Contact Us | Personalized Cause

Do you have a question or concern?

We can help!!

Phone - 1-833-422-8737

Email - hello@personalizedcause.com

833-422-8737

YOUR source for SINGLE custom awareness ribbons. Personalized awareness ribbons engraved with name, date, logo. Large selection of cancer ribbons.

Master List of Awareness Causes - T | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter T and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter T:


(move this) Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous is also known as:
• ATLL
• Adult T-Cell Leukaemia
• Adult T-Cell Leukaemia/Lymphoma (HTLV-1 Positive)
• Adult T-Cell Lymphoma

What is T-Cell Lymphoma, Cutaneous?
T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma, Cutaneous is is a rare and aggressive T-Cell Lymphoma that is linked to infection by the human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus 1 (HTLV-1). The exact mechanism by which HTLV-I infection causes the ATL is unknown. There are four basic clinical variants of ATL: acute (60% of cases), lymphomatous (20 % of cases), chronic (10% of cases) and smoldering (10% of cases).

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Tachycardia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Tachycardia


Takayasu's Arteritis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Takayasu's Arteritis

What is Takayasu's Arteritis?
Takayasu's Arteritis is a rare type of Vasculitis, a group of disorders that cause blood vessel inflammation. In Takayasu's Arteritis, the inflammation damages the aorta, the large artery that carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body, and its main branches. The disease can lead to blockages or narrowed arteries or abnormally dilated arteries. Takayasu's Arteritis can also lead to arm or chest pain and high blood pressure and eventually to heart failure or stroke.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tangier Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Tangier Disease is also known as:
• Analphalipoproteinemia
• Familial Alpha-Lipoprotein Deficiency
• High Density Lipoproteindeficiency, Type 1 (HDLDT1)
• High Density Lipoproteindeficiency, Tangier Type

What is Tangier Disease?
Tangier Disease is a rare inherited disorder characterized by significantly reduced levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in the blood. HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) is often referred to as the “good cholesterol” as it can facilitate the removal of cholesterol out of the walls of arteries, particularly the coronary arteries. This disorder was originally named after the location in which it was first discovered, Tangier Island in the Chesapeake Bay.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is TANGO2-Related Metabolic Encephalopathy and Arrhythmias?
TANGO2-Related Metabolic Encephalopathy and Arrhythmias is a disease that can cause episodes of metabolic crises and abnormal heart rhythms. Ametabolic crisis is caused by having low blood sugar and the buildup of toxic products in the blood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tardive Dyskinesia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Tardive Dyskinesia (TD) is also known as:
• Linguofacial Dyskinesia
• Oral-Facial Dyskinesia
• Tardive Dystonia
• Tardive Oral Dyskinesia
• Tardive Stereotypy
• TD

What is Tardive Dyskinesia (TD)?
Tardive Dyskinesia (TD) is an involuntary neurological movement disorder caused by the use of dopamine receptor blocking drugs that are prescribed to treat certain psychiatric or gastrointestinal conditions. Long-term use of these drugs may produce biochemical abnormalities in the area of the brain known as the striatum. Tardive Dystonia is a more severe form of Tardive Dyskinesia in which slower twisting movements of the neck and trunk muscles are prominent.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Targeted Individuals of Bullying / Harrassment / Stalking

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Targeting Individuals of Bullying / Harrassment / Stalking


Tarlov Cysts

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Tarlov Cysts is also known as:
• Perineural Cysts
• Sacral, Lumbar, Thoracic or Cervical Nerve Root Cysts

What are Tarlov Cysts?
Tarlov Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that affect the nerve roots of the spine, especially near the base of the spine. Individuals may be affected by multiple cysts of varying size. Symptoms can occur depending upon the size and specific location of the cyst. Generally, the larger a Tarlov cyst is, the more likely it is to cause symptoms.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome?
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is a rare disorder caused by damage to the tibial nerve or its branches, usually due to compression as it passes through the Tarsal Tunnel. The Tarsal Tunnel is a narrow passageway bound by bone and soft tissue that lies on the inside of the ankle.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tay Sachs Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Tay Sachs Disease

Tay Sachs Disease is also known as:
• B Variant GM2-Gangliosidosis
• GM2 Gangliosidosis, Type 1
• Hexoaminidase Alpha-Subunit Deficiency (Variant B)
• Hexosaminidase A deficiency
• HEXA Deficiency
• Sphingolipidosis, Tay-Sachs
• TSD

Subdivisions of Tay Sachs Disease
• Infantile Tay-Sachs Disease
• Juvenile (Subacute) Tay-Sachs Disease
• Late-Onset Tay-Sachs Disease

What is Tay Sachs Disease?
Tay Sachs Disease is a rare disorder passed from parents to child. It is caused by the absence of an enzyme that helps break down fatty substances. These fatty substances, called gangliosides, build up to toxic levels in the child's brain and affect the function of the nerve cells. As the disease progresses, the child loses muscle control.

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Teen Pregnancy Prevention

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Teen Pregnancy Prevention


Teen Sexual Abstinence

Awarenes Ribbon Color:

White Ribbon for Teen Sexual Abstinence


Telehealth

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Telehealth


Temporomandibular Joint Disorder / TMJ

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Cranbery Ribbon for Temporomandibular Joint Disorder / TMJ


Tendinitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Tendinitis

Tendinitis is also known as:
• Golfer's Elbow
• Jumper's Knee
• Pitcher's Shoulder
• Swimmer's Shoulder
• Tennis Elbow

What is Tendinitis?
Tendinitis is inflammation or irritation of a tendon, the thick fibrous cords that attach muscle to bone. The condition causes pain and tenderness just outside a joint. While tendinitis can occur in any tendon, it is most common around the shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees and heels.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor (TSGCT) is also known as:
• Giant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath (GCTTS)
• TSGCT

Subdivisions of Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor (TSGCT)
• Diffuse-Type Giant Cell Tumor
• Extraarticular Giant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath
• Intraarticular Giant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath
• Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis (PVNS)

What is Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor (TSGCT)?
Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumors (TSGCT) are a group of rare, benign tumors that involve the synovium, bursae and tendon sheath. Synovium is the thin layer of tissue or membrane that covers the inner surface of the joint spaces and the bursae and tendon sheaths. The bursae are small fluid-filled sacs that cushion bones, tendons, and muscles around the joints. A tendon sheath is a layer membrane that covers a tendon. Tendons are fibrous tissue that connect muscle to bone.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Testicular Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orchid Ribbon for Testicular Cancer, Adult

What is Testicular Cancer, Adult?
Testicular Cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. The testicles produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction. Compared with other types of cancer, Testicular Cancer is rare. But testicular cancer is the most common cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 35. Testicular Cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Testicular Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orchid Ribbon for Testicular Cancer, Childhood
Gold Ribbon for Testicular Cancer, Childhood

What is Testicular Cancer, Childhood?
There are two peak ages when Testicular Tumors grow in children: early boyhood and during the teen years. Testicular Tumors rarely happen in boys before puberty. The odds of a boy having a Testicular Tumor are about 1 in 100,000. In infants and boys, testicular tumors make up about one to two percent all tumors. However, Testicular Cancer is the most common cancer in young men 15 to 34 years old.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Tethered Cord Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Tethered Cord Syndrome

Tethered Cord Syndrome is also known as:
• TCS
• Tethered Spinal Cord Syndrome

What is Tethered Cord Syndrome?
Tethered Cord Syndrome is a stretch-induced functional disorder associated with the tethering effect of inelastic tissue on the caudal spinal cord, limiting its movement. This abnormal attachment is associated with progressive stretching and increased tension of the spinal cord as a child ages, potentially resulting in a variety of neurological and other symptoms. Due to the variation of the growth rate of the spinal cord and the spinal column, the progression of neurological signs and symptoms is highly variable.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tetrahydrobiopterin Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) Deficiency is also known as:
• BH4-Deficient Hyperphenylalaninemia

Subdivisions of Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) Deficiency
• 6-Pyruvoyl Tetrahydropterin Synthase (PTPS) Deficiency
• Autosomal Recessive Guanosine Triphosphate Cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH) Deficiency
• Dihydropteridine Reductase (DHPR) Deficiency
• Pterin-4alpha-Carbinolamine Dehydratase (PCD) Deficiency

What is Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) Deficiency?
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) Deficiencies is a general term for a group of disorders characterized by abnormalities in the creation or regeneration of tetrahydrobiopterin, a naturally-occurring compound that acts as a cofactor. A cofactor is a non-protein substance in the body that enhances or is necessary for the proper function of certain enzymes. In Tetrahydrobiopterin Deficiency, there are abnormally high levels of the amino acid phenylalanine.

Categories

• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Tetralogy of Fallot

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Tetralogy of Fallot ?
Tetralogy of Fallot is a rare condition caused by a combination of four heart defects that are present at birth. These defects, which affect the structure of the heart, cause oxygen-poor blood to flow out of the heart and to the rest of the body. Infants and children with Tetralogy of Fallot usually have blue-tinged skin because their blood does not carry enough oxygen. Tetralogy of Fallot is often diagnosed during infancy or soon after.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


The Disappeared

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Yellow Ribbon for The Disappeared


Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Subdivisions of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
• Neurogenic
• Non-Specific
• Vascular

What is Thoracic Outlet Syndrome?
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome is a group of disorders that occur when blood vessels or nerves in the space between the collarbone and the first rib (thoracic outlet) are compressed. This can cause pain in the shoulders and neck, and numbness in the fingers.

Neurogenic (neurological) Thoracic Outlet Syndrome is characterized by compression of the brachial plexus. The brachial plexus is a network of nerves that come from the spinal cord and control muscle movements and sensation in the shoulder, arm and hand. In the majority of thoracic outlet syndrome cases, the symptoms are neurogenic.

Vascular Thoracic Outlet Syndrome occurs when one or more of the veins (Venous Thoracic Outlet Syndrome) or arteries (Arterial Thoracic Outlet Syndrome) under the collarbone are compressed.

Nonspecific-Type Thoracic Outlet Syndrome is also called Disputed Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. People with nonspecific-type Thoracic Outlet Syndrome have chronic pain in the area of the Thoracic Outlet that worsens with activity, but a specific cause of the pain cannot be determined.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Three M Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Three M Syndrome?
Three M Syndrome is a growth disorder that causes short stature, characteristic facial features, and skeletal abnormalities. The name comes from the initials of three researchers who first identified it: Miller, McKusick, and Malvaux.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Throat Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Throat Cancer

What is Throat Cancer (Head and Neck Cancer)?
Throat Cancer refers to cancerous tumors that develop in the throat, voice box or tonsils. Throat Cancer most often begins in the flat cells that line the inside of the throat. Throat Cancer can also affect the piece of cartilage that acts as a lid for the windpipe. Tonsil Cancer, another form of Throat Cancer, affects the tonsils, which are located on the back of the throat.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Thrombocytopenia Absent Radius Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Thrombocytopenia Absent Radius (TAR) Syndrome is also known as:
• Radial Aplasia-Amegakaryocytic Thrombocytopenia
• Radial Aplasia-Thrombocytopenia Syndrome
• TAR Syndrome
• Thrombocytopenia-Absent Radii Syndrome

Subdivisions of Thrombocytopenia Absent Radius (TAR) Syndrome
• Tetraphocomelia-Thrombocytopenia Syndrome

What is Thrombocytopenia Absent Radius (TAR) Syndrome?
Thrombocytopenia-Absent Radius (TAR) Syndrome is a rare disorder that is present at birth. It is characterized by low levels of platelets in the blood and absence of the long, thin bones of the forearms. Other abnormalities are often present including additional skeletal defects such as absence or underdevelopment of the other bone of the forearm, structural malformations of the heart, and kidney defects. Affected individuals may be abnormally short for their age and exhibit cow's milk intolerance.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura / TTP

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura / TTP

Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) is also known as:
• Microangiopathic Hemolytic Anemia
• Moschowitz Disease
• TTP

What is Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP)?
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia Purpura (TTP) is a rare, serious blood disease. Major symptoms may include a severe decrease in the number of blood platelets (Thrombocytopenia), abnormal destruction of red blood cells (Hemolytic Anemia), and disturbances in the nervous system that occur as a result of small clots that form in the smallest arteries.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Pearl Ribbon for Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma

What is Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma
Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma are diseases in which malignant cells form on the outside surface of the thymus. Thymoma is linked with Myasthenia Gravis and other autoimmune diseases.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Thyroid Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal / Pink / Blue Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Thyroid Cancer is also known as:
• Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma
• Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma
• Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma

What is Thyroid Cancer?
Thyroid Cancer is cancer affecting the thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped structure located at the base of the neck. The thyroid is part of the endocrine system, the network of glands that secrete hormones that regulate metabolism that influence the body's activities as well as regulating the heart rate, body temperature, and blood pressure.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Thyroid Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue Ribbon for Thyroid Disease


Tietze Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Tietze Syndrome is also known as:
• Chondropathia Tuberosa
• Costochondral Junction Syndrome

What is Tietze Syndrome?
Tietze Syndrome is a rare, inflammatory disorder characterized by chest pain and swelling of the cartilage of one or more of the upper ribs, specifically where the ribs attach to the breastbone. Onset of pain may be gradual or sudden and may spread to affect the arms and/or shoulders. Tietze Syndrome is considered a benign syndrome and, in some cases, may resolve itself without treatment.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Timothy Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Timothy Syndrome?
Timothy Syndrome is a rare disorder that affects many parts of the body. Timothy Syndrome is characterized by a heart condition called long QT syndrome, which causes the heart muscle to take longer than usual to recharge between beats. This abnormality in the heart's electrical system can cause irregular heartbeats, which can lead to sudden death.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tinnitus

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Silver and Gold Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Tinnitus is also known as:
• Muscular Tinnitus
• Pulsatile Tinnitus

What is Tinnitus?
Tinnitus is a common condition characterized by the perception or sensation of sound even though there is no identifiable external source for the sound. Tinnitus is often referred to as a “ringing in the ears.” The sounds associated with tinnitus have also been described as hissing, chirping, crickets, whooshing, or roaring sounds, among others, that can affect one or both ears.

Categories

• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tissue Donation

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Tissue Donation


Tolosa Hunt Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Tolosa Hunt Syndrome

Tolosa Hunt Syndrome is also known as:
• Ophthalmoplegia, Painful
• Ophthalmoplegia, Recurrent
• Ophthalmoplegia Syndrome

What is Tolosa Hunt Syndrome?
Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by severe periorbital headaches, along with decreased and painful eye movements. In most cases, affected individuals experience intense sharp pain and decreased eye movements. Symptoms often will subside without intervention and may recur randomly.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tongue Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Tongue Cancer

Tongue Cancer is also known as:
• Cancer of the Tongue
• Carcinoma of the Tongue
• Tongue, Carcinoma

What is Tongue Cancer?
Tongue Cancers are Oral Cancers that are differentiated by their location in the mouth and on the tongue. If the cancer is on the forward portion of the tongue, it is known as a Squamous Cell Cancer of the oral tongue. If the cancer is located towards the rear third of the tongue, it is known as a Squamous Cell Cancer at the base of the tongue. The characteristics of these two cancers are quite distinct, and reflect the differences in their origins. Oral cancers are relatively rare, representing only about three percent of all cancers.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


(move this) Hairy Tongue

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Hairy Tongue?
The term Hairy Tongue is used to describe an abnormal coating on the top surface of the tongue. It is a relatively common, temporary, and harmless condition. In Hairy Tongue there is defective shedding of the tongue’s covering tissue due to lack of stimulation or abrasion to the top of the tongue. The result is a buildup of a protein known as keratin.

Categories

• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tooth and Nail Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Tooth and Nail Syndrome is also known as:
• Dysplasia of Nails with Hypodontia
• Nail Dysgenesis and Hypodontia

What is Tooth and Nail Syndrome?
Tooth and Nail Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that belongs to a group of diseases known as Ectodermal Dysplasia, which group consists of more than one hundred separate recognized syndromes. Ectodermal Dysplasias typically affect the teeth, nails, hair, and/or skin. Tooth and nail Syndrome is characterized by absence and/or malformation of certain primary and secondary teeth occurring in association with improper development of the nails, particularly the toenails.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


TORCH Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

TORCH Syndrome is also known as:
• Cytomegalovirus
• Herpes Simplex
• Rubella
• Torch Infection
• Toxoplasmosis
• Toxoplasmosis, Other Agents, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes Simplex

What is TORCH Syndrome?
TORCH Syndrome refers to infection of a developing fetus or newborn by any of a group of infectious agents. "TORCH" is an acronym meaning (T)oxoplasmosis, (O)ther Agents, (R)ubella (German Measles), (C)ytomegalovirus, and (H)erpes Simplex. Infection with any of these agents may cause a constellation of similar symptoms in affected newborns.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tourette Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Tourette Syndrome is also known as:
• Chronic Motor Tic
• Chronic Multiple Tics
• Gilles de la Tourette's Disease
• Gilles de la Tourette's Syndrome
• GTS
• Habit Spasms
• Maladie de Tics
• Paulitis
• Tics
• Tourette's Disorder
• TS

What is Tourette Syndrome?
Tourette Syndrome is a hereditary neurological movement disorder that is characterized by repetitive motor and vocal tics. Symptoms may include involuntary movements of the extremities, shoulders, and face accompanied by uncontrollable sounds and, in some cases, inappropriate words. Tourette Syndrome is neither a progressive nor degenerative disorder.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Townes Brocks Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Townes Brocks Syndrome is also known as:
• Deafness, Sensorineural, with Imperforate Anus and Hypoplastic Thumbs
• Imperforate Anus with Hand, Foot and Ear Anomalies
• Townes Syndrome

What is Townes Brocks Syndrome?
Townes Brocks Syndrome (TBS) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by absence of the anal opening, abnormal ears associated with hearing impairment and thumb malformations. Abnormalities in the feet, heart and kidneys also occur frequently.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Toxic Shock Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Toxic Shock Syndrome is also known as:
• TSS

What is Toxic Shock Syndrome?
Toxic Shock Syndrome is a rare multisystem disease with many widespread symptoms. It is caused by a toxin that is produced and secreted by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. Most cases of Toxic Shock Syndrome occur in menstruating females in association with the use of tampons. Other cases may occur in association with postoperative wound infections, nasal packing, or other factors.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Tracheomalacia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue Ribbon for Tracheomalacia


Traditional Feminism

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple and Green Ribbon for Traditional Feminism


Transitional Cell Cancer / Renal Pelvis Cancer / Ureter Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Orange Ribbon for Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter Cancer

What is Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter (Kidney) Cancer?
Transitional Cell Cancer of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter is a disease in which malignant cells form in the renal pelvis and ureter. The renal pelvis is the top part of the ureter.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Transverse Myelitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Transverse Myelitis

What is Transverse Myelitis?
Transverse Myelitis is an inflammation of both sides of one section of the spinal cord. This neurological disorder often damages the myelin. Transverse Myelitis interrupts the messages that the spinal cord nerves send throughout the body. Several factors can cause Transverse Myelitis, including infections and immune system disorders that attack the body's tissues, as well as other myelin disorders, such as Multiple Sclerosis.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Trash Free Seas

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Trash free Seas


Traumatic Brain Injury / TBI

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Traumatic Brain Injury


Treacher Collins Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Treacher Collins Syndrome

Treacher Collins Syndrome is also known as:
• Franceschetti-Zwalen-Klein Syndrome
• Mandibulofacial Dysostosis
• TCS
• Treacher Collins-Franceschetti Syndrome

What is Treacher Collins Syndrome?
Treacher Collins Syndrome (TCS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by distinctive abnormalities of the head and face. The specific symptoms and physical characteristics associated with TCS can vary greatly from one individual to another. Some individuals may be so mildly affected as to go undiagnosed, while others may develop serious, life-threatening complications.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tricho Dento Osseous Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Tricho Dento Osseous Syndrome is also known as:
• TDO Syndrome

Subdivisions of Tricho Dento Osseous (TDO) Syndrome
• TDO-I
• TDO-II
• TDO-III

What is Tricho Dento Osseous (TDO) Syndrome?
Tricho-Dento-Osseous (TDO) Syndrome is a genetic disorder that belongs to a group of diseases known as Ectodermal Dysplasias. Ectodermal Dysplasias typically affect the hair, teeth, nails, and/or skin.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Trichorhinophalangeal Syndrome Type I, II, III

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Trichorhinophalangeal Syndrome Type I (TRPS1)?
Trichorhinophalangeal Syndrome Type 1 (TRPS1) is an extremely rare inherited multisystem disorder. TRPS1 is characterized by a distinctive facial appearance that includes sparse scalp hair, a rounded nose, a long, flat area between the nose and the upper lip, and a thin upper lip.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Trichotillomania

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Lime Green Ribbon for Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania is also known as:
• Hair-Pulling Syndrome
• Pathological Hair-Pulling
• TTM

What is Trichotillomania?
Trichotillomania is characterized by an overwhelming urge to repeatedly pull out one's own hair, resulting in repetitive hair pulling and subsequent hair loss. The hair on the scalp is most often affected. The eyelashes, eyebrows, and beard can also be affected. Trichotillomania causes significant emotional distress and often impairs social and occupational functioning.

Categories

• Behavioral and Mental Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical Cause Classification: Psychological


Tricuspid Atresia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and Blue Ribbon for Tricuspid Atresia


Trigeminal Neuralgia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Teal Ribbon for Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is also known as:
• Fothergill Disease
• Tic Douloureux
• TN
• Trifacial Neuralgia

Subdivisions of Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN)
• Trigeminal Neuralgia Type 1 (TN1)
• Trigeminal Neuralgia Type 2 (TN2)

What is Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN)?
Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN), also known as Tic Douloureux, is a disorder of the fifth cranial nerve (trigeminal nerve). TN Type 1 (TN1) is characterized by attacks of intense, stabbing pain affecting the mouth, cheek, nose, and/or other areas on one side of the face. TN Type 2 (TN2) is characterized by less intense pain, but a constant dull aching or burning pain. Both types of pain can occur in the same individual, even at the same time.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Trimethylaminuria

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Trimethylaminuria is also known as:
• Fish Odor Syndrome
• Stale Fish Syndrome
• TMAU

What is Trimethylaminuria?
Trimethylaminuria is a rare disorder in which the body's metabolic processes fail to alter the chemical trimethylamine. Trimethylamine is notable for its unpleasant smell. It is the chemical that gives rotten fish a bad smell. When the normal metabolic process fails, trimethylamine accumulates in the body, and its odor is detected in the person's sweat, urine and breath.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Triosephosphate Isomerase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Triosephosphate Isomerase (TPI) Deficiency is also known as:
• TPI

What is Triosephosphate Isomerase (TPI) Deficiency?
Triosephosphate Isomerase (TPI) Deficiency is a rare genetic multisystem disorder. It is characterized by lack or reduced activity of the enzyme triosephosphate isomerase, an enzyme necessary for the breakdown of certain sugars in the body. Affected individuals experience low levels of circulating red blood cells due to premature destruction of red blood cells and severe, progressive neurological symptoms.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Triploidy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Triploidy is also known as:
• Chromosome Triploidy Syndrome
• Triploid Syndrome
• Triploidy Syndrome

What is Triploidy?
Triploidy is a rare chromosomal abnormality. Triploidy is the presence of an additional set of chromosomes in the cell for a total of 69 chromosomes rather than the normal 46 chromosomes per cell. The extra set of chromosomes originates either from the father or the mother during fertilization.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Trismus Pseudocamptodactyly Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Trismus-Pseudocamptodactyly Syndrome (TPS)?
Trismus-Pseudocamptodactyly Syndrome (TPS) is a disorder of muscle development and function. It is characterized by short muscles and tendons resulting in limited range of motion of the hands, legs, and mouth. The most serious complications of the condition occur as a result of the limited mobility of the mouth.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Trisomy 13 Syndrome / Patau Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue Ribbon for Trisomy 13 Syndrome

Trisomy 13 Syndrome is also known as:
• Chromosome 13, Trisomy 13 Complete
• Complete Trisomy 13 Syndrome
• D Trisomy Syndrome
• Patau Syndrome

What is Trisomy 13 Syndrome?
Trisomy 13 Syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder in which all or a portion of chromosome 13 appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in cells of the body. In some affected individuals, only a percentage of cells may contain the extra 13th chromosome, whereas other cells contain the normal chromosomal pair.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Trisomy 18 Syndrome / Edward's Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue Ribbon for Trisomy 18 Syndrome

Trisomy 18 Syndrome is also known as:
• Chromosome 18, Trisomy 18 Complete
• Complete Trisomy 18 Syndrome
• Edward's Syndrome
• Trisomy E Syndrome

What is Trisomy 18 Syndrome?
Trisomy 18 Syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder in which all or a critical region of chromosome 18 appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in cells of the body. In some cases, the chromosomal abnormality may be present in only a percentage of cells, whereas other cells contain the normal chromosomal pair.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Trisomy 5q

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Light Blue Ribbon for Trisomy 5q


Trisomy 9p (Multiple Variants)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

What is Trisomy 9p (Multiple Variants)?
Chromosome 9, Trisomy 9p is a rare chromosomal syndrome in which a portion of the 9th chromosome appears three times (trisomy) rather than twice in cells of the body.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Trisomy X

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Trisomy X is also known as:
• 47, XXX
• 47, XXX Karyotype
• 47, XXX Syndrome
• Triple X Syndrome
• Triplo X
• XXX Syndrome

What is Trisomy X?
Trisomy X is a disorder that affects females and is characterized by the presence of an additional X chromosome. Normally, females have two X chromosomes; however, females with Trisomy X carry three X chromosomes in the nuclei of body cells.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Female Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tropical Sprue

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Tropical Sprue is also known as:
• Hill Diarrhea
• Tropical Diarrhea

What is Tropical Sprue?
Tropical Sprue is a rare digestive disease in which the small intestine's ability to absorb nutrients is impaired. Consequently, nutritional deficiencies and abnormalities in the mucous lining of the small intestine may be present.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Truncus Arteriosus

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Truncus Arteriosus?
Truncus Arteriosus a rare heart defect that is present at birth (congenital). If a baby has Truncus Arteriosus, it means that one large blood vessel leads out of the heart. Normally, there are two separate vessels coming out of the heart. In addition, there is usually a hole, known as a Ventricular Septal Defect, between the two lower chambers of the heart. As a result of Truncus Arteriosus, oxygen-poor blood that should go to the lungs and oxygen-rich blood that should go to the rest of the body are mixed together. This creates severe circulatory problems.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tuberculosis / TB

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Tiberculosis / TB

Tuberculosis (TB) is also known as:
• Consumption
• TB

What is Tuberculosis (TB)?
Tuberculosis (TB) is an acute or chronic bacterial infection found most commonly in the lungs. The infection is spread like a cold, mainly through airborne droplets breathed into the air by a person infected with TB. The bacteria causes formation of small tissue masses called tubercles. In the lungs these tubercles cause breathing impairment, coughing and release of sputum. TB may recur after long periods of inactivity if not treated adequately. Many variations of TB exist and are distinguished by the area of the body affected, degree of severity and affected population.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tuberculous Meningitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Burgundy Ribbon for Meningitis, Tuberculous

Meningitis, Tuberculous (TBM) is also known as:
• TBM
• Tuberculous Meningitis

What is Meningitis, Tuberculous (TBM)?
Tuberculous Meningitis (TBM) is a form of meningitis characterized by inflammation of the membranes around the brain or spinal cord and caused by a specific bacterium known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In TBM, the disorder develops gradually.

Categorie

• Bacterial Infections
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Tuberpis Sclerosis Complex

Tuberous Sclerosis is also known as:
• Bourneville Pringle Syndrome
• Phakomatosis TS
• Tuberose Sclerosis
• Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

What is Tuberous Sclerosis?
Tuberous Sclerosis is a rare genetic multisystem disorder that is typically apparent shortly after birth. The disorder can cause a wide range of potential signs and symptoms and is associated with the formation of benign tumors in various organ systems of the body. These tumors are often referred to as Hamartomas. Hamartoma is a general term for a tumor or tumor-like growth that is made up of cells normally found in the area of the body where the Hamartoma forms. Hamartomas are not malignant; they do not metastasize and spread to other areas of the body. However, these abnormal growths can grow larger and can damage the affected organ system. The number, size, and specific location of these abnormal growths in individuals with Tuberous Sclerosis can vary widely and consequently the severity of the disorder can vary widely as well.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Eye Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tularemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Tularemia is also known as:
• Deerfly Fever
• Rabbit Fever

What is Tularemia?
Tularemia is caused by infection with the bacterium Francisella tularensis, which is found in small mammals such as rodents and rabbits, and arthropods, such as ticks. The bacterium that causes tularemia is most often transmitted to humans by tick or biting fly bite, handling of an infected animal, or inhalation or ingestion of the bacterium. People have not been known to transmit the infection to others.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Associated Periodic Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

What is Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor-Associated Periodic Syndrome (TRAPS)?
Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor-Associated Periodic Syndrome (TRAPS) is a condition characterized by recurrent episodes of fever. These fevers typically last about 3 weeks but can last from a few days to a few months. Fever episodes usually occur spontaneously, but sometimes they can be brought on by a variety of triggers, such as minor injury, infection, stress, exercise, or hormonal changes. Occasionally, people with TRAPS develop Amyloidosis, an abnormal buildup of a protein called Amyloid in the kidneys that can lead to kidney failure.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Turcot Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans
Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Turcot Syndrome?
Turcot Syndrome is a condition characterized by multiple adenomatous colon polyps, an increased risk of Colorectal Cancer, and an increased risk of brain cancer. It may be associated with familial AdenomatousPpolyposis (FAP) or Lynch Syndrome (also known as Hereditary Non-Polyposis Colorectal Cancer or HNPCC).

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Turner Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Turner Syndrome

Turner Syndrome is also known as:
• 45,X Syndrome
• Bonnevie-Ullrich Syndrome
• Monosomy X
• Ullrich-Turner Syndrome

What is Turner Syndrome?
Turner Syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder that affects females. The disorder is characterized by partial or complete loss of one of the X chromosomes. Common symptoms include short stature and premature ovarian failure, which can result in the failure to attain puberty. Most women with Turner Syndrome are infertile.

Categories

• Chromosome Disorders
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Twin Twin Transfusion Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) is also known as:
• Fetal Transfusion Syndrome
• Fetofetal Transfusion Syndrome
• TTTS
• Twin-to-Twin Transfusion Syndrome

What is Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS)?
Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome (TTTS) is a rare disorder that sometimes occurs when women are pregnant with identical twins. It is a rare disease of the placenta. During the development of identical twins, there are always blood vessels in the fetuses' shared placenta that connect their blood circulations. In most cases, the blood flows properly through these vessels. However, in Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome, the blood begins to flow unevenly, with one fetal twin receiving too much blood and one receiving too little. The recipient twin may experience heart failure due to continual strain on its heart and blood vessels. The donor twin, on the other hand, may experience life-threatening anemia, insufficient nutrition and oxygen due to its inadequate supply of blood. Such an imbalance in blood flow can occur at any time during the pregnancy, including during delivery.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Immune System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Type 2 Diabetes

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Type 2 Diabetes


Typhoid

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Typhoid is also known as:
• Enteric Fever
• Salmonella Typhi Infection
• Typhoid Fever

What is Typhoid?
Typhoid Fever is a bacterial infection that is rare in the United States. However, it is not rare in many other countries. Major symptoms may include unusually high fever, headache, loss of appetite, fatigue, abdominal pain and diarrhea.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Tyrosine Hydroxylase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Tyrosine Hydroxylase Deficiency is also known as:
• Autosomal Recessive Dopa-Responsive Dystonia
• Autosomal Recessive Infantile Parkinsonism
• Autosomal Recessive Segawa Syndrome
• TH Deficiency
• Tyrosine Hydroxylase-Deficient Dopa-Responsive Dystonia (TH-DRD)

What is Tyrosine Hydroxylase Deficiency?
Tyrosine Hydroxylase Deficiency is a rare genetic disorder characterized by a wide spectrum of disease ranging from a mild movement disorder at one end to a life-threatening, neurological disorder at the other. The severe form of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Deficiency causes symptoms at a very young age. The symptoms generally do not resemble those of a movement disorder, but rather give the impression of a severe, diffuse brain disorder. Mild and moderate forms of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Deficiency show dramatic improvement when treated with Levodopa. Levodopa is an amino acid that is converted to dopamine.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Tyrosinemia Type 1

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases
[This is a rare disease. Rare diseases can also use the Zebra Ribbon]

Tyrosinemia Type 1 is also known as:
• FAH Deficiency
• Fumarylacetoacetase Deficiency
• Fumarylacetoacetate Hydrolase Deficiency
• Hepatorenal Tyrosinemia
• Hereditary Tyrosinemia Type 1

What is Tyrosinemia Type 1?
Tyrosinemia Type I is a rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by lack of the enzyme Fumarylacetoacetate Hydrolase (FAH), which is needed for the final break down of the amino acid tyrosine. Failure to properly break down tyrosine leads to abnormal accumulation of tyrosine and its metabolites in the liver, potentially resulting in severe liver disease. Tyrosine may also accumulate in the kidneys and central nervous system.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical