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Master List of Awareness Causes - N | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter N and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter N:


N-Acetylglutamate Synthetase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

N-Acetylglutamate Synthetase Deficiency is also known as:
• Hyperammonemia Due to N-acetylglutamate Synthetase Deficiency
• NAGS Deficiency

What is N-Acetylglutamate Synthetase Deficiency?
N-Acetylglutamate Synthetase (NAGS) deficiency is a rare genetic disorder characterized by complete or partial lack of the enzyme N-Acetylglutamate Synthetase (NAGS). NAGS is one of six enzymes that play a role in the break down and removal of nitrogen from the body, a process known as the urea cycle. The lack of the NAGS enzyme results in excessive accumulation of nitrogen, in the form of ammonia, in the blood. Excess ammonia, which is a neurotoxin, travels to the central nervous system through the blood, resulting in the symptoms and physical findings of NAGS Deficiency.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Nager Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Synonyms of Nager Syndrome is also known as:
• Acrofacial Dysostosis, Nager Type
• Mandibulofacial Dysostosis, Treacher Collins Type, with Limb Anomaliesr>
• Nager Acrofacial Dysostosis
• NAFD
• Preaxial Acrofacial Dysostosis

What is Nager Syndrome?
Nager Syndrome is a rare inherited disorder characterized by craniofacial malformations occurring in association with abnormalities of the thumb and forearm. Craniofacial malformations include underdevelopment of the cheekbones resulting in downward slanting palpebral fissures; incomplete development of the lower jaw, causing the jaw to appear abnormally small; and small and/or malformed external ears, resulting in hearing impairment.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Nail Patella Syndrome (NPS)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Nail Patella Syndrome (NPS) is also known as:
• Arthroosteoonychodysplasia
• Fong Disease
• Hereditary Onychoosteodysplasia (HOOD)
• NPS
• Onychoosteodysplasia
• Turner-Kieser Syndrome

What is Nail Patella Syndrome (NPS)?
Nail-Patella Syndrome (NPS) is a rare genetic disorder that is usually apparent at birth or during early childhood. Although the symptoms and physical characteristics associated with NPS may vary greatly in range and severity, characteristic abnormalities tend to include improper development of the fingernails and toenails; absence and/or underdevelopment of the knee caps; limited movement of the elbow including extension and rotation caused by underdevelopment or dislocation of the radius and/or webbing of skin at the bend of the elbow(s); and/or abnormal projections of bone from the upper portion of both sides of the hipbone.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Nance-Horan Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Nance-Horan Syndrome is also known as:
• Cataract-Dental Syndrome
• Cataract, X-Linked, with Hutchinsonian Teeth
• Mesiodens-Cataract Syndrome
• NHS

What is Nance-Horan Syndrome?
Nance-Horan Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that may be evident at birth. It is primarily characterized by abnormalities of the teeth and clouding of the lens of the eyes, resulting in poor vision. In some affected individuals, the disorder may also be associated with additional physical abnormalities and/or intellectual impairment.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Narcolepsy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Narcolepsy is also known as:
• Gelineau's Syndrome
• Hypnolepsy
• Narcoleptic Syndrome
• Paroxysmal Sleep

Subdivisions of Narcolepsy
• Narcolepsy with Cataplexy
• Narcolepsy without Cataplexy

What is Narcolepsy?
Narcolepsy is a neurological sleep disorder characterized by chronic, excessive attacks of drowsiness during the day, sometimes called Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS). Attacks of drowsiness may persist for only a few seconds or several minutes. These episodes vary in frequency from a few incidents to several during a single day. Nighttime sleep patterns may also be disrupted. Three additional symptoms often associated with narcolepsy are sudden extreme muscle weakness, a specific type of hallucination that occurs just before falling asleep or upon awakening, and brief episodes of paralysis while waking up. Narcolepsy also may be associated with "automatic behavior", i.e. doing something automatically without any memory afterward.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)

What is Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)?
Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer are malignant tumors. Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer belong to a group of tumors known as Head and Neck Cancer. Although Paranasal Sinus Cancer can develop in any of the sinuses, it usually begins in the maxillary sinus.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Nasopharyngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Nasopharyngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)

What is Nasopharyngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)?
Nasopharyngeal Cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx. Nasopharyngeal Cancer is a type of Head and Neck Cancer. The nasopharynx is the upper part of the pharynx behind the nose.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Necrotizing Enterocolitis?
Necrotizing Enterocolitis is a disease that affects a newborn’s intestines. It typically occurs in premature infants, born less than 37 weeks, and is characterized by severe inflammation of a baby’s small or large intestines, which may progress to tissue death. NEC can occur in full term babies but it is much more common in very premature infants, especially very low birth weight babies.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Necrotizing Fasciitis (NF)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Necrotizing Fasciitis (NF) is also known as:
• Flesh-Eating Bacteria
• Flesh-Eating Disease
• Streptococcal Gangrene
• Suppurative Fasciitis

What is Necrotizing Fasciitis (NF)?
Necrotizing Fasciitis (NF) is a rare infection that means "decaying infection of the fascia," which is the soft tissue that is part of the connective tissue system that runs throughout the body. NF is caused by one or more bacteria that attacks the skin, the tissue just beneath the skin, and the fascia causing these tissues to die. These infections can be sudden, vicious, and fast-spreading. If not treated quickly with antibiotics and/or debridement of the infected tissue, the person may develop Toxic Shock Syndrome or Toxic Shock-Like Syndrome, which may lead to multiple organ failure and death.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Nelson Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Nelson Syndrome is also known as:
• ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma
• Pituitary Tumor after Adrenalectomy

What is Nelson Syndrome?
Nelson Syndrome is a disorder characterized by abnormal hormone secretion, enlargement of the pituitary gland, and the development of large and invasive growths known as adenomas. It occurs in an estimated fifteen to twenty-five percent of people who undergo surgical removal of the adrenal glands for Cushing Disease.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Nemaline Myopathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Nemaline Myopathy is also known as:
• Congenital Rod Disease
• NM
• Rod Myopathy

What is Nemaline Myopathy?
Nemaline Myopathy is a rare genetic muscle disorder. Six different clinical subtypes of Nemaline Myopathy have been identified based on disease severity and age of onset, ranging from a severe congenital-onset form that is usually lethal in the first few months of life, through to less severe forms with onset in childhood or adulthood. Most affected individuals have a milder form of the disorder known as Typical Congenital Nemaline Myopathy and are able to walk and lead active lives.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Neonatal Hemochromatosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Neonatal Hemochromatosis?
Neonatal Hemochromatosis is a disorder affecting fetuses and newborns. It is characterized by liver disease associated with the accumulation of excess iron in the liver and other areas of the body. Neonatal Hemochromatosis is caused by severe fetal liver disease. Some severe cases result in stillbirth, while live born infants with Neonatal Hemochromatosis typically show signs within 48 hours of birth. Neonatal Hemochromatosis often produces life-threatening complications such as liver failure. However, some infants are less severely affected than others.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Neonatal Lupus

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Neonatal Lupus is also known as:
• Congenital Heart Block
• Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus
• Neonatal Lupus Wyndrome

What is Neonatal Lupus?
Neonatal Lupus is a rare acquired autoimmune disorder that is present at birth. Affected infants often develop a characteristic red rash or skin eruption. The most significant potential complication is a heart condition known as Congenital Heart Block. Congenital Heart Block does not resolve within the first several months of life and infants may ultimately require a pacemaker. Neonatal Lupus results from specific autoantibodies that travel across the placenta from a pregnant woman to her developing fetus.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Immune System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Neonatal-Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Neonatal-Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease is also known as:
• Chronic, Infantile, Neurological, Cutaneous and Articular Syndrome
• CINCA
• NOMID

What is Neonatal-Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease?
Neonatal-Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID), also known as Chronic Infantile Neurologic Cutaneous Articular (CINCA) Syndrome, is a rare, congenital, systemic, inflammatory condition distinguished by fever, rash, joint disease, and Central Nervous System (CNS) Disease. The hallmark of NOMID is onset during infancy or early childhood. NOMID is the most severe form of the Cryopyrin Associated Periodic Syndromes (CAPS).

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus (NDI)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus (NDI) is also known as:
• Acquired Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
• Congenital Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
• Hereditary Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
• NDI
• Vasopressin-Resistant Diabetes Insipidus

What is Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus (NDI)?
Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus (NDI) is a rare kidney disorder that may be inherited or acquired. NDI is not related to the more common Diabetes Mellitus, in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. NDI causes chronic excessive thirst, excessive urine production, and potentially dehydration. If left untreated, repeated episodes of severe dehydration may develop, eventually resulting in serious complications.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis (NSF)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis (NSF) is also known as:
• Gadolinium-Associated Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis
• Nephrogenic Fibrosing Dermopathy
• NSF

What is Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis (NSF)?
Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis (NSF) is a rare disorder that occurs in some individuals with reduced kidney function, who have been exposed to an intravenous contrast material that contains gadolinium. NSF is characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin, subcutaneous tissues, and, sometimes, underlying skeletal muscle. The arms and legs are most often affected. In some cases, the skin on the trunk can also become involved.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Neu Laxova Syndrome (NLS)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Neu Laxova Syndrome (NLS) is also known as:
• NLS

What is Neu Laxova Syndrome (NLS)?
Neu-Laxova Syndrome (NLS) is a rare genetic disorder. The syndrome is characterized by severe growth delays before birth; low birth weight and length; and distinctive abnormalities of the head and facial region. NLS is also typically characterized by abnormal accumulations of fluid in tissues throughout the body; permanent flexion and immobilization of multiple joints; other limb malformations; and/or abnormalities of the brain, skin, genitals, kidneys, and/or heart.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Neuroacanthocytosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Neuroacanthocytosis is also known as:
• Levine-Critchley Syndrome

Subdivisions of Neuroacanthocytosis
• Chorea-Acanthocytosis (Choreoacanthocytosis)
• Huntingon's Disease-Like 2
• McLeod Syndrome
• Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN)

What is Neuroacanthocytosis?
Neuroacanthocytosis is a general term for a group of rare progressive disorders characterized by the association of misshapen, spiny red blood cells and neurological abnormalities, especially movement disorders. Chorea, which is characterized by rapid, involuntary, purposeless movements, especially of the face, feet and hands, is the most common movement disorder associated with Neuroacanthocytosis.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Neuroblastoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Neuroblastoma
Purple Cancer Ribbons for Neuroblastoma Awareness

What is Neuroblastoma?
Neuroblastoma is a cancer that develops from immature nerve cells found in several areas of the body. Neuroblastoma most commonly arises in and around the adrenal glands, which have similar origins to nerve cells and sit atop the kidneys. However, Neuroblastoma can also develop in other areas of the abdomen and in the chest, neck and near the spine, where groups of nerve cells exist. Neuroblastoma most commonly affects children age 5 or younger, though it may rarely occur in older children. Some forms of Neuroblastoma go away on their own, while others may require multiple treatments.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is also known as:
• NF1
• Von Recklinghausen's Disease
• Von Recklinghausen's Neurofibromatosis

Subdivisions of Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1)
• Segmental Neurofibromatosis

What is Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1)?
Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), also called von Recklinghausen's Disease, is a genetic disorder characterized by the development of multiple noncancerous tumors of nerves and skin and areas of abnormal skin color. Areas of abnormal skin pigmentation typically include pale tan or light brown discolorations (cafe-au-lait spots) and freckling in atypical locations. Such abnormalities of skin pigmentation are often evident by one year of age and tend to increase in size and number over time.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is also known as:
• Bilateral Acoustic Neurofibromatosis (BANF)
• Central Neurofibromatosis
• NF2
• Neurofibromatosis Type II

What is Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2)?
Neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) is a rare genetic disorder that is primarily characterized by noncancerous tumors of the nerves that transmit balance and sound impulses from the inner ears to the brain.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases; Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome is also known as:
• Drug-Induced Movement Disorder
• Hyperthermia
• Neuroleptic-Induced Acute Dystonia

What is Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome?
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome is a rare but potentially life-threatening reaction to the use of almost any of a group of antipsychotic drugs or major tranquilizers. Several of the more commonly prescribed neuroleptics include thioridazine, haloperidol, chlorpromazine, fluphenazine and perphenazine. The syndrome is characterized by high fever, stiffness of the muscles, altered mental status, and autonomic dysfunction.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD) is also known as:
• Asian, Japanese Opticospinal MS
• Devic Disease
• Devic Syndrome
• Optic Neuromyelitis
• Opticomyelitis
• NMOSD

Subdivisions of Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD)
• NMOSD with Aquaporin-4 Antibodies
• NMOSD without Aquaporin-4 Antibodies (or not tested)

What is Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD)?
Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD), also known as Devic Disease, is a chronic disorder of the brain and spinal cord dominated by inflammation of the optic nerve and inflammation of the spinal cord. Most people with NMOSD experience repeated attacks separated by periods of remission. The interval between attacks may be weeks, months or years. In its early stages, NMOSD may be confused with Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Neuromyotonia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Neuromyotonia is also known as:
• Continuous Muscle Fiber Activity Syndrome
• Isaacs-Merten Syndrome
• Isaacs' Syndrome
• Quantal Squander

What is Neuromyotonia?
Acquired Neuromyotonia is an inflammatory disorder characterized by abnormal nerve impulses from the peripheral nerves that result in continuous muscle fiber activity. Affected individuals often experience progressive muscle stiffness and cramping especially in the hands and feet, increased sweating, and delayed muscle relaxation. Symptoms may persist even during sleep or under general anesthesia.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Neuropathy, Congenital Hypomyelination (CHN)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Neuropathy, Congenital Hypomyelination (CHN) is also known as:
• Charcot-Marie-Tooth Type 4E
• CHN
• CMT4E
• Congenital Dysmyelinating Neuropathy
• Congenital Hypomyelinating Polyneuropathy
• Congenital Hypomyelination
• Congenital Hypomyelination Neuropathy
• Congenital Hypomyelination (Onion Bulb), Polyneuropathy
• Congenital Neuropathy Caused by Hypomyelination
• Hypomyelination Neuropathy

What is Neuropathy, Congenital Hypomyelination (CHN)?
Congenital Hypomyelination Neuropathy (CHN) is a neurological disorder present at birth. Major symptoms may include respiratory difficulty, muscle weakness and incoordination, poor muscle tone, absence of reflexes, difficulty in walking, and/or impaired abilities to feel or move part of the body.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (NBCCS)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome )NBCCS) is also known as:
• Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome
• BCNS
• Gorlin-Goltz Syndrome
• Gorlin Syndrome
• Hermans-Herzberg Phakomatosis
• NBCCS

What is Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (NBCCS)?
The Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (NBCCS) is a rare, complex genetic disorder characterized by a wide variety of developmental abnormalities and a predisposition to developing certain forms of cancer, particularly a type of skin cancer known as Basal Cell Carcinoma. Common symptoms include multiple Basal Cell Carcinomas, recurrent Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumors of the jaws, pits of the palms and soles, and skeletal malformations.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Nevus Sebaceus Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Nevus Sebaceus Syndrome is also known as:
• Epidermal Nevus Syndrome
• Jadassohn Nevus Phacomatosis
• Jadassohn Sebaceous Nevus Syndrome
• Linear Sebaceous Nevus Sequence
• Schimmelpenning-Feuerstein-Mims Syndrome
• Schimmelpenning Syndrome

What is Nevus Sebaceus Syndrome?
Nevus Sebaceus Syndrome is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by Sebaceous Nevus associated with other abnormalities outside the skin, which most commonly affect the brain, eyes and bones. The skin lesions associated with this disorder are called Nevus Sebaceus because they consist of an increased number of malformed sebaceous glands along with an overgrowth of the epidermis.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is New-Onset Refractory Status Epilepticus (NORSE) and Febrile Infection-Related Epilepsy Syndrome (FIRES)?
New-Onset Refractory Status Epilepticus (NORSE) is defined as a condition, not a specific diagnosis, with new onset of Refractory Status Epilepticus without a clear acute or active structural, toxic or metabolic cause in a patient without active epilepsy. Status Epilepticus (SE) is a condition in which patients suddenly experience a prolonged seizure or a flurry of very frequent seizures. Status Epilepticus that persists despite at least two standard anticonvulsant medications is termed Refractory Status Epilepticus (RSE). Most of the common causes of RSE can be identified within 24-72 hours of presentation.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


NGLY1 Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

NGLY1 Deficiency is also known as:
• NGLY1-CDDG
• NGLY1-Related Congenital Disorder of Deglycosylation
• NGLY1-Related Disorder

What is NGLY1 Deficiency?
NGLY1 Deficiency is a rare disorder that can affect multiple systems of the body. Affected individuals may have delays in reaching developmental milestones, intellectual disability, movement disorders, seizures, liver disease, and an inability to produce tears when they cry, or they may produce tears very infrequently.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Niemann Pick Disease Type C

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Niemann Pick Disease Type C is also known as:
• NPC
• NPD-C

Subdivisions of Niemann Pick Disease Type C
• Niemann Pick Disease Type 1C
• Niemann Pick Disease Type 2C

What is Niemann Pick Disease Type C?
Niemann-Pick Disease Type C (NPC) is a rare progressive genetic disorder characterized by an inability of the body to transport cholesterol and other fatty substances inside of cells. This leads to the abnormal accumulation of these substances within various tissues of the body, including brain tissue. The accumulation of these substances damages the affected areas.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Nocardiosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Nocardiosis is also known as:
• Lung Nocardiosis

What is Nocardiosis?
Nocardiosis is an infectious pulmonary disease characterized by abscesses in the lungs. These abscesses may extend through the chest wall. The infection is spread through the body via the bloodstream by a microorganism called Nocardia asteroides.

Categories

• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder (N24)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder (N24) is also known as:
• Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder, Free-Running Type
• Free-Running Disorder
• Hypernychthemeral Syndrome
• N24
• Non-24
• Non-24-Hour Disorder
• Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Cycle Disorder
• Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Syndrome

What is Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder (N24)?
Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder (N24) is a circadian rhythm sleep disorder in which an individual's biological clock fails to synchronize to a 24-hour day. Instead of sleeping at roughly the same time every day, someone with N24 will typically find their sleep time gradually delaying by minutes to hours every day. They will sleep at later and later clock times until their sleep periods go all the way around the clock. Patients' cycles of body temperature and hormone rhythms also follow a non-24-hour rhythm. Attempts to fight against this internal rhythm and sleep on a typical schedule result in severe and cumulative sleep deprivation. N24 occurs in 55-70% of completely blind people, but also occurs in an unknown number of sighted people.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

What is Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma?
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma is cancer that originates in the lymphatic system, the disease-fighting network spread throughout the body. In Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, tumors develop from lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma is more common than the other general type of Lymphoma, Hodgkin Lymphoma. Many different subtypes of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma exist. Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and Follicular Lymphoma are among the most common subtypes.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl Ribbon for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

What is Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer?

There are three kinds of NSCLC tumors:
• Adenocarcinoma starts in cells in the air sacs that make mucus and other substances, often in the outer parts of the lungs. It is the most common kind of lung cancer among both smokers and nonsmokers and people under forty-five. It often grows more slowly than other lung cancers.
• Squamous Cell (Epidermoid) Carcinoma starts in cells that line the inner airways of the lungs. About a quarter of lung cancers are this kind.
• Large Cell (Undifferentiated) Carcinoma grows and spreads more quickly, which can make it more difficult to treat. Large Cell (Undifferentiated) Carcinoma accounts for approximately ten percent of lung cancers.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Nonketotic Hyperglycinemia (NKH)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Nonketotic Hyperglycinemia (NKH) is also known as:
• Glycine Encephalopathy
• NKH

What is Nonketotic Hyperglycinemia (NKH)?
Non-Ketotic Hyperglycinemia (NKH) is a rare, genetic, metabolic disorder caused by a defect in the enzyme system that breaks down the amino acid glycine, resulting in an accumulation of glycine in the body's tissues and fluids.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease (NTM)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease (NTM) is also known as:
• Mycobacteria Other than Tuberculosis (MOTT)
• Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Disease
• Nontuberculosis Mycobacterium
• NTM

What is Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease (NTM)?
Nontuberculous Mycobacterial (NTM) Lung Disease is a general term for a group of disorders characterized by exposure to specific bacterial germs known as mycobacteria. These germs are found in the water and soil and are common throughout the environment as a whole. They usually do not cause illness.

The term ‘nontuberculous’ is used to differentiate these disorders from the mycobacterium that cause tuberculosis. These disorders also exclude Mycobacterium leprae, the mycobacterium that causes leprosy. In NTM disorders, the severity of infection and the disease course can vary greatly from one person to another.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Noonan Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Noonan Syndrome is also known as:
• Female Pseudo-Turner Syndrome
• Male Turner Syndrome
• NS
• Turner Phenotype with Normal Chromosomes (Karyotype)

What is Noonan Syndrome?
Noonan Syndrome is a genetic disorder that is typically evident at birth. In many affected individuals, associated abnormalities include a distinctive facial appearance; a broad or webbed neck; a low posterior hairline; a typical chest deformity and short stature. Many infants with Noonan Syndrome also have heart defects, such as obstruction of proper blood flow from the lower right chamber of the heart to the lungs and thickening of the ventricular heart muscle. Additional abnormalities may include malformations of certain blood and lymph vessels, blood clotting and platelet deficiencies, learning difficulties or mild intellectual disability, and failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum by the first year of life in affected males.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines (NSML)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines (NSML) is also known as:
• NSML
• Multiple Lentigines Syndrome
• LEOPARD Syndrome

What is Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines (NSML)?
Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines (NSML) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities of the skin, the structure and function of the heart, the inner ear, the head and facial area, and/or the genitals.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Norrie Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Norrie Disease is also known as:
• Anderson-Warburg Syndrome
• Atrophia Bulborum Hereditaria
• Episkopi Blindness
• Fetal Iritis Syndrome
• ND
• NDP
• Norrie Syndrome
• Whitnall-Norman Syndrome

What is Norrie Disease?
Norrie Disease is a rare X-linked disorder that occurs due to errors or disruption of the NDP gene. All males are affected by loss of vision present at birth or shortly thereafter. Most affected individuals develop hearing loss which is progressive of many years and some may exhibit cognitive abnormalities such as developmental delays or behavioral issues.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical