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Master List of Awareness Causes - P | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter P and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter P:


Pachydermoperiostosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pachydermoperiostosis is also known as:
• Pachydermoperiostosis Syndrome
• Rosenfeld-Kloepfer Syndrome
• Touraine-Solente-Gole Syndrome

What is Pachydermoperiostosis?
Pachydermoperiostosis is a rare disorder characterized by clubbing of the fingers, thickening of the skin of the face, and excessive sweating. It typically appears during childhood or adolescence, often around the time of puberty, and progresses slowly for about ten years.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pachyonychia Congenita

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pachyonychia Congenita (PC) is also known as:
• PC-K6a (caused by mutations in KRT6A)
• PC-K6b (caused by mutations in KRT6B)
• PC-K6c (caused by mutations in KRT6C)
• PC-K16 (caused by mutations in KRT16)
• PC-K17 (caused by mutations in KRT17)

What is Pachyonychia Congenita (PC)?
Pachyonychia Congenita (PC) is a rare keratinizing skin disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Paget’s Disease of the Bone

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Paget's Disease of the Bone

Paget’s Disease is also known as:
• Osteitis Deformans

What is Paget’s Disease of the Bone?
Paget's Disease of the Bone is a chronic, slowly progressive skeletal condition of abnormally rapid bone destruction and reformation. The new bone may occur in one or more regions of the body and is structurally abnormal, dense and fragile. This abnormal development may cause bone pain, arthritis, deformities and fractures. The bones most frequently affected are in the spine, skull, pelvis and lower legs.

Categories

• Connective Tissue Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Paget’s Disease of the Breast

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink Ribbon for Paget's Disease of the Breast

Paget’s Disease of the Breast is also known as:
• Mammary Paget's Disease
• Paget's Disease of the Nipple
• Paget's Disease of the Nipple and Areola

What is Paget’s Disease of the Breast?
Paget's Disease of the Breast is a rare form of breast cancer that almost exclusively occurs in women. However, rare cases have been reported in men. Paget's Disease of the breast is characterized by inflammatory, "eczema-like" changes of the nipple that may extend to involve the areola, which is the circular, darkened region of skin surrounding the nipple. Initial findings often include itching, scaling, and crusting of and/or discharge from the nipple. In individuals with Paget's Disease of the breast, distinctive tumor cells (known as Paget Cells) are present within the outermost layer of skin of the nipple when viewed under a microscope. Most women with this disorder have an underlying cancer affecting the milk ducts.

Categories

• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Palindromic Rheumatism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Palindromic Rheumatism

What is Palindromic Rheumatism?
Palindromic Rheumatism (PR) is a rare episodic form of inflammatory arthritis, meaning the joint pain and swelling come and go. Between attacks, the symptoms disappear and the affected joints go back to normal, with no lasting damage. Half of the people who have Palindromic Rheumatism eventually develop Rheumatoid Arthritis, which does cause permanent joint damage.

Categories

• Immune System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pallister Hall Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pallister Hall Syndrome (PHS) is also known as:
• CAVE (Cerebro-Acro-Visceral Early Lethality) Complex
• Congenital Hypothalamic Hamartoblastoma Syndrome
• Hall-Pallister Syndrome
• PHS

What is Pallister Hall Syndrome (PHS)?
Pallister-Hall Syndrome (PHS) is an extremely rare genetic disorder that is typically apparent at birth. The symptoms and findings associated with the disorder may vary greatly in range and severity from patient to patient. However, in most individuals with PHS the abnormalities may include the presence of extra fingers and/or toes; an abnormal division of the epiglottis; a malformation of the hypothalamus; decreased pituitary function; and/or a condition in which a thin covering blocks the anal opening.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pallister Killian Mosaic Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pallister Killian Mosaic Syndrome is also known as:
• Chromosome 12, Isochromosome 12p Syndrome
• Isochromosome 12p Syndrome
• Killian Syndrome
• Killian Teschler-Nicola Syndrome
• Pallister Mosaic Syndrome
• Teschler-Nicola Killian Syndrome
• PKS
• Tetrasomy 12p, Mosaic

What is Pallister Killian Mosaic Syndrome?
Pallister-Killian Mosaic Syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder caused by the presence of at least four copies of the short arm of chromosome 12 instead of the normal two. Major symptoms may include a coarse face with a high forehead, sparse hair on the scalp, an abnormally wide space between the eyes, a fold of the skin over the inner corner of the eyes, and a broad nasal bridge with a highly arched palate.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pallister W Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pallister W Syndrome is also known as:
• W Syndrome

What is Pallister W Syndrome?
Pallister W Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by unusual facial features such as clefting of the palate and the upper lip, a broad flat nose, widely spaced slanted eyes, and/or downslanting eyelid folds. Other symptoms may include mental retardation, speech problems, bone deformities of the arms and legs, and/or seizures.

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pancreatic Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Pancreatic Cancer, Adult

What is Pancreatic Cancer, Adult?
Pancreatic Cancer begins in the tissues of the pancreas, an organ in the abdomen that lies horizontally behind the lower part of the stomach. Pancreatic Cancer typically spreads rapidly to nearby organs. One sign of pancreatic cancer is Diabetes, especially when it occurs with weight loss, jaundice or pain in the upper abdomen that spreads to the back.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Pancreatic Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Pancreatic Cancer, Childhood
Gold Ribbon for Pancreatic Cancer, Childhood

What is Pancreatic Cancer, Childhood?
There are four types of pancreatic cancer in children:

• Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas. This is the most common type of pancreatic tumor. It most commonly affects females that are older adolescents and young adults. The tumors have both cyst-like and solid parts.

• Pancreatoblastoma. It usually occurs in children aged 10 years or younger. Children with Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome and Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) Syndrome have an increased risk of developing pancreatoblastoma. These tumors may make Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) and Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH). Pancreatoblastoma may spread to the liver, lungs, and lymph nodes.

• Islet Cell Tumors. These tumors are not common in children and can be benign or malignant. Islet Cell Tumors may occur in children with Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) Syndrome. The most common types of Islet Cell Tumors are Insulinomas and Gastrinomas. These tumors may make hormones, such as insulin and gastrin, that cause signs and symptoms.

• Pancreatic Carcinoma. Pancreatic Carcinoma is very rare in children. The two types of Pancreatic Carcinoma are Acinar Cell Carcinoma and Ductal.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification:
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (pNENs) is also known as:
• Islet Cell Carcinoma
• Islet Cell Tumors
• Pancreatic Endocrine Tumors
• Pancreatic Islet Cell Tumors
• Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
• pNET

Subdivisions of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (pNENs)
• ACTHoma
• Calcitoninoma
• Gastrinoma
• Glucagonoma
• GRFoma
• Insulinoma
• PPHrPoma
• Ppoma
• Somatostatinoma
• VIPoma

What is Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (pNENs)?
The pancreas is a gland located between the stomach, spleen, duodenum and colon transversum. It contains specialized exocrine cells that secrete enzymes that travel to the intestines and aid in digestion as well as endocrine cells, so-called Islet Cells. Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (pNENs) are an increasingly common group of malignancies that arise within the endocrine tissue of the pancreas. Neoplasms that arise from endocrine tissue may also secrete hormones, resulting in excessive levels of these hormones in the body and potentially a wide variety of symptoms.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

What are Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors?
Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors) form in hormone-making cells (Islet Cells) of the pancreas.

Categorie

• Rare Tumors

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Panhypopituitarism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Panhypopituitarism


Panic Disorder

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Panic Disorder


Pantothenate Kinase Associated Neurodegeneration

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN) is also known as:
• Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome
• HARP
• HSS
• NBIA1
• Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation Type 1
• Pigmentary Degeneration of Globus Pallidus, Substantia Nigra, Red Nucleus
• PKAN

What is Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN)?
Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN), formerly called Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome, is a rare, inherited neurological movement disorder characterized by the progressive degeneration of specific regions in the central nervous system. PKAN is the most common type of neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation (NBIA), a group of clinical disorders marked by progressive abnormal involuntary movements, alterations in muscle tone, and postural disturbances.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Papillitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Papillitis is also known as:
• Optic Nerve Papillitis

What is Papillitis?
Papillitis, also known as Optic Neuritis, is characterized by inflammation and deterioration of the portion of the optic nerve known as the optic disk. Also referred to as the "blind spot," the optic disk is that portion of the optic nerve that enters the eye and joins with the nerve-rich membrane lining the eye. Individuals with Papillitis experience loss of vision in one eye that may occur within several hours of onset.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Papillomatosis, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Papillomatosis, Adult

What is Papillomatosis?
A rise in Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma are being found in a much younger population. Young men and women without the traditional risk factors, like smoking and drinking, are part of a growing trend of individuals thought to have contracted the disease from exposure to the Human Papillomavirus, or HPV. More than half of all sexually active people contract one or more types of this virus at one time, making it the most common sexually transmitted disease.

Categories

• Cancers
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Papillomatosis, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Papillomatosis, Childhood


Papillon Lefevre Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Papillon Lefèvre Syndrome (PLS) is also known as:
• Keratoris Palmoplantaris with Periodontopathia
• PLS

What is Papillon Lefèvre Syndrome (PLS)?
Papillon-Lefèvre Syndrome (PLS) is an extremely rare genetic disorder that typically becomes apparent from approximately one to five years of age. PLS is characterized by the development of dry scaly patches on the skin of the palms and the soles in association with severe inflammation and degeneration of the structures surrounding and supporting the teeth. The primary teeth frequently become loose and fall out by about age five. Without treatment, most of the secondary teeth may also be lost by approximately age 17.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Mouth Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Paracoccidioidomycosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is also known as:
• Lobo Disease
• Lutz-Splendore-Almeida Disease
• Paracoccidioidal Granuloma
• PCM
• South American Blastomycosis

What is Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM)?
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a chronic infectious tropical disease caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The initial infection usually occurs in the lungs, but may also spread to the skin, mucous membranes, and other parts of the body. Specialized cells that line the walls of blood and lymphatic vessels and dispose of cellular waste may also be affected by Paracoccidioidomycosis.

Categories

• Fungal Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Paraganglioma, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Paraganglioma, Adult?
Paragangliomas are a type of Neuroendocrine Tumor found in the abdomen, pelvis, chest, and neck.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Paraganglioma, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Paraganglioma, Childhood

What is Paraganglioma, Childhood?
Pheochromocytomas and Paragangliomas are rare tumors in children. Tumors that arise from the adrenal medulla are termed Pheochromocytomas, and secrete catecholamines. Tumors with extra-adrenal origins are called Paragangliomas, and either secrete catecholamines or are nonfunctional.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Paralysis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Paralysis


Paramyotonia Congenita

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Paramyotonia Congenita is also known as:
• Eulenburg Disease
• Paralysis Periodica Paramyotonica
• Paramyotonia Congenita of von Eulenburg
• PMC
• Von Eulenburg's Disease

What is Paramyotonia Congenita?
Paramyotonia Congenita (PMC) is a rare non-progressive genetic disorder that affects the skeletal muscles. The disorder typically begins in infancy or early childhood. Affected individuals experience spells of muscle stiffness or when the muscles do not relax after contracting. Symptoms can be triggered by exposure to the cold or after physical activity.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Paranasal Sinus Cancer / Nasal Cavity Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer

What is Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)?
Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the Paranasal Sinuses and Nasal Cavity.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration (PCD)?
Paraneoplastic Syndromes are a group of rare disorders that are triggered by an abnormal immune system response to an underlying malignant tumor. Patients with Paraneoplastic Neurological Syndrome (PNS) most often present with neurologic symptoms before an underlying tumor is detected.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes?
Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndromes (PNS) are a group of conditions that affect the nervous system in patients with cancer. The term "paraneoplastic" means that the neurological syndrome is not caused by the tumor itself, but by the immunological reactions that the tumor produces.

Categories

• Hereditary Cancer Syndromes

Cause Classification: Medical


Paranormal Activity

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple and Black for Paranormal Activity


Parathyroid Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal - Pink - Blue Ribbon for Parathyroid Diseases

What is Parathyroid Cancer?
Parathyroid Cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of a parathyroid gland.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Parental Alienation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink and Blue Ribbon for Parental Alientation


Parents of Fallen Soldiers

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Parents of Fallen Soldiers
Yellow Ribbon for Parents of Fall Soldiers


Parkes Weber Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Burgundy Ribbon for Parkes-Weber Syndrome


Parkinson's Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Silver Ribbon for Parkinson's Disease


Parkland High School Shooting

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange and Red Ribbon for Parkland High School Shooting


Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria

Awareness ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Paroxysmal Cold Hemoglobinuria


Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) is also known as:
• Marchiafava-Micheli Syndrome
• PNH

What is Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)?
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare disorder in which red blood cells break apart prematurely. It is an Acquired Hematopoietic Stem Cell Disorder. Hematopoietic Stem Cells are created in the bone marrow, the spongy center of the long bones of the body. These cells grow and eventually develop into red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Some Hematopoietic Stem Cells in individuals with PNH are defective and consequently produce defective blood cells. These defective red blood cells of PNH are extremely susceptible to premature destruction by a particular part of a person’s own immune system called the complement system. The destruction of red blood cells by complement leads to episodes of hemoglobin in the urine.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Parry Romberg Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Parry Romberg Syndrome is also known as:
• Hemifacial Atrophy (HFA)
• Progressive Facial Hemiatrophy
• Progressive Hemifacial Atrophy
• PRS
• Romberg syndrome

What is Parry Romberg Syndrome?
Parry-Romberg Syndrome is a rare, acquired disorder characterized by slowly progressive shrinkage of the skin and soft tissues of half the face. In rare cases, both sides of the face are affected. In some people, atrophy may also affect the limbs usually on the same side of the body as the facial atrophy.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pars Planitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pars Planitis is also known as:
• Intermediate Uveitis (UI)
• Peripheral Retinal Inflammation
• PP
• Vitritis

What is Pars Planitis?
Although Pars Planitis is generally benign, there can be significant vision loss in extreme cases. It is an immunological disorder of the eye characterized by inflammation of a part of the uvea, the layer of tissue between the sclera and the retina, the membranes protecting the eyeball.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Parsonage Turner Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Parsonage Turner Syndrome

Parsonage Turner Syndrome (PTS) is also known as:
• Acute Brachial Neuritis
• Brachial Neuritis
• Brachial Plexus Neuritis
• Brachial Plexus Neuropathy
• Idiopathic Brachial Plexus Neuropathy
• Neuralgic Amyotrophy
• PTS

What is Parsonage Turner Syndrome (PTS)?
Parsonage-Turner Syndrome (PTS) is an uncommon neurological disorder characterized by rapid onset of severe pain in the shoulder and arm. PTS involves mainly the brachial plexus, the networks of nerves that extend from the spine through the neck, into each armpit and down the arms. These nerves control movements and sensations in the shoulders, arms, elbows, hands, and wrists. Other nerves in the arm or even the leg can also be involved. The exact cause of PTS is unknown, but it is believed to be caused by an abnormality of the immune system (immune-mediated disorder).

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Parvovirus (Dogs)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Paws Ribbon for Animal Diseases

What is Parvovirus (Dogs)?
The Canine Parvovirus (CPV) infection is a highly contagious viral illness that affects dogs. The virus manifests itself in two different forms. The more common form is the intestinal form, which is characterized by vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss and lack of appetite. The less common form is the cardiac form, which attacks the heart muscles of fetuses and very young puppies, often leading to death. The majority of cases are seen in puppies that are between six weeks and six months old. The incidence of Canine Parvovirus infections has been reduced radically by early vaccination in young puppies.

Categories

• Animal Causes

Cause Classification: Animal


Passive Smoking

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl and White Ribbon for Passive Smoking


Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome?
Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is a broad term used to describe pain in the front of the knee and around the patella, or kneecap. It is sometimes called "runner's knee" or "jumper's knee" because it is common in people who participate in sports, particularly females and young adults, but patellofemoral pain syndrome can occur in nonathletes, as well. The pain and stiffness it causes can make it difficult to climb stairs, kneel down, and perform other everyday activities.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Patriotism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red - White - Blue Ribbon for Patriotism


Peace

Awareness Ribbon Color:

White Ribbon for Peace


Pediatric Acute Neuropsychiatric Syndrome / PANS

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Pediatric Acute Neuropsychiatric Syndrome / PANS


Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus / PANDAS

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus / PANDAS

What is Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus?
PANDAS is short for Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections. A child may be diagnosed with PANDAS when:
• Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and/or tic disorders suddenly appear following a strep infection.
• The symptoms of OCD or tic symptoms suddenly become worse following a strep infection. The symptoms are usually dramatic, happen “overnight and out of the blue,” and can include motor and/or vocal tics, obsessions, and/or compulsions. In addition to these symptoms, children may also become moody or irritable, experience anxiety attacks, or show concerns about separating from parents or loved ones.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cause Classification: Psychological


Pediatric Cardiomyopathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pediatric Cardiomyopathy is also known as:
• Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC)
• Asymmetrical Septal Hypertrophy
• Familial Congestive Cardiomyopathy
• Familial Dilated Cardiomyopathy (FDC)
• Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
• Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy
• Idiopathic Hypertrophic Subaortic Stenosis
• Non-obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Subdivisions of Pediatric Cardiomyopathy
• Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia (ARVD)
• Dilated Dardiomyopathy (DCM)
• Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)
• Restrictive Cardiomyopathy (RCM)

What is Pediatric Cardiomyopathy?
Pediatric Cardiomyopathy is a rare heart condition that affects infants and children. Specifically, Cardiomyopathy means disease of the heart muscle. Several different types of Cardiomyopathy exist and the specific symptoms vary from person to person. Cardiomyopathy may be termed ischemic or nonischemic. Ischemic Cardiomyopathy refers to a lack of blood flow and oxygen to the heart and this often results from hardening of the arteries. Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy refers to structural damage or malfunction of the heart muscle. Nearly all patients with pediatric cardiomyopathy have the nonischemic type.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pediatric Hemiplegia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Pediatric Hemiplegia
Purple and Blue Ribbon for Pediatric Hemiplegia


Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple and Blue Ribbon for Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases

What is Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases?
Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases, also called Juvenile Arthritis, is an umbrella term used to describe the many autoimmune and inflammatory conditions that can develop in children ages 16 and younger. Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases affect nearly 300,000 children in the United States.

The types of Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases include:

• Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA). Considered the most common form of arthritis, JIA) includes six subtypes: Oligoarthritis, Polyarthrits, Systemic, Enthesitis-Related, Juvenile Psoriatic Arthritis or Undifferentiated.

• Juvenile Dermatomyositis. An inflammatory disease, Juvenile Dermatomyositis causes muscle weakness and a skin rash on the eyelids and knuckles.

• Juvenile Lupus. Lupus is a disease of the immune system. The most common form is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, or SLE. Lupus can affect the joints, skin, kidneys, blood and other areas of the body.

• Juvenile Scleroderma. Scleroderma, which literally means “hard skin,” describes a group of conditions that causes the skin to tighten and harden.

• Kawasaki Disease. This disease causes blood-vessel inflammation that can lead to heart complications.

• Mixed Connective Tissue Disease. This disease may include features of Arthritis, Lupus Dermatomyositis and Scleroderma, and is associated with very high levels of a particular antinuclear antibody (anti-RNP).

• Fibromyalgia. This chronic pain syndrome is an arthritis-related condition. It can cause stiffness and aching, along with fatigue, disrupted sleep and other symptoms. More common in girls, fibromyalgia is seldom diagnosed before puberty.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Immune System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Peeling Skin Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Peeling Skin Syndrome is also known as:
• Deciduous Skin
• Exfoliative Ichthyosis
• Familial Continuous Skin Peeling
• Skin Peeling Syndrome

Subdivisions of Peeling Skin Syndrome
• Acral Peeling Skin Syndrome: PSS2 (TGM5); PSS4 (CSTA)
• Generalized Peeling Skin Syndrome, Inflammatory Type: PSS1 (CDSN)
• Generalized Peeling Skin Syndrome, Non-Inflammatory Type: PSS3 (CHST8), PSS4 (CSTA)

What is Peeling Skin Syndrome?
Peeling Skin Syndrome is a group of rare inherited skin disorders characterized by painless, continual, spontaneous skin peeling due to a separation of the outermost layer of the epidermis from the underlying layers. Other symptoms may include blistering and/or reddening of the skin and itching.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pelizaeus Merzbacher Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pelizaeus Merzbacher Disease (PMD) is also known as:
• Hypomyelinating Leukodystrophy 1
• HLD1
• Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease
• PMD
• Sclerosis, Diffuse Familial Brain

What is Pelizaeus Merzbacher Disease (PMD)?
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher Disease (PMD) is a rare X-linked genetic disorder affecting the central nervous system that is associated with abnormalities of the white matter of the brain and spinal cord. It is one of the Leukodystrophies in which disease is due to abnormal development of one or more components that make up the white matter of the brain. In PMD, many areas of the central nervous system may be affected, including the deep portions of the cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem and spinal cord.

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / PID

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Green Ribbon for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / PID


Pemphigus Vulgaris

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Pemphigus Vulgaris

Pemphigus is also known as:
• Drug-Induced Pemphigus
• Endemic Pemphigus (Fogo Selvagem)
• Pemphigus Erythematosus (Senear-Usher Syndrome)
• Pemphigus Foliaceus
• Pemphigus Vegetans
• Pemphigus Vulgaris

What is Pemphigus?
Pemphigus is a general term for a group of rare autoimmune blistering skin disorders. The symptoms and severity associated with the various forms of Pemphigus vary. All forms of Pemphigus are characterized by the development of blistering eruptions on the outer layer of the skin. In Pemphigus Vulgaris, lesions can also often start in the mucous membranes such as those lining the inside the mouth.

Categories

• Autoimmune Disease
• Autoinflammatory Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Penile Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue Ribbon for Penile Cancer

What is Penile Cancer?
Penile Cancer starts on the skin cells of the penis and can work its way inside. It can be treated, especially if it’s found early on. In the U.S., doctors find it in about 2,100 men each year.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Penta X Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Penta X Syndrome is also known as:
• 49, XXXXX Chromosome Constitution
• 49, XXXXX Karyotype
• 49,XXXXX Syndrome
• Pentasomy X
• XXXXX Syndrome

What is Penta X Syndrome?
Penta X Syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder that affects females. Females normally have two X chromosomes. However, in those with Penta X Syndrome, there are three additional X chromosomes in the nuclei of body cells. The condition is typically characterized by moderate to severe mental retardation, short stature, malformations of the skull and facial region, and/or other physical abnormalities.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pentalogy of Cantrell

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pentalogy of Cantrell is also known as:
• Cantrell Deformity
• Cantrell Pentalogy
• Cantrell Syndrome

What is Pentalogy of Cantrell?
Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare disorder that is present at birth. Pentalogy of Cantrell is characterized by a combination of birth defects. These birth defects can potentially involve the breastbone, the muscle that separates the chest cavity from the abdomen and aids in breathing, the thin membrane that lines the heart, the abdominal wall, and the heart.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


PEPCK Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

PEPCK Deficiency is also known as:
• Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase Deficiency

Subdivisions of PEPCK Deficiency
• PEPCK Cytosolic
• PEPCK Mitochondrial

What is PEPCK Deficiency?
PEPCK Deficiency is an extremely rare disorder of carbohydrate metabolism inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. A deficiency of the enzyme Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (PEPCK), which is a key enzyme in the conversion of proteins and fat to glucose, causing an excess of acid in the circulating blood.

Categories

• Metabolic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Peripheral Neuropathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Peripheral Neuropathy

What is Peripheral Neuropathy?
Peripheral Neuropathy, a result of damage to the peripheral nerves, often causes weakness, numbness and pain, usually in the hands and feet. It can also affect other areas of the body. The peripheral nervous system sends information from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body. Peripheral Neuropathy can result from traumatic injuries, infections, metabolic problems, inherited causes and exposure to toxins. One of the most common causes is Diabetes Mellitus.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Perivenous Encephalomyelitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Silver Ribbon for Perivenous Encephalomyelitis

What is Perivenous Encephalomyelitis?
Perivenous Demyelination is the pathological hallmark of Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis. Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is characterized by a brief but widespread attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord that damages myelin, the protective covering of nerve fibers. ADEM is thought to be an autoimmune disorder and often follows viral or bacterial infections, or less often, vaccination for measles, mumps, or rubella.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pernicious Anemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Anemia, Pernicious

Anemia, Pernicious is also known as:
• Addison-Biermer Anemia
• Addisonian Pernicious Anemia
• Addison's Anemia
• Primary Anemia

Subdivisions of Anemia, Pernicious
• Adult Onset Pernicious Anemia
• Congenital Pernicious Anemia due to Defect of Intrinsic Factor
• Enterocyte Cobalamin Malabsorption
• Enterocyte Intrinsic Factor Receptor, Defect of
• Gastric Intrinsic Factor, Failure of Secretion
• Juvenile Intestinal Malabsorption of Vit B12

What is Anemia, Pernicious?
Pernicious Anemia is a rare blood disorder characterized by the inability of the body to properly utilize vitamin B12, which is essential for the development of red blood cells. Most cases result from the lack of the gastric protein known as intrinsic factor, without which vitamin B12 cannot be absorbed.

There is a rare congenital form of Pernicious Anemia in which babies are born lacking the ability to produce effective intrinsic factor. There is also a juvenile form of the disease, but pernicious anemia typically does not appear before the age of 30. The onset of the disease is slow and may span decades. When the disease goes undiagnosed and untreated for a long period of time, it may lead to neurological complications. Nerve cells and blood cells need vitamin B12 to function properly.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Perniosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Perniosis is also known as:
• Chilblains
• Cold Induced Vascular Disease
• Erythema, Pernio
• Pernio

What is Perniosis?
Perniosis is an inflammatory disorder that is triggered by prolonged exposure to cold and damp conditions. It is a form of inflammation of the small blood vessels (vasculitis) and is characterized by painful, itchy, tender, skin lesions on the lower legs, hands, toes, feet, ears and face. The lesions usually last for two to three weeks.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Personality Disorders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gray Ribbon for Personality Disorders


Pertussis / Whooping Cough

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pertussis is also known as:
• Whooping Cough

What is Pertussis?
Pertussis is a highly contagious acute respiratory disease caused by the bacteria Bordetella pertussis. This disease has 3 stages: Catarrhal, Paroxysmal, and Convalescent. The symptoms of the catarrhal stage are mild and may go unnoticed. The paroxysmal stage of Pertussis is characterized by episodes of coughing with a distinctive "whooping" sound when breathing in. This characteristic cough gives the disease its common name, Whooping Cough.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Peutz Jeghers Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Peutz Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is also known as:
• PJS
• Polyposis, Hamartomatous Intestinal
• Polyps and Spots Syndrome

What is Peutz Jeghers Syndrome (PJS)?
Peutz Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant genetic condition affecting around 1/50,000 and 1/200,000 individuals. Symptoms usually appear during the first decade of life and begin with spots of dark skin freckling around the mouth, eyes, nostrils, fingers as well as inside the mouth and around the anus. Multiple benign polyps called hamartomas also begin to grow in the gastrointestinal tract of affected individuals around that age.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pfeiffer Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pfeiffer Syndrome is also known as:
• Acrocephalosyndactyly, Type 5
• Acrocephalosyndactyly Type 5
• ACS5
• ACSV
• Craniofacial-Skeletal-Dermatologic Syndrome
• Craniofacial-Skeletal-Dermatologic Dysplasia
• Noack Syndrome
• Pfeiffer Type Acrocephalosyndactyly

What is Pfeiffer Syndrome?
Pfeiffer Syndrome is a disorder that affects the development of the bones in the skull, hands and feet. Signs and symptoms can include craniosynostosis, which prevents normal skull growth and affects the shape of the head and face; distinctive facial features including bulging and wide-set eyes, a high forehead, an underdeveloped upper jaw, and a beaked nose; hearing loss; and dental problems. Other features may include broad and deviated thumbs and great toes; brachydactyly; and syndactyly.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


PHACE Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

PHACE Syndrome is also known as:
• Pascual-Castroviejo Type II Syndrome
• PHACE Association
• PHACES Association
• PHACES Syndrome

What is PHACE Syndrome?
PHACE Syndrome is a rare disorder that affects multiple systems of the body. This disorder is characterized by an association of several different abnormalities that occur together with greater frequency than would otherwise be expected. The term PHACE is an acronym; each letter stands for a word. The acronym comes from the first letter of some of the more common signs and symptoms of this disorder.

PHACE stands for:
(P)osterior fossa and other structural brain malformations; large (H)emangiomas of the face, neck, and/or scalp; anatomical anomalies of the cerebral or cervical (A)rteries; (C)ardiac anomalies/(C)oarctation of the aorta; and (E)ye abnormalities. If sternal anomalies are present, sometimes the term PHACES syndrome is used, with (S) standing for (S)ternal anomalies.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Pharyngeal Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Pharyngeal Cancer

What is Pharyngeal Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)?
Pharyngeal Cancer is a type of Throat Cancer that forms in the pharynx, the hollow tube that runs from the back of the nose to the top of the esophagus.

Categories

• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Phelan McDermid Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Phelan-McDermid Syndrome (PMS) is also known as:
• 22q13 Deletion Syndrome

What is Phelan-McDermid Syndrome (PMS)?
Phelan-McDermid Syndrome (PMS) is a rare genetic condition caused by a deletion or other structural change of the terminal end of chromosome 22 in the 22q13 region or a disease-causing mutation of the SHANK3 gene. PMS is generally thought to be characterized by neonatal hypotonia, normal growth, absent to severely delayed speech, moderate to profound developmental delay, and minor dysmorphic features.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Phenylketonuria / PKU

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Phenylketonuria (PKU) is also known as:
• Classical Phenylketonuria
• Hyperphenylalanemia
• Phenylalanine Hydroxylase Deficiency
• Phenylalaninemia
• PKU

What is Phenylketonuria (PKU)?
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inborn error of metabolism that is detectable during the first days of life with appropriate blood testing. PKU is characterized by absence or deficiency of an enzyme that is responsible for processing the essential amino acid phenylalanine. These increased levels of phenylalanine are toxic to brain tissue.

Categories

• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Pheochromocytoma, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Pheochromocytoma, Adult

Pheochromocytoma, Adult is also known as:
• Adrenal Paraganglioma
• Chromaffin Cell Tumor
• Paraganglioma

What is Pheochromocytoma, Adult?
Pheochromocytoma is a rare type of tumor that arises from certain cells known as chromaffin cells, which produce hormones necessary for the body to function properly. Most Pheochromocytomas originate in one of the two adrenal glands located above the kidneys in the back of the upper abdomen. Most chromaffin cells are found in the adrenal gland's inner layer, which is known as the adrenal medulla. Approximately 90 percent of Pheochromocytomas occur in the adrenal medulla. Approximately 10 percent occur outside of this area.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Pheochromocytoma, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Pheochromocytoma, Childhood
Gold Ribbon for Pheochromocytoma, Childhood

What is Pheochromocytoma, Childhood?
Pheochromocytoma is a tumor of the adrenal glands. The tumor makes hormones called epinephrine and norepinephrine. This leads to an excess of the hormones in the body. These hormones help manage heart rate and blood pressure, and they have other tasks. Too much of these hormones in the body causes problems. Pheochromocytoma is rare and occurs most often in adults from ages 20 and 50. But about 10% of cases are in children ages 6 to 14. A child may have more than one tumor.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Phosphoglycerate Kinase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Phosphoglycerate Kinase Deficiency is also known as:
• Anemia, Hemolytic with PGK Deficiency
• Erythrocyte Phosphoglycerate Kinase Deficiency
• PGK
• Phosphoglycerokinase

What is Phosphoglycerate Kinase Deficiency?
Phosphoglycerate Kinase Deficiency is an extremely rare inherited metabolic disorder characterized by deficiency of the enzyme phosphoglycerate kinase. This enzyme is essential for the breakdown of glycogen, resulting in the release of energy.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Phyllodes Tumor

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink and Gold Ribbon for Phyllodes Tumor


Pica

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Pica


Pick's Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Pick's Disease


Pierre Robin Sequence

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Pierre Robin Sequence is also known as:
• Glossoptosis, Micrognathia, and Cleft Palate
• PRS
• Robin Syndrome

What is Pierre Robin Sequence?
Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) is characterized by a small lower jaw and displacement of the tongue toward the back of the oral cavity. Some infants also have an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth. PRS is believed to be caused by multiple contributing factors, which lead to a series of physical changes within the oral cavity.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Mouth Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pinta

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pinta is also known as:
• Azul
• Carate
• Empeines
• Lota
• Mal del Pinto
• Tina

What is Pinta?
Pinta is a rare infectious tropical disease affecting the skin that is caused by the bacterium Treponema carateum, which is transmitted by direct, nonsexual contact. Pinta progresses through three distinct stages, which are characterized by various skin lesions and discoloration. Other organ systems are not affected.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Pitt Hopkins Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue Ribbon for Pitt-Hopkins Syndrome

Pitt-Hopkins Syndrome (PTHS) is also known as:
• PTHS

What is Pitt-Hopkins Syndrome (PTHS)?
Pitt-Hopkins syndrome (PTHS) is a rare, genetic, neurological disorder. Affected children have distinctive facial features and experience intellectual disability, delays in reaching developmental milestones, impaired ability to speak, and can have recurrent seizures, and breathing pattern abnormalities. Additional symptoms that can occur include poor coordination, repetitive nonfunctional hand movements, constipation, sleep disturbances, and severe nearsightedness.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases


Pituitary Tumors

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gray Ribbon for Pituitary Tumors

What is Pituitary Tumors?
Pituitary Tumors are abnormal growths that develop in the pituitary gland. Some Pituitary Tumors result in too many of the hormones that regulate important functions of the body. Some Pituitary Tumors can cause the pituitary gland to produce lower levels of hormones. Most Pituitary Tumors are noncancerous growths (adenomas). Adenomas remain in the pituitary gland or surrounding tissues and do not spread to other parts of your body.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Pityriasis Lichenoides et Varioliformis Acuta / PLEVA

Awareness Ribbon Color:

[Red and White Polka Dots Ribbon for Pityriasis Lichenoides et Varioliformis Acuta (PLEVA)]

What is Pityriasis Lichenoides et Varioliformis Acuta (PLEVA)?
Pityriasis Lichenoides et Varioliformis Acuta (PLEVA) is the acute form of an inflammatory skin condition called Pityriasis Lichenoides. People with PLEVA may develop a few to more than one hundred scaling papules which may become filled with blood and/or pus, or erode into crusted red-brown spots.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pityriasis Rosea

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Pityriasis Rosea?
Pityriasis Rosea is a relatively mild skin disorder characterized by a salmon or pink colored, scaly rash. Pityriasis Rosea most often affects children and young adults. In many individuals with Pityriasis Rosea, the characteristic rash develops after vague, nonspecific symptoms that resemble those associated with an upper respiratory infection. The rash is usually located on the back, chest and stomach and resolves on its own within one to three months.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris (PRP) is also known as:
• Devergie Disease
• Lichen Acuminatus
• Lichen Ruber Acuminatus
• Lichen Ruber Pilaris
• Pityriasis Rubra Pilaire (Fr.)
• PRP

Subdivisions of Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris (PRP)
• Type 1 — Classical Adult Onset
• Type 2 — Atypical Adult Onset
• Type 3 — Classical Juvenile Onset
• Type 4 — Circumscribed Juvenile Onset
• Type 5 — Atypical Juvenile Onset
• Type 6 — HIV-Associated

What is Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris?
Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris (PRP) is a rare skin disorder that causes inflammation of the skin, thickening of the nails and at times shedding of the hair. The name means scaling, redness, and involvement of the hair follicles. Typically, PRP appears first as a small spot somewhere on the face and then spreads to the back and the rest of the body. It may impact different parts of the body in different ways for unpredictable periods of time. The inflammation may cover the entire body or just parts of the body.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


PLA2G6 Associated Neurodegeneration

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

PLA2G6-Associated Neurodegeneration (PLAN) is also known as:
• Infantile Neuroanonal Dystrophy (INAD), formerly
• Karak Syndrome
• Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation 2A (NBIA2A)
• PLAN
• Seitelberger Disease

Subdivisions of PLA2G6-Associated Neurodegeneration (PLAN)
• aNAD (atypical or Juvenile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy)
• Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy (INAD)
• PLA2G6-Related Dystonia-Parkinsonism

What is PLA2G6-Associated Neurodegeneration (PLAN)?
PLA2G6-Associated Neurodegeneration (PLAN) is an extremely rare, inherited degenerative disorder of the nervous system characterized by abnormalities of nerve endings within the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Plague

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Hot Pink Ribbon for Plague

Plague is also known as:
• Black Death
• Black Plague
• La Peste
• Pestilential Fever

Subdivisions of Plague
• Bubonic Plague
• Pneumonic Plague
• Septicemic Plague

What is Plague?
Plague is an acute, severe infectious disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis. The bacterium is found in fleas and wild rodents such as rats, squirrels, chipmunks or prairie dogs. Plague is a zoonotic disease, which means it can be transmitted to humans through animals, most often through the bites of fleas or through direct contact with infected animal tissue. The disease is most common in parts of Africa and Asia but it also occurs in some areas of the western United States.  

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Platelet Disorders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Burgundy Ribbon for Platelet Disorders


Platelet Donation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Platelet Donation
Black and Gold Ribbon for Platelet Donation


Pleuropulmonary Blastoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (PPB) is also known as:
• CPAM/CCAM Type 4
• Cystic Mesenchymal Hamartoma
• Mesenchymal Cystic Hamartoma
• Pediatric Pulmonary Blastoma
• Pneumoblastoma
• PPB
• Pulmonary Rhabdomyosarcoma
• Rhabdomyosarcoma in Lung Cyst

Subdivisions of Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (PPB)
• Type I PPB
• Type II PPB
• Type III PPB

What is Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (PPB)?
Pleuropulmonary Blastoma (PPB) is a rare childhood cancer occurring in the chest, specifically in the lungs or in the coverings of the lungs called "pleura". Type I PPB takes the form of one or more cysts in the lungs and may be found in very young children with PPB. Type III PPB is entirely solid tumor. Type II PPB includes both cystic and solid parts. Types II and III PPB tend to be found more often after 2 years of age. At present, about 50-70% of children with Types II and III PPB are cured.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


PMM2 CDG

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

PMM2-CDG is also known as:
• Carbohydrate-Deficient Glycoprotein Syndrome, Type Ia
• CDG1A
• CDGS Type Ia
• Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation Type Ia
• Jaeken Syndrome

What is PMM2-CDG?
PMM2-CDG, formerly known as Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation Type 1a, is a rare multisystem disorder that involves a normal, but complex, chemical process known as glycosylation. Glycosylation is the process by which sugar chains are created, altered and chemically attached to certain proteins or fats. When these sugar molecules are attached to proteins, they form glycoproteins. Glycoproteins have varied important functions within the body and are essential for the normal growth and function of numerous tissues and organs.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pneumocystis Pneumonia is also known as:
• Pneumocystis Jirovecii Pneumonia
• PJP
• PCP
• PCP Pneumonia
• Pneumocystic Carini Pneumonia

What is Pneumocystis Pneumonia?
Pneumocystis Pneumonia is a type of infection of the lungs (pneumonia) in people with a weak immune system. It is caused by a yeast-like fungus called Pneumocystis jirovecii (PJP). People with a healthy immune system typically do not become infected with PCP.

Categories

• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pneumonic Plague

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Hot Pink Ribbon for Pneumonic Plague


POEMS Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

POEMS Syndrome is also known as:
• Crow-Fukase Syndrome
• Osteosclerotic Myeloma
• PEP Syndrome
• Polyneuropathy-Organomegaly-Endocrinopathy-M Protein-Skin Lesions
• Shimpo Syndrome
• Takatsuki Syndrome

What is POEMS Syndrome?
POEMS Syndrome is an extremely rare multisystem disorder. POEMS is an acronym that stands for (P)olyneuropathy, disease affecting many nerves; (O)rganomegaly, abnormal enlargement of an organ; (E)ndocrinopathy, disease affecting certain hormone-producing glands that help to regulate sexual function, and certain metabolic functions; (M)onoclonal gammopathy or M proteins; and (S)kin abnormalities. Common symptoms include progressive weakness of the nerves in the legs and arms, an abnormally enlarged liver and/or spleen, enlarged lymph nodes, abnormally darkening of the skin, thickening of the skin and excessive hair growth. Endocrine abnormalities such as failure of the ovaries and testes to function properly and Diabetes Mellitus may be present.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Poland Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Poland Syndrome

Poland Syndrome is also known as:
• Poland Anomaly
• Poland Sequence
• Poland Syndactyly
• Unilateral Defect of Pectoralis Muscle and Syndactyly of the Hand

What is Poland Syndrome?
Poland Syndrome is a rare condition that is evident at birth. Poland Syndrome is classically characterized by absence of chest wall muscles on one side of the body and abnormally short, webbed fingers of the hand on the same side. Poland Syndrome affects males more commonly than females and most frequently involves the right side of the body.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Police Officers Lost in the Line of Duty

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black and Navy Ribbon for Police Officers Lost in the Line of Duty


Polio Survivor

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Burgundy Ribbon for Polio Survivor


Pollution

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Pollution


Polyarteritis Nodosa

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Polyarteritis Nodosa is also known as:
• PAN
• Periarteritis
• Periarteritis Nodosa
• Polyarteritis
• Polyarteritis nodosa

What is Polyarteritis Nodosa?
Polyarteritis Nodosa is a rare multi-system disorder characterized by widespread inflammation, weakening, and damage to small and medium-sized arteries. Blood vessels in any organ or organ system may be affected. Damage to affected arteries may result in abnormally increased blood pressure, "ballooning" of an arterial wall, the formation of blood clots, obstruction of blood supply to certain tissues, and/or tissue damage and loss in certain affected areas. The disorder is more common among men, and is more likely to present during early middle age.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Polycystic Kidney Disease / PKD

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Polycystic Kidney Disease / PKD


Polycystic Liver Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Polycystic Liver Disease (PLD) is also known as:
• Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Liver Disease (ADPLD)
• Isolated Polycystic Liver Disease
• PCLD
• PLD

What is Polycystic Liver Disease?
Polycystic Liver Disease (PLD) is an inherited disorder estimated to affect around 1 in 100,000 people. It is characterized by the progressive growth of cysts of various sizes scattered throughout the liver. People affected by this condition tend to have more and larger cysts as they age and usually start to have symptoms around age 50, although symptoms can begin to occur earlier.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome / PCOS

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome / PCOS


Polycythemia Vera

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange and Red Ribbon for Polycythemia Vera

Polycythemia Vera is also known as:
• Erythremia
• Osler-Vaquez Disease
• Polycythemia Rubra Vera
• Primary Polycythemia
• Splenomegalic Polycythemia
• Vaquez-Osler Disease

What is Polycythemia Vera?
Polycythemia Vera is a rare, chronic disorder involving the overproduction of blood cells in the bone marrow. The overproduction of red blood cells is most dramatic, but the production of white blood cells and platelets are also elevated in most cases. Since red blood cells are overproduced in the marrow, this leads to abnormally high numbers of circulating red blood cells within the blood. Consequently, the blood thickens and increases in volume, a condition called hyperviscosity. Thickened blood may not properly flow through smaller blood vessels.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Polyglandular Syndromes Type I, II, III

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Polyglandular Syndromes Type I, II, III

What are Polyglandular Syndromes Type I, II, III?
Polyglandular Syndromes Type I, II, III (PDS) is characterized by sequential or simultaneous deficiencies in the function of several endocrine glands that have a common cause. Polyglandular Deficiency Syndromes (PDS) involve deficiencies in the function of several endocrine glands, which may occur simultaneously or sequentially. Most cases are autoimmune; triggers are often unknown but may involve viruses or dietary substances. PDS is distinguished by the glands affected.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Polymicrogyia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and Gray Ribbon for Polymicrogyia


Polymorphous Low Grade Adenocarcinoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Polymorphous Low-Grade Adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is also known as:
• Lobular Carcinoma of the Minor Salivary Glands
• Low-Grade Papillary Carcinoma of the Palate
• Pleomorphic Adenoma
• PLGA
• Terminal Duct Carcinoma

What is Polymorphous Low-Grade Adenocarcinoma (PLGA)?
Polymorphous Low-Grade Adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a rare tumor of the salivary glands that is primarily limited to the minor salivary glands and commonly, but not exclusively, localized in the palate of the mouth.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Polymyalgia Rheumatica
Purple and Blue Ribbon for Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Polymyalgia Rheumatica is also known as:
• Anarthritic Syndrome
• Arthritic Rheumatoid Disease
• PMR

What is Polymyalgia Rheumatica?
Polymyalgia Rheumatica is a rare inflammatory disease characterized by muscle pain, stiffness, and additional generalized systemic symptoms such as fatigue, low-grade fever, and/or a general feeling of ill health. Polymyalgia Rheumatica is closely related to Giant Cell Arteritis, another inflammatory disorder. Giant Cell Arteritis is characterized by progressive inflammation of many arteries of the body.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Musckuloskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Polymyositis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Polymyositis is also known as:
• PM

What is Polymyositis (PM)?
Polymyositis (PM) is a type of inflammatory myopathy characterized by inflammatory and degenerative changes in the muscles, leading to symmetric weakness and some degree of muscle wasting. The muscles that are principally affected are those closest to and within the trunk of the body. Polymyositis occurs most often in women over 20 years of age. Muscle weakness usually happens over days, weeks or months.

Categories

• Connective Tissue Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pompe Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pompe Disease is also known as:
• Acid Alpha-Glucosidase (GAA) Deficiency
• Acid Maltase Deficiency (AMD)
• Glycogen Storage Disease Type II

What is Pompe Disease?
Pompe Disease is a single disease continuum with variable rates of disease progression and different ages of onset. Earlier onset compared to later onset is usually associated with more rapid progression and greater disease severity. At all ages, skeletal muscle weakness and wasting cause mobility problems, and also affect respiratory function. The most severely affected infants usually present within the first 3 months after birth.

Categories

• Heart Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia is also known as:
• Arginyl-tRNA Synthetase 2 (RARS2)
• Cerebellar Atrophy with Progressive Microcephaly, (CLAM)
• Cncephalopathy, Fatal Infantile, with Olivopontocerebellar Hyperplasia
• Fetal-Onset Olivopontocerebellar Hypoplasia
• Olivopontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Fetal-Onset
• PCH with Optic Atrophy
• Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 1 (PCH1)
• Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 2A (PCH2A)
• Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 2B (PCH2B)
• Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 2C (PCH2C)
• Pontocerebellar hypoplasia, type 3 (PCH3)
• pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 4 (PCH4)
• Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 5 (PCH 5)
• Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia, Type 6 (PCH6)
• Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia with Anterior Horn Cell Disease
• Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia with Infantile Spinal Muscular Atrophy
• Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia with Progressive Cerebral Atrophy
• Volendam Neurodegenerative Disease

What is Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia?
Pontocerebellar Hypoplasias (PCH) are a group of rare heterogeneous conditions characterized by prenatal development of an abnormally small cerebellum and brain stem, which is usually associated with profound psychomotor retardation. Although the clinical features vary widely, Pontocerebellar Hypoplasias are usually associated with profound intellectual disability and delayed or absent psychomotor milestones.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Porphyria

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Porphyria is also known as:
• Acute Intermittent Porphyria
• ALA-D Porphyria
• Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria
• Hereditary Coproporphyria
• Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
• Protoporphyria
• Variegate Porphyria

What is Porphyria?
Porphyria is a group of at least eight metabolic disorders that arise as a result of a malfunction in one of the eight steps in the body's synthesis of a complex molecule called heme. Heme is essential for the transport of oxygen to cells in the body. There are two general categories of porphyrias, those that affect the skin and those that affect the nervous system. The former are called cutaneous porphyrias. The latter are called acute porphyrias.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Porphyria Cutanea Tarda

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT) is also known as:
• UROD Deficiency
• Uroporphyrinogen Decarboxylase Deficiency

Subdivisions of Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT)
• Familial Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT Type 2)
• Sporadic Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT Type 1)

What is Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT)?
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT) is a rare disorder characterized by painful, blistering skin lesions that develop on sun-exposed skin. Affected skin is fragile and may peel or blister after minor trauma. PCT is caused by deficient levels of an enzyme known as uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (UROD).

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• RDCRN
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Portwine Stain Birthmark

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Burgundy Ribbon for Portwine Stain Birthmark


Post Polio Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Post Polio Syndrome

Post Polio Syndrome (PPS) is also known as:
• Polio, Late Effects
• Post-Polio Muscular Atrophy
• Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome
• Post-Polio Sequelae

What is Post Polio Syndrome (PPS)?
Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) affects some people who have had polio and occurs many years after recovery from the initial infection. It is characterized by the development of progressive weakness in muscles that were affected by the original polio infection. In severe cases, symptoms may mimic those of the rare disorder known as Lou Gehrig's Disease (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis). The degree of muscle atrophy during the post-polio period appears to reflect the severity of the impact of the initial polio infection.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Post Traumatic Stress Disorder / PTSD

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder


Posterior Uveitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Posterior Uveitis is also known as:
• Choroiditis

What is Posterior Uveitis?
Uveitis is a general term that refers to inflammation of the part of the eye known as the uvea. Posterior Uveitis, also known as Choroiditis, refers to inflammation of the choroid, the back part of the uvea. Posterior Uveitis may affect the retina and/or the optic nerve, and may lead to permanent loss of vision. Posterior Uveitis is the rare form of the disorder and is the type of uveitis most associated with loss of vision.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Postherpetic Neuralgia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Postherpetic Neuralgia


Postmyocardial Infarction Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Postmyocardial Infarction Syndrome

What is Postmyocardial Infarction Syndrome?
Postpericardiotomy Syndrome and Post-Myocardial Infarction Syndrome are autoimmune disorders characterized by eosinophilia, pleuritic chest pain, and pleural effusions.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoimmune Autoinflammation
• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Postpartum Depression / Postpartum Disorders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Postpartum Depression / Postpartum Disorders


Postpericardiotomy Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Postpericardiotomy Syndrome

What is Postpericardiotomy Syndrome?
Postpericardiotomy Syndrome (PPS) is a medical syndrome referring to an immune phenomenon that occurs days to months (usually 1–6 weeks) after surgical incision of the pericardium (membranes encapsulating the human heart).

Categories

• Heart Diseases
• Immune Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome / POTS

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome / POTS


Poverty

Awareness Ribbon Color:

White Ribbon for Poverty


POW / MIA

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black Ribbon for POW / MIA
Yellow Ribbon for POW / MIA


Prader Willi Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Prader-Willi Syndrome

Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is also known as:
• Prader-Labhart-Willi Syndrome
• PWS
• Willi-Prader Syndrome

What is Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS)?
Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is a genetic multisystem disorder characterized during infancy by lethargy, diminished muscle tone, a weak suck and feeding difficulties with poor weight gain and growth and other hormone deficiency.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Precocious Puberty

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Precocious Puberty is also known as:
• Pubertas Praecox
• Sexual Precocity

Subdivisions of Precocious Puberty
• Dentral Precocious Puberty (CPP)
• Gonadotropin-Dependent Precocious Puberty
• Gonadotropin-Independent Precocious Puberty
• Heterosexual Precocious Puberty
• Idiopathic Precocious Puberty
• Isosexual Precocious Puberty
• Male-limited Precocious Puberty
• Peripheral Precocious Puberty

What is Precocious Puberty?
Precocious Puberty means an abnormally early onset of puberty. A sequence of events occurs during which a child develops into a young adult beginning at an unexpectedly early age. Glands that secrete growth and sex hormones begin to function abnormally early in life resulting in this condition.

Caegories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Preeclampsia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple and Blue Ribbon for Preeclampsia


Pregnancy and Breast Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink Ribbon for Pregnancy and Breast Cancer

What is Pregnancy and Breast Cancer?
The link between Pregnancy and Breast Cancer has been a focus of breast cancer research over the last decade, which has shown that there are a variety of factors related to pregnancy that can play a role in developing breast cancer. After a pregnancy, a woman’s short-term risk of breast cancer increases for 2-15 years. However, if a woman’s first pregnancy occurs before the age of 30, her overall lifetime risk of post-menopausal breast cancer will decrease.

If a woman has more children, she may reduce her long-term risk of Breast Cancer. This is due to hormones released during pregnancy that generate genetic changes in the mammary glands that allow mature breast cells to protect against Breast Cancer.

However, the older a woman is when she has her first baby, or if a woman never has a pregnancy, the higher her risk for Breast Cancer. This is because she has been exposed to more estrogen over her lifetime, and estrogen is a hormone that promotes Breast Cancer growth. Also, as a pregnancy develops, breast cells grow rapidly, which may cause genetic changes to those cells. The chances of genetic changes increases with age, and changes that are associated with increased risk of Breast Cancer that develop in those breast cells may result in Breast Cancer.

Categories

• Cancers
• Female Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Premature Birth

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Premature Birth


Premature Ovarian Insufficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Premature Ovarian Insufficiency


Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder


Preemie Baby

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Preemie Baby


Primary Biliary Cholangitis / Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Primary Biliary Cholangitis / Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Primary Biliary Cholangitis is also known as:
• PBC

What is Primary Biliary Cholangitis?
Primary Biliary Cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic, or long lasting, progressive liver disorder that mostly affects women and usually appears during middle age. PBC leads to inflammation and scarring of the small bile ducts. When PBC is very severe, it can lead to yellow discoloration of the skin. If PBC is untreated, it can lead to cirrhosis, or scarring of the entire liver.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) Lymphoma Awareness

What is Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) Lymphoma?
Primary Central Nervous System (CNS) Lymphoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lymph tissue of the brain and/or spinal cord.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) is also known as:
• Kartagener Syndrome

What is Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD)?
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD) is an autosomal recessive genetic condition in which the microscopic cells in the respiratory system called cilia do not function normally. Ciliary Dysfunction prevents the clearance of mucous from the lungs, paranasal sinuses and ears. Bacteria and other irritants in the mucous lead to frequent respiratory infections.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Craniosynostosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Primary Craniosynostosis is also known as:
• Craniostenosis

Subdivisions of Primary Craniosynostosis
• Nonsyndromic Synostosis
• Syndromic Synostosis

What is Primary Craniosynostosis?
Primary Craniosynostosis is a general term for the improper development of the bones of the skull, which can result in an abnormal head shape in affected individuals. Craniosynostosis refers to the premature fusion of the fibrous joints between certain bones of the skull. The severity of primary Craniosynostosis can vary from one person to another.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Familial Brain Calcification

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Primary Familial Brain Calcification is also known as:
• Fahr Disease, formerly
• Familial Idiopathic Basal Ganglia Calcification
• PFBC
• Striopallidodentate Calcinosis

What is Primary Familial Brain Calcification?
Primary Familial Brain Calcification (PFBC) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the presence of abnormal calcium/hydroxyapatite deposits in the brain.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Gastric Lymphoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Primary Gastric Lymphoma is also known as:
• Non-Hodgkin Gastric Lymphoma
• Primary Hodgkin's Lymphoma of the Stomach
• Stomach Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkins Type

Subdivisions of Primary Gastric Lymphoma
• Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) of the Stomach
• Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT) Gastric Lymphoma

What is Primary Gastric Lymphoma?
Primary Gastric Lymphoma is a general term for a type of cancer that originates within the stomach. Approximately 90 percent of individuals with Primary Gastric Lymphoma are either Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT) Gastric Lymphoma or Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) of the stomach. MALT Gastric Lymphoma is often associated with infection with the Helicobacter pylori bacterium.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Hyperhidrosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Hyperhidrosis, Primary is also known as:
• Generalized Hyperhidrosis

What is Hyperhidrosis, Primary?
Primary Hyperhidrosis is a rare disorder characterized by excessive sweating on the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet, in the armpits, in the groin area, and/or under the breasts. When excessive sweating occurs as part of some other disorder, it is said to be secondary hyperhidrosis, which is a more commonly encountered condition than is primary hyperhidrosis.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Hyperoxaluria

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Primary Hyperoxaluria (PHs) is also known as:
• Oxalosis
• PH
Subdivisions of Primary Hyperoxaluria (PHs)
• Primary Hyperoxaluria Type I (PH I)
• Primary Hyperoxaluria Type II (PH II)
• Primary Hyperoxaluria Type III (PH III)
What is Primary Hyperoxaluria?
Primary Hyperoxalurias (PHs) are a group of rare genetic metabolic disorders that are characterized by the accumulation of a substance known as oxalate in the kidneys and other organ systems of the body. Affected individuals lack functional levels of a specific enzyme that normally prevents the accumulation of oxalate. Chronic, recurrent stone formation and the accumulation of calcium oxalate in kidney tissue can cause chronic kidney disease.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• RDCRN
Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Hyperparathyroidism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Primary Hyperparathyroidism is also known as:
• PHPT

What is Primary Hyperparathyroidism?
Primary Hyperparathyroidism is a condition in which the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone and the calcium level in the blood becomes elevated. There are four tiny parathyroid glands found in the neck. Parathyroid hormone (along with Vitamin D) is the main regulator of the level of calcium in the blood. About 80-85% of the time, the disorder is caused by a benign tumor called an adenoma that is usually found in one of the four parathyroid glands.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases / PIDD

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Primary Immunodeficiency (PI)?
Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases (PI) are a group of more than 350 rare, chronic disorders in which part of the body’s immune system is missing or functions improperly. These diseases are caused by hereditary or genetic defects, and, although some disorders present at birth or in early childhood, the disorders can affect anyone, regardless of age or gender. While the diseases may differ, they all share one common feature: each results from a defect in one of the functions of the body's normal immune system.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Intestinal Lymphangiectasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Primary Intestinal Lymphangiectasia (PIL) is also known as:
• PIL
• Waldmann Disease

What is Primary Intestinal Lymphangiectasia (PIL)?
Primary Intestinal Lymphangiectasia (PIL) is a rare digestive disorder characterized by abnormally enlarged lymph vessels supplying the lining of the small intestine.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Lateral Sclerosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Primary Lateral Sclerosis (PLS) is also known as:
• Central Motor Neuron Disease
• PLS

What is Primary Lateral Sclerosis (PLS)?
Primary Lateral Sclerosis (PLS) is a rare, neuromuscular disorder that affects the central motor neurons and is characterized by painless but progressive weakness and stiffness of the muscles of the legs. Such weakness may progress to affect the arms and the muscles at the base of the brain. Less frequently, the muscles of the face are affected.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Myelofibrosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Primary Myelofibrosis (PMF) is also known as:
• Agnogenic Myeloid Metaplasia (AMM)
• Chronic Idiopathic Myelofibrosis (CIMF)
• Idiopathic Myelofibrosis
• IM
• Myelofibrosis with Myeloid Metaplasia
• PMF

What is Primary Myelofibrosis (PMF)?
Primary Myelofibrosis (PMF) is a rare bone marrow disorder that is characterized by abnormalities in blood cell production and scarring within the bone marrow. In Primary Myelofibrosis, a change in the DNA of a single hematopoietic stem cell causes the abnormal cell to continually reproduce itself. Eventually, these abnormal cells crowd out normal, healthy cells in the marrow and, along with scarring within the marrow, disrupt the production of red and white blood cells and platelets.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Orthostatic Tremor

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Primary Orthostatic Tremor is also known as:
• Idiopathic Orthostatic Tremor

What is Primary Orthostatic Tremor?
Primary Orthostatic Tremor is a rare movement disorder characterized by a rapid tremor in the legs that occurs when standing. The tremor disappears partially or completely when an affected person is walking or sitting. Individuals with Primary Orthostatic Tremor experience feelings of unsteadiness or imbalance.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Peritoneal Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Peritoneal Cancer

What is Primary Peritoneal Cancer (PPC)?
Primary Peritoneal Cancer (PPC) is a relatively rare cancer that develops most commonly in women. PPC is a close relative of Epithelial Ovarian Cancer, which is the most common type of malignancy that affects the ovaries. The cause of Primary Peritoneal Cancer is unknown.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) is also known as:
• Chronic Obliterative Cholangitis
• Fibrosing Cholangitis
• PSC
• Stenosing Cholangitis

What is Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC)?
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) is a rare progressive disorder characterized by inflammation, thickening, and abnormal formation of fibrous tissue within the passages that carry bile from the liver. Both the bile ducts within the liver and outside the liver are affected. This often results in the obstruction or interruption of bile flow from the liver.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Primary Visual Agnosia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Primary Visual Agnosia is also known as:
• Agnosis, Primary
• Apperceptive Agnosia
• Associative Agnosia
• Monomodal Visual Amnesia
• Visual Amnesia

What is Primary Visual Agnosia?
Primary Visual Agnosia is a rare neurological disorder characterized by the total or partial loss of the ability to recognize and identify familiar objects and/or people by sight. This occurs without loss of the ability to actually see the object or person.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Prinzmetal Angina

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Prinzmetal Angina


Pro-Choice

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue for Pro-Choice


Pro-Life

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink and Blue Ribbon for Pro-Life


Proctitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Proctitis is also known as:
• Antibiotic-Induced Proctitis
• Gonorrheal Proctitis
• Herpetic Proctitis
• Ischemic Proctitis
• Radiation Proctitis
• Syphilitic Proctitis

What is Proctitis?
Proctitis is a chronic inflammatory disease arising in the rectum and characterized by bloody diarrhea. There are two types of proctitis, ulcerative and gonorrheal, which are differentiated by the means in which they are contracted. Gonorrheal proctitis is transmitted through sexual contact.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Progesterone Dermatitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Progesterone Dermatitis


Progressive Bulbar Atrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes for Progressive Bular Atrophy


Progessive Bulbar Palsy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes


Progressive Feminism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple and Yellow Ribbon for Progressive Feminism


Progressive Inflammatory Neuropathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Progressive Inflammatory Neuropathy (PIN)

What is Progressive Inflammatory Neuropathy (PIN)?
Progressive Inflammatory Neuropathy (PIN) is a disease that was reported among pig slaughterhouse workers who appeared at various care facilities in Minnesota reporting similar neurological symptoms. The disease was later identified at pork processing plants in Indiana and Nebraska. The condition is characterized by acute paralysis, pain, fatigue, numbness, and weakness, especially in extremities.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) is also known as:
• PML

What is Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)?
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a neurological disorder characterized by destruction of cells that produce the myelin, an oily substance that helps protect nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, also known as central nervous system (CNS) white matter. It is caused by the JC Virus (JCV), named after the initials of the patient in whom it was first discovered. The virus is widespread, found in up to 85% of the general adult population. It remains inactive in healthy individuals and causes disease only when the immune system has been severely weakened.

Categories

• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Progressive Muscular Atrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes for Progressive Muscular Atrophy


Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy (PME) is also known as:
• Epilepsy, Myoclonic Progressive Familial
• Myoclonic Epilepsy
• Myoclonic Progressive Familial Epilepsy
• Myoclonus Epilepsy
• Progressive Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

Subdivisions of Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy (PME)
• Baltic Myoclonus Epilepsy
• Lafora Body Disease
• Lafora Disease, Included
• Lundborg-Unverricht Disease, Included
• Myoclonic Epilepsy, Hartung Type
• Unverricht Disease
• Unverricht-Lundborg Disease

What is Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy (PME)?
Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy (PME) is a group of conditions involving the central nervous system and representing more than a dozen different diseases. These diseases share certain features, including a worsening of symptoms over time and the presence of both muscle contractions and seizures. Patients may have more than one type of seizure, such as petit mal or grand mal. PME is progressive, but the rate of progression may be quick or slow, depending on the underlying disease.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Progressive Osseous Heteroplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Progressive Osseous Heteroplasia (POH) is also known as:
• POH

What is Progressive Osseous Heteroplasia (POH)?
Progressive Osseous Heteroplasia (POH) is an extremely rare disorder characterized by abnormal development of bone in areas of the body where bone is not normally present.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) is also known as:
• Nuchal Dystonia Dementia Syndrome
• PSP
• Steele-Richardson-Olszewski Syndrome

What is Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP)?
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) is an uncommon degenerative neurological disorder that causes progressive impairment of balance and walking, impaired eye movement, abnormal muscle tone, speech difficulties, and problems related to swallowing and eating. Affected individuals frequently experience personality changes and cognitive impairment.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Progressive Symmetric Erythrokeratodermia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Progressive Symmetric Erythrokeratodermia (PSEK) is also known as:
• Darier-Gottron Syndrome
• Erythrokeratodermia Variabilis et Progressiva
• Progressive Symmetric Erythrokeratoderma
• Progressive Symmetric Erythrokeratodermia of Gottron
• PSEK

What is Progressive Symmetric Erythrokeratodermia (PSEK)?
Progressive Symmetric Erythrokeratoderma (PSEK) represents a group of rare genetic skin disorders characterized by well-demarcated plaques of reddened, dry, and thickened skin. Typically, these lesions are distributed symmetrically on the body and tend to slowly expand and progress over time.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Prolactinoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Prolactinoma is also known as:
• Amenorrhea-Galactorrhea, Nonpuerperal
• Forbes-Albright Syndrome
• Galactorrhea-Amenorrhea Syndrome
• Nonpuerperal Galactorrhea

What is Prolactinoma?
A Prolactinoma is a benign tumor of the pituitary gland that produces an excessive amount of the hormone prolactin. In women, Hyperprolactinemia is characterized by irregular menstrual periods or even absence of periods, infertility and production of breast milk in women who are not pregnant. The most common symptom in men is impotence.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Propionic Acidemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Propionic Acidemia is also known as:
• Hyperglycinemia with Ketoacidosis and Lactic Acidosis, Propionic Type
• Ketotic Glycinemia
• PCC Deficiency
• Propionyl CoA Carboxylase Deficiency

Subdivisions of Propionic Acidemia
• Propionic Acidemia, Type I (PCCA Deficiency)
• Propionic Acidemia, Type II (PCCB Deficiency)

What is Propionic Acidemia?
Propionic Acidemia is a rare metabolic disorder characterized by deficiency of propionyl CoA carboxylase, an enzyme involved in the breakdown of the chemical "building blocks" of certain proteins. Symptoms most commonly become apparent during the first weeks of life and may include abnormally diminished muscle tone, poor feeding, vomiting, listlessness, excessive loss of fluids from bodily tissues, and episodes of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Prostate and Breast Cancer (Combined)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink and Blue Ribbon for Prosate and Breast Cancer (Combined)


Prostate Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue Ribbon for Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostate Cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Usually prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Protein C Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Protein C Deficiency is also known as:
• Hereditary Thrombophilia Due to Protein C Deficiency
• PROC Deficiency

Subdivisions of Protein C Deficiency
• Autosomal Dominant Protein C Deficiency
• Autosomal Recessive Protein C Deficiency

What is Protein C Deficiency?
Protein C Deficiency is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a deficiency of protein C, which is a natural anticoagulant.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Proteus Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Proteus Syndrome is also known as:
• PS

What is Proteus Syndrome?
Proteus Syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by overgrowth of various tissues of the body. Disproportionate, asymmetric overgrowth occurs in a mosaic pattern. Affected individuals may experience a wide variety of complications that may include progressive skeletal malformations, benign and malignant tumors, malformations of blood vessels, bullous pulmonary disease, and certain skin lesions. In some people, life-threatening conditions relating to abnormal blood clotting may develop including Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Prune Belly Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Prune-Belly Syndrome is also known as:
• Abdominal Muscle Deficiency Syndrome
• Congenital Absence of the Abdominal Muscles
• Deficiency of Abdominal Musculature
• Eagle-Barrett Syndrome
• Obrinsky Syndrome
• Triad Syndrome

What is Prune-Belly Syndrome?
Prune-Belly Syndrome, also known as Eagle-Barrett Syndrome, is a rare disorder characterized by partial or complete absence of the stomach muscles, failure of both testes to descend into the scrotum, and/or urinary tract malformations. Complications associated with Prune-Belly Syndrome may include underdevelopment of the lungs and/or chronic renal failure.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pseudo Hurler Polydystrophy / Mucolipidosis Type III

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pseudo Hurler Polydystrophy (Mucolipidosis Type III) is also known as:
• ML IIIA
• ML III Alpha/Beta
• Mucolipidosis IIIA
• Mucolipidosis III Alpha/Beta

What is Pseudo Hurler Polydystrophy?
Pseudo-Hurler Polydystrophy (Mucolipidosis Type III) is a rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by a defective enzyme known as UPD-N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase. This defective enzyme ultimately results in the accumulation of certain complex carbohydrates and fatty substances in various tissues of the body. This disorder belongs to a group of diseases known as lysosomal storage disorders.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pseudoachondroplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH) is also known as:
• PSACH
• Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia, Type Pseudoachondroplasia

What is Pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH)?
Pseudoachondroplasia (PSACH) is a short-limbed dwarfing condition characterized by disproportionate short stature, attractive face and early onset osteoarthritis. There is marked laxity in the fingers, wrists, elbows and knees. Joint pain is common at all ages; osteoarthritis occurs in early adulthood and affects all the joints. Scoliosis or abnormal curvature of the spine is an occasional complication.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pseudobulbar Palsy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes for Pseudobulbar Palsy


Pseudocholinesterase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pseudocholinesterase Deficiency is also known as:
• Apnea, Postanesthetic
• Butyrylcholinesterase
• Cholinesterase II Deficiency
• Pseudocholinesterase E1
• Succinylcholine Sensitivity
• Suxamethonium Sensitivity

What is Pseudocholinesterase Deficiency?
Pseudocholinesterase Deficiency is an uncommon genetic disorder that makes an affected person very sensitive to any of several anesthetic agents, especially those derived from the drug known as choline. When anesthetic drugs such as succinylcholine or mivacurium are administered to a susceptible person, the muscles that work the lungs may become paralyzed.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pseudogout

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Pseudogout

What is Pseudogout?
Pseudogout is a condition in which calcium crystals deposit in the joints, potentially causing pain.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pseudohypoparathyroidism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pseudohypoparathyroidism is also known as:
• Martin-Albright Syndrome

What is Pseudohypoparathyroidism?
Pseudohypoparathyroidism is a hereditary disorder characterized by an inadequate response to the parathyroid hormone, although the hormone is present in normal amounts. This inadequate response affects bone growth in individuals with Pseudohypoparathyroidism. Affected individuals may also experience headaches, unusual sensations, weakness, easy fatigue, lack of energy, blurred vision, and/or abnormal sensitivity to light.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Amber Ribbon for Pseudomyxoma Peritonei

Pseudomyxoma Peritonei is also known as:
• Colloid Carcinoma
• Disseminated Peritoneal Adenomucinosis (DPAM)
• Low Grade Appendiceal Mucinous Neoplasm (LAMN)
• Malignant Appendiceal Tumor
• Malignant Large Bowel Cystadenocarcinoma
• Malignant Large Bowel Peritoneal Carcinomatosis
• Malignant Large Bowel Tumor
• Mucinous Cyst Adenocarcinoma
• Mucinous Cystadenoma
• Peritoneal Carcinomatosis
• Peritoneal Mucinous Carcinomatosis (PMCA)
• PMP

What is Pseudomyxoma Peritonei?
Pseudomyxoma Peritonei is a rare malignant growth characterized by the progressive accumulation of mucus-secreting tumor cells within the abdomen and pelvis. The disorder develops after a small growth located within the appendix bursts through the wall of the appendix, and spreads mucus-producing tumor cells throughout the surrounding surfaces. As mucinous tumor cells accumulate, the abdominal area becomes swollen and digestive function becomes impaired. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei develops at a variable rate, but may grow at a slower rate than other malignancies within the abdomen.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum (PXE) is also known as:
• Gronblad-Strandberg Syndrome
• PXE

What is Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum (PXE)?
Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum (PXE) is an inherited disorder caused by mutations in the ABCC6 transporter gene that affects connective tissue in some parts of the body. Elastic tissue in the body becomes mineralized; that is, calcium is deposited in the tissue. This can cause changes in the skin, eyes, cardiovascular system, and gastrointestinal system.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Psittacosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Psittacosis is also known as:
• Ornithosis
• Parrot Fever

What is Psittacosis
Psittacosis is an uncommon infectious disease that is most often transmitted to humans through exposure to infected birds, especially parrots, cockatiels, parakeets and similar pet birds. Psittacosis can affect the lungs and may cause inflammatory illness of the lungs. Additional common symptoms include fever, muscle pain, headaches, and a dry cough.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Psoriasis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lavender and Orange Ribbon for Psoriasis

What is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a common skin condition that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that are itchy and sometimes painful. Psoriasis is a chronic disease that often comes and goes. The main goal of treatment is to stop the skin cells from growing so quickly.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Psoriatic Arthritis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lavender and Orange Ribbon for Psoriatic Arthritis

What is Psoriatic Arthritis?
Psoriatic Arthritis is a form of Arthritis that affects some people who have Psoriasis, a condition that features red patches of skin topped with silvery scales. Most people develop Psoriasis first and are later diagnosed with Psoriatic Arthritis, but the joint problems can sometimes begin before skin lesions appear. Joint pain, stiffness and swelling are the main symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis. They can affect any part of the body, including the fingertips and spine, and can range from relatively mild to severe. In both Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis, disease flares may alternate with periods of remission.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Psychosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Psychosis


PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome (PHTS) is also known as:
• PHTS

Subdivisions of PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome (PHTS)
• Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba Syndrome
• Cowden Syndrome
• Multiple Hamartoma Syndrome
• Proteus-Like Syndrome

What is PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome (PHTS)?
The PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome (PHTS) is a spectrum of disorders caused by mutations of the PTEN tumor suppressor gene in egg or sperm cells. These disorders are characterized by multiple Hamartomas that can affect various areas of the body. Hamartoma is a general term for benign tumor-like malformation composed of mature cells and tissue normally found in the affected area that have grown in a disorganized manner. Individuals with a variety of clinical diagnoses who ultimately have been found to carry a germline PTEN mutation as the underlying cause are said to have PHTS.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Hereditary Cancer Syndromes
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Public Hygiene

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Brown Ribbon for Public Hygiene


Public Sanitation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Brown Ribbon for Public Sanitation


Pudendal Neuralgia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Pudendal Neuralgia


Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) is also known as:
• PAP
• Phospholipidosis
• Pulmonary Alveolar Lipoproteinosis

Subdivisions of Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP)
• Primary PAP (Autoimmune PAP, Hereditary PAP)
• Secondary PAP (Multiple Diseases)
• Congenital PAP (Multiple Diseases, Usually Genetic)

What is Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP)?
Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) is a syndrome, a set of symptoms and signs, not a single disease, in which surfactant in alveoli builds up slowly. This blocks air from entering alveoli and oxygen from passing through into the blood, which results in a feeling of breathlessness. Diseases that cause PAP can be grouped into three categories: Primary PAP, Secondary PAP, and Congenital PAP.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) is also known as:
• APAH
• Associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
• FPAH
• HPAH
• Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
• IPAH
• PAH
• Precapillary Pulmonary Hypertension
• Primary Obliterative Pulmonary Vascular Disease
• Primary Pulmonary Hypertension

Subdivisions of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH)
• Heritable Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (HPAH)
• Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (IPAH)
• Associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (APAH)

What is Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH)?
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) is a rare, progressive disorder characterized by high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs for no apparent reason. The pulmonary arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood from the right side of the heart through the lungs. Symptoms of PAH include shortness of breath especially during exercise, chest pain, and fainting episodes.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pulmonary Embolism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Pulmonary Embolism


Pulmonary Fibrosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and Blue for Pulmonary Fibrosis


Pulmonary Hypertension

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Periwinkle Blue for Pulmonary Hypertension


Pure Autonomic Failure

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pure Autonomic Failure is also known as:
• Bradbury-Eggleston Syndrome
• PAF

What is Pure Autonomic Failure?
The autonomic nervous system controls involuntary actions such as widening or narrowing of our blood vessels. Failure in this system can lead to Orthostatic Hypotension, which means a sudden drastic drop in blood pressure especially from a lying or sitting down position.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Pycnodysostosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pycnodysostosis is also known as:
• PKND
• PYCD
• Pyknodysostosis

What is Pycnodysostosis?
Pycnodysostosis is a rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive facial features and skeletal malformations. Affected individuals may have Osteosclerosis, a condition characterized by abnormal hardening and increased density of bone. The abnormality of the bones causes them to be fragile and brittle. Affected individuals are prone to repeated fractures.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pyloric Stenosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink and Blue Ribbon for Pyloric Stenosis


Pyoderma Gangrenosum

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Pyoderma Gangrenosum

Pyoderma Gangrenosum (PG) is also known as:
• PG

What is Pyoderma Gangrenosum?
Pyoderma Gangrenosum (PG) is an inflammatory skin disorder that is characterized by small, red bumps or blisters that eventually erode to form swollen open sores. The size and depth of the sores vary greatly, and they are often extremely painful. In approximately fifty percent of cases, PG occurs secondary to another disorder such as inflammatory bowel disease.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pyridoxine Dependent Epilepsy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pyridoxine-Dependent Epilepsy (PDE) is also known as:
• Antiquitin Deficiency
• PDE
• Pyridoxine-Dependent Seizures

What is Pyridoxine-Dependent Epilepsy (PDE)?
Pyridoxine-Dependent Epilepsy (PDE) is a rare cause of stubborn, difficult to control seizures appearing in newborns, infants and occasionally older children. The one clinical feature characteristic of all patients with PDE is intractable seizures that are not controlled with antiepileptic drugs but which do respond both clinically and usually on EEG to large daily supplements of pyridoxine. These patients are not pyridoxine-deficient. They are metabolically dependent on the vitamin. Even though the children get the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of pyridoxine from their normal diet, they require substantially more of the vitamin than others.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency (PC Deficiency) is also known as:
• Ataxia with Lactic Acidosis, Type II
• PC Deficiency

Subdivisions of Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency (PC Deficiency)
• Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency Type A
• Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency Type B
• Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency Type C

What is Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency (PC Deficiency)?
Pyruvate Carboxylase Deficiency (PC Deficiency) is a rare genetic disorder present at birth characterized by failure to thrive, developmental delay, recurrent seizures and a failure of the body to produce the necessary fuels for energy and neurotransmitters important for brain function. In its most severe form PC Deficiency leads to progressive damage to the tissue and organs, especially in the nervous system.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency (PDCD) is also known as:
• Intermittent Ataxia with Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency
• Lactic and Pyruvate Acidemia with Carbohydrate Sensitivity
• Lactic and Pyruvate Acidemia with Episodic Ataxia and Weakness
• PDCD
• PDH Deficiency

What is Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency (PDCD)?
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency (PDCD) is a rare disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by a deficiency of one of the three enzymes in the Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex (PDC). The age of onset and severity of disease depends on the activity level of the PDC enzymes.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency is also known as:
• Nonspherocytic Hemolytic Anemia, Congenital with Low PK Kinetics

What is Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency?
Red Cell Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency is a hereditary blood disorder characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme Pyruvate Kinase. Physical findings associated with the disorder may include reduced levels of oxygen-carrying hemoglobulin in the blood due to premature destruction of red blood cells, abnormally increased levels of bilirubin in the blood, abnormal enlargement of the spleen, and/or other abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical