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Master List of Awareness Causes - E | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter E and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter E:


Eales Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Eales Disease is also known as:
• Eales Retinopathy
• Idiopathic Peripheral Periphlebitis

What is Eales Disease?
Eales Disease is a rare disorder of sight that appears as an inflammation and white haze around the outercoat of the veins in the retina. The disorder is most prevalent among young males and normally affects both eyes. Usually, vision is suddenly blurred because the clear jelly that fills the eyeball behind the lens of the eye seeps out.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Ear, Patella, Short Stature Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Ear, Patella, Short Stature Syndrome is also known as:
• EPS
• Meier-Gorlin Syndrome
• Microtia, Absent Patellae, Micrognathia Syndrome

What is Ear, Patella, Short Stature Syndrome?
Ear-Patella-Short Stature Syndrome (EPS), also known as Meier-Gorlin Syndrome, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by small ears, absent or small knee caps, and short stature.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Ectodermal Dysplasias

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Ectodermal Dysplasias is also known as:
• Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia

Subdivisions of Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Anhidrotic X-Linked Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Anodontia
• Book Syndrome
• Chaund's Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Chondroectodermal Dysplasias
• Christ-Siemans-Touraine Syndrome
• Cloustons Syndrome
• Curly Hair-Ankyloblephanon-Nail Dysplasia
• Dentooculocutaneous Syndrome
• Ectrodactyly Ectodermal Dysplasias Clefting Syndrome
• Ellis-van Creveld Syndrome
• Facial Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Freire-Maia Syndrome
• Gorlin's Syndrome
• Hidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasias, Autorecessive
• Hypoplastic Enamel-Onycholysis-Hypohidrosis
• Incontinentia Pigmenti
• Marshall's Ectodermal Dysplasias With Ocular nad Hearing Defects
• Monilethrix
• Naegeli Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Nail Dystrophy-Deafness Syndrome
• Oculodentodigital Syndrome
• Odontotrichomelic Syndrome
• Onychotrichodysplasia with Neutropenia
• Oral-Facial-Digital Syndrome (Type I)
• Otodental Dysplasia
• Pachyonychia Congenita
• Palmoplantar Hyperkeratosis and Alopecia
• Rapp-Hodgkin Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Robertson's Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Rosselli-Gulienatti Syndrome
• Schopf-Schultz-Passarge Syndrome
• Stevanovic's Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Tooth and Nail Syndrome
• Trichodento Osseous Syndrome
• Trichorhinophalangeal Syndrome
• Triphalangeal Thumbs-Hypoplastic Distal Phalanges-Onychodystrophy
• Witkop Ectodermal Dysplasias
• Xeroderma, Talipes, and Enamel Defect

What is Ectodermal Dysplasias?
Ectodermal Dysplasias (ED) are a group of more than 180 disorders that affect the outer layer of tissue of the embryo (ectoderm) that helps make up the skin, sweat glands, hair, teeth, and nails. Different types of EDs are caused by mutations in different genes, and can be inherited in a variety of ways.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Ectrodactyly Ectodermal Dysplasia Cleft Lip/Palate

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Ectrodactyly Ectodermal Dysplasia Cleft Lip/Palate is also known as:
• Ectrodactyly-Ectodermal Dysplasia-Clefting Syndrome
• Ectrodactyly-Ectodermal Dysplasia-Orofacial Clefts
• EEC Syndrome

Subdivisions of Ectrodactyly Ectodermal Dysplasia Cleft Lip/Palate
• EEC Syndrome Type 1
• EEC Syndrome Type 3

What is Ectrodactyly Ectodermal Dysplasia Cleft Lip/Palate?
Ectrodactyly Ectodermal Dysplasia Cleft Lip/Palate (EEC) Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. Affected individuals often have abnormalities affecting the limbs including ectrodactyly, a condition in which part or all of the central digits are missing. Ectrodactyly often affects the middle fingers or toes, but can present differently in different people. A groove or gap in the upper lip and a groove or gap in the roof of the mouth may also occur. The ectodermal Dysplasia component refers to abnormalities to structures that arise from the outermost layer of the embryo. In EEC Syndrome, this generally affects the hair, teeth, nails, skin and sweat glands.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Eye diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Mouth Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Ehlers Danlos Syndromes

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Ehlers Danlos Syndromes is also known as:
• EDS
• E-D Syndrome

Subdivisions of Ehlers Danlos Syndromes
• Anthrochalasia EDS
• Brittle Cornea Syndrome
• Classic EDS
• Classical-Like EDS
• Cardiac-Valvular
• Anthrochalasia EDS
• Hypermobile EDS
• Kyphoscoliotic EDS
• Musculocontractural EDS
• Myopathic EDS
• Periodontal EDS
• Spondylodysplastic EDS
• Vascular EDS

What is Ehlers Danlos Syndromes?
The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a group of related disorders caused by different genetic defects in collagen. Collagen is a tough, fibrous, protein, and serves as a building block essential in both strengthening connective tissue and providing flexibility where needed. The problems seen in individuals with EDS can be due to either the poor strength of collagen or the absence of sufficient amounts of structurally normal collagen. The primary complications seen in EDS involve the skin, muscles, skeleton, and blood vessels.

Categories

• Connective Tissue Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Eisenmenger Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Eisenmenger Syndrome is also known as:
• Eisenmenger Complex
• Eisenmenger Disease
• Eisenmenger Physiology
• Eisenmenger Reaction

What is Eisenmenger Syndrome?
Eisenmenger Syndrome is a rare progressive heart condition that develops in some individuals with structural malformations of the heart that are present from birth. The disorder is characterized by increased blood pressure in the main blood vessel connecting the heart to the lungs and improper blood flow within the heart.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Elephantiasis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Elephantiasis is also known as:
• Idiopathic Elephantiasis

What is Elephantiasis?
Elephantiasis is a condition characterized by gross enlargement of an area of the body, especially the limbs. Other areas commonly affected include the external genitals. Elephantiasis is caused by obstruction of the lymphatic system, which results in the accumulation of a fluid called lymph in the affected areas.

Categories

• Parasitic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Ellis Van Creveld Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Ellis Van Creveld Syndrome is also known as:
• Chondroectodermal Dysplasia
• EVC
• Mesoectodermal Dysplasia

What is Ellis Van Creveld Syndrome?
Ellis-Van Creveld Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by short limb dwarfism, additional fingers and/or toes, abnormal development of fingernails and, in over half of the cases, congenital heart defects.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Embryonal Tumors, Central Nervous System, Childhood (Brain Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Enbryonal Tumors, Central Nervous System, Childhood
[Gray Cancer Ribbons for Enbryonal Tumor (Brain Cancer) Awareness[2]

What is Embryonal Tumors, Central Nervous System, Childhood?
Central Nervous System (CNS) embryonal tumors may begin in embryonic cells that remain in the brain after birth. Central nervous system CNS embryonal tumors tend to spread through the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to other parts of the brain and spinal cord. The tumors may be malignant or benign. Most CNS embryonal tumors in children are malignant. Malignant brain tumors are likely to grow quickly and spread into other parts of the brain. When a tumor grows into or presses on an area of the brain, it may stop that part of the brain from working the way it should. Benign brain tumors grow and press on nearby areas of the brain. They rarely spread to other parts of the brain. Although cancer is rare in children, brain tumors are the second most common type of childhood cancer, after leukemia.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Causes


Emery Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Emery Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy is also known as:
• EDMD

Subdivisions of Emery Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy
• Autosomal Dominant Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy
• Autosomal Recessive Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy
• X-linked Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy

What is Emery Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy?
Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy (EDMD) is a rare, often slowly progressive genetic disorder affecting the muscles of the arms, legs, face, neck, spine and heart. The disorder consists of the clinical triad of weakness and degeneration of certain muscles, joints that are fixed in a flexed or extended position, and abnormalities affecting the heart.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Emphysema, Congenital Lobar

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Emphysema, Congenital Lobar is also known as:
• CLE
• Congenital Pulmonary Emphysema
• Emphysema, Localized Congenital
• Lobar Emphysema, Infantile
• Lobar Tension Emphysema in Infancy

What is Emphysema, Congenital Lobar?
Congenital Lobar Emphysema is a rare respiratory disorder in which air can enter the lungs but cannot escape, causing overinflation of the lobes of the lung. It is most often detected in newborns or young infants, but some cases do not become apparent until adulthood.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Empty Sella Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Empty Sella Syndrome is also known as:
• Empty Sella Turcica
• ESS

Subdivisions of Empty Sella Syndrome
• Primary Empty Sella Syndrome
• Secondary Empty Sella Syndrome

What is Empty Sella Syndrome?
Empty Sella Syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by enlargement or malformation of a structure in the skull known as the sella turcica. The sella turcica is a saddle-shaped depression located in the bone at the base of skull, in which the pituitary gland resides.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex is also known as:
• Herpes Encephalitis
• Herpetic Brainstem Encephalitis
• Herpetic Meningoencephalitis
• HSE

What is Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex?
Herpes Simplex Encephalitis (HSE) is a rare neurological disorder characterized by inflammation of the brain. The disorder may have some symptoms similar to those associated with meningitis, such as a stiff neck, altered reflexes, confusion, and/or speech abnormalities.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Viral infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Encephalitis, Japanese

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Encephalitis, Japanese is also known as:
• Japanese B Encephalitis
• JE
• Russian Autumnal Encephalitis
• Summer Encephalitis

What is Encephalitis, Japanese?
Japanese Encephalitis is a severe inflammation of the brain caused by the Japanese B Encephalitis Virus that is transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes in certain areas of the world, particularly Asia. This disorder most commonly affects children and tends to be more actively spread during the summer.

Categories

• Viral Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Encephalocele

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Encephalocele is also known as:
• Cephalocele
• Craniocele
• Cranium bifidum

Subdivisions of Encephalocele
• Cranial Meningocele
• Encephalocystomeningocele
• Encephalomeningocele

What is Encephalocele?
Encephaloceles are rare birth defects associated with skull defects characterized by partial lacking of bone fusion leaving a gap through which a portion of the brain sticks out. In some cases, cerebrospinal fluid or the membranes that cover the brain may also protrude through this gap. The portion of the brain that sticks outside the skull is usually covered by skin or a thin membrane so that the defect resembles a small sac. Protruding tissue may be located on any part of the head, but most often affects the back of the skull. Most encephaloceles are large and significant birth defects that are diagnosed before birth. However, in extremely rare cases, some encephaloceles may be small and go unnoticed.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Endocardial Fibroelastosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Endocardial Fibroelastosis is also known as:
• EFE
• Elastic Tissue Hyperplasia
• Endocardial Dysplasia
• Endocardial Sclerosis
• Fetal Endomyocardial Fibrosis
• Subendocardial Sclerosis

What is Endocardial Fibroelastosis?
Endocardial Fibroelastosis (EFE) is a rare heart disorder that affects infants and children. It is characterized by a thickening within the muscular lining of the heart chambers due to an increase in the amount of supporting connective tissue and elastic fibers.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Endocarditis, Infective

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Endocarditis, Infectiveis also known as:
• Endocarditis, Bacterial
• IE

Subdivisions of Endocarditis, Infective
• Endocarditis, Bacterial Acute
• Endocarditis, Bacterial Subacute
• Endocarditis, Prosthetic Valvular (PVA)

What is Endocarditis, Infective?
Infective Endocarditis is a bacterial infection of the inner lining of the heart muscle. This inner lining also covers the heart valves, and it is these valves which are primarily affected by infective endocarditis. If the infection remains untreated, multiplying bacteria may eventually destroy the valves and result in heart failure. Bacteria may also form small clots which move through the blood and block small arteries.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Endometrial Cancer (Uterine Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Peach Ribbon for Endometrial Cancer (Uterine Cancer)

What is Endometrial Cancer (Uterine Cancer)?
Endometrial Cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ in women where fetal development occurs. Endometrial Cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer. Other types of cancer can form in the uterus, including uterine sarcoma, but they are much less common than Endometrial Cancer. Endometrial Cancer is often detected at an early stage because it frequently produces abnormal vaginal bleeding.

Categories

• Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Endometriosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Yellow Ribbon for Endometriosis

What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is an often-painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus, endometrium, grows outside your uterus. Endometriosis most commonly involves the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining the pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs. With endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would, it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit the body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions, abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other.

Categorie

• Female Reproductive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Endomyocardial Fibrosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Endomyocardial Fibrosis is also known as:
• Davies' Disease
• EMF
• Fibroelastic Endocarditis
• Loeffler Endomyocardial Fibrosis with Eosinophilia
• Loeffler Fibroplastic Parietal Endocarditis
• Loeffler's Disease

Subdivisions of Endomyocardial Fibrosis
• Biventricular Fibrosis
• Left Ventricular Fibrosis
• Right Ventricular Fibrosis

What is Endomyocardial Fibrosis?
Endomyocardial Fibrosis (EMF) is a progressive disease of unknown origin that may seriously affect the heart. Its most obvious feature is a gross change in the makeup of the lining of the heart cavities of one or both of the lower chambers of the heart leading to the replacement of normal cells with fibrous tissue. This process is progressive and leads to the narrowing of the right or left ventricular cavities. It may involve the valves between the chambers of the heart, as well as the tendon-like cords that fix the valves to the ventricles.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Enterobiasis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Enterobiasis is also known as:
• Oxyuriasis
• Pinworm Infection
• Seatworm Infection

What is Enterobiasis?
Enterobiasis or pinworm infection is a common, contagious, parasitic infestation found mainly in children. The disorder is spread by swallowing or inhaling the tiny eggs of the pinworm.

Categories

• Parasitic Infections

Cause Classification: Medical


Enthesis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Enthesis

What is Enthesis?
Tendons are the tissues that attach the muscles to the bones. Ligaments are what attach the bones to one another. The places where the tendons and ligaments meet the bones are called entheses. Sometimes, these connection points can get inflamed and become painful because of injury, overuse, or disease. This is known as enthesitis, also sometimes called enthesopathy. Inflammation of the entheses can cause new bone tissue to form. That new bone tissue gets in the way of normal movement and function. Enthesitis is common in some forms of arthritis, including psoriatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, and in some children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

Categories

• Inflammatory Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Ribbon for Enthesitis-Related Arthritis

What is Enthesitis-Related Arthritis?
Enthesitis-Related Arthritis is a type of arthritis that often afflicts the spine, hips, eyes, and the places where tendons attach to bones. This type of arthritis occurs mainly in boys older than 8 years of age. There is often a family history of ankylosing spondylitis among the child's male relatives.

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome is also known as:
• EMS

What is Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome?
Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome is a rare disorder that affects multiple organ systems of the body including the muscles, skin, and lungs. Affected individuals have elevated levels of certain white blood cells known as eosinophils in the various tissues of the body, a condition known as eosinophilia.

Categories

• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Eosinophilic Esophagitis is also known as:
• Allergic Esophagitis
• EoE

Subdivisions of Eosinophilic Esophagitis
• Atopic and Non-Atopic
• Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI) Responsive and Non-Responsive

What is Eosinophilic Esophagitis?
Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic disorder of the digestive system in which large numbers of a particular type of white blood cell called eosinophils are present in the esophagus. Eosinophils are an important part of the immune system and play a role in immune regulation and fighting certain infection, and their accumulation is a hallmark of allergic diseases.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Eosinophilic Fasciitis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Eosinophilic Fasciitis is also known as:
• Diffuse Eosinophilic Fasciitis
• Shulman Syndrome

What is Eosinophilic Fasciitis?
Eosinophilic Fasciitis is a rare disorder characterized by inflammation of the tough band of fibrous tissue beneath the skin. The arms and legs are most often affected. Inflammation is caused by the abnormal accumulation of certain white blood cells including eosinophils in the fascia. Eosinophilic fasciitis eventually causes the skin to swell and slowly thicken and harden. The disorder most commonly affects middle-aged adults.

Categories

• Connective Tissue Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis is also known as:
• EG
• EGE
• EGID
• Eosinophilic Gastritis
• Eosinophilic Gastroenteropathy
• Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders

What is Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis?
Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis is a rare digestive disease characterized by the triad of eosinophilic infiltration of segments of the gastrointestinal tract, abnormalities of gastrointestinal function and exclusion of other diseases with peripheral eosinophilia.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Ependymoma, Adult (Brain Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gray Ribbon for Ependymoma, Adult

What is Ependymoma, Adult?
The brain and spinal cord have spaces that contain cerebrospinal fluid. It is a fluid that helps protect the brain and spinal cord from injury and from infection from toxins. These spaces are called ventricles when they are located in the brain and spinal cord. An ependymoma is a rare tumor that forms from cells in the lining of these spaces.

Depending on its location and aggressiveness, an ependymoma will be classified as one of three main types:

• Classic. These are fairly well-defined tumors that usually appear in the lower part of the brain containing the cerebellum and the brain stem. They can also appear in the spinal cord or within the cerebral cortex, the upper part of the brain.

• Anaplastic. These tend to be fast-growing tumors and often indicate a poor outcome. They also tend to develop in the area of the brain that contains the cerebellum and brain stem. This part of the brain is called the posterior fossa.

• Myxopapillary Ependymoma. These tumors are more common in adults than in children. They are usually limited to the base of the spine.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Ependymoma, Childhood (Brain Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gray Ribbon for Ependymoma, Childhood
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Ependymoma (Brain Cancer) Awareness

What is Ependymoma, Childhood?
Childhood Ependymoma is a type of brain tumor. A tumor begins when healthy cells change and grow out of control, forming a mass. A tumor can be malignant or non-malignant. A malignant or cancerous tumor can grow and spread to other parts of the body. A non-malignant or benign tumor usually grows slowly but will not spread. Ependymoma is a rare, malignant brain tumor.

Ependymoma starts from radial glial cells, which are a type of cell in the brain. Even though ependymoma can occur in any part of the brain or spine, it most commonly occurs in the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the part of the brain that coordinates the body’s movements. Many times, ependymoma will block the normal flow of cerebral spinal fluid, which can lead to a condition called hydrocephalus.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Theirs Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Epidermal Nevus Syndromes

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Epidermal Nevus Syndromes is also known as:
• ENSs

Subdivisions of Epidermal Nevus Syndromes
• Angora Hair Nevus Syndrome
• Becker Nevus Wyndrome
• CHILD Syndrome
• Garcia-Hafner-Happle Syndrome
• Nevus Comedonicus Syndrome
• Phacomatosis Pigmentokeratotica
• Proteus Syndrome
• Schimmelpenning Syndrome
• Type 2 Segmental Cowden Disease

What is Epidermal Nevus Syndromes?
Epidermal Nevus Syndromes (ENSs) are a group of rare complex disorders characterized by the presence of skin lesions known as epidermal nevi associated with additional extra-cutaneous abnormalities, most often affecting the brain, eye and skeletal systems. Epidermal nevi are overgrowths of structures and tissue of the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin. The different types of epidermal nevi can vary in size, number, location, distribution and appearance.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Epidermolysis Bullosa

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Epidermolysis Bullosa is also known as:
• EB

Subdivisions of Epidermolysis Bullosa
• Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa
• Epidermolysis Bullosa Simplex
• Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa
• Kindler Syndrome

What is Epidermolysis Bullosa?
Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) is a genetic skin disorder characterized clinically by blister formation from mechanical trauma. Friction causes blister formation. Blisters can form anywhere on the surface of the skin, within the oral cavity and in more severe forms may also involve the external surface of the eye, as well as the respiratory, gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts. In some forms of the disease, disfiguring scars and disabling musculoskeletal deformities occur.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Epidermolytic Ichthyosis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Epidermolytic Ichthyosis is also known as:
• BCIE
• Bullous Congenital CIE
• Bullous Congenital Ichthyosiform Erythroderma (of Brocq)
• EHK
• EI
• Epidermolytic Hyperkeratosis

What is Epidermolytic Ichthyosis?
Epidermolytic Ichthyosis (EI) specifically refers to a hereditary skin disorder that is characterized by varying degrees of blistering and subsequent reactive scaling of the skin.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Epitheliopathy, Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Epitheliopathy, Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment is also known as:
• Acute Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy
• Acute Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy
• AMPPE
• APMPPE
• Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy

What is Epitheliopathy, Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment?
Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy (APMPPE) is a rare eye disorder of unknown cause. The disorder is characterized by the impairment of central vision in one eye but, within a few days, the second eye may also become affected. In most cases, the disorder resolves within a few weeks without loss of clearness of vision.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Erdheim Chester Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Erdheim Chester Disease is also known as:
• ECD
• Lipoid Granulomatosis

What is Erdheim Chester Disease?
Erdheim-Chester Disease (ECD) is a rare multisystem disorder of adulthood. It is characterized by excessive production and accumulation of histiocytes within multiple tissues and organs. Histiocytes are large phagocytic cells that normally play a role in responding to infection and injury.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Erythema Nodosum

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Erythema Nodosum

What is Erythema Nodosum?
Erythema Nodosum is a type of skin inflammation that is located in a part of the fatty layer of skin. Erythema Nodosum results in reddish, painful, tender lumps most commonly located in the front of the legs below the knees.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Erysipelas

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Erysipelas is also known as:
• Cellulitis
• Saint Anthony's Fire

What is Erysipelas?
Erysipelas is an infection of the upper layers of the skin. The most common cause is group A streptococcal bacteria, especially Streptococcus pyogenes. Erysipelas results in a fiery red rash with raised edges that can easily be distinguished from the skin around it. Erysipelas begins with minor trauma, such as a bruise, burn, wound, or incision.

Categories

• Bacterial Infections
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Erythema Multiforme

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Erythema Multiforme is also known as:
• Dermatostomatitis, Erythema Multiforme Type
• Erythema Multiforme Bullosum
• Erythema Polymorphe, Erythema Multiforme Type
• Febrile Mucocutaneous Syndrome
• Herpes Iris, Erythema Multiforme Type

What is Erythema Multiforme?
Erythema Multiforme (EM) is the name applied to a group of hypersensitivity disorders, affecting mostly children and young adults, and characterized by symmetric red, patchy lesions, primarily on the arms and legs.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Erythrokeratodermia with Ataxia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Erythrokeratodermia with Ataxia is also known as:
• Giroux Barbeau Syndrome

What is Erythrokeratodermia with Ataxia?
Erythrokeratodermia with Ataxia (EKDA) is a hereditary disorder of the skin and nervous system characterized by groups of hard, red plaques that develop during infancy and childhood. When these skin lesions heal, the disorder seems to become dormant for several years, after which the neurological symptoms and signs emerge in the form of a typically awkward gait when the affected individual is around 40 years of age or older.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Erythromelalgia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Erythromelalgia is also known as:
• Erythermalgia
• Gerhardt Disease
• Mitchell Disease
• Weir-Mitchell Disease

Subdivisions of Erythromelalgia
• Primary Erythromelalgia, Familial
• Secondary Erythromelalgia

What is Erythromelalgia?
Erythromelalgia is a rare condition that primarily affects the feet and, less commonly, the hands. It is characterized by intense, burning pain of affected extremities, severe redness, and increased skin temperature that may be episodic or almost continuous in nature. Although erythromelalgia typically affects both sides of the body, it may sometimes involve only one side.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Erythropoietic Protoporphyria and X-Linked Protoporphyria

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Erythropoietic Protoporphyria and X-Linked Protoporphyria is also known as:
• EPP
• Erythrohepatic Protoporphyria
• Protoporphyria

What is Erythropoietic Protoporphyria and X-Linked Protoporphyria?
Erythropoietic Protoporphyria (EPP) is a rare inherited metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency of the enzyme ferrochelatase.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• RDCRN
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula is also known as:
• Atresia of Esophagus With or Without Tracheoesophageal Fistula
• Esophageal Atresia
• Tracheoesophageal Fistula
• Tracheoesophageal Fistula With or Without Esophageal Atresia

What is Esophageal Atresia and/or Tracheoesophageal Fistula?
Esophageal Atresia (EA) is a rare birth defect in which the esophagus does not develop normally. In infants with EA, the esophagus is usually separated into two parts, an upper and lower segment. These two segments do not connect. One or both segments end in a blind pouch. Consequently, the normal passage between the mouth and stomach does not exist.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Esophageal Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Periwinkle Blue Ribbon for Esophageal Cancer

What is Esophageal Cancer, Adult?
Cancer can occur anywhere along the length of the esophagus. However, most esophageal cancers occur in the lower-third region of the esophagus. Esophageal cancer is three times more common among men than women and is found more often in people of African descent than in Caucasians. Although it accounts for approximately one percent of all cancers in the North American population, esophageal cancer is the second most common cancer in parts of Asia.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Esophageal Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Periwinkle Blue Ribbon for Esophageal Cancer, Childhood
Gold Cancer Ribbons for Childhood Esophageal Cancer Awareness

What is Esophageal Cancer, Childhood?
Esophageal tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Esophageal Cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the esophagus. Most esophageal tumors in children begin in the thin, flat cells that line the esophagus.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Essential Iris Atrophy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Essential Iris Atrophy is also known as:
• ICE Syndrome, Essential Iris Atrophy Type
• Iridocorneal Endothelial (ICE) Syndrome, Essential Iris Atrophy
• Progressive essential Iris Atrophy

What is Essential Iris Atrophy?
Essential Iris Atrophy is a very rare, progressive disorder of the eye characterized by a pupil that is out of place and/or distorted areas of degeneration on the iris, and/or holes in the iris. This disorder most frequently affects only one eye and develops slowly over time.

Categories

• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red Ribbon for Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia

What is Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia?
Essential Mixed Cryoglobulinemia is characterized by joint pains and swelling, enlargement of the spleen, skin vasculitis with purplish patches, and nerve and kidney disease.

Categories

• Immune System Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Essential Thrombocythemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Essential Thrombocythemia is also known as:
• Essential Hemorrhagic Thrombocythemia
• Essential Thrombocytosis
• ET
• Idiopathic Thrombocythemia
• Idiopathic Thrombocytosis
• Primary Thrombocythemia

What is Essential Thrombocythemia?
Essential Thrombocythemia, also known as ET, is a rare disease. People with ET have increased numbers of platelets.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Essential Tremor

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Essential Tremor is also known as:
• Benign Essential Tremor (obsolete)
• ET
• Familial Essential Tremor
• Hereditary Tremor

What is Essential Tremor?
Essential Tremor (ET) is a progressive, neurological disease characterized by tremor, most often of the hands or arms. In individuals with ET, other motor symptoms may be present including an unsteady manner of walking due to an inability to coordinate voluntary movements. In some cases, affected individuals may also develop a variety of non-motor symptoms including cognitive impairment, depression or anxiety. ET can occur in childhood or adulthood.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Esthesioneuroblastoma (Head and Neck Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Red and White Pinstripes Ribbon for Esthesioneuroblastoma (Head and Neck Cancer)

Esthesioneuroblastoma (Head and Neck Cancer) is also known as:
• Olfactory Neuroblastoma

What is Esthesioneuroblastoma?
Esthesioneuroblastoma (ENB) is an uncommon malignant tumor of the upper nasal cavity and anterior skull base.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And The Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Evans Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Evans Syndrome?
Evans Syndrome is a rare disorder in which the body’s immune system produces antibodies that mistakenly destroy red blood cells, platelets and sometimes certain white blood cell known as neutrophils. This leads to abnormally low levels of these blood cells in the body. The premature destruction of red blood cells is known as autoimmune hemolytic anemia or AIHA.

Catagories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Blood Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Ewing Sarcoma (Bone Cancer)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases
Yellow Awareness Ribbons for Ewing Sarcoma (Bone Cancer) Awareness

Ewing Sarcoma is also known as:
• EFT
• Ewing Family of Tumors
• Ewing's Sarcoma
• Ewing Tumor
• TEF
• Tumor of the Ewing Family (TEF)
Subdivisions of Ewing Sarcoma
• Askin's Tumor
• Ewing Sarcoma of Bone
• Extraosseous Ewing (EOE) Sarcoma
• Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor (PNET)
What is Ewing Sarcoma?
Ewing Sarcoma is a rare bone tumor that occurs most often in adolescents. It can also arise outside of the bone in soft tissue. Ewing Sarcoma is related to another type of tumor known as Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor (PNET). Consequently, these tumors are sometimes collectively classified as the Ewing family of tumors (EFT). This general term encompasses Ewing Sarcoma of bone, Extraosseous Ewing Sarcoma, Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor, and Askin’s Tumor (a tumor of the chest wall).

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Rare Cancers
Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Awareness Ribbons for Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Awareness

Subdivisions of Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors
• Teratomas
• Malignant Germ Cell Tumors
• Mixed Germ Cell Tumors

What are Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors?
Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors form from germ cells in parts of the body other than the brain. Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors may be benign or malignant. Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors are grouped as Gonadal or Extragonadal Extracranial Tumors. A germ cell is a type of cell that forms as a fetus (unborn baby) develops. These cells later become sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors, Adult?
Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors form from developing sperm or egg cells that travel from the gonads to other parts of the body.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors, Childhood

What is Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors, Childhood?
Germ cells are special cells in a developing embryo, also called the fetus or unborn baby, that become the eggs in girls’ ovaries or the sperm in boys’ testicles. Rarely, during development of the embryo, these cells may also travel to other areas of the body and form a tumor. A tumor is a mass that forms when normal cells change and grow out of control. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A cancerous tumor is malignant, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor means the tumor can grow but will not spread.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Eye Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Eye Cancer

What is Eye Cancer?
Cancer of the eye is uncommon. It can affect the outer parts of the eye, such as the eyelid, which are made up of muscles, skin and nerves. If the cancer starts inside the eyeball it is called intraocular cancer. The most common intraocular cancers in adults are melanoma and lymphoma. The most common eye cancer in children is retinoblastoma, which starts in the cells of the retina. Cancer can also spread to the eye from other parts of the body.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors