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Master List of Awareness Causes - S | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter S and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter S:


Sacrococcygeal Teratoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Sacrococcygeal Teratoma?
Sacrococcygeal Teratomas are rare tumors that develop at the base of the spine by the tailbone known as the sacrococcygeal region. Although most of these tumors are non-cancerous, they may grow quite large and once diagnosed, always require surgical removal.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Saethre Chotzen Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome?
Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by the premature fusion of certain skull bones. This early fusion prevents the skull from growing normally and affects the shape and symmetry of the head and face. Other features may include webbing of certain fingers or toes, small or unusually shaped ears, short stature, and abnormalities of the bones in the spine.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Safe Motherhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

White Ribbon for Safe Motherhood


Safe Rides

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Safe Rides


Sakati Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Sakati Syndrome is also known as:
• ACPS III
• ACPS with Leg Hypoplasia
• Acrocephalopolysyndactyly Type III
• Sakati-Nyhan Syndrome

What is Sakati Syndrome?
Sakati Syndrome is an extremely rare disorder that belongs to a group of rare genetic disorders known as "Acrocephalopolysyndactyly" (ACPS). All forms of ACPS are characterized by premature closure of the fibrous joints between certain bones of the skull, causing the top of the head to appear pointed, webbing or fusion of certain fingers or toes, and/or more than the normal number of digits. In addition, Sakati Syndrome, which is also known as ACPS Type III, is associated with abnormalities of bones of the legs and structural heart malformations that are present at birth.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Salivary Gland Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Salivary Gland Cancer

What is Salivary Gland Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)?
Salivary Gland Cancer refers to cancer that starts in the cells of the salivary glands. Salivary Gland Cancer is very rare and makes up about six percent of Head and Neck Cancer diagnoses. The salivary glands are glands that produce and secrete saliva, the watery fluid found in the mouth and throat.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Sandhoff Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Sandhoff Disease is also known as:
• GM2-Gangliosidosis, Type ll
• Hexosaminidases A and B Deficiency

What is Sandhoff Disease?
Sandhoff Disease is a lipid storage disorder characterized by a progressive deterioration of the central nervous system. The clinical symptoms of Sandhoff Disease are identical to Tay-Sachs Disease.

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Sanfilippo Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Sanfilippo Syndrome


Sarcoidosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Sarcoidosis

What is Sarcoidosis?
Sarcoidosis is the growth of tiny collections of inflammatory cells (granulomas) in different parts of the body. They most commonly occur in the lungs, lymph nodes, eyes and skin.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sarcoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Yellow Ribbon for Sarcoma

What is Sarcoma?
Sarcomas are a rare kind of cancer. Sarcomas are different from the much more common Carcinomas because they happen in a different kind of tissue. Sarcomas grow in connective tissue, cells that connect or support other kinds of tissue in the body. Although there are more than fifty types of sarcoma, they can be grouped into two main kinds: Soft Tissue Sarcoma and Bone Sarcoma, or Osteosarcoma.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Save the Music in Our Schools

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Save the Music in Our Schools


Save the Waves

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Save the Waves


Scapuloperoneal Myopathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Myopathy, Scapuloperoneal is also known as:
• Scapuloperoneal Muscular Dystrophy
• Scapuloperoneal Syndrome, Myopathic Type

What is Myopathy, Scapuloperoneal?
Scapuloperoneal Myopathy is a rare genetic disorder characterized by weakness and wasting of certain muscles. Symptoms are usually limited to the shoulder blade area and the smaller of the two leg muscle groups below the knee. This condition can also occur in combination with other disorders.

Categories

• Congenial and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Scheie Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Scheie Syndrome


Schimke Immuno Osseous Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Schimke Immuno-Osseous Dysplasia is also known as:
• Schimke Immuno-Osseous Dysplasia

What is Schimke Immuno-Osseous Dysplasia ?
Schimke Immuno-Osseous Dysplasia is a condition characterized by short stature, kidney disease, and a weakened immune system. In people with this condition, short stature is caused by flattened spinal bones, resulting in a shortened neck and trunk.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Schindler Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Schindler Disease Syndrome?
Schindler Disease is an inherited disorder that primarily causes neurological problems. There are three types of Schindler Disease:

Schindler Disease Type I, also called the infantile type, is the most severe form. Babies with Schindler Disease Type I appear healthy at birth, but by the age of eight to fifteen months they stop developing new skills and begin losing skills they had already acquired. As the disorder progresses, affected individuals develop blindness and seizures, and eventually they lose awareness of their surroundings and become unresponsive.

Schindler Disease Type II, also called Kanzaki Disease, is a milder form of the disorder that usually appears in adulthood. Affected individuals may develop mild cognitive impairment and hearing loss caused by abnormalities of the inner ear. They may experience weakness and loss of sensation due to problems with the nerves connecting the brain and spinal cord to muscles and sensory cells. Clusters of enlarged blood vessels that form small, dark red spots on the skin are characteristic of this form of the disorder.

Schindler Disease Type III is intermediate in severity between Types I and II. Affected individuals may exhibit signs and symptoms beginning in infancy, including developmental delay, seizures, a weakened and enlarged heart, and an enlarged liver.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Schinzel Giedion Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Schinzel Giedion Syndrome (SGS) is also known as:
• Schinzel-Giedion Midface-Retraction Syndrome
• SGS

What is Schinzel Giedion Syndrome (SGS)?
Schinzel Giedion Syndrome (SGS) is a very rare genetic disorder with characteristic facial features, skeletal abnormalities, and obstruction of the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder. This obstruction may lead to enlarged and damaged kidneys.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Schinzel Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Schinzel Syndrome is also known as:
• Pallister Ulnar-Mammary Syndrome
• Ulnar-Mammary Syndrome
• UMS

What is Schinzel Syndrome?
Ulnar-Mammary Syndrome (UMS) is a rare genetic syndrome, present from birth, that affects the development of several parts of the body. Features of UMS can be mild to severe and can vary significantly from person to person, even within the same family. The main features of UMS include upper limb defects (including abnormal or incomplete development of the fingers and forearm), underdevelopment of the mammary and apocrine glands (leading to absent breast development and the inability to produce breast milk), and various genital abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Schizoaffective Disorder

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Silver Ribbon for Schizoaffective Disorder
Silver and Green Ribbon for Schizoaffective Disorder


Schizoid Personality Disorder

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Silver Ribbon for Schizoid Personality Disorder


Schizophrenia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Silver Ribbon for Schizophrenia


Schnitzler Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Schnitzler Syndrome

Schnitzler Syndrome is also known as:
• Schnitzler's Syndrome

Subdivisions of Schnitzler Syndrome
• IgG Variant Schnitzler Syndrome

What is Schnitzler Syndrome?
Schnitzler Syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by a chronic reddish rash that resembles hives and elevated levels of a specific protein in the blood. Symptoms associated with Schnitzler Syndrome may include repeated bouts of fever, joint inflammation, joint pain, bone pain, and other findings such as enlarged lymph nodes.

Categories

• Immune System Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Schwartz Jampel Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Schwartz Jampel Syndrome (SJS) is also known as:
• Chondrodystrophic Myotonia
• Myotonic Myopathy, Dwarfism, Chondrodystrophy, Ocular and Facial Anomalies
• Schwartz-Jampel-Aberfeld Syndrome
• SJA Syndrome
• SJS

Subdivisions of Schwartz Jampel Syndrome (SJS)
• Schwartz-Jampel Syndrome, Type 1A and 1B
• Schwartz-Jampel Syndrome, Types 2

What is Schwartz Jampel Syndrome (SJS)?
Schwartz-Jampel Syndrome (SJS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities of the skeletal muscles, including muscle weakness and stiffness, abnormal bone development, permanent bending or extension of certain joints in a fixed position, and/or growth delays resulting in abnormally short stature. Affected individuals may also have small, fixed facial features and various abnormalities of the eyes, some of which may cause impaired vision.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Scleritis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Scleritis

What is Scleritis?
Scleritis is a serious inflammatory disease that affects the white outer coating of the eye, known as the sclera. The disease is often contracted through association with other diseases of the body, such as Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis or Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Scleroderma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Scleroderma

Scleroderma is also known as:
• Progressive Systemic Sclerosis
• PSS
• Sclerosis, Familial Progressive Systemic
• Systemic Sclerosis

Subdivisions of Scleroderma
• CREST Syndrome
• Linear Scleroderma
• Morphea

What is Scleroderma?
Scleroderma is a rare autoimmune connective tissue disorder characterized by abnormal thickening of the skin. Connective tissue is composed of collagen, which supports and binds other body tissues. There are several types of scleroderma. Some types affect certain, specific parts of the body, while other types can affect the whole body and internal organs. Scleroderma is also known as Progressive Systemic Sclerosis.

Categories

• Connective Tissue Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Scoliosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Scoliosis


Scott Craniodigital Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Scott Craniodigital Syndrome?
Scott Craniodigital Syndrome is an intellectual deficit, characterized by syndactyly of the fingers and toes, characteristic faces and intellectual deficit.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Seasonal Affective Disorder / SAD

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Seasonal Affective Disorder / SAD


Seborrheic Keratosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Keratosis, Seborrheic is also known as:
• Acanthotic Nevus
• Keratosis Seborrheica
• Seborrheic Warts
• Senile Warts
• Verruca

What is Keratosis, Seborrheic?
Seborrheic Keratosis is a skin disorder usually characterized by discolored lesions that appear to be "stuck on" the skin surface. Warts may appear and skin is often oily or greasy. These skin lesions are sometimes mistaken for cancerous growths and tend to appear predominately during middle age.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Secondhand Smoke

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl and White Ribbon for Secondhand Smoke


Seizure Disorders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Seizure Disorders


Selective Mutism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Selective Mutism?
Selective Mutism is a rare psychiatric condition primarily occurring during childhood. It is characterized by the failure to speak in certain social situations. The ability to speak and understand spoken language is not impaired, and may be exhibited in more familiar environments.

Categories

• Behavioral and Mental Disorders

Cause Classification: Psychological


Self Harm / Self Injury

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Self Harm / Self Injury


Self Love

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Fuchsia Ribbon for Self Love


Senior Loken Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Senior Løken Syndrome (SLS) is also known as:
• Juvenile Nephronophthisis with Leber Amaurosis
• Loken-Senior Syndrome
• Renal Dysplasia and Retinal Aplasia
• Renal Dysplasia-Blindness, Hereditary
• Renal-Retinal Dysplasia
• Renal-Retinal Syndrome
• SLS

What is Senior Løken Syndrome (SLS) ?
Senior Løken Syndrome (SLS) is a rare disorder that results in Nephronophthsis and Leber Congenital Amaurosis. Nephronophthisis is the progressive wasting of the filtering unit of the kidney. It is characterized by cysts that develop in the kidneys during infancy or early childhood. Individuals will also develop symptoms of Early-Onset Retinal Dystrophy, a progressive retina disease that damages vision, within the first few years of life.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sennetsu Fever

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Sennetsu Fever?
Sennetsu Fever is a rare infectious disease belonging to a group of diseases known as the Human Ehrlichioses. These diseases are caused by bacteria belonging to the "Ehrlichia" family. Several forms of Human Ehrlichial infection have been identified including Sennetsu Fever, Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis (HME), and Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis (HGE). Though caused by different strains of Ehrlichia bacteria, the disorders are all characterized by similar symptoms.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Sensory Processing Disorder

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Sensory Processing Disorder


Sepiapterin Reductase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Sepiapterin Reductase Deficiency?
Sepiapterin Reductase Deficiency is a neurometabolic disorder characterized by a pattern of involuntary sustained muscle contractions known as Dystonia. Other common features include Axial Hypotonia, Oculogyric Crises, and delays in motor and cognitive development.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sepsis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black and Red for Sepsis


Septo Optic Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes for Septo-Optic Dysplasia


Serpiginous Choroiditis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Serpiginous Choroditis is also known as:
• Geographic Choroiditis
• Geographic Choroidopathy
• Geographic Helicoid Peripapillary Choroidopathy (GHPC)
• Geographic Serpiginous Choroiditis
• Peripapillary Choroidopathy
• Serpiginous Choroidopathy

What is Choroiditis, Serpiginous?
Serpiginous Choroiditis is one of the conditions in a group termed the white dot syndromes which all involve inflammation of the retina and choroid and are defined by the appearance of white dots in the posterior inner part of the eye.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Setleis Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Setleis Syndrome?
Setleis Syndrome is a cutaneous condition characterized double upper and absent lower lashes. Setleis Syndrome is an extremely rare inherited disorder that belongs to a group of diseases known as Ectodermal Dysplasias. Ectodermal Dysplasias typically affect the hair, teeth, nails, and/or skin.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Severe Chronic Neutropenia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Severe Chronic Neutropenia (SCN) is also known as:
• SCN

Subdivisions of Severe Chronic Neutropenia (SCN)
• Chronic Congenital Neutropenia
• Chronic Idiopathic Neutropenia
• Cyclic Neutropenia

What is Severe Chronic Neutropenia (SCN)?
Severe Chronic Neutropenia (SCN) is a rare blood disorder characterized by abnormally low levels of certain white blood cells in the body. Neutrophils play an essential role in fighting bacterial infections by surrounding and destroying invading bacteria. Due to low levels of neutrophils, affected individuals may be more susceptible to recurring infections that, in some cases, may result in life-threatening complications. SCN may last for months or years and can affect both children and adults.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Severe Combined Immunodeficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) is also known as:
• Bubble Boy Syndrome
• SCID

Subdivisions of Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)
• Leaky or Atypical SCID
• Typical or Classic SCID
• Variant SCID

What is Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)?
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID) is a group of rare congenital syndromes with little or no immune responses. This results in frequent recurring infections with bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Infections that are minor in most people can be life threatening in people with SCID. Types of SCID are classified by which immune cells, T, B, and/or NK cells, are defective.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Sex Slavery / Sex Trafficking

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Sex Slavery / Sex Trafficking


Sexual Assault

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Sexual Assault


Sexual Assault on College Campuses

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Sexual Assault on College Campuses


Sexual Violence

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Sexual Violence


Sexually Transmitted Diseases / STDs / Sexually Transmitted Infections / STIs

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Green Ribbon for Sexually Transmitted Diseases / STDs / Sexually Transmitted Infections / STIs


Sezary Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Sezary Syndrome

What is Sezary Syndrome?
Sezary Syndrome is a type of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCL). Other types of CTCL include Mycosis Fungoides (the most common type of CTCL), Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma, Lymphomatoid Papulosis, and Subcutaneous Panniculitis-Like T-Cell Lymphoma. Most CTCLs typically fall into the category of Chronic Lymphomas, treatable, but not curable and usually not life-threatening.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Sheehan Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Sheehan Syndrome?
Sheehan Syndrome is a condition that happens when the pituitary gland is damaged during childbirth. It is caused by excess blood loss or extremely low blood pressure during or after labor. A lack of blood deprives the pituitary of the oxygen it needs to work properly.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Short Bowel Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Short Bowel Syndrome

Short Bowel Syndrome is also known as:
• SBS

What is Short Bowel Syndrome?
Short Bowel Syndrome is a complex disease that occurs due to the physical loss or the loss of function of a portion of the small and/or large intestine. Consequently, individuals with short bowel syndrome often have a reduced ability to absorb nutrients.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Short Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Short Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency (SCAD)?
Short-Chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase (SCAD) Deficiency is a condition that prevents the body from converting certain fats into energy, especially during periods without food. Signs and symptoms of SCAD Deficiency may appear during infancy or early childhood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


SHORT Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

SHORT Syndrome is also known as:
• Aarskog-Ose-Pande Syndrome
• Lipodystrophy-Rieger Anomaly-Diabetes Syndrome
• Rieger Anomaly-Partial Lipodystrophy Syndrome
• PIK3R1-Associated Syndromic Insulin Resistance with Lipoatrophy

What is SHORT Syndrome?
SHORT syndrome is a rare condition in which affected individuals have multiple birth defects in different organ systems.

Each letter of SHORT syndrome represents one of the common findings in affected persons:
(S) = short stature
(H) = hyperextensibility of joints and/or hernia
(O) = ocular depression
(R) = Rieger Anomaly (defective development of the eye that often leads to glaucoma)
(T) = teething delay

Not all of these five features are required for diagnosis of SHORT Syndrome. Other characteristics common in SHORT Syndrome are a triangular face, small chin with a dimple, a loss of fat under the skin, abnormal position of the ears, hearing loss, intrauterine growth restriction, and delayed speech.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Shprintzen Goldberg Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Shprintzen Goldberg Syndrome (SGS) is also known as:
• Marfanoid-Craniosynostosis Syndrome
• SGS
• Shprintzen-Goldberg Craniosynostosis Syndrome

What is Shprintzen Goldberg Syndrome (SGS)?
Shprintzen Goldberg Syndrome (SGS) is an extremely rare connective tissue disorder characterized by craniofacial, skeletal, and cardiovascular deformities. Individuals with SGS generally present with premature fusion of cranial bones in infancy, distinctive facial features, elongated fingers and limbs, umbilical and abdominal hernias, developmental delays, intellectual disability, and cardiac problems.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Shwachman Diamond Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black and Red Ribbon for Shwachman Diamond Syndrome

Shwachman Diamond Syndrome is also known as:
• Lipomatosis of Pancreas, Congenital
• Pancreatic Insufficiency and Bone Marrow Dysfunction
• Shwachman-Bodian Syndrome
• Shwachman-Diamond-Oski Syndrome
• Shwachman Syndrome

What is Shwachman Diamond Syndrome?
Shwachman Dyndrome is a rare genetic disorder with multiple and varied manifestations. The disorder is typically characterized by signs of insufficient absorption of fats and other nutrients due to abnormal development of the pancreas and improper functioning of the bone marrow, resulting in low levels of circulating blood cells.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Sialadenitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Sialadenitis is also known as:
• Salivary Gland Infection

What is Sialadenitis?
Sialadenitis is a condition characterized by inflammation and enlargement of one or more of the salivary glands, the glands that secrete saliva into the mouth. There are both acute and chronic forms. Sialadenitis is often associated with pain, tenderness, redness, and gradual, localized swelling of the affected area.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections
• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical



Sialidosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Sialidosis?
Sialidosis is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the progressive lysosomal storage of sialylated glycopeptides and oligosaccharides caused by a deficiency of the enzyme neuraminidase.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sickle Cell Anemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Sickle Cell Anemia
Burgundy Ribbon for Sickle Cell Anemia


Sickle Cell Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is also known as:
• SCD

Subdivisions of Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)
• Sickle Cell Anemia
• Sickle Cell Hemoglobin C Disease
• Sickle Cell Thalassemia Disease

What is Sickle Cell Disease (SCD)?
Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a rare blood disorder that is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. It is characterized by the presence of sickle, or crescent-shaped, red blood cells in the bloodstream. These crescent-shaped cells are stiff and sticky and interact with other cells and the blood clotting system to block blood flow in the very tiny blood vessels of the peripheral blood system. This prevents the normal flow of nutrition and oxygen. Common symptoms associated with SCD include excruciating bone pain, chest pain, severe infections (primarily in children), low levels of circulating red blood cells and yellowing of the skin. The blocked blood flow can also cause severe organ damage including stroke.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Sideroblastic Anemias

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Anemias, Sideroblastic

Anemias, Sideroblastic is also known as:
• Acquired Sideroblastic Anemia
• Hereditary Sideroblastic Anemia
• Idiopathic Sideroblastic Anemia

What are Anemias, Sideroblastic?
The Sideroblastic Anemias are a group of blood disorders in which the body has enough iron but is unable to use it to make hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in the blood. As a result, iron accumulates in the mitochondria of red blood cells, giving a ringed appearance to the nucleus. There are three categories of Sideroblastic Anemias: inherited, acquired, and idiopathic.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Silicone Poisoning / Silicone Toxicity

Awareness Ribbon Color:

[Black and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Silicone Poisoning / Silicone Toxicity]

Categories

Cause Classification: Medical


Simian B Virus Infection

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Simian B Virus Infection?
Simian B Virus Infection is an extremely rare disease in humans that is caused by the herpes virus Simiae, also known as the B Virus. This virus is commonly found among the macaque monkeys.

Categories

• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Simple Pulmonary Eosinophilia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Simple Pulmonary Eosinophilia is also known as:
• Loeffler Syndrome
• Löffler Syndrome

What is Simple Pulmonary Eosinophilia?
Simple Pulmonary Eosinophilia (SPE), also known as Loeffler Syndrome, is a rare, temporary respiratory disorder characterized by the accumulation of eosinophils in the lungs. Eosinophils are a type of white blood cell and are part of the immune system. They are usually produced in response to allergens, inflammation or infection and are particularly active in the respiratory tract. Most cases of SPE are believed to be due to an allergic reaction to drugs and infection.

Categories

• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Simpson Dysmorphia Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Simpson Dysmorphia Syndrome is also known as:
• Bulldog Syndrome
• Dysplasia Gigantism Syndrome, X-Linked
• Golabi-Rosen Syndrome
• SGBS
• SGBS1
• Simpson Dysmorphia Syndrome

What is Simpson Dysmorphia Syndrome?
Simpson Dysmorphia Syndrome is a condition that affects many parts of the body and occurs primarily in males. Simpson Dysmorphia Syndrome is an overgrowth disorder, meaning that people with the disease are larger than average at birth and continue to grow and gain weight at an unusual rate.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases Mouth Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Singleton Merten Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Singleton Merten Syndrome is also known as:
• Merten-Singleton Syndrome

What is Singleton Merten Syndrome?
Singleton-Merten Syndrome is an extremely rare, multisystem disorder. Major characteristics of Singleton Merten Syndrome are tooth abnormalities, calcifications in the aorta and certain valves of the heart, and a progressive thinning and loss of protein of the bones, especially in the hands and feet.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sinonasal Undifferentiated Carcinoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Sinonasal Undifferentiated Carcinoma (SNUC)
Sinonasal Undifferentiated Carcinoma (SNUC) is a rare cancer of the nasal cavity and/or paranasal sinuses. Initial symptoms range from bloody nose, runny nose, double vision, and bulging eye to chronic infections and nasal obstruction.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Sinus Tachycardia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Sinus Tachycardia


Sirenomelia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Sirenomelia is also known as:
• Mermaid Syndrome
• Sirenomelia Sequence
• Sirenomelia Syndrome
• Sirenomelus

What is Sirenomelia?
Sirenomelia, which is also known as Mermaid Syndrome, is an extremely rare congenital developmental disorder characterized by anomalies of the lower spine and the lower limbs. Affected infants are born with partial or complete fusion of the legs. Additional malformations may also occur including genitourinary abnormalities, gastrointestinal abnormalities, anomalies of the lumbarsacral spine and pelvis and absence or underdevelopment of one or both kidneys. Affected infants may have one foot, no feet or both feet, which may be rotated externally. The tailbone is usually absent and the sacrum is partially or completely absent as well.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sitosterolemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Sitosterolemia?
Sitosterolemia is a rare inherited condition in which plant sterols accumulate in the blood and tissues. Plant sterols are fatty substances found in vegetable oils and nuts. Individuals with Sitosterolemia have extremely high levels of sitosterol, along with mildly to moderately elevated levels of cholesterol in their blood. These plant sterols and cholesterol build up in the arteries, leading to premature thickening of the artery walls and early heart disease.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Sjogren Larsson Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Sjögren-Larsson Syndrome is also known as:
• Ichthyosis, Spastic Neurologic Disorder, Mental Retardation
• SLS

What is Sjögren-Larsson Syndrome?
Sjögren-Larsson Syndrome is an inherited disorder characterized by scaling skin, mental retardation, speech abnormalities, and spasticity. Affected infants develop various degrees of reddened skin with fine scales soon after birth. After infancy, the skin loses its redness and dark scales often appear on the neck and under the arms.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sjogren's Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Sjogren's Syndrome

What is Sjogren's Syndrome?
Sjogren's Syndrome is a disorder of the immune system identified by its two most common symptoms, dry eyes and dry mouth. The condition often accompanies other immune system disorders, such as Rheumatoid Arthritis and Lupus. In Sjogren's Syndrome, the mucous membranes and moisture-secreting glands of the eyes and mouth are usually affected first, resulting in decreased tears and saliva. Although a person can develop Sjogren's Syndrome at any age, most people are older than forty at the time of diagnosis.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Immune System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


SLC13A5 Epileptic Encephalopathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is SLC13A5 Epileptic Encephalopathy?
Loss-of-function mutations in human SLC13A5 have been found to cause severe Epilepsy and Encephalopathy early in life.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sleep Apnea

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black Ribbon for Sleep Apnea


Sleep Apnea in Women

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black and Pink Ribbon for Sleep Apnea in Women


Sleep Disorders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Black Ribbon for Sleep Disorders


Sly Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Sly Syndrome


SMA Type 1 / Werdnig Hoffmann Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes Ribbon for SMA Type 1 / Wernig-Hoffmann Disease
Cream Ribbon for SMA Type 1 / Wernig-Hoffman Disease


SMA Type 2

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes for SMA Type 2
Cream Ribbon for SMA Type 2


SMA Type 3 / Kugelberg Welander Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes Ribbon for SMA Type 3 / Kugelberg-Welander Disease
Cream Ribbon for SMA Type 3 / Kugelberg-Welander Disease


Small Cell Lung Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl Ribbon for Small Cell Lung Cancer

Subdivisions of Small Cell Lung Cancer
• Small Cell Carcinoma (Oat Cell Cancer)
• Combined Small Cell Carcinoma
Both include many types of cells that grow and spread in different ways. They are named according to what the cells look like under a microscope.

What is Small Cell Lung Cancer?
Small Cell Lung Cancer differs from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in the following ways:
• Small-Cell Lung Cancer grows rapidly
• Small-Cell Lung Cancer spreads quickly
• Small-Cell Lung Cancer responds well to chemotherapy and radiation therapy
• Small-Cell Lung Cancer is frequently associated with distinct Paraneoplastic Syndromes

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Small Intestine Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Periwinkle Blue Ribbon for Small Intestine Canacer

What is Small Intestine Cancer
Small Intestine Cancer is a rare disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the small intestine. There are five types of small intestine cancer: Adenocarcinoma, Sarcoma, Carcinoid Tumors, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor, and Lymphoma.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Smallpox

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Smallpox?
Smallpox is a contagious, disfiguring and often deadly disease that has affected humans for thousands of years. Naturally occurring Smallpox was eradicated worldwide by 1980, the result of an unprecedented global immunization campaign.

Categories

• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Smith Lemli Opitz Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Smith Lemli Opitz Syndrome (SLOC) is also known as:
• DHCR7 Abnormality
• RSH Syndrome
• SLOS
• SLO Syndrome

What is Smith Lemli Opitz Syndrome (SLOC)?
Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome (SLOS) is a variable genetic disorder that is characterized by slow growth before and after birth, small head, mild to moderate mental retardation and multiple birth defects including particular facial features, cleft palate, heart defects, fused second and third toes, extra fingers and toes and underdeveloped external genitals in males. The severity of SLOS varies greatly in affected individuals, even in the same family, and some have normal development and only minor birth defects.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Smith Magenis Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple and Blue Ribbon for Smith Magenis Syndrome

Smith Magenis Syndrome (SMS) is also known as:
• Chromosome 17, Interstitial Deletion 17p
• Chromosome 17p11.2 Deletion Syndrome
• Retinoic Acid Induced 1 Gene (RAI1)
• SMCR
• Smith-Magenis Chromosome Region
• SMS

What is Smith Magenis Syndrome (SMS)?
Smith-Magenis Syndrome (SMS) is a complex developmental disorder that affects multiple organ systems of the body. The disorder is characterized by a pattern of abnormalities that are present at birth as well as behavioral and cognitive problems.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Smoking Cessation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Brown Ribbon for Smoking Cessation


Sneddon Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Sneddon Syndrome is also known as:
• Livedo Reticularis Racemosa and Cerebrovascular Accidents
• Sneddon's Syndrome

What is Sneddon Syndrome?
Sneddon Syndrome is a rare progressive disorder affecting small and medium-sized blood vessels. The disorder is characterized by the association of a skin condition and neurological abnormalities. Characteristic findings include multiple episodes of reduced blood flow to the brain causing mini-strokes or stroke and bluish net-like patterns of discoloration on the skin surrounding normal-appearing skin.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Snyder Robinson Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Snyder-Robinson Syndrome is also known as:
• SRS
• X-Linked Mental Retardation Snyder-Robinson Type

What is Snyder-Robinson Syndrome?
Snyder-Robinson Syndrome is an inherited condition that is characterized by intellectual disability, muscle and bone abnormalities, and other problems with development. It only occurs in males. Affected individuals have delayed development that begins in early childhood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Social Anxiety

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Social Anxiety


Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Yellow Ribbon for Soft Tissue Sarcoma

What is Soft Tissue Sarcoma?
Soft Tissue Sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that begins in the tissues that connect, support and surround other body structures. This includes muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves, tendons and the lining of the joints. More than fifty subtypes of Soft Tissue Sarcoma exist. Some types are more likely to affect children, while others affect mostly adults.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Sotos Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple and Yellow Ribbon for Sotos Syndrome

Sotos Syndrome is also known as:
• Cerebral Gigantism

What is Sotos Syndrome?
Sotos Syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by excessive growth before and after birth, a large, elongated head, distinctive facial configuration, and a non-progressive neurological disorder with intellectual disability. Advanced bone age typically present.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Spasticity

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Spasticity


Spay and Neuter Pets

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue Ribbon for Spay and Neuter Pets
Paws Ribbon for Spay and Neuter Pets


Sperm and Testicular Autoimmunity

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Sperm and Testicular Autoimmunity

What is Sperm and Testicular Autoimmunity?
The human immune system is trained during the early postnatal period. In men, at puberty when the sperm first appear in the testis and epididymis, the human immune system will have the chance to contact sperm antigens. Similarly, when women become sexually active, their immune system will inevitably contact sperm antigens. Therefore, once sperm, as an autoantigen, activates the human immune system, an autoimmune response against human sperm will occur. The blood-testis barrier and the epididymal blood-epithelium barrier in humans are important structures in preventing sperm antigens from contacting immunocompetent cells. Alteration of the blood-testis barrier and the blood-epithelium barrier allows the production of ASAs and, hence, may lead to infertility.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Spina Bifida

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Yellow Ribbon for Spina Bifida

What is Spina Bifida?
Spina Bifida is a birth defect that occurs when the spine and spinal cord do not form properly. It falls under the broader category of Neural Tube Defects. The neural tube is the embryonic structure that eventually develops into the baby's brain and spinal cord and the tissues that enclose them. Normally, the neural tube forms early in pregnancy, and it closes by the 28th day after conception. In babies with Spina Bifida, a portion of the neural tube fails to develop or close properly, causing defects in the spinal cord and in the bones of the spine.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Spina Cord Disorders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Spinal Cord Disorders


Spinal Cord Injury

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Spinal Cord Injury


Spinal Muscular Atrophy / SMA

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Spinal Muscular Atrophy / SMA
Cream Ribbon for Spinal Muscular Atrophy / SMA

Spinal Muscular Atrophy is also known as:
• SMA

Subdivisions of Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)
• SMA Type 0
• SMA Type 1
• SMA Type 2
• SMA Type 3
• SMA Type 4

What is Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)?
Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a group of inherited disorders characterized by a loss of certain nerve cells in the spinal cord called Motor Neurons or Anterior Horn Cells. Motor Neurons receive the nerve impulses transmitted from the brain to the spinal cord and transmit the impulses to the muscle via the peripheral nerves. The loss of Motor Neurons leads to progressive muscle weakness and muscle wasting in muscles closest to the trunk of the body. These muscles are necessary for crawling, walking, sitting up and head control. The more severe types of SMA can affect muscles involved in feeding, swallowing and breathing.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Spinal Stenosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Spinal Stenosis
Cream Ribbon for Spinal Stenosis

Subdivisions of Spinal Stenosis
• Cervical Stenosis
• Lumbar Stenosis

What is Spinal Stenosis?
Spinal Stenosis is a narrowing of the spaces within the spine, which can put pressure on the nerves that travel through the spine. Spinal Stenosis occurs most often in the lower back and the neck. Some people with Spinal Stenosis may not have symptoms. Others may experience pain, tingling, numbness and muscle weakness. Spinal Stenosis is most commonly caused by wear-and-tear changes in the spine related to osteoarthritis.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Axonal Neuropathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Axonal Neuropathy (SCAN1)?
Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Axonal Neuropathy (SCAN1) is characterized by late-childhood-onset slowly progressive Cerebellar Ataxia, followed by Areflexia and signs of Peripheral Neuropathy. As the disease advances, pain and touch sensation become impaired in the hands and legs; vibration sense disappears in hands and lower thigh. Individuals with advanced disease eventually become wheelchair dependent.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Split Hand / Split Foot Malformation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Split Hand/Split Foot Malformation (SHFM) is also known as:
• Ectrodactilia of the Hand
• Ectrodactyly
• Ektrodactyly of the Hand
• Karsch-Neugebauer Syndrome
• Lobster Claw Deformity
• Split-Hand/Foot Deformity
• Split-Hand/Foot Malformation
• Split Hand Malformation

What is Split Hand/Split Foot Malformation (SHFM)?
Split Hand/Split Foot Malformation (SHFM) is a genetic disorder characterized by the complete or partial absence of some fingers or toes, often combined with clefts in the hands or feet. There may also be the appearance of webbing between fingers or toes. This may give the hands and/or feet a claw-like appearance.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Spondylitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Spondylitis


Spondyloarthritis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Spondyloarthritis

What is Spondyloarthritis?
Spondyloarthritis is an umbrella term for inflammatory diseases that involve both the joints and the entheses. The most common of these diseases is Ankylosing Spondylitis. Others include Reactive Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis and Enteropathic Arthritis, which is associated with inflammatory bowel disease. Spondyloarthritis, in most cases, primarily affects the spine.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Spondyloarthropathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Spondyloarthropathy

Spondyloarthrosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Spondyloarthrosis


Spondyloarthrosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Spondyloarthrosis


Spondylocostal Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Spondylocostal Dysplasia?
Spondylocostal Dysostosis is a group of conditions characterized by abnormal development of bones in the spine and ribs. The bones of the spine are misshapen and abnormally joined together. Many people with this condition have abnormal side-to-side curvature of the spine due to malformation of the vertebrae. In addition to spinal abnormalities, some of the rib bones may be fused together or missing. Affected individuals have short, rigid necks and short torsos because of the bone malformations. As a result, people with spondylocostal dysostosis have short bodies but normal-length arms and legs, called short-trunk dwarfism.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Tarda

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Tarda?
Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Tarda is an X-linked genetic disorder, meaning males are more commonly and severely affected. It appears in childhood or even adulthood, and may be first diagnosed as Perthes Disease, which occurs when the blood supply to the rounded head of the thighbone is interrupted.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Connective Tissue Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


(move this) Congenital Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia, Congenital (SEDC) is also known as:
• SEDC
• SED, Congenital Type
• Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia, Congenital Type

What is Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia, Congenital (SEDC)?
Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia Congenita (SEDC) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by deformities that begin before birth, including skeletal and joint malformations involving the spine, hips and knees, and abnormalities affecting the eyes. Such growth deformities lead to children being shorter than normally would be expected based upon their age and gender.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Spondylothoracic Dysplasia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Spondylothoracic Dysplasia?
Spondylothoracic Dysostosis is a condition characterized by malformation of the bones of the spine and ribs. The bones of the spine do not develop properly, which causes them to be misshapen and abnormally joined together. The ribs are also fused at the part nearest the spine. Affected individuals have short, rigid necks and short torsos because of the bone malformations. As a result, people with Spondylothoracic Dysostosis have short bodies but normal-length arms and legs, called short-trunk dwarfism.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension is also known as:
• Spontaneous Spinal Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak

What is Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension?
Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension is secondary to a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak at the level of the spine and the resulting loss of CSF volume to support the brain and spinal cord. Men and women of all ages are affected but the diagnosis is more common in women. It most often results in a new onset headache that is worse with upright posture.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis (SIBM) is also known as:
• SIBM

Subdivisions of Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis (SIBM)
• Inflammatory Myopathy

What is Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis (SIBM)?
Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis (SIBM) is an acquired progressive muscle disorder that becomes apparent during adulthood. In most cases, sIBM is characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of the muscles especially those of the arms and the legs. sIBM can progress to cause severe disability.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sporadic Porencephaly

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Sporadic Porencephaly?
Sporadic Porencephaly is a rare disorder affecting the central nervous system. In Porencephaly, cysts or cavities form on the surface of the brain. These cysts or cavities may become filled with cerebrospinal fluid.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sprengel Deformity

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Sprengel Deformity is also known as:
• Congenital Elevation of the Scapula
• Congenital High Scapula

What is Sprengel Deformity?
Sprengel Deformity is a rare congenital disorder in which the shoulder blade is too high on one side of the body. The affected abnormal shoulder blade is also abnormally connected to the spine, often restricting movement of the shoulder. The affected shoulder blade may also be underdeveloped and smaller than normal and rotated toward the middle of the body. In some cases, the shoulder blade may be irregularly-shaped. Sprengel Deformity can occur as an isolated, single defect or in association with other abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Squamous Cell Carcinoma


Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Situ

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Situ

What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Situ?
Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Situ, also called Bowen Disease, is the earliest form of Squamous Cell Skin Cancer. “In situ” means that the cells of these cancers are still only in the epidermis (the upper layer of the skin) and have not invaded into deeper layers. Bowen Disease is a rare skin disorder and appears as reddish patches. Affected individuals develop a slow-growing, reddish scaly patch or plaque on the skin. Sun exposed areas of the skin are most often affected. Lesions are usually not painful or may not be associated with any symptoms. Bowen Fisease is considered a pre-cancerous condition, although the risk of developing skin cancer is less than ten percent. The disorder usually affects older adults.

Categories

• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin

What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Skin (SCC)?
Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC), the second most common form of skin cancer, is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells arising from the Squamous Cells in the epidermis, the skin’s outermost layer. It is sometimes called Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (CSCC) to differentiate it from very different kinds of SCCs elsewhere in the body.

SCCs often look like scaly red patches, open sores, warts or elevated growths with a central depression, and they may crust or bleed. They can become disfiguring and sometimes deadly if allowed to grow. More than one million cases of Squamous Cell Carcinoma are diagnosed each year in the U.S.

Categories

• Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


(move this) Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbons for Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult

Squamous Neck Cancer is also known as:
• Carcinoma, Squamous Cell of Head and Neck
• Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
• HNSCC

What is Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary, Metastatic (Head and Neck Cancer)?
Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer with Occult Primary is a disease in which squamous cell cancer spreads to lymph nodes in the neck and it is not known where the cancer first formed in the body. Squamous cells are thin, flat cells found in tissues that form the surface of the skin and the lining of body cavities such as the mouth, hollow organs such as the uterus and blood vessels, and the lining of the respiratory and digestive tracts. Some organs with squamous cells are the esophagus, lungs, kidneys, and uterus. Cancer can begin in squamous cells anywhere in the body and spread through the blood or lymph system to other parts of the body.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Stammering

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Sea Green Ribbon for Stammering


STAND-TO! / The Official Focus of the U.S. Army

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Olive Green Ribbon for STAND-TO! / The Official Focus of the U.S. Army


Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) is also known as:
• Ritter Disease
• Ritter von Ritterschein Disease
• Scalded Skin Syndrome
• SSSS

What is Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS)?
Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) is a disorder that develops because of a toxin produced by a staphylococcal infection. In SSSS the toxin spreads to the skin through the blood stream and specifically binds to a target protein very high in the epidermis producing total body reddening of the skin and blistering and sloughing of the skin resembling a hot water burn or scalding of the skin. The top layer of the skin may peel off and shed. Affected individuals may also experience nonspecific symptoms such as fever, chills, and weakness.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Status Epilepticus

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Status Epilepticus?
Status Epilepticus is said to occur when a seizure lasts too long or when seizures occur close together and the person does not recover between seizures. Just like there are different types of seizures, there are also different types of Status Epilepticus. Over the last several decades, the length of seizure that is considered as Status Epilepticus has shortened. In the last few years, Statis Epilepticus is classified as any seizure greater than five minutes.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classsification: Medical


STEC Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is STEC Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)?
The Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) is defined by the simultaneous occurrence of Microangiopathic Hemolytic Anemia, Thrombocytopenia, and Acute Kidney Injury. The most common cause of HUS is due to Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli( STEC), and it is one of the main causes of Acute Kidney Injury in children under the age of three years.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classsification: Medical


Stem Cell Donation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Stem Cell Donation


Stevens Johnson Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Stevens-Johnson Syndrome


Stevens Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis is also known as:
• Epidermal Necrolysis

Subdivisions of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN)
• Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS)
• SJS/TEN-Overlap
• Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN)

What is Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN)?
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) represent opposite ends of a spectrum of disease that results from an adverse reaction, most often to certain medications. SJS is the less severe end, but still represents a serious condition and potential medical emergency. TEN is a severe, life-threatening disorder.

Categories

• Immune System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classsification: Medical


Stickler Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Stickler Syndrome is also known as:
• Hereditary Arthro-Ophthalmopathy

Subdivisions of Stickler Syndrome
• Stickler Syndrome Type I
• Stickler Syndrome Type II
• Stickler Syndrome Type III
• Stickler Syndrome Type IV
• Stickler Syndrome Type V

What is Stickler Syndrome?
Stickler Syndrome refers to a group of disorders of connective tissue. The eyes, ears, skeleton and joints are most often affected. Affected individuals may also have distinctive facial features and palate abnormalities. One of the first signs in Stickler Syndrome is nearsightedness.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classsification: Medical


Stiff Person Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange and Yellow Ribbon for Stiff Person Syndrome

Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS) is also known as:
• Moersch-Woltman Syndrome
• Stiff-Man Syndrome
• SMS
• SPS

Subdivisions of Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS)
• Classic Stiff Person Syndrome
• Focal Stiff Person Syndrome
• Jerking Stiff Person Syndrome
• Paraneoplastic-Related Stiff Person Syndrome
• Progressive Encephalomyelitis with Rigidity and Myoclonus (PERM)

What is Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS)?
Stiff-Person Syndrome (SPS) is a rare acquired neurological disorder characterized by progressive muscle stiffness (rigidity) and repeated episodes of painful muscle spasms. Muscular rigidity often fluctuates and usually occurs along with the muscle spasms. Spasms may occur randomly or be triggered by a variety of different events including a sudden noise or light physical contact.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classsification: Medical


Stillbirth

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink and Blue Ribbon for Stillbirth


Stomach Cancer / Gastric Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Periwinkle Blue Ribbon for Stomach Cancer / Gastric Cancer, Adult

What is Stomach (Gastric) Cancer, Adult?
Stomach Cancer usually begins in the mucus-producing cells that line the stomach. This type of cancer is called Adenocarcinoma. For the past several decades, rates of cancer in the main part of the stomach have been falling worldwide. During the same period, cancer in the area where the top part of the stomach meets the lower end of the swallowing tube has become much more common. This area of the stomach is called the gastroesophageal junction.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Stomach Cancer / Gastric Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Periwinkle Blue Ribbon for Stomach Cancer / Gastric Cancer, Childhood
Gold Ribbon for Stomach Cancer / Gastric Cance, Childhood

What is Stomach Cancer / Gastric Cancer, Childhood?
Primary Gastrointestinal (GI) Neoplasms in children are rare. In 1960, the incidence of GI malignancies arising from the bowel was estimated at less than one percent of pediatric tumors, and most of the diagnoses were made during urgent exploration for an abdominal crisis. This is in contrast to adults, in whom twenty-two percent of malignancies are located in the GI tract. Furthermore, most adults have long-standing symptoms. Like other pediatric cancers, those of the GI tract differ from corresponding cancers in adults in terms of clinical presentation.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Stop Gendercide

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Hot Pink Ribbon for Stop Gendercide


Stress

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lavender Ribbon for Stress


Stress Disorders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Stress Disorders


Stress Induced Illnesses

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lavender Ribbon for Stress-Induced Illnesses


Stroke

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Stroke


Student Loan Debt

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Graphite Ribbon for Student Loan Debt


Sturge Weber Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Sturge Weber Syndrome (SWS) is also known as:
• Dimitri Disease
• Encephalofacial Angiomatosis
• Encephalotrigeminal Angiomatosis
• Leptomeningeal Angiomatosis
• Sturge-Kalischer-Weber Syndrome
• Sturge-Weber-Krabbe Syndrome
• Sturge-Weber Phakomatosis
• SWS

What is Sturge Weber Syndrome (SWS)?
Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS) is a rare disorder characterized by the association of a facial birthmark called a Port-Wine Birthmark, neurological abnormalities, and eye abnormalities such as Glaucoma. SWS can be thought of as a spectrum of disease in which individuals may have abnormalities affecting all three of these systems, or only two, or only one.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Studdering

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Sea Green Ribbon for Studdering


Stuve Wiedemann Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Stuve-Wiedemann Syndrome (STWS) is also known as:
• Neonatal Schwartz-Jampel Syndrome Type 2
• STWS
• Schwartz-Jampel Syndrome Type 2
• SJS2
• Schwartz-Jampel Syndrome Neonatal
• Stuve-Wiedemann/Schwartz-Jampel Type 2 Syndrome

What is Stuve-Wiedemann Syndrome (STWS)?
Stuve Wiedemann Syndrome (STWS) is rare genetic disorder that has been diagnosed in very few individuals. It is characterized by short stature, bowing of the long bones of the arms and legs, and fingers or toes that are permanently flexed outward away from the thumb. Affected infants often are unable to survive past one year due to life-threatening complications such as episodes where there is a sudden rise in body temperature or respiratory distress. Those who do survive will develop severe spinal deformities, spontaneous bone fractures, temperature instability, and some general developmental delays, though no intellectual deficits have been found.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple and Red Ribbon for Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis

What is Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis (SBE)?
Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis (SBE) is a slowly developing type of Infective Endocarditis, an infection of the lining of the heart. Infective Endocarditis can affect the heart’s valves. SBE differs from Acute Bacterial Endocarditis, which develops suddenly and can become a life-threatening condition within a few days. SBE can cause serious damage to the heart tissue and can have symptoms and complications that affect the entire body.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Subacute Cerebellar Degeneration

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Cerebellar Degeneration, Subacute (SCD) is also known as:
• Subacute Cerebellar Degeneration

Subdivisions of Cerebellar Degeneration, Subacute (SCD)
• Alcoholic Cerebellar Degeneration
• Nutritional Cerebellar Degeneration

What is Cerebellar Degeneration, Subacute (SCD)?
Subacute Cerebellar Degeneration (SCD) is characterized by the deterioration of the area of the brain concerned with muscle coordination and balance (the cerebellum). Less frequently, the area involved may include the area connecting the spinal cord to the brain. There are two types of subacute cerebellar degeneration: Paraneoplastic Cerebellar Degeneration, which sometimes precedes the diagnosis of cancer, and alcoholic or nutritional Cerebellar Degeneration, caused by a lack of the vitamin B-1.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE) is also known as:
• Dawson's Disease
• Dawson's Encephalitis
• Panencephalitis, Subacute Sclerosing
• SSPE

What is Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE)?
Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (SSPE) is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by inflammation of the brain. The disease may develop due to reactivation of the measles virus or an inappropriate immune response to the measles virus. SSPE usually develops two to ten years after the original viral attack.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Substance Abuse

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Substance Abuse


Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Substance-Related Disorders

What are Substance-Related Disorders?
Substance-Related Disorders involve drugs that directly activate the brain's reward system. The activation of the reward system typically causes feelings of pleasure; the specific pleasurable feelings evoked vary widely depending on the drug. These drugs are divided into 10 different classes that have different, although not completely distinct, pharmacologic mechanisms.

The classes of drugs include:
• Alcohol
• Caffeine
• Cannabis
• Hallucinogens
• Inhalants
• Opioids
• Sedatives, Hypnotics, and Anxiolytics
• Stimulants
• Tobacco
• Other (eg, anabolic steroids)

Categories

• Substance Abuse

Cause Classification: Medical
Cause Classification: Social
Cause Classification: Psychological


Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis?
Subvalvar Aortic Stenosis is also called Subaortic Stenosis. Subaortic Stenosis is an obstruction or narrowing at the outlet of the lower left chamber of the heart, just below the aortic valve. In a heart with Subaortic Stenosis, it is difficult for the left ventricle to pump the blood to the body due to the narrowed area in the outflow tract below the aortic valve.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


(move this) Congenital Succinic Acidemia Lactic Acidosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

[Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases][1]
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]


Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency (SSADH) is also known as:
• 4-hydroxybutyric Aciduria
• SSADH Deficiency

What is Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase Deficiency (SSADH)?
Succinic Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase (SSADH) deficiency is a rare inborn error of metabolism. In individuals with the disorder, deficient activity of the SSADH enzyme disrupts the metabolism of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA). The "hallmark" laboratory finding associated with SSADH deficiency is elevated levels of GHB in the urine, the liquid portion of the blood, and the fluid that flows through the brain and spinal canal.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sudden Arrhythmic Death Syndrome / SADS

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Sudden Arrhythmic Death Syndrome / SADS


Sudden Infant Death Syndrome / SIDS

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink and Blue Ribbon for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome / SIDS

What is Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)?
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the unexplained death, usually during sleep, of a seemingly healthy baby less than a year old. SIDS is sometimes known as Crib Death because the infants often die in their cribs. Although the cause is unknown, it appears that SIDS might be associated with defects in the portion of an infant's brain that controls breathing and arousal from sleep.

Researchers have discovered some factors that might put babies at extra risk. They've also identified measures to take to help protect a child from SIDS. Perhaps the most important is placing a baby on his or her back to sleep.

Categories

Cause Classification: Medical


Sudden Unexplained Death in Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pink and Blue Ribbon for Sudden Unexplained Death in Childhood

Sudden Unexplained Death in Childhood (SUDC) is also known as:
• SUDC
• SUDIC

What is Sudden Unexplained Death in Childhood (SUDC)?
Sudden Unexplained Death in Childhood (SUDC) is the sudden death of a child 12 months of age or older that remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2015, 393 children between the ages of 1-18 years died suddenly without a clear cause of death determined. Most of these children were toddlers, aged 1-4 years; an incidence of 1.4 deaths per 100,000 toddler-aged children.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Suicide

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal and Purple Ribbon for Suicide


Suicide Prevention

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal and Purple Ribbon for Suicide Prevention
Yellow Ribbon for Suicide Prevention


Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome


Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence (SSCD) is also known as:
• Canal Dehiscence Syndrome
• Minor’s Syndrome
• SSCD
• Superior Canal Syndrome
• Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence Syndrome
• Third Mobile Window Syndrome

What is Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence (SSCD)?
Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence (SSCD) has been defined as the absence of bone overlying the superior semicircular canal facing toward the dura of the middle cranial fossa. SSCD has been implicated as the cause of a variety of inner ear symptoms including Tullio's Phenomenon, Pressure Induced Vertigo, Aural Fullness, Autophony, Conductive Hearing Loss, and Progressive Sensorineural Hearing Loss.

Categories

• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Supra Ventricular Tachycardia / SVT

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Supra Ventricular Tachycardia / SVT


Surfriders

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Surfriders


Surviving Family Members of Suicide

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal and Purple Ribbon for Surviving Family Members of Suicide


Susac Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Susac Syndrome

What is Susac Syndrome?
Susac Syndrome is a relatively rare disorder characterized by three main problems: impaired brain function, partial or complete blockage of the small arteries and capillaries that supply blood to the retina, and inner ear disease. MRI of the brain typically reveals “snowball” lesions in the corpus callosum.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sutton Disease II

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Sutton Disease II is also known as:
• Aphthous Stomatitis, Recurrent
• Aphthous Ulcer, Recurrent
• Major Aphthous Ulcer
• Major Canker Sore
• Major Ulcerative Stomatitis
• Periadenitis Mucosa Necrotica, Recurrent Type II
• RAU
• Recurrent Scarring Aphthae
• von Mikulicz's Aphthae
• Von Zahorsky's Disease

What is Sutton Disease II?
Sutton Disease II is characterized by the recurring eruption of painful inflamed ulcers in the mouth. There may be multiple ulcers of varying sizes. These ulcers in the mouth are commonly called canker sores. Sutton Disease II is also known as Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis.

Categories

• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sweet Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Sweet Syndrome is also known as:
• Acute Febrile Neutrophilic Dermatosis

Subdivisions of Sweet Syndrome
• Classical Sweet Syndrome
• Drug-induced Sweet Syndrome
• Malignancy-Associated Sweet Syndrome (MASS)

What is Sweet Syndrome?
Sweet Syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by fever and the sudden onset of a rash, which consists of multiple tender, red or bluish-red bumps or lesions. These lesions usually occur on the arms, legs, trunk, face or neck.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Swyer Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Swyer Syndrome is also known as:
• 46, XY CGD
• 46, XY Complete Gonadal Dysgenesis
• 46, XY Pure Gonadal Dysgenesis
• Gonadal Dysgenesis, XY Female Type

What is Swyer Syndrome?
Swyer Syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by the failure of the sex glands to develop. Swyer Syndrome is classified as a disorder of sex development (DSD), which encompasses any disorder in which chromosomal, gonadal or anatomic sex development is abnormal. Girls with Swyer Syndrome have an XY chromosomal makeup instead of an XX chromosomal makeup. Despite having the XY chromosomal makeup, girls with Swyer Syndrome look female and have functional female genitalia and structures including a vagina, uterus and fallopian tubes.

Girls with Swyer syndrome lack ovaries. Instead of sex glands, women with Swyer Syndrome have "gonadal streaks", in which the ovaries do not develop properly and are replaced by functionless scar tissue. Because they lack ovaries, girls with Swyer Syndrome do not produce sex hormones and will not undergo puberty unless treated with hormone replacement therapy.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sydenham Chorea

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Sydenham Chorea is also known as:
• Rheumatic Chorea
• St. Vitus Dance

What is Sydenham Chorea?
Sydenham Chorea is a rare neurological disorder characterized by sudden onset chorea, usually in childhood. Chorea is defined as random-appearing, continuous, involuntary movements which can affect the entire body. This often includes the face and tongue.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Sympathetic Ophthalmia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Sympathetic Ophthalmia (SO)?
Sympathetic Ophthalmia (SO) is a bilateral, Granulomatous Uveitis that occurs after trauma to the eye. The disease is vision-threatening and many individuals still end up with significant vision loss, especially if treatment is not instituted quickly.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is SYNGAP1-Related NSID?
SYNGAP1-Related Non-Syndromic Intellectual Disability is a condition that primarily affects the central nervous system. It is characterized by moderate to severe intellectual disability that is usually apparent in the first few years of life. Some affected people may also experience seizures and/or autism spectrum disorder.

Categories

• Nervous System Disases

Cause Classification: Medical


(move this) Acquired Syphilis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Syphilis, Acquired is also known as:
• Lues, Acquired
• Venereal Disease

Subdivisions of Syphilis, Acquired
• Neurosyphilis

What is Syphilis, Acquired?
Syphilis is a chronic infectious disease caused by the bacterium treponema pallidum. It is transmitted by direct contact with an infected lesion, usually through sexual intercourse. When untreated, Syphilis progresses through primary, secondary and latent stages. The early stages of syphilis may not have any detectable symptoms. In some cases, symptoms can remain dormant for years. Eventually any tissue or vascular organ in the body may be affected. Syphilis may also be acquired by the fetus in the uterus, known as Congenital Syphilis.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Syringobulbia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Syringobulbia is also known as:
• Hydromyelia
• Morvan Disease
• Syringohydromyelia

What is Syringobulbia?
Syringomyelia is a condition characterized by a fluid-filled cavity or cyst known as a syrinx that forms within the spinal cord. Syringomyelia is a chronic condition and a syrinx can expand over time compressing or destroying the surrounding nerve tissue.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Syringomyelia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Syringomyelia

What is Syringomyelia?
Syringomyelia is a condition in which a cyst, called a syrinx, forms within the spinal cord. This cyst expands and elongates over time, destroying the center of the spinal cord which can result in pain, weakness, stiffness in the back, shoulders, arms, or legs, headaches, and insensitivity to temperature (especially in the hands).

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS) is also known as:
• Clarkson's Syndrome
• SCLS

What is Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS)?
Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome (SCLS) is a rare acquired disorder characterized by acute and severe recurrent attacks associated with a rapid fall in blood pressure. Attacks often last several days and require emergency care.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

What is Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis?
Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (SJIA) is one of several Rheumatic Diseases that affects children. It usually affects children aged five years or younger. The whole body is affected, not just the joints. SJIA is also called Still’s Disease. Some also refer to it as Still’s Syndrome. There are seven forms of JIA: Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis, Oligoarthritis, Rheumatoid Factor-Negative Polyarthritis, Rheumatoid Factor-Positive Polyarthritis, Enthesitis-Associated Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Undifferentiated Arthritis.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoimmune Inflammatory Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Systemic Primary Carnitine Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Systemic Primary Carnitine Deficiency is also known as:
• Carnitine Transporter Deficiency
• Carnitine Uptake Defect
• Carnitine Uptake Deficiency
• CUD
• CDSP

What is Systemic Primary Carnitine Deficiency (CDSP)?
Systemic Primary Carnitine Deficiency (CDSP) is a rare metabolic disorder in which the body cannot properly process fats into energy. Carnitine functions to carry fatty acids obtained through diet to the energy centers in muscle cells. A deficiency of carnitine results in accumulation of fats in the liver, muscle, and heart. Symptoms of CDSP in infants can include poor feeding, tiredness, irritability and low blood sugar but CDSP can also present later in childhood with heart and muscle abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Systemic Scleroderma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Systemic Scleroderma

Systemic Scleroderma is also known as:
• Systemic Sclerosis

What is Systemic Scleroderma?
Systemic Scleroderma is an autoimmune disorder that affects the skin and internal organs. The condition is also called Systemic Sclerosis because the fibrosis can affect organs other than the skin. Fibrosis is due to the excess production of a tough protein called collagen, which normally strengthens and supports connective tissues throughout the body.

The signs and symptoms of Systemic Scleroderma usually begin with episodes of Raynaud Phenomenon, which can occur weeks to years before Fibrosis. In Raynaud Phenomenon, the fingers and toes of affected individuals turn white or blue in response to cold temperature or other stresses. This effect occurs because of problems with the small vessels that carry blood to the extremities. Another early sign of Systemic Scleroderma is puffy or swollen hands before thickening and hardening of the skin due to Fibrosis.

Fibrosis can also affect internal organs and can lead to impairment or failure of the affected organs. The most commonly affected organs are the esophagus, heart, lungs, and kidneys.

Categories

• Heart Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Systemic Sclerosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Systemic Sclerosis

What is Systemic Sclerosis?
Systemic Sclerosis is a rare chronic disease of unknown cause characterized by diffuse fibrosis and vascular abnormalities in the skin, joints, and internal organs. Lung, heart, and kidney involvement accounts for most deaths. Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is about four times more common among women than men. It is most common among people aged twenty to fifty and is rare in children.

Categories

• Heart Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical