Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

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September is Prostate Cancer Awareness Month!

In its early stages, prostate cancer often has no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they can be like those of an enlarged prostate or BPH. Thus, it is vital to talk to your health care provider when you have urinary symptoms.

Symptoms include:

  • Dull pain in the lower pelvic area,
  • Frequent urinating,
  • Trouble urinating, pain, burning, or weak urine flow,
  • Blood in the urine or semen,
  • Painful ejaculation,
  • Pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs,
  • Loss of appetite,
  • Loss of weight
  • Bone pain

There are two types of screening tests used to detect Prostate Cancer. Health care providers use the prostate specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal examination (DRE) to screen for prostate cancer. They advise both for early detection.

Deciding what treatment you should get can be complex if you are diagnosed with prostate cancer. Treament depends on the stage and grade of the cancer. It also depends on your age and health.

Some cancers grow so slowly that treatment may not be needed. But, some grow fast and are life–threatening. If you are diagnosed with psotate cancer, your health care provider will review your PSA level, T stage, Gleason score, and biopsy results. The results from these test will help your health care provider predict the likelihood of your cancer progressing or coming back.

The treatment choices for prostate cancer are:

  • Active Surveillance
  • Watchful Waiting
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Surgery
  • Cryotherapy
  • Hormonal Therapy
  • Chemotherapy

Often times, treatment plans include more than one treatment option.

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