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Master List of Awareness Causes - M | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter M and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter M:


Machado-Joseph Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Machado-Joseph Disease is also known as:
• Autosomal Dominant Spinocerebellar Degeneration
• Azorean Neurologic Disease
• Joseph Disease
• Machado Disease
• MJD
• Nigrospinodentatal Degeneration
• Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type III (SCA 3)
• Striatonigral Degeneration, Autosomal Dominant Type

Subdivisions of Machado-Joseph Disease
• Machado-Joseph Disease Type I (MJD-I)
• Machado-Joseph Disease Type II (MJD-II)
• Machado-Joseph Disease Type III (MJD-III)

What is Machado-Joseph Disease?
Machado-Joseph Disease (MJD-III), also called Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type III, is a rare, inherited, ataxia affecting the central nervous system and characterized by the slow degeneration of particular areas of the brain called the hindbrain. Individuals with MJD may eventually become crippled and/or paralyzed but their intellect remains intact. The onset of symptoms of MJD varies from early teens to late adulthood.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Macroglossia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Macroglossia is also known as:
• Congenital Macroglossia

What is Macroglossia?
Macroglossia is the abnormal enlargement of the tongue. In rare cases, macroglossia occurs as an isolated finding that is present at birth. In many cases, macroglossia may occur secondary to a primary disorder that may be either congenital or acquired. Symptoms and physical findings associated with macroglossia may include noisy, high-pitched breathing, snoring, and/or feeding difficulties. In some cases, the tongue may protrude from the mouth.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Mouth Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Macular Degeneration

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Macular Degeneration is also known as:
• Foveal Dystrophy, Progressive
• Macula Lutea, Degeneration
• Macular Dystrophy
• Tapetoretinal Degeneration

Subdivisions of Macular Degeneration
• Adult Macula Lutea Retinae Degeneration
• Behr 1
• Behr 2
• Juvenile Macular Degeneration
• Macular Degeneration, Disciform
• Macular Degeneration, Senile
• Presenile Macula Lutea Retinae Degeneration
• Stargardt's Disease (STGD)

What is Macular Degeneration?
Macular Degeneration is a degenerative disease affecting the macula or center of the retina of the eye. It results in progressive loss of central vision. Occurring most often among older people, it is the most common cause of vision loss in people over age 55.

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Madelung’s Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Madelung’s Disease is also known as:
• Benign Symmetrical Lipomatosis
• Launois-Bensaude
• MSL
• Multiple Symmetric Lipomatosis

What is Madelung’s Disease?
Madelung's Disease is a disorder of fat metabolism that results in an unusual accumulation of fat deposits around the neck and shoulder areas. Adult alcoholic males are most often affected, although women and those who do not drink alcohol can also get Madelung's Disease.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Maffucci Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Maffucci Syndrome?
Maffucci Syndrome is an extremely rare disorder characterized by benign overgrowths of cartilage, skeletal deformities and cutaneous lesions composed of abnormal blood vessels. Enchondromas arise in bones, most frequently in the hands and feet, and less often in the legs and long bones of the arm.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mal de Debarquement

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mal de Debarquement is also known as:
• MDD

What is Mal de Debarquement?
Mal de Debarquement (MDD) is a rare and poorly understood disorder of the vestibular system that results in a phantom perception of self- motion typically described as rocking, bobbing or swaying.

Categories

• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Malaria

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Malaria is also known as:
• Acute Malaria
• Ague
• Autochthonous Malaria
• Chronic Malaria
• Imported Malaria
• Induced Malaria
• Intermittent Malaria
• Jungle Fever
• Paludism
• Relapsing Malaria
• Swamp Fever
• Therapeutic Malaria

Subdivisions of Malaria
• Aesthetivoautumnal Fever
• Algid Malaria
• Benign Tertian Malaria
• Bilious Remittent Malaria
• Blackwater Fever
• Cerebral Malaria
• Double Tertian Malaria
• Dysentric Algid Malaria
• Falciparum Fever
• Gastric Malaria
• Hemorrhagic Malaria
• Malaria Comatosa
• Malignant Tertian Fever
• Malignant Tertian Malaria
• Nonan Malaria
• Ovale Tertian Malaria
• Pernicious Malaria
• Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria
• Plasmodium Malariae Malaria
• Plasmodium Ovale Malaria
• Plasmodium Vivax Malaria
• Quartan Fever
• Quartan Malaria
• Quotidian Fever
• Quotidian Malaria
• Remittent Malaria
• Tertian Fever
• Tertian Malaria
• Vivax Fever

What is Malaria?
Malaria is a communicable parasitic disorder spread through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito. Major symptoms may vary depending on which species of parasite causes the infection and the stage of development of the parasite.

Categories

• Parasitic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Yellow Ribbon for Malignant fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma

What is Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Bone and Osteosarcoma?
Osteosarcoma and Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH) of the bone are diseases in which malignant cells form in bone. Osteosarcoma usually starts in osteoblasts, which are a type of bone cell that becomes a new bone tissue. Osteosarcoma is most common in adolescents. Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer. Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma (MFH) of bone is a rare tumor of the bone. It is treated like osteosarcoma.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Hereditary Cancer Syndromes
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Malignant Hyperthermia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Malignant Hyperthermia is also known as:
• Hyperpyrexia

What is Malignant Hyperthermia?
Malignant Hyperthermia (MH) is a dominantly inherited disorder of skeletal muscle that predisposes susceptible individuals to a life-threatening adverse reaction upon exposure to potent volatile anesthetics and the skeletal muscle relaxant succinylcholine.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mallory Weiss Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mallory Weiss Syndrome is also known as:
• Gastroesophageal Laceration-Hemorrhage
• Mallory-Weiss Laceration
• Mallory-Weiss Tear

What is Mallory Weiss Syndrome?
Mallory-Weiss Syndrome refers to a tear or laceration of the mucous membrane, most commonly at the point where the esophagus and the stomach meet. Such a tear may result in severe bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mandibuloacral Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mandibuloacral Dysplasia is also known as:
• MAD type A (MADA)
• MAD type B (MADB)

What is Mandibuloacral Dysplasia?
Mandibuloacral Dysplasia (MAD) is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by underdevelopment of the lower jaw and the collarbone, bone loss at the ends of the fingers and toes, skin degeneration, and partial lipodystrophy, a condition marked by selective loss of body fat from various areas of the body.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mantle Cell Lymphoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Mantle Cell Lymphoma?
Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) belongs to a group of diseases known as Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas, which are related malignancies that affect the lymphatic system. Functioning as part of the immune system, the lymphatic system helps to protect the body against infection and disease.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Maple Syrup Urine Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Maple Syrup Urine Disease is also known as:
• BCKD Deficiency
• Branched-Chain Ketoacid Dehydrogenase Deficiency
• Branched-Chain Ketoaciduria
• MSUD
• Classic MSUD
• Intermediate MSUD
• Intermittent MSUD
• Thiamine-responsive MSUD

What is Maple Syrup Urine Disease?
Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by deficiency of certain enzymes required to break down the three branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) in the body. The result of this metabolic failure is that all three BCAAs, along with their various byproducts, accumulate abnormally throughout the body. In the classic, severe form of MSUD, the plasma concentrations of the BCAAs begin to rise within a few hours of birth. If untreated, symptoms begin to emerge, often within the first 24-48 hours of life.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Marcus Gunn Phenomenon

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Marcus Gunn Phenomenon is also known as:
• Marcus Gunn (Jaw-Winking) Syndrome
• Marcus Gunn Ptosis (With Jaw-Winking)
• Maxillopalpebral Synkinesis

What is Marcus Gunn Phenomenon?
Marcus Gunn Phenomenon is a rare genetic disorder that is usually present at birth. It is characterized by the movement of one upper eyelid in a rapid rising motion each time the jaw moves. Other eye abnormalities and vision difficulties may also occur.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Marden Walker Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Marden Walker Syndrome is also known as:
• Connective Tissue Disorder, Marden-Walker Type
• MWS

What is Marden Walker Syndrome?
Marden-Walker Syndrome is a rare connective tissue disorder that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Individuals with this disorder typically have a distinct facial expression, a cleft or high-arched palate, small or receding jaw, bone joints in a fixed position, growth delay and limited control of muscle movement.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Marfan Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Marfan Syndrome is also known as:
• MFS

What is Marfan Syndrome?
Marfan Syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects connective tissue, which is the material between cells of the body that gives the tissues form and strength. Connective tissue is found all over the body and multiple organ systems may be affected in individuals with Marfan syndrome. The heart and blood vessels, skeletal, and eye systems are most often affected.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Connective Tissue Diseases
• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Marinesco-Sjögren Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Marinesco-Sjögren Syndrome is also known as:
• Garland-Moorhouse Syndrome
• Hereditary Oligophrenic Cerebello-Lental Degeneration
• Marinesco-Garland Syndrome
• MSS

What is Marinesco-Sjögren Syndrome?
Marinesco-Sjögren Syndrome (MSS) is a rare genetic disorder that affects multiple organ systems of the body. Common symptoms include difficulty coordinating voluntary movements due to degeneration of the cerebellum, clouding of the lenses of the eyes, delays in the acquisition of skills requiring the coordination of muscular and mental activity, diminished muscle tone, and progressive muscle weakness.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Maroteaux Lamy Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Maroteaux Lamy Syndrome is also known as:
• Arylsulfatase-B Deficiency
• MPS 6
• MPS Type VI
• MPS VI
• Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI
• Polydystrophic Dwarfism

What is Maroteaux Lamy Syndrome?
Maroteaux-Lamy Syndrome (Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VI; MPS VI) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by complete or partial lack of activity of the enzyme arylsulfatase B. Deficiency or absence of this enzyme activity leads to the accumulation of complex carbohydrates called glycosaminoglycans in the body. Abnormal accumulation of mucopolysaccharides leads to progressive involvement of multiple organ systems.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Marshall Smith Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Marshall Smith Syndrome is also known as:
• MSS

What is Marshall Smith Syndrome
Marshall-Smith Syndrome is characterized by unusually quick physical growth and bone development, usually starting before birth. Other symptoms can include respiratory difficulties, mental retardation, and certain physical characteristics.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Marshall Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Marshall Syndrome is also known as:
• Deafness-Myopia-Cataract-Saddle Nose, Marshall Type

What is Marshall Syndrome?
Marshall Syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by mutations in the COL11A1 gene. Major symptoms may include a distinctive face with a flattened nasal bridge and nostrils that are tilted upward, widely spaced eyes, nearsightedness, cataracts and hearing loss.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mastocytosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mastocytosis is also known as:
• Systemic Mast Cell Disease
• Systemic Mastocytosis

Subdivisions of Mastocytosis
• Aggressive Systemic Mastocytosis
• Cutaneous Mastocytosis
• Indolent Systemic Mastocytosis
• Mast Cell Leukemia
• Mast Cell Sarcoma
• Systemic Mastocytosis with Clonal Hematologic nNon-Mast Cell Lineage Disease
• Systemic Smoldering Mastocytosis

What is Mastocytosis?
Mastocytosis is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal accumulations of mast cells in the skin, bone marrow, and internal organs. Cases beginning during adulthood tend to be chronic and involve the bone marrow in addition to the skin, whereas, during childhood, the condition is often marked by skin manifestations with no internal organ involvement and can often resolve during puberty. In most adult patients, mastocytosis tends to be persistent, and may progress into a more advanced category.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Maternally Inherited Leigh Syndrome and NARP Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for genetic Diseases

Maternally Inherited Leigh Syndrome and NARP Syndrome is also known as:
• MILS-NARP Syndrome

Subdivisions of Maternally Inherited Leigh Syndrome and NARP Syndrome
• Maternally Inherited Leigh Syndrome (MILS)
• mtDNA-Associated Leigh Syndrome
• Neuropathy, Ataxia and Retinitis Pigmentosa (NARP)

What is Maternally Inherited Leigh Syndrome and NARP Syndrome?
Maternally Inherited Leigh Syndrome (MILS) and Neuropathy, Ataxia and Retinitis Pigmentosa (NARP) Syndrome are rare genetic multisystem disorders that are part of a spectrum of disease caused by abnormalities affecting mitochondrial energy production. NARP is characterized by nerve disease affecting the nerves outside of the central nervous system, an impaired ability to coordinate voluntary movements, an eye condition known as retinitis pigmentosa, and a variety of additional abnormalities. MILS is generally a more severe mitochondrial disorder that often becomes apparent during infancy or childhood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Maxillofacial Dysostosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Maxillofacial Dysostosis is also known as:
• Autosomal Dominant Maxillofacial Dysostosis

What is Maxillofacial Dysostosis?
Maxillofacial Dysostosis is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive abnormalities of the head and face area. Major symptoms include an underdeveloped upper jaw, downward-slanting eyelids, minor malformations of the external portion of the ears, and speech abnormalities. Maxillofacial Dysostosis is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. A second form of maxillofacial dysostosis is believed to be inherited as an X-linked recessive trait.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


May Hegglin Anomaly

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

May Hegglin Anomaly is also known as:
• Dohle Leukocyte Inclusions with Giant Platelets
• Dohle's Bodies-Myelopathy
• Hegglin's Disease
• Leukocytic Inclusions with Platelet Abnormality
• Macrothrombocytopenia with Leukocyte Inclusions
• MHA

What is May Hegglin Anomaly?
May-Hegglin Anomaly is a rare, inherited, blood platelet disorder characterized by abnormally large and misshapen platelets and defects of the white blood cells known as leukocytes. The defect of the white blood cells consists of the presence of very small rods, known as Dohle bodies, in the fluid portion of the cell. Some people with this disorder may have no symptoms while others may have various bleeding abnormalities.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome is also known as:
• Congenital Absence of the Uterus and Vagina (CAUV)
• Genital Renal Ear Syndrome (GRES)
• MRKH
• MRKH Syndrome
• Mullerian Agenesis
• Mullerian Aplasia
• Rokitansky Syndrome

Subdivisions of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome
• Isolated Mullerian Aplasia
• Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome Type I
• Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome Type II
• Mullerian Duct Aplasia-Renal Dysplasia-Cervical Somite Anomalies Assoc.
• MURCS Association
• Rokitansky Sequence

What is Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome?
Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) Syndrome is a rare disorder that affects women. It is characterized by the failure of the uterus and the vagina to develop properly in women who have normal ovarian function and normal external genitalia. Women with this disorder develop normal secondary sexual characteristics during puberty, but do not have a menstrual cycle. Often, the failure to begin the menstrual cycle is the initial clinical sign of MRKH Syndrome.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


McCune Albright Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

McCune Albright Syndrome is also known as:
• Albright Syndrome
• MAS
• Osteitis Tibrosa Disseminata
• PFD
• POFD
• Polyostotic, Fibrous Dysplasia
• Precocious Puberty with Polyostotic Fibrosis and Abnormal Pigmentation

What is McCune Albright Syndrome?
McCune-Albright Syndrome (MAS) is an extremely rare disorder that classically affects the bones, skin, and endocrine system. MAS is characterized by fibrous dysplasia of bone that occurs with at least two additional findings: patches of abnormal skin pigmentation with jagged borders and dysfunction of certain glands that regulate the body’s rate of growth, its sexual development, and certain other metabolic functions.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


McKusick Type Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

McKusick Type Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia is also known as:
• Cartilage-Hair Hypoplasia
• CHH

What is Chronic McKusick Type Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia?
McKusick Type Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia, also known as Cartilage-Hair Hypoplasia (CHH), is a rare inherited disorder marked by unevenly short arms and legs, increased joint mobility, and fine silky hair. In McKusick Type Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia, cartilage forms improperly at the large end portions of the long bones in the arms and legs.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


MCT8-Specific Thyroid Hormone Cell Transporter Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

MCT8-Specific Thyroid Hormone Cell Transporter Deficiency is also known as:
• AHDS • Allan-Herndon-Dudley Syndrome
• Allan-Herndon Syndrome
• MCT8-THCT Deficiency
• THCT Deficiency

What is MCT8-Specific Thyroid Hormone Cell Transporter Deficiency?
MCT8-Specific Thyroid Hormone Cell Transporter Deficiency (THCT Deficiency) is an inherited disorder that is characterized by severe intellectual disability, an impaired ability to speak, diminished muscle tone, and/or movement abnormalities. With the exception of poor muscle tone, most affected infants appear to develop normally during the first months of life. However, by about two months of age, affected infants may seem weak and have an inability to hold up their head. Due to everely reduced motor development, and other abnormalities, affected children very rarely develop any ability to walk and when they do, it is with shuffling gait.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


MDR3 Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

MDR3 Deficiency is also known as:
• Cholestasis of Pregnancy
• Low Phospholipid Associated Cholelithiasis
• Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis Type 3 (PFIC3)

What is MDR3 Deficiency?
MDR3 Deficiency is a rare genetic disorder that predominantly affects the liver. The disorder represents a spectrum of diseases that can range from mild to severe. The main symptom is suppression of the flow of bile from the liver. Affected individuals may be prone to forming gallstones.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Measles

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Measles is also known as:
• Morbilli
• Nine Day Measles
• Rubeola

What is Measles?
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease occurring primarily in children. This disease is characterized by fever, cough, acute nasal mucous membrane discharge, inflammation of the lining of the eyelids, a spreading rash, and eruption of small, irregular, bright red spots (Koplik's spots) on the inner cheeks in the mouth with a minute bluish or white speck in the center of each. It is often difficult to avoid exposure to measles because it can be contracted from someone whose symptoms have not yet appeared. Measles is not contagious four days after appearance of the rash.

Categories

• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Meckel Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Meckel Syndrome is also known as:
• Dysencephalia Splanchnocystica
• Gruber Syndrome
• Meckel-Gruber Syndrome
• MES
• MKS

What is Meckel Syndrome?
Meckel Syndrome is a rare inherited disorder characterized by abnormalities affecting several organ systems of the body. Three classic symptoms are normally associated with Meckel Syndrome: protrusion of a portion of the brain and its surrounding membranes through a defect in the back of the skull, multiple cysts on the kidneys, and extra fingers and/or toes. Affected children or fetuses may also have abnormalities affecting the head and face, liver, lungs, heart, and genitourinary tract.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


MECP2 Duplication Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

MECP2 Duplication Syndromeis also known as:
• Trisomy Xq28
• Xq28 Duplication Syndrome

What is MECP2 Duplication Syndrome?
MECP2 Duplication Syndrome is a rare genetic neurodevelopmental disorder. MECP2 Duplication Syndrome is caused by the duplication of genetic material on a specific region on the X chromosome (Xq28). This region includes the MECP2 gene and typically several adjacent genes.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Medium Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Medium Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency is also known as:
• ACADM Deficiency
• MCAD Deficiency
• MCADD
• MCADH Deficiency
• Medium Chain Acyl-Coenzyme A Dehydrogenase Deficiency

What is Medium Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency?
Medium Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency (MCADD) is a genetic disorder caused by a lower than normal level of the medium chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase enzyme. This enzyme is involved in breaking down fat stores in the body to be used for energy. Symptoms of this disorder generally develop between 1 and 24 months of age, although they can sometimes first appear in adulthood. Individuals with MCADD experience symptoms of metabolic crisis due to low blood sugar after periods of prolonged fasting or in response to a common illness.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Medullary Sponge Kidney

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Medullary Sponge Kidney is also known as:
• Cacchi-Ricci Disease
• Cystic Dilatation of Renal Collecting Tubes
• Precalyceal Canalicular Ectasia
• Sponge Kidney
• Tubular Ectasia

What is Medullary Sponge Kidney?
Medullary Sponge Kidney is a rare disorder characterized by the formation of cystic malformations in the collecting ducts and the tubular structures within the kidneys that collect urine. One or both kidneys may be affected. The initial symptoms of this disorder may include blood in the urine, calcium stone formation in the kidneys or infection.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Medulloblastoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Medulloblastoma is also known as:
• Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor of the Posterior Fossa

What is Medulloblastoma?
Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor in children. Medulloblastomas occur in the cerebellum, the part of brain located at the base of the skull just above the brainstem. Medulloblastomas arise from primitive, undeveloped cells in the brain. Most medulloblastomas occur in infants and children. Less commonly, these tumors can develop in adults as well. Symptoms associated with a medulloblastoma include headaches in the morning that improve as the day goes on, recurrent vomiting and difficulty walking and with balance. Medulloblastomas can spread to other areas of the central nervous system.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Megalencephaly-Capillary Malformation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Megalencephaly-Capillary Malformationis also known as:
• Macrocephaly-Capillary Malformation
• Macrocephaly-Cutis Marmorata Telangiectatica Congenita
• MCAP
• M-CM
• M-CM Syndrome
• M-CMTC

What is Megalencephaly-Capillary Malformation?
Megalencephaly-Capillary Malformation Syndrome (MCAP), formerly known as Macrocephaly-Capillary Malformation, is a rare, complex disorder involving the skin, connective tissue, brain and other organs that is usually present at birth. Affected individuals usually have a disproportionately large head and capillary malformations on the skin of the midline face, trunk and limbs. Most children with MCAP have an enlarged brain, in addition to other findings on brain MRI associated with neurologic problems.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Megalocornea Intellectual Disability Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Megalocornea Intellectual Disability Syndrome is also known as:
• MMR Syndrome
• Neuhauser Syndrome
• Megalocornea Mental Retardation Syndrome

What is Megalocornea Intellectual Disability Syndrome?
Megalocornea Intellectual Disability Syndrome, otherwise known as Neuhauser Syndrome, is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive abnormalities of the eye, several degrees of cognitive impairment, and a wide variety of additional symptoms.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Meige Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Meige Syndrome is also known as:
• Brueghel Syndrome
• Idiopathic Blepharospasm-Oromandibular Dystonia Syndrome
• Segmental Cranial Dystonia

What is Meige Syndrome?
Meige Syndrome is a rare neurological movement disorder characterized by involuntary and often forceful contractions of the muscles of the jaw and tongue and involuntary muscle spasms and contractions of the muscles around the eyes.

Meige syndrome belongs to a group of disorders known as dystonia. Dystonia is a group of movement disorders that vary in their symptoms, causes, progression, and treatments. This group of neurological conditions is generally characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that force the body into abnormal, sometimes painful, movements and positions.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Melanoma, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black and Navy Ribbon for Melanoma, Adult
Black Cancer Ribbons for Melanoma Awareness

What is Melanoma, Adult?
Skin Cancer is the most common cancer in the United States, and it is the sixth most common cause of cancer death in the United States. Melanoma is the least common of the skin cancers (the other types are Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Basal Cell Carcinoma), but it is the most serious. It can be life threatening if it spreads to other parts of the body. The frequency of diagnosis of Melanoma has been increasing in recent years, faster than any other cancer.

Melanoma starts in the color-producing cells of the skin and may develop in an existing mole or may occur as a new mole. Early diagnosis and treatment can lead to a complete cure, while advanced forms are likely to have a poor outcome. Advanced Melanoma can spread to lymph nodes as well as other areas in the body, typically the lungs, liver, and brain.

Categories

• Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Melanoma, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black and Navy Ribbon for Melanoma, Childhood
[Black Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Melanoma Awareness][2]
[Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Melanoma Awareness][3]

What is Melanoma, Childhood?
Melanoma is a highly malignant skin cancer that begins in melanocytes of normal skin or moles and spreads rapidly and widely. It primarily occurs in adults, but about 300 children in the U.S. are diagnosed with Melanoma each year. While Melanoma is the least common type of skin cancer in adults, skin cancer in children is almost always Melanoma.

Pediatric Melanoma has increased on average two percent per year since 1973, although its incidence seems to have decreased over the last few years. The biggest increase in recent decades has been in girls ages 15-19, possibly because girls are more likely than boys to sunbathe and use tanning beds.

Among children and teenagers, Melanoma often looks different and may grow faster than it does in adults. Also, sun exposure plays less of a role in the development of the disease in children. Kids with fair skin, freckles and blonde or red hair are at higher risk of developing melanoma than other children.

Categories

• Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Melanoma, Intraoccular (Eye), Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black and Navy Ribbon for Melanoma, Intraoccular, Adult

What is Melanoma, Intraoccular, Adult?
Intraocular Melanoma begins in the middle of three layers of the wall of the eye. Intraocular Melanoma is a rare cancer that forms from cells that make melanin in the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. It is the most common eye cancer in adults.

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Melanoma, Intraoccular (Eye), Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black and Navy Ribbon for Melanoma, Intraoccular, Childhood
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Intraocular Melanoma Awareness

What is Melanoma, Intraoccular, Childhood?
Intraocular Melanoma in children tends to occur most often in the teenage years as a pigmented tumor involving the choroid or iris.

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Color Ribbons


Melanoma, Malignant

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Melanoma, Malignant is also known as:
• Melanoblastoma
• Melanocarcinoma
• Melanoepithelioma
• Melanoma
• Melanosarcoma
• Melanoscirrhus
• Melanotic Carcinoma
• Nevus Pigmentosa

Subdivisions of Melanoma, Malignant
• Acral Lentiginous Melanoma
• Juvenile Melanoma, Malignant
• Malignant Lentigo (Melanoma)

What is Melanoma, Malignant?
Malignant Melanoma is a common skin cancer that arises from the melanin cells within the upper layer of the skin or from similar cells that may be found in moles. This type of skin cancer may send down roots into deeper layers of the skin. Some of these microscopic roots may spread causing new tumor growths in vital organs of the body.

Categories

• Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


MELAS Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

MELAS Syndrome is also known as:
• Mitochondrial Myopathy, Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, Stroke-Like Episod
• Myopathy, Mitochondrial-Encephalopathy-Lactic Acidosis-Stroke

What is MELAS Syndrome?
MELAS (Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-Like Episodes) Syndrome is a rare disorder that begins in childhood, usually between two and fifteen years of age, and mostly affects the nervous system and muscles. The most common early symptoms are seizures, recurrent headaches, loss of appetite and recurrent vomiting. Stroke-like episodes with temporary muscle weakness on one side of the body may also occur and this can lead to altered consciousness, vision and hearing loss, loss of motor skills and intellectual disability.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Meleda Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Meleda Disease is also known as:
• Keratosis Palmoplantaris Transgradiens of Siemens
• Mal de Meleda

What is Meleda Disease
Meleda Disease is an extremely rare inherited skin disorder characterized by the slowly progressive development of dry, thick patches of skin on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Affected skin may be unusually red and become abnormally thick and scaly. Affected children may also exhibit various abnormalities of the nails; excessive sweating associated with an unpleasant odor; and/or, in some cases, development of small, firm raised lesions.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome is also known as:
• Melkersson Syndrome
• MROS
• MRS

What is Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome?
Melkersson Rosenthal Syndrome is a rare neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, long lasting swelling of the face, particularly one or both lips, facial muscle weakness and a fissured tongue. Some affected individuals may have all three of these features and others may have only one or two.

Categories

• Immune System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Melnick Needles Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Melnick Needles Syndrome is also known as:
• Melnick-Needles Osteodysplasty
• MNS
• Osteodysplasty of Melnick and Needles

What is Melnick Needles Syndrome?
Melnick-Needles Syndrome (MNS) is a genetic disorder of bone characterized by skeletal and cranio-facial abnormalities with a specific facial appearance. The skeletal abnormalities include bowing of long bones, s-curved leg bones, ribbon-like ribs and a hardening of the skull base, as well as spine deformities. The typical facial features include prominent, protruding eyes, full cheeks, an extremely small lower jaw and a hairy forehead. The condition may affect many bones of the body causing deformity and, in some cases, short stature.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Melorheostosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Melorheostosis?
Melorheostosis is a rare and progressive disease characterized by thickening or widening of the outer layers of the bone. Melorheostosis affects both bone and soft tissue growth and development. This disorder is benign, but it often results in severe functional limitation; chronic pain; joint contractures and/or stiff muscles, tendons or ligaments; and limb, hand, or foot deformities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Connective Tissue Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Menetrier Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Menetrier Disease?
Menetrier Disease is a rare disorder characterized by massive overgrowth of mucous cells in the mucous membrane lining the stomach, resulting in large gastric folds. The most common symptom associated with Menetrier disease is pain in the upper middle region of the stomach.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Ménière’s Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Ménière’s Disease is also known as:
• Endolymphatic Hydrops
• Labyrinthine Hydrops
• Labyrinthine Syndrome
• Lermoyez Syndrome

What is Ménière’s Disease?
Ménière's Disease is a disorder characterized by recurrent prostrating dizziness, possible hearing loss and ringing sounds. It is associated with dilation of the membranous labyrinth in the ear.

Categories

• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Meningitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Meningitis is also known as:
• Adult Meningitis
• Infantile Meningitis
• Neonatal Meningitis
• Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome, Meningitis

What is Meningitis?
Meningitis is characterized by inflammation of the membranes around the brain or spinal cord. The disorder can occur in three different forms: adult, infantile, and neonatal. This inflammation may be caused by different types of bacteria, viruses, fungi, or malignant tumors. Chemical reactions to certain injections into the spinal canal can also cause meningitis. This inflammation can begin suddenly or develop gradually. Adult forms of meningitis are characterized by fever, headache, and a stiff neck, sometimes with aching muscles.

Categories

• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Meningitis, Bacterial

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Meningitis, Bacterial is also known as:
• Bacterial Meningitis
• Pyogenic Meningitis

What is Meningitis, Bacterial?
Bacterial Meningitis is a central nervous system disease caused by certain types of bacteria. Meningitis is characterized by inflammation of the membranes around the brain or spinal cord. Inflammation can begin suddenly or develop gradually. Major symptoms may include fever, headache, and a stiff neck, sometimes with aching muscles. Nausea, vomiting and other symptoms may occur.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Meningitis, Tuberculous

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Meningitis, Tuberculous is also known as:
• TBM
• Tuberculous Meningitis

What is Meningitis, Tuberculous?
Tuberculous Meningitis (TBM) is a form of meningitis characterized by inflammation of the membranes around the brain or spinal cord and caused by a specific bacterium known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In TBM, the disorder develops gradually.

Categorie

• Bacterial Infections
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Meningococcal Meningitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Meningococcal Meningitis is also known as:
• Bacterial Meningococcal Meningitis
• Epidemic Cerebrospinal Meningitis

What is Meningococcal Meningitis?
Meningococcal Meningitis is a form of meningitis caused by a specific bacterium known as Neisseria meningitidis. Meningitis is characterized by inflammation of the membranes around the brain or spinal cord. This inflammation can begin suddenly or develop gradually. Symptoms may include fever, headache, and a stiff neck, sometimes with aching muscles. Nausea, vomiting and other symptoms may also occur. Skin rashes occur in about half of all individuals with meningococcal meningitis. Meningococcal meningitis is still associated with a high mortality rate and persistent neurological defects, particularly among infants and young children.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections
• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Meningococcemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Meningococcemiais also known as:
• Meningococcal Disease
• Meningococcemia-Meningitis

Subdivisions of Meningococcemia
• Chronic Meningococcemia
• Fulminant Meningococcemia (Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome)

What is Meningococcemia?
Meningococcemia is a rare infectious disease characterized by an upper respiratory tract infection, fever, skin rash and lesions, eye and ear problems, and possibly a sudden state of extreme physical depression which may be life-threatening without appropriate medical care. There are two forms of meningococcemia. Fluminant Meningococcemia develops very rapidly and is more severe than Chronic Meningococcemia, which has a waxing and waning course.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections
• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Menkes Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Menkes Disease is also known as:
• Copper Transport Disease
• Kinky Hair Disease
• Steely Hair Disease
• Trichopoliodystrophy
• X-linked Copper Deficiency

Subdivisions of Menkes Disease
• Neurodegenerative Disease
• X-linked Copper Malabsorption

What is Menkes Disease?
Menkes Disease is a genetic disorder of copper metabolism that is detectable before birth and which follows a progressively degenerative path involving several organs of the body but especially the brain. It is characterized by seizures, mental retardation, stunted growth, failure to thrive, unstable body temperature, and very unusual color and texture of hair. It is the failure of the copper transport systems within the cell and then across the cell membrane that is responsible for the symptoms of the disorder.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases Orange Cancer Ribbons for Merkel Cell Carcinoma (Skin Cancer) Awareness

Merkel Cell Carcinoma is also known as:
• Cutaneous Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
• MCC
• Merkel Cell Skin Cancer
• Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Skin
• Merkel Cell Cancer

What is Merkel Cell Carcinoma?
Merkel Cell Carcinoma (MCC) is a rare form of skin cancer. It is an aggressive type of cancer that can spread to other areas of the body. For many years, this form of cancer was thought to arise from Merkel cells. These cells are found in the outermost layer of the skin called the epidermis. Merkel cells are located very close to nerve endings that receive touch sensations and may act as nerve receptors.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


MERRF Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

MERRF Syndrome is also known as:
• Fukuhara Syndrome
• MERRF
• Myoclonus Epilepsy Associated with Ragged Red Fibers
• Myoencephalopathy Ragged-Red Fiber Disease

What is MERRF Syndrome?
MERRF (Myoclonus Epilepsy with Ragged-Red Fibers) Syndrome is an extremely rare disorder that begins in childhood and affects the nervous system and skeletal muscle as well as other body systems. The distinguishing feature in MERRF is myoclonus, consisting of sudden, brief, jerking spasms that can affect the arms and legs or the entire body. In addition, individuals with MERRF syndrome may have muscle weakness, an impaired ability to coordinate movements, seizures, and a slow deterioration of intellectual function. Short stature, degeneration of the optic nerve, hearing loss, cardiomyopathy and abnormal sensation from nerve damage are also common symptoms.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma is also known as:
• Skeletal Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma

What is Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma?
Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma is an extremely rare, often aggressive form of cancer. It is an uncommon type of chondrosarcoma.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Mesenteric Panniculitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mesenteric Panniculitis is also known as:
• Mesenteric Lipodystrophy
• Retractile Mesenteritis
• Sclerosing Mesenteritis

What is Mesenteric Panniculitis?
Mesenteric Panniculits, also known as Sclerosing Mesenteritis, belongs to a spectrum of rare diseases of the fatty tissue of the mesentery. Mesenteric Panniculitis is characterized by fat degeneration and necrosis, chronic inflammation, and at times, scarring and fibrosis of fatty tissue within the mesentery. This inflammatory, and at times, progressive condition is most likely on the spectrum of autoimmune disorders.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mesothelioma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl Ribbon for Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is also known as:
• Malignant Mesothelioma
• MM

Subdivisions of Mesothelioma
• Malignant Pericardial Mesothelioma
• Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma
• Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

What is Mesothelioma?
Mesothelioma is a rare form of cancer that affects the cells that make up the mesothelium. The mesothelium is the lining or membrane that covers and protects various internal organs of the body. Mesothelioma is often an aggressive form of cancer with a poor prognosis, with pleural mesothelioma patients having a median survival of only about 12-14 months with current therapies.

Categories

• Lung Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Mesothelioma, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl Ribbon for Mesothelioma, Adult

What is Mesothelioma, Adult?
Malignant Mesothelioma is a disease in which malignant cells are found in the pleura or the peritoneum.

Categories

• Lung Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Mesothelioma, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl Ribbon for Mesothelioma, Childhood Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Mesothelioma Awareness

What is Mesothelioma, Childhood?
Mesothelioma is a rare cancer, but it is even rarer in children and young people. The development of this type of cancer typically occurs over the decades after a person has been exposed to asbestos, so seeing it in children is highly unusual. Some may get it as a result of secondhand exposure from a parent working around asbestos, but there may be other factors, as well.

Categories

• Lung Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Mesothelioma, Malignant

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl Ribbon for Mesothelioma, Malignant

What is Mesothelioma, Malignant?
Malignant Mesothelioma is cancer that starts in cells in the linings of certain parts of the body, most commonly the linings of the chest or abdomen.

Categories

• Lung Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Metachromatic Leukodystrophy is also known as:
• ARSA
• Arylsulfatase A Deficiency
• Cerebroside Sulfatase Deficiency
• Diffuse Cerebral Sclerosis
• Greenfield Disease
• Late-Onset Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
• Metachromatic Form of Diffuse Cerebral
• Metachromatic Leukoencephalopathy
• MLD
• Sulfatide Lipidosis
• Sulfatidosis

Subdivisions of Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
• Adult Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
• Juvenile Metachromatic Leukodystrophy
• Late Infantile Metachromatic Leukodystrophy

What is Metachromatic Leukodystrophy?
Metachromatic Leukodystrophy, the most common form of leukodystrophy, is a rare inherited neurometabolic disorder affecting the white matter of the brain. It is characterized by the accumulation of a fatty substance known as sulfatide in the brain and other areas of the body. The fatty protective covering on the nerve fibers is lost from areas of the central nervous system (CNS) due to the buildup of sulfatide.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia, Schmid Type

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia, Schmid Type is also known as:
• Japanese Type Spondylometaphyseal Dysplasia
• MCDS
• Schmid Metaphyseal Dysostosis

What is Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia, Schmid Type?
Metaphyseal Chondrodysplasia, Schmid Type (MCDS), is a very rare inherited disorder characterized by short stature with abnormally short arms and legs and bowed legs. Other physical characteristics may include outward "flaring" of the bones of the lower rib cage, lumbar lordosis, pain in the legs, and/or hip deformities in which the thigh bone is angled toward the center of the body. Such abnormalities of the legs and hips typically result in an unusual "waddling" walk.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Metastatic Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
[Use the Primary Cancer Awareness Ribbon Color]

What is Metastatic Cancer?
The main reason that cancer is so serious is its ability to spread in the body. Cancer cells can spread locally by moving into nearby normal tissue. Cancer can also spread regionally, to nearby lymph nodes, tissues, or organs. And it can spread to distant parts of the body. When this happens, it is called Metastatic Ccancer. For many types of cancer, it is also called stage IV (four) cancer. The process by which cancer cells spread to other parts of the body is called metastasis.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary (Head and Neck Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary (Head and Neck Cancer)

What is Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary (Head and Neck Cancer)?
Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary is a disease in which squamous cell cancer spreads to lymph nodes in the neck and it is not known where the cancer first formed in the body. Signs and symptoms of Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary include a lump or pain in the neck or throat.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Metatropic Dysplasia I

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Metatropic Dysplasia I is also known as:
• Chondrodystrophy, Hyperplastic Form
• Dwarfism, Metatropic
• Metatropic Dwarfism
• Metatropic Dwarfism Syndrome
• Metatropic Dysplasia

What is Metatropic Dysplasia I?
Metatropic Dysplasia I is a rare genetic disorder characterized by extremely small stature, with short arms and legs. Other characteristics of this disorder are a narrow thorax, short ribs, and kyphoscoliosis which develops into short trunk dwarfism.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases


Methylmalonic

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Methylmalonic is also known as:
• Methylmalonic Aciduria

What is Methylmalonic?
Methylmalonic Acidemias are organic acidemias caused by an enzymatic defect in the metabolism of four amino acids. This results in an abnormally high level of acid in the blood and body tissues. In the acute form, drowsiness, coma, and seizures may occur. Mental retardation is a long-term consequence.

Categories

Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency is also known as:
• MKD

Subdivisions of Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency
• Hyper IgD Syndrome (HIDS; Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D with Periodic Fever)
• Mevalonate Aciduria

What is Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency?
Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency (MKD) is a rare genetic autoinflammatory disorder. Autoinflammatory syndromes are a group of disorders characterized by seemingly random or unprovoked episodes of inflammation generally due to an abnormality of the innate immune system. They are not the same as autoimmune disorders, in which the adaptive immune system malfunctions and mistakenly attacks healthy tissue.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Microscopic Colitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Microscophic Colitis

What is Microscopic Colitis?
Microscopic Colitis is an inflammation of the large intestine that causes persistent watery diarrhea. The disorder gets its name from the fact that it's necessary to examine colon tissue under a microscope to identify it, since the tissue may appear normal with a colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Microscopic Polyangiitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Microscopic Polyangiitis

What is Microscopic Polyangiitis?
Microscopic Polyangiitis is a disease that results from blood vessel inflammation that can result in damage to organ systems. Areas most commonly affected by MPA include the kidneys, lung, nerves, skin, and joints.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Microvillus Inclusion Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Microvillus Inclusion Disease is also known as:
• Congenital Familial Protracted Diarrhea
• Congenital Microvillus Atrophy
• Davidson's Disease
• Familial Enteropathy, Microvillus

What is Microvillus Inclusion Disease?
Microvillus Inclusion Disease is an extremely rare inherited intestinal disorder that is typically apparent within hours or days after birth. The disorder is characterized by chronic, severe, watery diarrhea and insufficient absorption of necessary nutrients due to incomplete development and/or degeneration of certain cells of the wall of the small intestine. In infants with Microvillus inclusion Disease, chronic diarrhea and malabsorption may result in severe dehydration, deficiency of necessary nutrients, a failure to grow and gain weight at the expected rate, and/or disturbance of the body's balance of acids and bases, which is essential in regulating the body's composition of bodily fluids.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Midline Tract Carcinoma with NUT Gene Changes

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Midline Tract Carcinoma with NUT Gene Changes

What is Midline Tract Carcinoma with NUT Gene Changes?
Midline Tract Cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the respiratory tract and sometimes other places along the middle of the body. Cancer may also form in other places along the middle of the body, such as the thymus, the area between the lungs, the pancreas, liver, and bladder.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Mikulicz Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mikulicz Syndrome is also known as:
• Dacryosialoadenopathia
• Dacryosialoadenopathy
• Mikulicz-Radecki Syndrome
• Mikulicz-Sjogren Syndrome
• Mikulicz Syndrome
• von Mikulicz Syndrome

What is Mikulicz Syndrome?
Mikulicz Syndrome is a chronic condition characterized by the abnormal enlargement of glands in the head and neck, including those near the ears and those around the eyes and mouth. The tonsils and other glands in the soft tissue of the face and neck may also be involved. Although the disorder is almost always described as benign, it always occurs in association with another underlying disorder such as Tuberculosis, Leukemia, Syphilis, Hodgkin's Disease, Lymphosarcoma, Sjögren Syndrome, or Lupus (SLE). People who have Mikulicz Syndrome are at heightened risk for developing Lymphomas. Some people with Mikulicz Syndrome may experience recurring fevers. The fever may be accompanied by dry eyes, diminished tear production, and inflammation of various parts of the eyes. Lacrimal gland enlargement, parotid gland enlargement, dry mouth and dry eyes are the classic signs.

Categories

• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Miller Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Miller Syndrome is also known as:
• POADS
• Genee-Wiedemann Syndrome
• Postaxial Acrofacial Dysostosis

What is Miller Syndrome?
Miller Syndrome, also known as Postaxial Acrofacial Dysostosis, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by craniofacial malformations occurring along with abnormalities of the arms, hands and/or feet. Limb abnormalities may include incomplete development, webbing, and/or closure or absence of certain fingers and/or toes, and/or improper development and/or abnormal fusion of bones in the forearms, causing the forearms to appear unusually short. Additional physical abnormalities can occur in some cases.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye diseases; Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal Encephalopathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal Encephalopathy is also known as:
• MEPOP
• MNGIE
• MNGIE Syndrome
• Muscular Dystrophy, Oculogastrointestinal
• Myoneurogastrointestinal Encephalopathy Syndrome
• POLIP

What is Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal Encephalopathy?
Mitochondrial Neurogastrointestinal Encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of the muscles of the gastrointestinal tract causing gastrointestinal dysmotility, weakness of extra-ocular muscles causing drooping of the eyelids and restricted eye movements, degeneration of peripheral nerves causing altered sensation and weakness the distal arms and legs, and general wasting.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome is also known as:
• Barlow Syndrome
• Billowing Mitral Leaflet Syndrome
• Click-Murmur Syndrome
• Floppy Valve Syndrome
• Mitral Click-Murmur Syndrome
• Mitral Leaflet Syndrome
• MVP
• MVPS
• Systolic Click-Murmur Syndrome

What is Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome?
The mitral valve is the valve between the left upper and left lower chambers of the heart. Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome (MVP) is a common condition in which one or both of the flaps of the mitral valve bulge or collapse backward into the left atrium during ventricular contraction. In some cases, this may allow leakage or the backward flow of blood from the left ventricle back into the left atrium.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD) is also known as:
• MCTD
• Sharp’s syndrome

What is Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD)
Mixed Connective Tissue Disease (MTCD) is an uncommon systemic inflammatory rheumatic disease. MCTD is a specific subset of the broader category of rheumatic “overlap syndromes”, a term used to describe when a patient has features of more than one classic inflammatory rheumatic disease. These classic rheumatic diseases include Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Polymyositis, Scleroderma, and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Individuals with an overlap syndrome may, but need not meet, complete diagnostic criteria for one (or more than one) classic rheumatic disease. MCTD is distinguished from other overlap syndromes by a laboratory result: MCTD patients have rheumatic overlap syndrome plus anti-RNP antibodies.

Categories

• Connective tissue Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mixed Cryoglobulinemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mixed Cryoglobulinemia is also known as:
• Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis

Subdivisions of Mixed Cryoglobulinemia
• Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia
• Type I Cryoglobulinemia
• Type II Cryoglobulinemia
• Type III Cryoglobulinemia

What is Mixed Cryoglobulinemia?
Mixed Cryoglobulinemia is a rare disorder characterized by the presence of cryoglobulins in the blood. Cryoglobulins are abnormal proteins that thicken and clump together at cold temperatures, usually below 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. However, the exact temperature at which this occurs may vary from one person to another. When these proteins clump together, they can restrict blood flow to joints, muscles, and organs. Eventually, damage or inflammation of affected blood vessels and surrounding tissue can develop, a condition known as vasculitis. Small blood vessels are usually affected, but occasionally larger blood vessels are involved.

Categories

• Immune System Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Moebius Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Moebius Syndrome is also known as:
• Congenital Facial Diplegia Syndrome
• Congenital Oculofacial Paralysis
• MBS
• Mobius Syndrome
• Moebius Sequence

What is Moebius Syndrome?
Moebius Syndrome is a rare neurological disorder characterized by weakness or paralysis of multiple cranial nerves, most often the 6th and 7th nerves. Other cranial nerves are sometimes affected. The disorder is present at birth. If the 7th nerve is involved, the individual with Moebius Syndrome is unable to smile, frown, pucker the lips, raise the eyebrows, or close the eyelids. If the 6th nerve is affected, the eye cannot turn outward past the midline. Other abnormalities include underdevelopment of the pectoral muscles and defects of the limbs.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Monilethrix

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Monilethrix?
Monilethrix is a rare inherited disorder characterized by sparse, dry, and/or brittle hair that often breaks before reaching more than a few inches in length. The hair may lack luster, and there may be patchy areas of hair loss. Another common symptom may be the appearance of elevated spots surrounding the hair follicles that may be covered with gray or brown crusts or scales. When viewed under a microscope, the hair shaft resembles a string of evenly-spaced beads.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mooren's Ulcer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Mooren's Ulcer?
Mooren's Ulcer is a rapidly progressive, painful, ulcerative keratitis which initially affects the peripheral cornea and may spread circumferentially and then centrally. Mooren's Ulcer can only be diagnosed in the absence of an infectious or systemic cause and must be differentiated from other corneal abnormalities, such as Terrien's Degeneration.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Morphea

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Morphea

What is Morphea?
Morphea, also known as Localized Scleroderma, is a disorder characterized by excessive collagen deposition leading to thickening of the dermis, subcutaneous tissues, or both.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mosaic Trisomy 22

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mosaic Trisomy 22 is also known as:
• Mosaic Trisomy Chromosome 22
• Trisomy 22 Mosaicism

What is Mosaic Trisomy 22?
Mosaic Trisomy 22 is a rare chromosomal disorder in which chromosome 22 appears three times rather than twice in some cells of the body. The term “mosaic” indicates that some cells contain the extra chromosome 22, whereas others have the normal chromosomal pair. Mosaic Trisomy 22 appears more commonly in females.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mosaic Trisomy 9

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mosaic Trisomy 9 is also known as:
• Chromosome 9, Trisomy Mosaic
• Mosaic Trisomy 9 Syndrome
• Trisomy 9 Mosaic
• Trisomy 9 Mosaicism
• Trisomy 9 Mosaicism Syndrome

What is Mosaic Trisomy 9?
Mosaic Trisomy 9 is a rare chromosomal disorder in which the entire 9th chromosome appears three times rather than twice in some cells of the body. The term "mosaic" indicates that some cells contain the extra chromosome 9, while others have the typical chromosomal pair.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mouth Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Mouth Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)

What is Mouth Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)?
Head and Neck Cancers are categorized by the area they occur in and treatments vary based on location. About 95% of head and neck tumors are Squamous Cell Carcinomas. Some other types include: Adenocarcinoma, Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma, Acinic Cell Carcinoma or other Malignant Salivary Tumors, Lymphoma, Sarcoma and Melanoma.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Mowat-Wilson Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mowat-Wilson Syndrome is also known as:
• MWS

What is Mowat-Wilson Syndrome?
Mowat-Wilson Syndrome (MWS) is a rare genetic disorder that may be apparent at birth or later in childhood. MWS is characterized by intellectual disability, distinctive facial features and seizures. Other congenital anomalies occur in some individuals and can include a gastrointestinal disease known as Hirschsprung Disease.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Moyamoya Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Moyamoya Disease is also known as:
• Moyamoya Syndrome

What is Moyamoya Disease?
Moyamoya Disease is a progressive disorder that affects the blood vessels in the brain. It is characterized by the narrowing and/or closing of the carotid artery inside the skull, a major artery that delivers blood to the brain. At the same time, tiny blood vessels at the base of the brain open up in an apparent attempt to supply blood to the brain distal to the blockage. These tiny vessels are the "moyamoya" vessels for which the disease was named. Inadequate blood supply then leads to reduced oxygen delivery to the brain, and it is this oxygen deprivation that causes the signs of moyamoya. One of the symptoms is typically stroke.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucha Habermann Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mucha Habermann Disease is also known as:
• Acuta Guttale Parapsoriasis
• Habermann Disease
• Parapsoriasis Varioliformis Acuta
• Pityriasis Lichenoides et Varioliformis Acuta
• PLEVA

Subdivisions of Mucha Habermann Disease
• Febrile Ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann Disease
• FUMHD

What is Mucha Habermann Disease?
Mucha-Habermann Disease, also known as Pityriasis Lichenoides et Varioliformis Acuta or PLEVA, is a rare skin disorder. The lesions most often appear on the trunk and the arms and legs. Mucha-Habermann Disease most often affects children or young adults. A more severe variant of this disorder, known as Febrile Ulceronecrotic Mucha-Habermann Disease, can cause life-threatening complications in adults.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Muckle-Wells Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Muckle-Wells Syndrome is also known as:
• MWS

What is Muckle-Wells Syndrome?
Muckle-Wells Syndrome (MWS) is one of the cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) caused by mutations in the CIAS1/NLRP3 gene. These syndromes are characterized by fever, rash and joint pain. Sometimes these symptoms are exacerbated by cold similar to the related condition FCAS, but can also be triggered by other stimuli.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucolipidosis IV

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mucolipidosis IV is also known as:
• Berman Syndrome
• Ganglioside Neuraminidase Deficiency
• Ganglioside Sialidase Deficiency
• ML Disorder IV
• ML IV
• Neuraminidase Deficiency
• Sialolipidosis

What is Mucolipidosis IV?
Mucolipidosis IV is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by intellectual disability; severe impairment in the acquisition of skills requiring the coordination of muscular and mental activities; diminished muscle tone; clouding of the clear portion of the eyes through which light passes; and progressive degeneration of the nerve-rich membrane lining the eyes.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucopolysaccharidoses

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mucopolysaccharidoses is also known as:
• MPS 1 H/S (Hurler/Scheie Syndrome)
• MPS I H (Hurler Disease)
• MPS II (Hunter Syndrome)
• MPS III A, B, C, and D (Sanfillipo Syndrome)
• MPS I S (Scheie Syndrome)
• MPS IV A and B (Morquio Syndrome)
• MPS IX (Hyaluronidase Deficiency)
• MPS VII (Sly Syndrome)
• MPS VI (Maroteaux-Lamy Syndrome)

What is Mucopolysaccharidoses?
The Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are a group of inherited lysosomal storage disorders. Lysosomes function as the primary digestive units within cells. Enzymes within lysosomes break down or digest particular nutrients, such as certain carbohydrates and fats. In individuals with MPS disorders, deficiency or malfunction of specific lysosomal enzymes leads to an abnormal accumulation of certain complex carbohydrates in the arteries, skeleton, eyes, joints, ears, skin, and/or teeth causing progressive damage to cells, tissues, and various organ systems of the body. There are several different types and subtypes of mucopolysaccharidosis.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucopolysaccharidosis IV

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mucopolysaccharidosis IV is also known as:
• Morquio Syndrome
• MPS IV
• Mucopolysaccharidosis IV

Subdivisions of Mucopolysaccharidosis IV
• MPS IVA
• MPS IVB

What is Mucopolysaccharidosis IV?
Mucopolysaccharidosis IV (MPS IV) is a mucopolysaccharide storage disease that exists in two forms. These are autosomal recessive genetic conditions that comprise a continuum consisting of a severe form with rapid progression and another slowly progressing form. The severe form becomes apparent between the ages of one and three.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I is also known as:
• Gargoylism
• Hurler Disease
• MPS Disorder I
• MPS I

Subdivisions of Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I
• Hurler-Scheie Syndrome (MPS IH/S)
• Hurler Syndrome (MPS IH)
• Scheie Syndrome (MPS IS)

What is Mucopolysaccharidosis Type I?
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS Disorders) are a group of rare genetic disorders caused by the deficiency of one of ten specific lysosomal enzymes, resulting in an inability to metabolize complex carbohydrates into simpler molecules. The accumulation of these large, undegraded mucopolysaccharides in the cells of the body causes a number of physical symptoms and abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II is also known as:
• Hunter Syndrome
• I2S Deficiency
• Iduronate 2-Sulfatase Deficiency
• MPS II

Subdivisions of Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II
• Neuronopathic
• Non-Neuronopathic

What is Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II?
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type II (MPS II) is a rare inborn error of metabolism that affects every organ of the body. Although the age of onset, disease severity and the rate of progression of the disease vary significantly, initial symptoms and findings associated with MPS II usually become apparent in children from two to four years of age.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucopolysaccharidosis Type III

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type III is also known as:
• MPS III
• Mucopolysaccharide Storage Disease Type III
• Sanfilippo Syndrome
• Sanfilippo Disease

Subdivisions of Mucopolysaccharidosis Type III
• MPS IIIA (Sanfilippo Syndrome Type B)
• MPS IIIC (Sanfilippo Syndrome Type C)
• MPS IIID (Sanfilippo Syndrome Type D)

What is Mucopolysaccharidosis Type III?
The Mucopolysaccharidoses are a group of seven rare genetic disorders caused by the deficiency of one of the enzymes needed to break down complex sugar molecules called mucopolysaccharides. Mucopolysaccharides are also sometimes called GAGs and are naturally produced by the body and used in the building of bones, cartilage, skin, and tissues. Mucopolysaccharides get their name from their thick jelly-like consistency (‘muco’), ‘poly’ meaning many and ‘saccharide’ meaning sugar. High concentrations of mucopolysaccharides in the cells of the central nervous system, including the brain, cause the neurological and developmental problems that accompany these disorders.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII is also known as:
• Beta-Glucuronidase Deficiency
• GUSB Deficiency
• MPS Disorder, Type VII
• MPS VII
• MPS 7
• Mucopolysaccharidosis 7
• Sly Syndrome

What is Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII?
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII (MPS VII) is a rare, progressive inborn error of metabolism that affects many parts of the body. The clinical features of MPS VII vary from patient to patient, but all have short stature due to growth retardation and skeletal abnormalities, changes in bones visible on X-rays, and some degree of intellectual disability.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucormycosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mucormycosis is also known as:
• Zygomycosis

What is Mucormycosis?
Mucormycosis is a general term for a group of uncommon infections cause by a fungus. Mucormycosis is caused by a group of related molds from the order Mucorales. These infections are usually acquired when spores from the molds are breathed or, less commonly, enter the body through a cut in the skin.

Categories

• Fungal Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid is also known as:
• Cicatricial pemphigoid
• CP
• MMP
• Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid

Subdivisions of Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid
• Brunsting-Perry Syndrome
• Localized Cicatricial Pemphigoid
• Vegetating Cicatricial Pemphigoid

What is Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid?
Mucous Membrane Pemphigoid (MMP) is a group of rare chronic autoimmune disorders characterized by blistering lesions that primarily affect the various mucous membranes of the body. The symptoms of MMP vary among affected individuals depending upon the specific site(s) involved and the progression of the disease.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mulibrey Nanism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mulibrey Nanism is also known as:
• Muscle-Liver-Brain Nanism
• Perheentupa Syndrome
• Pericardial Constriction and Growth Failure

What is Mulibrey Nanism?
Mulibrey Nanism is an extremely rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by profound growth delays and distinctive abnormalities of the muscles, liver, brain, and eyes. The acronym MULIBREY stands for (MU)scle, (LI)ver, (BR)ain, and (EY)e. Nanism is another word for dwarfism.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mulltifocal Motor Neuropathy (MMN) or MMNCB

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Multifocal Motor Neuropathy (MMN) or MMNCB

What is Mulltifocal Motor Neuropathy (MMN) or MMNCB?
Multifocal Motor Neuropathy (MMN) is a rare neuropathy characterized by progressive, asymmetric muscle weakness and atrophy.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes

What is Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes?
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Syndromes are rare, inherited disorders in which several endocrine glands develop noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant) tumors or grow excessively without forming tumors.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Hereditary Cancer Syndromes
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for GeneticDiseases

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 is also known as:
• MEN-1
• MEN-1 Syndrome
• Multiple Endocrine Adenomatosis
• Wermer's Syndrome

What is Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1?
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) Type 1 is a rare genetic disorder characterized by multiple tumors arising from cells of specific neuroendocrine tissues.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Hereditary Cancer Syndromes
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 is also known as:
• MEN-2
• MEN2 Syndrome

Subdivisions of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2
• MEN2A
• MEN2B

What is Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2?
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 (MEN2) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by an increased risk of developing a specific form of thyroid cancer and benign tumors affecting additional glands of the endocrine system.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Hereditary Cancer Syndromes
• Metabolic Disorders
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Multiple Myeloma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
[Burgundy Cancer Ribbons for Multiple Myeloma/Plasma Cell Neoplasms Awareness][2]

Multiple Myeloma is also known as:
• Kahler Disease
• Myelomatosis
• Plasma Cell Myeloma

Subdivisions of Multiple Myeloma
• Extramedullary Plasmacytoma
• Nonsecretory Myeloma
• Osteosclerotic Myeloma
• Plasma Cell Leukemia
• Smoldering Myeloma
• Solitary Plasmacytoma of Bone

What is Multiple Myeloma?
Multiple Myeloma is a rare form of cancer characterized by excessive production and improper function of certain cells found in the bone marrow. Plasma cells, which are a type of white blood cell, are produced in the bone marrow and normally reside there. Excessive plasma cells may eventually mass together to form a tumor or tumors in various sites of the body, especially the bone marrow. When multiple tumors are present, the term Multiple Myeloma is used.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Multiple Sclerosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Multiple Sclerosis is also known as:
• MS

Subdivisions of Multiple Sclerosis
• Clinical Isolated Syndrome
• Pediatric MS
• Primary Progressive MS
• Radiologically Isolated Syndrome
• Relapsing Remitting MS
• Secondary-Progressive MS
• Tumefactive MS

What is Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neuroimmunologic disorder of the central nervous system involving the brain, spinal cord and optic nerves. By means of a mechanism not clearly understood, the protective fatty, insulating substance called myelin sheath that covers the nerve is destroyed. The inflammatory attacks that produce the characteristic scarring of the myelin sheath occur unpredictability, vary in intensity, and at many sites, thus the name, Multiple Sclerosis. During the course of the disease, patients may have attacks, gradually worsen, or stabilize. The randomness of the location of damage can result in a wide range of neurological symptoms, which may vary from person to person. Recently it has been learned that the nerve fibers themselves, in addition to the myelin sheaths, are also affected early in the MS disease process.

Categories

• Immune System Diseases
• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency is also known as:
• Disorder of Conification 13
• DOC 13 (Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency)
• Mucosulfatidosis
• Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency (DOC 13)
• Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency Syndrome

What is Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency?
Multiple Sulfatase Deficiency is a very rare hereditary metabolic disorder in which all of the known sulfatase enzymes are deficient or inoperative.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Multiple System Atrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Multiple System Atrophy is also known as:
• MSA
• Progressive Autonomic Failure with Multiple System Atrophy
• Shy-Drager Syndrome (SDS)
• Sporadic Olivopontocerebellar Atrophy (sOPCA)
• Striatonigral Degeneration (SND)

Subdivisions of Multiple System Atrophy
• MSA-C (Cerebellar Phenotype)
• MSA-P (Parkinsonian Phenotype)

What is Multiple System Atrophy?
Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) is a rare sporadic progressive neurological disorder characterized by a varying combination of signs and symptoms. Onset is during adulthood. Affected individuals may experience symptoms similar to those found in Parkinson’s Disease.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Mulvihill Smith Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mulvihill Smith Syndrome is also known as:
• Progeriod Short Stature with Pigmented Nevi

What is Mulvihill Smith Syndrome?
Mulvihill-Smith Syndrome is an extremely rare disorder characterized by low birth weight, growth delays leading to short stature, and/or a prematurely aged facial appearance.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mumps

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Mumps is also known as:
• Infective Parotitis
• Parotitis

What is Mumps?
Mumps is an acute viral illness that causes a painful inflammation and swelling of the saliva glands. Mumps used to be a common infectious disease of childhood until a vaccine was developed in 1967 to immunize children against the virus that causes the disorder. Recent outbreaks of mumps among adolescents and young adults have raised questions about lifetime immunity from the vaccine.

Categories

• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Muscular Dystrophy, Becker

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Muscular Dystrophy, Becker is also known as:
• Benign Juvenile Muscular Dystrophy
• BMD
• Progressive Tardive Muscular Dystrophy

What is Muscular Dystrophy, Becker?
Becker Musculard Dystrophy is in the category of inherited muscle wasting diseases caused by a gene abnormality that results in deficient or abnormal production of the dystrophin protein. The abnormal gene is called DMD and is located on the X chromosome.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mutism, Selective

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Selective Mutism?
Selective Mutism is a rare psychiatric condition primarily occurring during childhood. It is characterized by the failure to speak in certain social situations. The ability to speak and understand spoken language is not impaired, and may be exhibited in more familiar environments.

Categories

• Behavioral and Mental Disorders

Cause Classification: Psychological


Myalgic Encephalomyelitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis is also known as:
• CFS/ME
• Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis
• ME

What is Myalgic Encephalomyelitis?
Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is an acquired complex disorder characterized by a variety of symptoms and physical findings potentially affecting multiple systems of the body. Many cases are preceded by a viral infection, usually a flu-like or upper respiratory illness, although ME can also be preceded by a non-viral illness or other trauma such as chemical exposure. Myalgic Encephalomyelitis is a chronic and disabling disorder. Severe cases often leave affected individuals bedridden or housebound.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Myasthenia Gravis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Myasthenia Gravis is also known as:
• MG

Subdivisions of Myasthenia Gravis
• Congenital Myasthenia
• Generalized Myasthenia Gravis
• Ocular Myasthenia Gravis
• Transient Neonatal Myasthenia Gravis

What is Myasthenia Gravis?
Myasthenia Gravis is a neuromuscular disorder primarily characterized by muscle weakness and muscle fatigue. Although the disorder usually becomes apparent during adulthood, symptom onset may occur at any age. The condition may be restricted to certain muscle groups, particularly those of the eyes (Ocular Myasthenia Gravis), or may become more generalized (Generalized Myasthenia Gravis), involving multiple muscle groups. Most individuals with Myasthenia Gravis develop weakness and drooping of the eyelids; weakness of eye muscles, resulting in double vision; and excessive muscle fatigue following activity. Myasthenia Gravis results from an abnormal immune reaction in which the body's natural immune defenses inappropriately attack and gradually destroy certain receptors in muscles that receive nerve impulses.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Mycosis Fungoides

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Subdivisions of Mycosis Fungoides
• Vidal-Brocq Mycosis Fungoides

What is Mycosis Fungoides?
Mycosis Fungoides is a rare form of T-Cell Lymphoma of the skin; the disease is typically slowly progressive and chronic. In individuals with Mycosis Fungoides, the skin becomes infiltrated with plaques and nodules that are composed of lymphocytes. In advanced cases, ulcerated tumors and infiltration of lymph nodes by diseased cells may occur. The disorder may spread to other parts of the body including the gastrointestinal system, liver, spleen, or brain.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
[Red Cancer Ribbons for Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Awareness][2]
[Orange/Red Cancer Ribbons for Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Awareness][3]

Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasms are also known as:
• MDS
• Myelodysplasia
• Pre-Leukemia
• Refractory Anemia

What are Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferatie Neoplasms?
Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) are a rare group of blood disorders that occur as a result of disordered development of blood cells within the bone marrow. The three main types of blood elements (i.e., red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets) are affected. In MDS, dysfunctional blood cells fail to develop normally and enter the bloodstream. As a result, individuals with MDS have abnormally low blood counts. General symptoms associated with MDS include fatigue, dizziness, weakness, bruising and bleeding, frequent infections, and headaches. In some affected individuals, MDS may progress to life-threatening failure of the bone marrow or develop into an acute leukemia.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Causes


Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
Orange Cancer Ribbons for Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) Awareness

What is Myelogenous Leukemia, Chronic?
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) is an uncommon type of cancer of the blood cells. The term "chronic" in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia indicates that this cancer tends to progress more slowly than acute forms of leukemia. The term "myelogenous" in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia refers to the type of cells affected by this cancer. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia can also be called cChronic Myeloid Leukemia and Chronic Granulocytic Leukemia.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Ribbons And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Myeloid Leukemia, Acute

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
[Orange Cancer Ribbons for Acute Nyeloid Leukemia (AML) Awareness][2]

What is Myeloid Leukemia, Acute?
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow, the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. The word "acute" in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia denotes the disease's rapid progression. It's called Myelogenous Leukemia because it affects a group of white blood cells called the myeloid cells, which normally develop into the various types of mature blood cells, such as red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia is also known as Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia, Acute Granulocytic Leukemia and Acute Nonlymphocytic Leukemia.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, Chronic

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
Red Cancer Ribbons for Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Awareness
Orange and Red Cancer Ribbons for Chronic Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Awareness

What is Myeloproliferative Neoplasms, Chronic?
Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPNs) are blood cancers that occur when the body makes too many white or red blood cells, or platelets. This overproduction of blood cells in the bone marrow can create problems for blood flow and lead to various symptoms. MPNs were called Myeloproliferative Diseases until 2008 when the World Health Organization reclassified them as cancers and renamed them Myeloproliferative Neoplasms.

There are 6 types of Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders: Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML), Polycythemia Vera, Primary Myelofibrosis (also called Chronic Idiopathic Myelofibrosis), Essential Thrombocythemia, Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia, and Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia. Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders sometimes become Acute Leukemia, in which too many abnormal white blood cells are made.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Myhre Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Myhre Syndrome is also known as:
• Facial Dysmorphism, Intellectual Deficit, Short Stature, Hearing Loss
• LAPS Syndrome
• Laryngotracheal Stenosis, Arthropathy, Prognathism, and Short Stature
• Laryngotracheal Stenosis, Arthropathy, Prognathism, and Short Stature

What is Myhre Syndrome?
Myhre Syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disorder characterized by short stature, characteristic facial features, mild to moderate intellectual disability and various bone abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Myocarditis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Myocarditis is also known as:
• Inflammatory Cardiomyopathy
• Idiopathic Myocarditis
• Viral Cardiomyopathy

Subdivisions of Myocarditis
• Eosinophilic Myocarditis
• Giant Cell Myocarditis
• Granulomatous Myocarditis
• Lymphocytic Myocarditis
• Viral Myocarditis

What is Myocarditis?
Myocarditis is a rare cause of cardiovascular disease primarily manifest as sudden death, chest pain or heart failure. The symptoms of heart failure from Myocarditis include shortness of breath, fatigue and ankle swelling. The cause is an inflammation of the heart muscle, most often following a viral infection. Most cases of myocarditis are identified in young adults.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Myopathy, Congenital, Batten Turner Type

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Myopathy, Congenital, Batten Turner Type is also known as:
• Batten Turner Congenital Myopathy
• Batten Turner Syndrome

What is Myopathy, Congenital, Batten Turner Type?
Batten Turner Type Congenital Myopathy is an extremely rare, inherited muscle disease and is characterized by the lack of muscle tone or floppiness at birth. The symptoms of Batten Turner Type Congenital Myopathy are slowly progressive during infancy and childhood. However, this disorder is not progressive in adulthood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Myopathy, Myofibrillar

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Myopathy, Myofibrillar is also known as:
• Alpha-B Crystallinopathy
• BAG3-Related Myofibrillar Myopathy
• Desminopathy
• Filaminopathy
• Myotilinopathy
• Zaspopathy

What is Myopathy, Myofibrillar?
Myofibrillar Myopathies are a group of rare genetic neuromuscular disorders that may be diagnosed in childhood but most often appear after 40 years of age. These conditions are highly variable but are characterized by a slowly progressive muscle weakness that can involve skeletal and smooth muscle. A weakening of the heart muscle (Cardiomyopathy) is common and may manifest as arrhythmia, conduction defects or congestive heart failure.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Myopathy, Scapuloperoneal

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Myopathy, Scapuloperoneal is also known as:
• Scapuloperoneal Muscular Dystrophy
• Scapuloperoneal Syndrome, Myopathic Type

What is Myopathy, Scapuloperoneal?
Scapuloperoneal Myopathy is a rare genetic disorder characterized by weakness and wasting of certain muscles. Symptoms are usually limited to the shoulder blade area and the smaller of the two leg muscle groups below the knee. This condition can also occur in combination with other disorders.

Categories

• Congenial and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Myositis (including Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Myositis (including Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis)

What is Myositis (including Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis)?
Myositis means inflammation of the muscles used to move the body. An injury, infection, or autoimmune disease can cause Myositis. Two specific kinds are Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis. Polymyositis causes muscle weakness, usually in the muscles closest to the trunk of the body. Dermatomyositis causes muscle weakness, plus a skin rash.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Myotonia Congenita

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Myotonia Congenita is also known as:
• Becker Disease; Myotonia Congenita, Autosomal Recessive (MCR); Generalized
• Thomsen Disease (THD); Myotonia Congenita, Autosomal Dominant

What is Myotonia Congenita?
Myotonia Congenita is a rare genetic disorder in which an abnormality of voluntary muscle fiber membranes causes an unusually exaggerated response to stimulation. As a result, affected individuals have difficulty relaxing certain muscles after contracting them, muscle stiffness, and associated symptoms. Such symptoms tend to occur when attempting to move certain muscles after rest. In many cases, individuals with Myotonia Congenita also have abnormal enlargement of the muscles, resulting in a "herculean" or "body-builder like" appearance.

Two main forms of Myotonia Congenita have been described: Thomsen Disease and Becker Disease. Thomsen Disease may become apparent from infancy to approximately two to three years of age. Becker Disease symptoms most commonly become apparent between the ages of four and twelve years.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Myotonic Dystrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Myotonic Dystrophy is also known as:
• Curschmann-Batten-Steinert Syndrome
• DM
• Dystrophia Myotonia
• Myotonia Atrophica
• Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy
• Proximal Myotonic Myopathy (PROMM)
• Ricker Syndrome
• Steinert Disease

Subdivisions of Myotonic Dystrophy
• Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (DM1)
• Myotonic Dystrophy Type 2 (DM2

What is Myotonic Dystrophy?
Myotonic Dystrophy refers to two rare genetic disorders of muscle that actually affect multiple systems of the body. There are two main types of DM.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical