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Master List of Awareness Causes - D | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter D and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter D:


Dandy Walker Malformation (DWM)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dandy Walker Malformation (DWM) is also known as:
• Dandy-Walker Cyst
• Dandy-Walker Deformity
• Dandy-Walker Syndrome
• DWM
• Hydrocephalus, Internal, Dandy-Walker Type
• Hydrocephalus, Noncommunicating, Dandy-Walker Type
• Luschka-Magendie Foramina Atresia

What is Dandy Walker Malformation (DWM)?
Dandy-Walker Malformation (DWM) is a brain malformation that occurs during embryonic development of the cerebellum and 4th ventricle. The cerebellum is the area of the brain that helps coordinate movement, and is also involved with cognition and behavior.

Categore

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Danon Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Danon Disease is also known as:
• Antopol Disease
• Glycogen Storage Cardiomyopathy
• Glycogen Storage Disease Type IIB
• GSD IIB
• Lysosomal Glycogen Storage Disease without Acid Maltase Deficiency
• Pseudoglycogenosis II
• Vacuolar Cardiomyopathy and Myopathy, X-Linked

What is Danon Disease?
Danon Disease is a rare genetic disorder characterized by an X-linked dominant inheritance pattern, as a result of which males are more severely affected than females. Among boys, the key features are diseased heart muscle, weakness of the body muscles and intellectual disability ranging from mild learning problems to overt intellectual disability. In many males, the disease progresses until a heart transplant is required or death occurs in the second to third decade of life. Females are also affected, although usually more mildly, and often onset is delayed until they reach adulthood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


De Barsy Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

De Barsy Syndrome is also known as:
• Autosomal Recessive Cutis Laxa Type 3 (ARCL3)
• Corneal Clouding-Cutis Laxa-Intellectual Disability
• DBS
• De Barsy-Moens-Dierckx Syndrome
• Progeroid Syndrome of De Barsy

Subdivisions of De Barsy Syndrome
• Autosomal Recessive Cutis Laxa Type 3 (ARCL3A)
• Autosomal Recessive Cutis Laxa Type 3 (ARCL3B)

What is De Barsy Syndrome?
De Barsy Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by eye abnormalities, growth retardation, intellectual disability, a prematurely-aged appearance, and loose, wrinkled, sagging, redundant skin that lacks elasticity. Distinctive facial features, skeletal malformations, and neurological abnormalities can also occur.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


De Santis Cacchione Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

De Santis Cacchione Syndrome is also known as:
• Xerodermic Idiocy

What is De Santis Cacchione Syndrome?
De Sanctis-Cacchione Syndrome is an extremely rare disorder characterized by the skin and eye symptoms of Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) occurring in association with neurological abnormalities, mental retardation, unusually short stature, and underdevelopment of the testes or ovaries. Xeroderma pigmentosum is a group of rare inherited skin disorders characterized by a heightened reaction to ultraviolet light, skin discolorations, and the possible development of several types of eye disorders and skin cancers.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Degenerative Disc Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Cream Ribbon for Degenerative Disc Disease

What is Degenerative Disc Disease?
Nearly everyone's spinal discs show signs of wear as they age. Not everyone, however, will have degenerative disc disease. Not actually a disease, this is a condition in which a damaged disc causes pain. A wide range of symptoms and severity is associated with this condition.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Degos Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Degos Disease is also known as:
• Degos-Kohlmeier Disease
• Degos Syndrome
• Kohlmeier-Degos Disease
• Malignant Atrophic Papulosis
• MAP
• Papulosis Atrophicans Maligna

What is Degos Disease?
Degos Disease is an extremely rare disorder in which small and medium sized arteries become blocked, restricting the flow of blood to affected areas. Degos Disease usually causes characteristic skin lesions that may last for a period of time ranging from weeks to years. In some individuals, Degos Disease will be limited to the skin; other individuals will also develop symptoms affecting other organ systems. Systemic Degos disease is most frequently characterized by lesions in the small intestine, but other organs are also affected.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dejerine Sottas Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dejerine Sottas Disease is also known as:
• Hereditary Motor Sensory Neuropathy Type III, HSMN Type III
• Hypertrophic Interstitial Neuritis
• Hypertrophic Interstitial Neuropathy
• Hypertrophic Interstitial Radiculoneuropathy
• Onion-Bulb Neuropathy

What is Dejerine Sottas Disease?
Dejerine Sottas Disease is an inherited neurological disorder that progressively affects mobility. Peripheral nerves become enlarged or thickened leading to muscle weakness. Progress of the disorder is irregular and often accompanied by pain, weakness, numbness, and a tingling, prickling or burning sensation in the legs.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dengue Fever

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dengue Fever is also known as:
• Breakbone Fever
• Dandy Fever
• Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
• Dengue Shock Syndrome
• Duengero
• Seven Day Fever, Dengue Type

What is Dengue Fever?
Dengue Fever is an acute viral infection characterized by fever. It is caused by a bite from mosquitoes carrying dengue virus. The primary form of Dengue Fever is characterized by a skin rash and a high fever with severe pain in the head and muscles.

Categories

• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Dent Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Subdivisions of Dent Disease
• Dent Disease Type 1
• Dent Disease Type 2

What is Dent Disease?
Dent Disease is a rare genetic kidney disorder characterized by spillage of small proteins in the urine, increased levels of calcium in the urine, kidney calcifications, recurrent episodes of kidney stones and chronic kidney disease.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dentin Dysplasia Type I (DD-I)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dentin Dysplasia Type I (DD-I) is also known as:
• Dentin Dysplasia, Radicular
• Opalescent Dentin
• Pulpless Teeth
• Radicular Dentin Dysplasia
• Rootless Teeth
• Thistle Tube Teeth

What is Dentin Dysplasia Type I (DD-I)?
Dentin Dysplasia Type I (DD-I) is an inherited disorder characterized by atypical development of the dentin of a person's teeth. This disorder is also known as Radicular Dentin Dysplasia because the underdeveloped, abnormal pulp tissue is predominately in the roots of the teeth. The teeth lack pulp chambers or have half-moon shaped pulp chambers in short or abnormally shaped roots.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Mouth Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dentin Dysplasia Type II (DD-II)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Dentin Dysplasia Type II (DD-II) is also known as:
• Coronal Dentin Dysplasia
• DD-II

What is Dentin Dysplasia Type II (DD-II)?
Dentin Dysplasia Type II (DD-II), also known as Coronal Dentin Dysplasia, is a rare genetic disorder that affects the teeth. It is characterized by abnormal development of dentin.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Mouth Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dentinogenesis Imperfecta Type III (DGI-III)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dentinogenesis Imperfecta Type III (DGI-III) is also known as:
• Brandywine Type Dentinogenesis Imperfecta
• Dentinogenesis Imperfecta, Shields Type

What is Dentinogenesis Imperfecta Type III (DGI-III)?
Dentinogenesis Imperfecta Type III (DGI-III) is one of five distinct, hereditary disorders of dentin development affecting the teeth. Dentin is the hard, bone-like material that makes up most of a tooth and lies under the enamel serving to protect the soft, pulp tissue. These heritable dentin disorders may affect only the teeth or may be associated with the condition known as osteogenesis imperfecta.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Mouth Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Denys-Drash Syndrome (DDS)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Denys-Drash Syndrome (DDS) is also known as:
• DDS
• Drash Syndrome
• Nephropathy and Disorders of Sexual Development
• Wilms Tumor, Pseudo or True Hermaphroditism

What is Denys-Drash Syndrome (DDS)?
Denys-Drash Syndrome (DDS) is characterized by abnormal kidney function, a cancerous tumor of the kidney called Wilms tumor, and disorders of sexual development in affected males.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Depersonalization Disorder

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Depersonalization Disorder is also known as:
• Depersonalization Neurosis

What is Depersonalization Disorder?
Depersonalization Disorder is a psychiatric disorder affecting emotions and behavior. It is characterized by an alteration in how an affected individual perceives or experiences his or her unique sense of self. A feeling of detachment from, or being an outside observer of, one's mental processes or body occurs such as the sensation of being in a dream.

Categories

• Psychiatric Disorders

Cause Classification: Psychological


Dercum’s Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dercum’s Disease is also known as:
• Adiposis Dolorosa
• Fatty Tissue Rheumatism
• Juxta-Articular Adiposis Dolorosa
• Lipomatosis Dolorosa Morbus Dercum's

What is Dercum’s Disease?
Dercum's Disease is an extremely rare disorder characterized by multiple, painful growths consisting of fatty tissue (lipomas). These growths mainly occur on the trunk, the upper arms and upper legs and are found just below the skin.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dermatitis Herpetiformis (DH)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dermatitis Herpetiformis (DH) is also known as:
• Brocq-Duhring Disease
• Duhring-Brocq Disease
• Duhring Disease
• Dermatitis Multiformis
• DH

What is Dermatitis Herpetiformis (DH)?
Dermatitis Herpetiformis (DH) is a rare, chronic, autoimmune skin condition characterized by the presence of groups of severely itchy blisters and raised red skin lesions. These are most commonly located on the elbows, knees, buttocks, lower back and scalp. The most common age of onset of DH is 30-40 years of age but individuals of all ages can be affected. DH is rare in children. DH is a skin manifestation of celiac disease (CD).

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dermatomyositis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dermatomyositis is also known as:
• ADM
• Childhood Dermatomyositis
• Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathy
• IIM
• Polymyositis

Subdivisions of Dermatomyositis
• Ddult Dermatomyositis
• Dermatomyositis Sine Myositis
• Juvenile (childhood) Dermatomyositis (JDMS)

What is Dermatomyositis?
Dermatomyositis is a type of inflammatory myopathy characterized by inflammatory and degenerative changes of the muscles and skin.

Categories

• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Desmoid Tumor

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Desmoid Tumor is also known as:
• Aggressive Fibromatosis
• Deep Fibromatosis
• Musculoaponeurotic Fibromatosis
• Nonmetastasizing Fibrosarcoma

What is Desmoid Tumor?
Desmoid Tumor commonly develops in the fibrous (connective) tissue of the body that forms tendons and ligaments, usually in the arms, legs or midsection, and also in the head and neck. The myofibroblast is the cell considered to be responsible for the development of Desmoid Tumor. A Desmoid Tumor can be invasive to surrounding tissues and difficult to control.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Developmental-Dysplasia of Hip

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Cream Ribbon for Developmental-Dysplasia of Hip

What is Developmental-Dysplasia of Hip?
Developmental Dysplasia of the hip is a congenital condition of the hip joint. It occurs once in every 1,000 live births. The hip joint is created as a ball and socket joint. In DDH, the hip socket may be shallow, letting the "ball" of the long leg bone, also known as the femoral head, slip in and out of the socket. The "ball" may move partially or completely out of the hip socket.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Devic's Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange and Green Ribbon for Devic's Disease

What is Devic's Disease?
Devic's Disease, also called Neuromyelitis Optica or NMO, is an immunological disorder that may be confused with multiple sclerosis (MS). Devic's Disease is often characterized by immune attacks on the optic nerves and the spinal cord. Individuals may experience these attacks at the same time or at different times.

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dextrocardia with Situs Inversus

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dextrocardia with Situs Inversus is also known as:
• Mirror-Image Dextrocardia

Subdivisions of Dextrocardia with Situs Inversus

What is Dextrocardia with Situs Inversus?
Dextrocardia with Situs Inversus is a rare heart condition characterized by abnormal positioning of the heart. In this condition, the tip of the heart is positioned on the right side of the chest. Additionally, the position of the heart chambers, as well as the visceral organs such as the liver and spleen, is reversed.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Diabetes (Dogs and Cats)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Paws Ribbon for Animal Diseases

What is Diabetes (Dogs and Cats)?
Diabetes Mellitus is a condition that is more likely to be found in overweight cats and dogs and among those that eat primarily high-carbohydrate diets. It is rare for a healthy dog or cat to have the disease. In fact, an overweight cat is four-times at risk of developing diabetes than a cat of normal weight.

Unlike dogs, no specific cat breeds are known to be genetically predisposed to developing diabetes. Among canine species, Miniature Poodles, Dachshunds, Terriers, Cocker Spaniels, Doberman Pinschers, Labradors, Golden Retrievers and German Shepherds have an above-average rate of developing diabetes.

Male cats are twice as likely to develop diabetes as female cats while the opposite is true with canines. Among dogs, females are the most at-risk for developing the disease.

Categories

• Animal Causes

Cause Classification: Animal


Diabetes Melitus Type 1

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and Gray Ribbon for Diabetes Melitus Type 1

What is Diabetes Melitus Type 1?
Type 1 Diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar to enter cells to produce energy. Different factors, including genetics and some viruses, may contribute to Type 1 Diabetes. Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, it can develop in adults.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Diastrophic Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Diastrophic Dysplasia is also known as:
• DD
• Diastrophic Dwarfism
• Diastrophic Nanism Syndrome
• DTD

What is Diastrophic Dysplasia?
Diastrophic Dysplasia, which is also known as Disastrophic Dwarfism, is a rare disorder that is present at birth. The range and severity of associated symptoms and physical findings may vary greatly from case to case. However, the disorder is often characterized by short stature and unusually short arms and legs, abnormal development of bones and joints in many areas of the body, progressive abnormal curvature of the spine, abnormal tissue changes of the outer, visible portions of the ears; and/or, in some cases, malformations of the head and facial area.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Diencephalic Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Diencephalic Syndrome is also known as:
• Diencephalic Syndrome of Childhood
• Diencephalic syndrome of Emaciation
• Paramedian Diencephalic Syndrome
• Russell's Diencephalic Cachexia
• Russell's Syndrome

What is Diencephalic Syndrome?
Diencephalic Syndrome is a rare disorder caused by a tumor that is usually located in the diencephalon, a portion of the brain just above the brainstem. The diencephalon includes the hypothalamus and the thalamus. Affected infants and young children may develop symptoms that include the failure to gain weight and grow as would be expected based upon age and gender and abnormal progressive thinness and weakness.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Diffuse Pulmonary Lymphangiomatosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Diffuse Pulmonary Lymphangiomatosis is also known as:
• DPL
• Pulmonary Lymphangiomatosis

What is Diffuse Pulmonary Lymphangiomatosis?
Diffuse Pulmonary Lymphangiomatosis is a disease in which the overgrowth of lymphatic vessels occurs in the lungs, pleura and typically the surrounding soft tissue of the chest. Lymphatic vessels are part of the lymphatic system, which includes lymph nodes, the small nodules where certain white blood cells and other cells participate in the immune regulatory system of the body. When fluid leaves arteries and enters the soft tissue and organs of the body, it does so without red or white blood cells. This thin watery fluid is known as lymph.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dilatation of the Pulmonary Artery, Idiopathic

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dilatation of the Pulmonary Artery, Idiopathic is also known as:
• IDPA

What is Dilatation of the Pulmonary Artery, Idiopathic?
Idiopathic Dilatation of the Pulmonary Artery (IDPA) is a rare congenital defect characterized by a wider than normal main pulmonary artery in the absence of any apparent anatomical or physiological cause.

Categories

• Congenial and Genetic Diseases
• Lung Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE)

What is Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE)?
Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic skin condition of sores with inflammation and scarring favoring the face, ears, and scalp and at times on other body areas. These lesions develop as a red, inflamed patch with a scaling and crusty appearance. The center areas may appear lighter in color with a rim darker than the normal skin. When lesions occur in hairy areas such as the beard or scalp, permanent scarring and hair loss can occur.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Disseminated Infection with Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

What is Disseminated Infection with Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)?
Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) refers to infections caused by one of two nontuberculous mycobacterial species, either M. avium or M. intracellulare. Infection with these organisms can occur in patients with or without HIV infection. The two principal forms of MAC infection in patients with HIV are disseminated disease and focal lymphadenitis. By contrast, isolated pulmonary infection is typically seen in immunocompetent patients.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Distal Myopathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Distal Myopathy is also known as:
• Distal Muscular Dystrophy

Subdivisions of Distal Myopathy
• Distal Myopathy 3 (MPD3)
• Distal Myopathy with Rimmed Vacuoles (DMRV)
• Distal Myopathy with Vocal Cord and Pharyngeal Signs
• Inclusion Body Myopathy Type 2 (IBM2)
• Laing Distal Myopathy
• Laing Early-Onset Distal Myopathy
• Miyoshi Myopathy
• Nonaka Myopathy
• Tibial Distal Myopathy
• Udd Distal Myopathy
• Welander Distal Myopathy

What is Distal Myopathy?
Distal Myopathy is a general term for a group of rare progressive genetic disorders characterized by wasting and weakness of the voluntary distal muscles. The distal muscles are those farther from the center of the body and include the muscles of the lower arms and legs and the hands and feet. Although age of onset can occur any time from infancy to adulthood, most forms develop later in life and are slowly progressive.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dominant Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Dominant Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia is also known as:
• AD-MED
• Autosomal Dominant Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia
• dMED
• MED

Subdivisions of Dominant Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia
• Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia Type 1 (EDM1)
• Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia Type 2 (EDM2)
• Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia Type 3 (EDM3)
• Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia Type 5 (EDM5)
• Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia Type 6 (EDM6)

What is Dominant Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia?
Dominant Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia is a general term for a group of genetic disorders characterized by skeletal malformations including those affecting bones of the hands, feet, and knees. Joint pain, particularly of the hips or knees, is also common and often develops during childhood. Initial signs may include pain in the hips and knees following exercise. Progressive joint disease, particularly of the large weight-bearing bones, is common.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


DOOR Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Congenital and Genetic Diseases

DOOR Syndrome is also known as:
• Digitorenocerebral Syndrome
• Autosomal Recessive Deafness-Onychodystrophy Syndrome
• Deafness-Onychodystrophy-Osteodystrophy-Intellectual Disability Syndrome
• Deafness-Onychoosteodystrophy-Intellectual Disability Syndrome
• DOORS Syndrome

What is DOOR Syndrome?
Deafness Onychodystrophy Osteodystrophy and Mental Retardation (DOOR) Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is usually recognized shortly after birth. The term DOOR is an acronym with each letter representing a common feature in affected individuals: (D)eafness due to a defect of the inner ear or auditory nerve; (O)nychodystrophy or malformation of the nails; (O)steodystrophy, meaning malformation of certain bones; and mild to profound mental (R)etardation, which is now referred to as intellectual disability. In some cases, individuals may also experience seizures.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dracunculiasis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dracunculiasis is also known as:
• Dracontiasis
• Dracunculiasis
• Fiery Serpent Infection
• Guinea Worm Infection

What is Dracunculiasis?
Dracunculosis is an infection caused by a parasitic worm known as Dracunculus medinensis, the guinea worm. Infected water fleas release the larvae of the worm into drinking water. Ingestion of contaminated water causes the larvae to migrate from the intestines via the abdominal cavity to the tissue under the skin. The larvae mature and release a toxic substance that makes the overlying skin ulcerate. After treatment, symptoms disappear and the worms can be safely removed from the skin.

Categories

• Parasitic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dravet Syndrome (DS)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dravet Syndrome (DS) is also known as:
• DS
• Epilepsy with Polymorphic Seizures
• Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy of Infancy (SMEI)
• Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy of Infancy – Borderline (SMEI-B)
• Polymorphic Epilepsy of Infancy (PMEI)

What is Dravet Syndrome (DS)?
Dravet Syndrome (DS) is a severe form of epilepsy characterized by frequent, prolonged seizures often triggered by high body temperature, developmental delay, speech impairment, ataxia, hypotonia, sleep disturbances, and other health problems. DS is thought to be at the severe end of a spectrum of disorders associated with changes in genes for the sodium ion channel. DS is considered an epileptic encephalopathy, or disorder of the brain due to seizures. In addition, it is considered a “channelopathy” because the effects of the mutation on the sodium channel appear to contribute to the disorder independently of the seizures.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dressler’s Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Dressler's Syndrome

Dressler’s Syndrome is also known as:
• Postpericardiotomy Syndrome
• Postmyocardial Infarction Syndrome
• Post-Cardiac Injury Syndrome

What is Dressler’s Syndrome?
Dressler's Syndrome is a type of pericarditis, inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart. Dressler's Syndrome is believed to be an immune system response after damage to heart tissue or to the pericardium, from events such as a heart attack, surgery or traumatic injury.

Categories

• Heart Diseases
• Immune System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Duane Syndrome (DS)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Duane Syndrome (DS) is also known as:
• DR Syndrome
• Duane Radial Ray Syndrome (DRRS)
• Duane's Retraction Syndrome
• Eye Retraction Syndrome
• Retraction Syndrome
• Stilling-Turk-Duane Syndrome

Subdivisions of Duane Syndrome (DS)
• Duane Syndrome Type IA, 1B, 1C
• Duane Syndrome Type 2A, 2B, 2C
• Duane Syndrome Type 3A, 3B, 3C

What is Duane Syndrome (DS)?
Duane Syndrome (DS) is an eye movement disorder present at birth characterized by horizontal eye movement limitation. In addition, when the affected eye(s) moves inward toward the nose, the eyeball retracts and the eye opening narrows. In some cases, when the eye attempts to look inward, it moves upward or downward. Duane Syndrome falls under the larger heading of strabismus and subheading of what was previously termed extraocular fibrosis syndromes, now termed Congenital Cranial Dysinnervation Disorders (CCDDs).

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dubin Johnson Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Dubin Johnson Syndrome is also known as:
• Chronic Idiopathic Jaundice
• Conjugated Hyperbilirubinemia
• DJS
• Hyperbilirubinemia II

What is Dubin Johnson Syndrome?
Dubin Johnson Syndrome is a rare genetic liver disorder that tends to affect people of Middle Eastern Jewish heritage disproportionately to other groups. It appears to be associated with clotting factor VII in this population.

Categories

Congenital and Genetic Diseases
Digestive Diseases
Metabolic disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Dubowitz Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Dubowitz Syndrome is also known as:
• Intrauterine Dwarfism

What is Dubowitz Syndrome?
Dubowitz Syndrome is a very rare genetic and developmental disorder involving multiple congenital anomalies including but not limited to: growth failure/short stature, unusual but characteristic facial features, a small head, mild mental retardation; and, in at least 50% of the cases, eczema. Multiple organ systems are affected and the disorder is unpredictable and extremely variable in its expression.

Categories

Congenital and Genetic Diseases
Eye Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is also known as:
• DMD
• Dystrophinopathy
• Pseudohypertrophic Myopathy

What is Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)?
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a rare muscle disorder but it is one of the most frequent genetic conditions affecting approximately 1 in 3,500 male births worldwide. It is usually recognized between three and six years of age. DMD is characterized by weakness and wasting of the muscles of the pelvic area followed by the involvement of the shoulder muscles. As the disease progresses, muscle weakness and atrophy spread to affect the trunk and forearms and gradually progress to involve additional muscles of the body. The disease is progressive and most affected individuals require a wheelchair by the teenage years.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS) (Breast Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink Ribbon for Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS) (Breast Cancer)

What is Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS) (Breast Cancer)?
Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS) (Breast Cancer) is non-invasive breast cancer. Ductal means that the cancer starts inside the milk ducts, carcinoma refers to any cancer that begins in the skin or other tissues that cover or line the internal organs, and in situ means "in its original place." DCIS is called "non-invasive" because it has not spread beyond the milk duct into any normal surrounding breast tissue.

Categories

• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Duodenal Atresia or Stenosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Duodenal Atresia or Stenosis is also known as:
• Duodenal Atresia
• Duodenal Stenosis

What is Duodenal Atresia or Stenosis?
Duodenal Atresia is a disease of newborn infants. Absence or complete closure of a portion of the channel within the first part of the small intestine, or partial obstruction due to narrowing of the duodenum, is present.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dupuytren’s Contracture

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dupuytren’s Contracture is also known as:
• Palmar Fibromas
• Palmar Fibromatosis, Familial
• Plantar Fibromas
• Plantar Fibromatosis, Familial

What is Dupuytren’s Contracture?
Dupuytren's Contracture is a rare connective tissue disorder characterized by fixation of the joints of certain fingers in a permanently flexed position.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dyggve Melchior Clausen Syndrome (DCM)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Dyggve Melchior Clausen Syndrome (DCM) is also known as:
• DMC Disease
• Pseudo-Morquio Disease Type I

Subdivisions of Dyggve Melchior Clausen Syndrome (DCM)
• Smith-McCort Syndrome

What is Dyggve Melchior Clausen Syndrome (DCM)?
Dyggve-Melchior-Clausen Syndrome (DMC) is a rare, progressive genetic disorder characterized by abnormal skeletal development, microcephaly and intellectual disability.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dysautonomia, Familial

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Dysautonomia, Familial is also known as:
• FD
• Hereditary Sensory and Autonomic Neuropathy, Type III (HSAN, Type III)
• Hereditary Sensory Neuropathy Type III
• HSAN-III
• HSN-III
• Riley-Day Syndrome

What is Dysautonomia, Familial?
Familial Dysautonomia is a rare genetic disorder of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) that primarily affects people of Eastern European Jewish heritage. It is characterized by diminished sensitivity to pain, lack of overflow tearing in the eyes, a decrease in the number of knob-like projections that cover the tongue, unusual fluctuations of body temperature, and unstable blood pressure. Symptoms of this disorder are apparent at birth.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dyskeratosis Congenita

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Dyskeratosis Congenita is also known as:
• DC
• DKC
• Dysfunctional Telomere Maintenance
• Dyskeratosis Congenita Syndrome
• Short Telomere Disease

Subdivisions of Dyskeratosis Congenita
• Dyskeratosis Congenita, Autosomal Dominant, Scoggins Type
• Dyskeratosis Congenita, Autosomal Recessive
• Dyskeratosis Congenita, X-Linked, Zinsser-Cole-Engleman Syndrome
• Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson Syndrome
• Revesz Syndrome

What is Dyskeratosis Congenita?
Dyskeratosis Congenita is a rare genetic form of bone marrow failure, the inability of the marrow to produce sufficient blood cells.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica (DEH)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica (DEH) is also known as:
• Aclasia, Tarsoepiphyseal
• Chondrodystrophy, Epiphyseal
• DEH
• Epiphyseal Osteochondroma
• Tarsomegaly
• Trevor Disease A

What is Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica (DEH)?
Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica (DEH), also known as Trevor Disease, is a rare developmental bone disorder of childhood. It is characterized by an abnormal overgrowth of cartilage arising from the cartilage which is normally present in the terminal ends of the long bones particularly of the lower limbs. The bones of the knee and ankle joints are most commonly affected, as well as part of the foot.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Dystonia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Dystonia is also known as:
• Torsion Dystonia

Subdivisions of Dystonia
• Acquired Dystonia
• Blepharospasm (Benign Essential Blepharospasm[BEB])
• Cervical Dystonia (Spasmodic Torticollis[ST])
• Dopa-Responsive Dystonia (DRD)
• DYT1-Reated Dystonia
• DYT6-Related Dystonia
• Embouchure Dystonia
• Embouchure Dystonia
• Focal Dystonia
• Generalized Dystonia
• Myoclonic Dystonia
• Oromandibular Dystonia
• Paroxysmal Dystonia Choreoathetosis
• Paroxysmal Exertion-Induced Dyskinesia
• Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dystonia (PKD)
• Paroxysmal Nonkinesigenic Dyskinesia (PKND)
• Primary Dystonia
• Rapid-Onset Dystonia-Parkinsonism (RDP)
• Segmental Dystonia
• Spasmodic Dysphonia (SD)
• Spasmodic Torticollis (Cervical Dystonia)
• Tardive Dyskinesia
• Tardive Dystonia
• Writer's Cramp
• X-Linked Dystonia-Parkinsonism

What is Dystonia?
Dystonia is a general term for a large group of movement disorders that vary in their symptoms, causes, progression, and treatments. This group of neurological conditions is generally characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that force the body into abnormal, sometimes painful, movements and positions. The muscular contractions may be sustained or come and go. Movements may be patterned and twisting, and/or in some cases shaking or quivering resembling a tremor.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical