the body especially those that produce mucus. Saliva and sweat glands may also be affected. Exocrine glands secrete substances through ducts, either internally or externally. In cystic fibrosis, these secretions become abnormally thick and can clog up vital areas of the body causing inflammation, obstruction and infection.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Cystinosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Cystinosis is also known as:
• Infantile Nephropathic Cystinosis
• Intermediate Cystinosis
• Non-Nephropathic Cystinosis

What is Cystinosis?
Cystinosis is a rare, multisystem genetic disorder characterized by the accumulation of an amino acid called cystine in different tissues and organs of the body including the kidneys, eyes, muscles, liver, pancreas and brain.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Cystinuria

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cystinuria is also known as:
• Cistinuria
• Cystine-Lysine-Arginine-Ornithinuria
• Cystinuria with Dibasic Aminoaciduria

Subdivisions of Cystinuria
• Cystinuria, Type I
• Cystinuria, Type II
• Cystinuria, Type III
• Hypercystinuria

What is Cystinuria?
Cystinuria is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by the abnormal movement in the intestines and kidneys, of certain organic chemical compounds. These include cystine, lysine, arginine, and ornithine.

Categories

• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Cytochrome C Oxidase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cytochrome C Oxidase Deficiency is also known as:
• Complex IV Deficiency
• COX Deficiency
• Deficiency of Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain Complex IV

Subdivisions of Cytochrome C Oxidase Deficiency
• COX Deficiency, Benign Infantile Mitochondrial Myopathy Type
• COX Deficiency, French-Canadian Type
• COX Deficiency, Infantile Mitochondrial Myopathy Type
• Leigh's Syndrome (Subacute Necrotizing Encephalomyelopathy)

What is Cytochrome C Oxidase Deficiency?
Cytochrome C Oxidase Deficiency is a very rare inherited metabolic disorder characterized by deficiency of the enzyme cytochrome C oxidase (COX), or Complex IV, an essential enzyme that is active in the subcellular structures that help to regulate energy production (mitochondria).

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Cytomegalovirus Infection

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cytomegalovirus Infection is also known as:
• CMV
• Cytomegalic Inclusion Disease
• Giant Cell Inclusion Disease (CID)
• Human Cytomegalovirus Infection
• Salivary Gland Disease, CMV Type

Subdivisions of Cytomegalovirus Infection
• Acquired Cytomegalovirus Infection
• Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection
• Postperfusion Syndrome

What is Cytomegalovirus Infection?
Cytomegalovirus Infection (CMV) is a viral infection that rarely causes obvious illness. The virus that causes CMV is part of the herpes virus family and, like other herpes viruses, may become dormant for a period of time and then be reactivated. CMV affects young children mainly, but it is estimated that by age 30 in the United States, half of all adults are, or have been, infected.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical