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Master List of Awareness Causes - K | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter K and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter K:


Kabuki Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Kabuki Syndrome

Kabuki Syndrome is also known as:
• Kabuki Makeup Syndrome
• KMS
• Niikawa-Kuroki Syndrome

What is Kabuki Syndrome?
Kabuki Syndrome is a rare, multisystem disorder characterized by multiple abnormalities including distinctive facial features, growth delays, varying degrees of intellectual disability, skeletal abnormalities, and short stature.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Kallmann Syndrome

Kallmann Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Kallmann Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
Kallmann Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Kallmann Syndrome is also known as:
• Idiopathic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism with Anosmia

What is Kallmann Syndrome?
Kallmann Syndrome (KS) is a rare genetic disorder in humans that is defined by a delay/absence of signs of puberty along with an absent/impaired sense of smell.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Kaposi Sarcoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Yellow Ribbon for Kaposi Sarcoma

What is Kaposi Sarcoma (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)?
Kaposi Sarcoma is a type of soft tissue sarcoma. Soft-tissue sarcomas are a group of cancers that begin in the tissues that support and connect the body. Kaposi Sarcoma generally develops in tissue located below the skin's surface or in the lining of the mouth, nose, or anus. Areas of abnormal tissue change, known as Kaposi Sarcoma lesions, usually appear on the skin as raised blotches or nodules. These lesions may be purple, red, or brown. When viewed under a microscope, Kaposi Sarcoma cells resemble blood vessels.

There are several types of Kaposi sarcoma:
• Classic Kaposi Sarcoma. Classic Kaposi sarcoma was first described in the late 1800s, and it traditionally occurs in older men of Jewish or Mediterranean descent. Lesions most often appear on the lower body, particularly on the legs, ankles, or soles of the feet. Classic Kaposi Sarcoma is more common in men than in women, and lesions may develop slowly over a period of 10 to 15 years.

• Epidemic Kaposi Sarcoma. Kaposi Sarcoma in people with HIV/AIDS is often called epidemic Kaposi Sarcoma. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the immune system caused by infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). It is the most common type of Kaposi Sarcoma. Today, Kaposi Sarcoma is found most often in homosexual men with HIV/AIDS. Epidemic Kaposi Sarcoma causes lesions to form in many different areas on the body. It may affect the lymph nodes and organs, such as the liver, spleen, lungs, and the digestive tract.

• Endemic Kaposi Sarcoma. Endemic or African Kaposi Sarcoma usually develops in people living in equatorial Africa. Most often, endemic Kaposi Sarcoma is the same as classic Kaposi Sarcoma, but people generally develop the disease at a younger age. A particularly aggressive form of endemic Kaposi Sarcoma can develop in children who have not yet reached puberty. It usually involves the lymph nodes and other organs. Endemic Kaposi Sarcoma usually causes skin lesions without any other symptoms, and these lesions do not spread to other parts of the body.

• Acquired Kaposi Sarcoma. Acquired, immunosuppressive treatment-related or transplant-related Kaposi Sarcoma develops in people who have received an organ transplant and are taking drugs to suppress their immune system to prevent their body from rejecting the transplanted organ. Because this treatment lowers the function of the immune system, secondary diseases or infections can occur. Kaposi Sarcoma is 150 to 200 times more likely to develop in people who have received an organ transplant than in people in the general population. Most of the time, acquired Kaposi Sarcoma only affects the skin, but the disease can spread to the mucous membranes or other organs.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Kasabach Merritt Phenomenon

Kasabach Merritt Phenomenon Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Kasabach Merritt Phenomenon - Listed by Global Genes®
Kasabach Merritt Phenomenon is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Kasabach-Merritt Phenomenon (KMP) is also known as:
• Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome
• KMP
• Thrombocytopenia with a Vascular Lesion

What is Kasabach-Merritt Phenomenon (KMP)?
Kasabach-Merritt Phenomenon (KMP) is a rare condition that is associated with a coagulopathy with features including profound thrombocytopenia, hypofibrinogenemia, and anemia. This phenomenon is only associated with two rare vascular tumors: Kaposiform Hemangioendotheliomas and Tufted Angiomas.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Kawasaki Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange and Red Ribbon for Kawasaki Disease
[Red Ribbon for Kawasaki Disease]

Kawasaki Disease is also known as:
• Kawasaki Syndrome
• MLNS
• Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome

What is Kawasaki Disease?
Kawasaki Disease is an acute multisystem inflammatory disease of blood vessels that most commonly affects infants and young children. The disease may be characterized by a high fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, a reddish skin rash, and swelling of lymph nodes. In addition, individuals with Kawasaki Disease may develop inflammation of arteries that transport blood to heart muscle, associated widening or bulging of the walls of affected coronary arteries, inflammation of heart muscle, and/or other symptoms and findings. Kawasaki Disease is the primary cause of acquired heart disease in children in the United States.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


KBG Syndrome

KBG Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for KBG Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
KBG Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

KBG Syndrome is also known as:
• Short Stature, Facial/Skeletal Anomalies-Retardation-Macrodontia

What is KBG Syndrome?
KBG syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, dental abnormalities, developmental abnormalities of the limbs, bones of the spine, extremities, and/or underdevelopment of the bones of the skeleton. Abnormalities of the head and face may also be present.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


KCNK9 Imprinting Syndrome

KCNK9 Imprinting Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for KCNK9 Imprinting Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
KCNK9 Imprinting Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

What is KCNK9 Imprinting Syndrome
KCNK9 Imprinting Syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by a variety of symptoms including distinctive facial features, varying degrees of the intellectual disability, and low muscle tone at birth.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


KCNQ2 Encephalopathy

KCNQ2 Encephalopathy Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for KCNQ2 Encephalopathy - Listed by Global Genes®
KCNQ2 Encephalopathy is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

KCNQ2 Encephalopathy is also known as:
• Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy (EIEE7)
• KCNQ2E
• KCNQ2-Related Neonatal Epileptic Encephalopathy

What is KCNQ2 Encephalopathy?
KCNQ2 Encephalopathy typically presents with seizures in the first week of life. Seizures appear as stiffening of the body often associated with jerking and changes in breathing or heart rate. The seizures are usually quite frequent and often difficult to treat. Typically, the seizures are associated with abnormal brain wave patterns on EEG during this time. The seizures in KCNQ2E often resolve within months to years but children have some degree of developmental impairment involving one or more domains (motor, social, language, cognition).

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Kearns Sayre Syndrome

Kearns Sayre Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Kearns Sayre Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
Kearns Sayre Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Kearns Sayre Syndrome (KSS) is also known as:
• Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia and Myopathy
• Chronic Progressive External Ophthalmoplegia with Ragged Red Fibers
• CPEO with Myopathy
• CPEO with Ragged Red Fibers
• KSS
• Mitochondrial Cytopathy
• Occulocraniosomatic Syndrome (obsolete)
• Ophthalmoplegia, Pigmentary Degeneration of the Retina and Cardiomyopathy
• Ophthalmoplegia Plus Syndrome

What is Kearns Sayre Syndrome (KSS)?
Kearns-Sayre Syndrome (KSS) is a rare neuromuscular disorder. An important clinical symptomatic feature is the presence of partial closure of the eyelids. This disease is mostly characterized by three primary findings: progressive paralysis of certain eye muscles; abnormal accumulation of colored material on the nerve-rich membrane lining the eyes, leading to chronic inflammation, progressive degeneration, and wearing-away of certain eye structures; and heart disease such as heart block.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Awareness Ribbon Color:

Fuchsia Ribbon for Keep Abortion Legal / I Support Planned Parenthood®


Kennedy Disease / Kennedy's Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Kennedy Disease / Kennedy's Disease

Kennedy Disease is also known as:
• KD
• Kennedy's Syndrome
• SBMA
• Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy
• Spinal Bulbar Muscular Atrophy
• Spinobulbar Muscular Atrophy
• X-Linked Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy
• X-Linked Spinal Bulbar Muscular Atrophy
• X-Linked Spinobulbar Muscular Atrophy

What is Kennedy Disease?
Kennedy Disease is typically an adult-onset disease, where symptoms occur mainly between the ages of 20 and 50. The disease is characterized by symptoms such as muscle weakness and cramps in the arms, legs, and facial area, enlarged breasts, and difficulty with speaking and swallowing. Kennedy Disease affects fewer than 1 in 350,000 males and does not typically occur in females, who are protected by their low levels of circulating testosterone.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Kennel Cough (Cats and Dogs)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Paws Ribbon for Animal Diseases

What is Kennel Cough (Dogs)?
Kennel Cough (also known as canine infectious tracheobronchitis) is a highly contagious respiratory disease. Dogs commonly contract Kennel Cough at places where large amounts of canines congregate, such as boarding and daycare facilities, dog parks, training groups, and dog shows. Dogs can spread it to one another through airborne droplets, direct contact (e.g., touching noses), or contaminated surfaces (including water/food bowls). It’s highly treatable in most dogs but can be more severe in puppies younger than six months of age and immunocompromised dogs.

Categories

• Animal Causes

Cause Classification: Animal


Kenny Caffey Syndrome

Kenny Caffey Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Kenny Caffey Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
Kenny Caffey Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Kenny-Caffey Syndrome (KCS2) is also known as:
• Dwarfism, Cortical Thickening of Tubular Bones and Transient Hypocalcemia
• KCS2
• Kenny-Caffey Syndrome, Dominant Type

What is Kenny-Caffey Syndrome (KCS2)?
Kenny-Caffey Syndrome Type 2 (KCS2) is an extremely rare hereditary skeletal disorder characterized by thickening of the long bones, thin marrow cavities in the bones, and abnormalities affecting the head and eyes. Most cases are obvious at birth. The primary outcome of KCS2 is short stature.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness Syndrome

Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness (KID) Syndrome is also known as:
• Ichthyosiform Erythroderma, Corneal Involvement, and Deafness Syndrome
• KID Syndrome

What is Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness (KID) Syndrome?
Keratitis Ichthyosis Deafness (KID) Syndrome is a rare, genetic, multi-system disorder. It is characterized by defects of the surface of the corneas, red, rough thickened plaques of skin and sensorineural deafness or severe hearing impairment.

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Keratoconus

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Keratoconus is also known as:
• Conical Cornea
• KC
• KCN

What is Keratoconus?
Keratoconus is an eye disorder characterized by progressive thinning and changes in the shape of the cornea. In those with keratoconus, slowly progressive thinning of the cornea causes a cone-shaped bulge to develop towards the center of the cornea in the areas of greatest thinning. Affected individuals develop blurry or distorted vision, sensitivity to light, and additional vision problems. Keratoconus often begins at puberty and most often is seen in teen-agers or young adults.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Keratomalacia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Keratomalacia?
Keratomalacia is an eye condition, usually affecting both eyes, that results from severe deficiency of vitamin A. That deficiency may be dietary or metabolic. Vitamin A is essential for normal vision as well as proper bone growth, healthy skin, and protection of the mucous membranes of the digestive, respiratory, and urinary tracts against infection.

In some developing countries, Vitamin A deficiency in the diet and associated keratomalacia are a major cause of childhood blindness. In such regions, ivtamin A deficiency often occurs as part of nonselective general malnutrition in infants and young children. Although rare in developed countries, Vitamin A deficiency and Keratomalacia may occur secondary to conditions associated with impaired absorption, storage, or transport of Vitamin A, such as Celiac Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Cystic Fibrosis, Liver Disease, or Intestinal Bypass Surgery and any condition that affects absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Keratosis Follicularis

Keratosis Follicularis Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Keratosis Follicularis - Listed by Global Genes®
Keratosis Follicularis is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Keratosis Follicularis is also known as:
• Darier Disease
• Darier-White Disease
• Dyskeratosis Follicularis

What is Keratosis Follicularis?
Keratosis Follicularis, also known as Darier Disease, is a rare, genetic skin disorder. Affected individuals develop skin lesions that consist of thickened, rough bumps or plaques that may also be greasy or have a brown or yellow crust. These hardened, scaly lesions are progressive and may gradually grow bigger or spread. The nails and mucous membranes are also affected in most cases. Individuals may have periods of time when signs improve, but the lesions usually recur.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Kernicterus

Kernicterus Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Kernicterus - Listed by Global Genes®
Kernicterus is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Kernicterus is also known as:
• Bilirubin Encephalopathy

What is Kernicterus?
Kernicterus is a rare neurological disorder characterized by excessive levels of bilirubin in the blood during infancy. Bilirubin is an orange-yellow bile pigment that is a byproduct of the natural breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells. Toxic levels of bilirubin may accumulate in the brain, potentially resulting in a variety of symptoms and physical findings.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Kidney Cancer / Renal Cell Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Kidney Cancer / Renal Cell Cancer

What is Kidney (Renal) Cell Carcinoma?
Kidney (Renal) Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer. Most people who have renal cell carcinoma are between ages 50 and 70. It often starts as just one tumor in a kidney but sometimes it begins as several tumors, or it is found in both kidneys at once. It is also known as renal cell cancer.

Categories

• Cancers
• Kidney Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Kidney Disease / Renal Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Kidney Disease / Renal Disease


Kienbock Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Kienböck Disease is also known as:
• Lunatomalacia
• Osteochondrosis of the Lunate Bone

What is Kienböck Disease?
Kienböck Disease is an acquired bone disorder. Abnormalities of the lunate bone in the wrist develops following an injury or inflammation. Recurrent pain and stiffness occur in conjunction with thickening, swelling and tenderness in soft tissue overlying the lunate bone. The range of motion in the wrist may become limited.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Kikuchi’s Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Kikuchi’s Disease is also known as:
• Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis
• HNL
• Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease
• Kikuchi's Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis
• Necrotizing Lymphadenitis

What is Kikuchi’s Disease?
Kikuchi's Disease, also known as Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenopathy, is a rare, benign, (noncancerous, nonmalignant) disorder of the lymph nodes of young adults, predominantly of young women. This disorder is often mistaken for malignant lymphoma, especially cervical adenopathy because the symptoms are very similar. The lesions, or tissue anomalies, of this disorder cause the lymph nodes to become enlarged, inflamed and painful.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Kleine Levin Syndrome

Kleine Levin Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Kleine Levin Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
Kleine Levin Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Kleine-Levin Syndrome is also known as:
• Familial Hibernation Syndrome
• Kleine-Levin Hibernation Syndrome
• Periodic Somnolence and Morbid Hunger

What is Kleine-Levin Syndrome?
Kleine-Levin Syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by the need for excessive amounts of sleep, (i.e., up to 20 hours a day); excessive food intake; and behavioral changes such as an abnormally uninhibited sexual drive. The disorder primarily affects adolescent males. When awake, affected individuals may exhibit irritability, lack of energy, and/or lack of emotions. They may also appear confused and experience hallucinations. Symptoms of Kleine-Levin Syndrome are cyclical.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Klinefelter Syndrome / 47,XXY

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Klinefelter Syndrome / 47,XXY

Klinefelter Syndrome (47,XXY) is also known as:
• KS
• XXY Male
• 47,XXY

What is Klinefelter Syndrome?
Klinefelter Syndrome (47,XXY) is a chromosomal variation in males in which one extra X chromosome is present, resulting in a XXY sex chromosome karyotype. The extra X chromosome can affect physical, developmental, behavioral, and cognitive functioning. Common physical features may include tall stature, reduced muscle tone, small testes, delayed pubertal development and lack of secondary male sex characteristics such as decreased facial and body hair and increased breast growth in late puberty.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Klippel Feil Syndrome

Klippel Feil Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Klippel Feil Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
Klippel Feil Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Klippel-Feil Syndrome (KFS) is also known as:
• Cervical Vertebral Fusion
• Congenital Cervical Synostosis
• Isolated Klippel-Feil Syndrome
• Klippel-Feil Anomaly
• KFS

Subdivisions of Klippel-Feil Syndrome (KFS)
• Klippel-Feil Syndrome, Type I
• Klippel-Feil Syndrome, Type II
• Klippel-Feil Syndrome, Type III

What is Klippel-Feil Syndrome?
Klippel-Feil Syndrome (KFS) is a rare skeletal disorder primarily characterized by abnormal union or fusion of two or more bones of the spinal column within the neck. Some affected individuals may also have an abnormally short neck, restricted movement of the head and neck, and a low hairline at the back of the head. The disorder is present at birth, but mild cases may go undiagnosed until later during life when symptoms worsen or first become apparent.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Klippel Trenaunay Syndrome

Klippel Trenaunay Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Klippel Trenaunay Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
Klippel Trenaunay Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS) is also known as:
• KTS

What is Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS)?
Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS) is a rare disorder that is present at birth and is characterized by a triad of cutaneous capillary malformation ("port-wine stain"), lymphatic anomalies, and abnormal veins in association with variable overgrowth of soft tissue and bone. KTS occurs most frequently in the lower limb and less commonly in the upper extremity and trunk.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Kluver Bucy Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Klüver-Bucy Syndrome is also known as:
• Bilateral Temporal Lobe Disorder

What is Klüver-Bucy Syndrome?
Klüver-Bucy Syndrome is a very rare cerebral neurological disorder associated with damage to both temporal lobes resulting in abnormalities in memory, social and sexual functioning and idiosyncratic behaviors.

Categories

• Bacterial and Mental Disorders
• Nervous System Diseaseas

Cause Classification: Medical


Kniest Dysplasia

Kniest Dysplasia Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Kniest Dysplasia - Listed by Global Genes®
Kniest Dysplasia is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Kniest Dysplasia is also known as:
• Kniest Chondrodystrophy
• Kniest Syndrome
• Metatropic Dwarfism, Type II
• Metatropic Dysplasia, Type II
• Swiss Cheese Cartilage Syndrome

What is Kniest Dysplasia?
Kniest Dysplasia is one of several forms of dwarfism that is caused by a change in a gene known as COL2A1. This gene is involved in the production of a particular protein that forms type 2 collagen, which is essential for the normal development of bones and other connective tissue. Changes in the composition of type 2 collagen lead to abnormal skeletal growth and, thus, to a variety of dwarfing conditions known as skeletal dysplasias.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Kohler Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Kohler Disease is also known as:
• Kohler's Disease of the Tarsal Navicular
• Kohler's Osteochondrosis of the Tarsal Navicular
• Navicular Osteochondrosis

What is Kohler Disease?
Kohler Disease is a rare bone disorder of the foot in children that may be the result of stress-related compression at a critical time during the period of growth. It is characterized by limping caused by pain and swelling in the foot. It most often occurs in children between the ages 3-7, and affects males five times more often than females. Usually, just one foot is affected so children typically walk on the side portion of the foot.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Krabbe’s Leukodystrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Leukodystrophy, Krabbe’s is also known as:
• Galactocerebrosidase (GALC) Deficiency
• Galactocerebroside Beta-Galactosidase Deficiency
• Galactosylceramidase Deficiency
• Galactosylceramide Lipidosis
• Globoid Cell Leukoencephalopathy
• Krabbe's Disease
• Leukodystrophy, Globoid Cell
• Sphingolipidosis, Krabbe's Type

What is Leukodystrophy, Krabbe’s?
Krabbe's Leukodystrophy is a rare inherited lipid storage disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme galactocerebrosidase (GALC), which is necessary for the breakdown of the sphingolipids galactosylceremide and psychosine. Failure to break down these sphingolipids results in degeneration of the myelin sheath surrounding nerves in the brain (demyelination).

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Kugelberg Welander Syndrome

Kugelberg Welander Syndrome Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbons for Kugelberg Welander Syndrome - Listed by Global Genes®
Kugelberg Welander Syndrome is a rare disease. Rare diseases are also represented by Zebra Ribbons.

Kugelberg Welander Syndrome is also known as:
• KWS
• SMA3
• Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type 3

What is Kugelberg Welander Syndrome?
Kugelberg Welander Syndrome is a milder type of spinal muscular atrophy. It is a rare inherited neuromuscular disorder characterized by wasting and weakness in the muscles of the arms and legs, leading to walking difficulties in, and eventual loss of ambulation. Symptoms of Kugelberg Welander Syndrome occur after 12 months of age.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical