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Master List of Awareness Causes - G | Personalized Cause

Comprehensive master list of every awareness cause beginning with the letter G and the corresponding awareness ribbon color.

Master List of Awareness Causes and Associated Colors

All Causes Beginning with the Letter G:


Galactosemia

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Galactosemia is also known as:
• Galactose-1-Phosphate Uridyl Transferase Deficiency
• GALT Deficiency
• Transferase Deficiency Galactose

Subdivisions of Galactosemia
• Biochemical Variant Galactosemia
• Classic Galactosemia
• Clinical Variant Galactosemia
• Duarte Variant Galactosemia

What is Galactosemia?
Galactosemia is a rare, hereditary disorder of carbohydrate metabolism that affects the body's ability to convert galactose to glucose. The disorder is caused by a deficiency of an enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyl transferase (GALT) which is vital to this process.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Gallbladder Cancer

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Gallbladder Cancer

What is Gallbladder Cancer?
Gallbladder Cancer is cancer that begins in the gallbladder. Gallbladder Cancer is uncommon. Gallbladder cancer is difficult to diagnose because it often causes no specific signs or symptoms. Also, the relatively hidden nature of the gallbladder makes it easier for gallbladder cancer to grow without being detected.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Galloway-Mowat Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Galloway-Mowat Syndrome is also known as:
• Galloway Syndrome
• Hershberger Syndrome
• Hiatal Hernia-Microcephaly-Nephrosis, Galloway Type
• Microcephaly-Hiatal Hernia-Nephrosis, Galloway Type
• Microcephaly-Hiatal Hernia-Nephrotic Syndrome
• Nephrocerebellar Syndrome
• Nephrosis-Microcephaly Syndrome
• Nephrosis-Neuronal

What is Galloway-Mowat Syndrome?
Galloway-Mowat Syndrome is an extremely rare genetic disorder that is characterized by a variety of physical and developmental abnormalities, particularly neurological abnormalities and early onset progressive kidney disease.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Adult

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Periwinkle Blue Ribbon for Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Adult

What is Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Adult?
Gastric (Stomach) Cancer usually begins in the mucus-producing cells that line the stomach. This type of cancer is called adenocarcinoma. For the past several decades, rates of cancer in the main part of the stomach have been falling worldwide. During the same period, cancer in the area where the top part of the stomach meets the lower end of the swallowing tube has become much more common. This area of the stomach is called the gastroesophageal junction.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Childhood

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Childhood)
Periwinkle Blue Ribbon for Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Childhood

What is Gastric (Stomach) Cancer, Childhood?
Gastric (Stomach) Cancer is most often found in children about three to four years old, and is uncommon in children older than age six. It can show up as a swelling or lump in the belly.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Gastritis, Chronic, Erosive

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gastritis, Chronic, Erosive is also known as:
• Idiopathic Chronic, Erosive Gastritis
• Varioliform Gastritis

What is Gastritis, Chronic, Erosive?
Chronic, Erosive Gastritis is characterized by many inflamed lesions in the mucous lining of the stomach. It may be a transitory or a chronic condition lasting for years.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gastritis, Giant Hypertrophic (GHG)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gastritis, Giant Hypertrophic (GHG) is also known as:
• Gastroenteropathy, Protein Losing
• Giant Hypertrophy of the Gastric Mucosa
• Hypertrophic Gastropathy

What is Gastritis, Giant Hypertrophic (GHG)?
Giant Hypertrophic Gastritis (GHG) is a general term for inflammation of the stomach due to the accumulation of inflammatory cells in the inner wall of the stomach resulting in abnormally large, coiled ridges or folds that resemble polyps in the inner wall of the stomach. GHG encompasses a collection of disorders.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors

What are Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors?
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors are a type of cancer that forms in the lining of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Cancer starts when cells begin to grow out of control.

Categories

• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST) (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
Yellow Ribbon for Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) (Soft Tissue Sarcoma)
Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors is also known as:
• GIST

Subdivisions of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
• Familial Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
• Pediatric-Like Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors

What are Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors?
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs) belong to a group of cancers known as soft tissue sarcomas. Tumors usually arise from the intestinal tract with the most common site being the stomach, followed by the small intestine, and then the colon/rectum with rare cases arising in the esophagus. There are also tumors that appear to arise in the membranous tissue lining the wall of the stomach or in a fold of such membranous tissue. There are also case reports of tumors arising in the appendix and/or pancreas.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Gastroparesis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gastroparesis is also known as:
• Delayed Gastric Emptying
• Gastric Atony
• Gastric Dysmotility
• Gastric Stasis
• Gastrointestinal Autonomic Neuropathy
• Gastroparesis Diabeticorum
• Gastropathy
• Severe Functional Dyspepsia

Subdivisions of Gastroparesis
• Diabetic Gastroparesis
• Idiopathic Gastroparesis
• Post-Surgical Gastroparesis

What is Gastroparesis?
Gastroparesis represents a clinical syndrome characterized by sluggish emptying of solid food from the stomach, which causes persistent digestive symptoms especially nausea and primarily affects young to middle-aged women, but is also known to affect younger children and males. Gastroparesis is also known as delayed gastric emptying and is an old term that does not adequately describe all the motor impairments that may occur within the gastroparetic stomach. For the most part, the finding of delayed emptying provides a "marker" for a gastric motility problem.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gastroschisis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gastroschisis is also known as:
• Abdominal Wall Defect
• Aparoschisis

What is Gastroschisis?
Gastroschisis is a rare congenital disorder in which a defect is present in the wall of the abdomen. Typically there is a small abdominal cavity with herniated abdominal organs that usually appear on the right side of the abdomen. There is no membranous sac covering the organs and the intestines may be swollen and look shortened due to exposure to the liquid that surrounds the fetus during pregnancy.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gaucher Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gaucher Disease is also known as:
• Cerebroside Lipidosis Syndrome
• Gaucher Splenomegaly
• Glucocerebrosidase Deficiency
• Glucocerebrosidosis
• Glucosylceramidase Deficiency
• Glucosyl Cerebroside Lipidosis
• Kerasin Lipoidosis
• Kerasin Thesaurismosis
• Lipid Histiocytosis (Kerasin Type)
• Sphingolipidosis 1

Subdivisions of Gaucher Diseaser
• Gaucher Disease Type 1
• Gaucher Disease Type 2
• Gaucher Disease Type 3
• Perinatal-Lethal Form
• Cardiovascular Form

What is Gaucher Disease?
Gaucher Disease is a rare, inherited metabolic disorder in which deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase results in the accumulation of harmful quantities of certain fats throughout the body especially within the bone marrow, spleen and liver.

Categories

• Heart Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


General Myoclonus

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Subdivisions of General Myoclonus
• Action Myoclonus
• Arrhythmic Myoclonus
• Cortical Myoclonus
• Cortical-Subcortical Myoclonus
• Dyssynergia Cerebellaris Myoclonica
• Familial Arrhythmic Myoclonus
• Hereditary Essential Myoclonus
• Infantile Myoclonic Encephalopathy and Polymyoclonia
• Intention Myoclonus
• Lance-Adams Syndrome
• Myoclonic Epilepsy
• Nocturnal Myoclonus
• Opsoclonus
• Palatal Myoclonus
• Paramyoclonus Multiple
• Pathological Myoclonus
• Peripheral Myoclonus
• Postanoxic Intention Muoclonus
• Postencephalitic Intention Myoclonus
• Progressive Myoclonic Epilepsy
• Respiratory Myoclonus
• Rhythmical Myoclonus
• Segmental Myoclonus
• Stimulus-Sensitive Myoclonus
• Subcortical/Non-Segmental Myoclonus

What is General Myoclonus?
Myoclonus is the term used to describe the sudden, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles caused by muscle contractions or muscle relaxation. The twitching or jerking of muscles cannot be controlled by the person experiencing it. Myoclonic jerks may occur infrequently or many times a minute. They sometimes occur in response to an external event or when a person attempts to make a movement. By itself, myoclonus may be seen as a symptom rather than a disease. To some degree, it may occur occasionally to otherwise healthy people.

Categories

• Eye Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Geographic Tongue

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Geographic Tongue is also known as:
• Benign Migratory Glossitis
• BMG
• Erythema Areata Migrans
• Erythema Migrans
• Geographic Stomatitis
• Wandering Rash of the Tongue

What is Geographic Tongue?
Geographic Tongue is a benign condition characterized by inflammation of the tongue that appears in a map-like pattern. The normal tongue is covered by a layer of small bumps known as papillae. In affected individuals, certain areas of the tongue are missing these bumps. These affected areas usually appear as smooth, red or pink colored, degenerated patches. Geographic Tongue tends to come and go. It usually heals without treatment, but will recur again usually affecting a different area of the tongue.

Categories

• Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Germ Cell Tumors

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Gold Ribbon for Germ Cell Tumors

What are Germ Cell Tumors?
Germ Cell Tumors are growths that form from reproductive cells. Tumors may be cancerous or noncancerous. Most Germ Cell Tumors that are cancerous occur as cancer of the testicles (testicular cancer) or cancer of the ovaries (ovarian cancer).

Categories

• Female Reproductive Diseases
• Male Reproductive Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Gerstmann Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gerstmann Syndrome is also known as:
• Developmental Gerstmann Syndrome
• Gerstmann Tetrad
• GS

What is Gerstmann Syndrome?
Gerstmann Syndrome is a rare neurological disorder that can occur as the result of a brain injury or as a developmental disorder. The syndrome is characterized by the loss or absence of four cognitive abilities: the loss of the ability to express thoughts in writing, to perform simple arithmetic problems, to recognize or indicate one's own or another's fingers, and to distinguish between the right and left sides of one's body. Additional cognitive defects may occur in some cases. Gerstmann syndrome is different from Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, a rare genetic degenerative brain disorder.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) Disease

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) Disease is also known as:
• Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) Syndrome
• GSS

What is Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) Disease?
Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) Disease is a rare genetic degenerative brain disorder. A common symptom is a progressive loss of coordination that may present as unsteadiness of gait, difficulty walking, and clumsiness. As the disease progresses, other symptoms become apparent including dementia, in which there are worsening problems with thought, cognition, memory, language, and behavior.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gestational Pemphigoid (PG)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Fuchsia Ribbon for Gestational Pemphigoid (PG)

What is Gestational Pemphigoid (PG)?
Gestational Pemphigoid or Pemphigoid Gestationis (PG) is a dermatosis of pregnancy, being an autoimmune blistering skin disease that occurs during pregnancy, typically in the second or third trimester, and/or immediately following pregnancy.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Purple Ribbon for Gestational Tromphoblastic Disease (GTD)

What is Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD)?
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease (GTD) is a group of rare tumors that involve abnormal growth of cells inside a woman's uterus. GTD does not develop from cells of the uterus like cervical cancer or endometrial cancer do. Instead, these tumors start in the cells that would normally develop into the placenta during pregnancy.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical
Cross Reference: Cancer Causes And Their Associated Cancer Ribbon Colors


Gianotti Crosti Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gianotti Crosti Syndrome is also known as:
• Acrodermatitis, Infantile Lichenoid
• Acrodermatitis, Papular Infantile
• Crosti-Gianotti Syndrome
• GCS
• PAC
• Papular Acrodermatitis of Childhood
• PAS

What is Gianotti Crosti Syndrome?
Gianotti-Crosti Syndrome is a rare skin disease affecting children between the ages of nine months and nine years. Major symptoms may include blisters on the skin of the legs, buttocks and arms. The disorder is usually preceded by a viral infection.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Giant Axonal Neuropathy

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Giant Axonal Neuropathy is also known as:
• GAN

What is Giant Axonal Neuropathy?
Giant Axonal Neuropathy is a rare neuropathy that severely affects the peripheral as well as the central nervous system. The first symptoms appear in early childhood. This disorder is characterized by abnormalities in the peripheral and central nervous systems including low muscle tone, muscle weakness, decreased reflexes, impaired muscle coordination, seizures and intellectual disability.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Giant Cell Arteritis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Giant Cell Arteritis is also known as:
• Cranial Arteritis
• GCA
• Granulomatous Arteritis
• Temporal Arteritis (Horton's Disease)

Subdivisions of Giant Cell Arteritis
• Polymyalgia Rheumatica

What is Giant Cell Arteritis?
Giant Cell Arteritis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the progressive inflammation of many arteries of the body. Granular material and abnormally large cells (giant cells) accumulate in the elastic lining of the arteries. Chronic inflammation is sometimes confined to the different branches of the heart's main artery and any large arteries can become inflamed. However, the temporal arteries of the head are most frequently affected. In rare cases, veins may also be affected by giant cell arteritis. Giant cell arteritis is closely related to polymyalgia rheumatica, another inflammatory disorder. Some researchers believe they represent different ends of a disease continuum.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Giant Cell Myocarditis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Giant Cell Myocarditis is also known as:
• GCM
• Idiopathic Giant Cell Myocarditis

What is Giant Cell Myocarditis?
Giant Cell Myocarditis is a rare cardiovascular disorder that occurs for unknown reasons. It is characterized by inflammation of the heart muscle, a condition referred to as myocarditis. Inflammation is caused by widespread infiltration of giant cells associated with other inflammatory cells and heart muscle cell destruction.

Categories

• Heart Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Giant Congenital Melanocytic Nevus (CMN)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Giant Congenital Melanocytic Nevus (CMN) is also known as:
• Bathing Trunk Nevus
• Cape Nevus
• Congenital Pigmented Nevus
• Garment Nevus
• Giant Brown Birthmark
• Giant Hairy Nevus
• Giant Hairy Pigmented Nevus
• Giant Mole
• Giant Nevus
• Hairy Birthmark
• Leptomeningeal Melanosis
• Multiple Congenital Melanocytic Nevi
• Neurocutaneous Melanocytosis
• Neurocutaneous Melanosis
• Satellite Nevi
• Swimming Trunk Nevus

What is Giant Congenital Melanocytic Nevus?
Congenital Melanocytic Nevi (CMN) are visible pigmented proliferations in the skin that are present at birth. CMN are benign, tumor-like malformations resulting from faulty development of pigment cell precursors in the embryo, and composed of an abnormal mixture of skin elements. Defined areas of these melanocytic proliferations cover surfaces at the base of the epidermis ranging from a few millimeters in diameter to large sectors of the body.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Rare Cancers
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gilbert Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Gilbert Syndrome is also known as:
• Constitutional Liver Dysfunction
• Familial Nonhemolytic Jaundice
• Gilbert-Lereboullet Syndrome
• Gilbert's Disease
• Hyperbilirubinemia I
• Meulengracht's Disease
• Unconjugated Benign Bilirubinemia

What is Gilbert Syndrome?
Gilbert Syndrome is a mild genetic liver disorder in which the body cannot properly process bilirubin, a yellowish waste product that is formed when old or worn out red blood cells are broken down. Individuals with Gilbert Syndrome have elevated levels of bilirubin because they have a reduced level of a specific liver enzyme required for elimination of bilirubin. Most affected individuals have no symptoms or may only exhibit mild yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes, and whites of the eyes. Jaundice may not be apparent until adolescence.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders
• Not a Rare Disease

Cause Classification: Medical


Gitelman Syndrome

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Subdivisions of Gitelman Syndrome
• Familial Hypokalemia-Hypomagnesemia
• Hypomagnesemia-Hypokalemia with Hypocalciuria

What is Gitelman Syndrome?
Gitelman Syndrome, also known as Familial Hypokalemia-Hypomagnesemia, is a rare genetic disorder in which there is a specific defect in kidney function. This defect impairs the kidney’s ability to reabsorb salt and causes changes in various electrolyte concentrations, as well as contraction of extracellular fluid volume.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Glanzmann Thrombasthenia (GT)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glanzmann Thrombasthenia (GT) is also known as:
• Glanzmann Disease
• Glanzmann-Naegeli Syndrome
• Glanzmann Thrombasthenia
• Glanzmann Thrombasthenia, Type A
• Glycoprotein Complex IIb/IIIa, Deficiency of
• GP IIb-IIIa Complex, Deficiency of
• GTA
• Integrin aIIbb3, Deficiency of
• Platelet Fibrinogen Receptor Deficiency
• Thrombasthenia
• Thrombasthenia of Glanzmann and Naegeli

What is Glanzmann Thrombasthenia (GT)?
Glanzmann Thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare inherited blood clotting disorder characterized by the impaired function of specialized cells that are essential for proper blood clotting. Symptoms of this disorder usually include abnormal bleeding, which may be severe.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is also known as:
• Astrocytoma, Grade IV
• GBM

What is Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM)?
Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) is the most common malignant primary brain tumor. These tumors are often aggressive and infiltrate surrounding brain tissue. GBMs arise from glial cells, which are cells that form the tissue that surrounds and protects other nerve cells found within the brain and spinal cord. GBMs are mainly composed of star-shaped glial cells known as astrocytes. The general term glioma includes any type of brain tumor such as astrocytoma and oligodendroglioma that arise from glial cells.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Glomerulonephritis

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Green Ribbon for Glomerulonephritis

What is Glomerulonephritis?
Glomerulonephritis is inflammation of the tiny filters in the kidneys (glomeruli). Glomeruli remove excess fluid, electrolytes and waste from the bloodstream and pass them into the urine. Glomerulonephritis can come on suddenly or gradually. Glomerulonephritis occurs on its own or as part of another disease, such as lupus or diabetes. Severe or prolonged inflammation associated with glomerulonephritis can damage the kidneys.

Categories

• Kidney and Urinary Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Glucose Transporter Type 1 Deficiency Syndrome (Glut1)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glucose Transporter Type 1 Deficiency Syndrome (Glut1) is also known as:
• De Vivo Disease
• Glucose Transporter Protein Syndrome
• Glut-1 Deficiency Syndrome
• Glut1-DS

What is Glucose Transporter Type 1 Deficiency Syndrome (Glut1)?
Glucose Transporter Type 1 (Glut1) Deficiency Syndrome is a rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by deficiency of a protein that is required for glucose to cross the blood-brain barrier. The most common symptom is seizures, which usually begin within the first few months of life.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (G6PD)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (G6PD) is also known as:
• G6PD Deficiency
• G6PD

Subdivisions of Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (G6PD)
• Favism

What is Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (G6PD)?
Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) Deficiency is a genetic metabolic abnormality caused by deficiency of the enzyme G6PD. This enzyme is critical for the proper function of red blood cells. When the level of this enzyme is too low, red blood cells can break down prematurely. When the body cannot compensate for accelerated loss, anemia develops.

Categories

• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Glucose-Galactose Malabsorption

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glucose-Galactose Malabsorption is also known as:
• Carbohydrate Intolerance of Glucose Galactose
• Complex Carbohydrate Intolerance
• Monosaccharide Malabsorption

What is Glucose-Galactose Malabsorption?
Glucose-Galactose Malabsorption is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by the small intestine's inability to transport and absorb glucose and galactose. Glucose and galactose have very similar chemical structures, and normally the same transport enzyme provides them with entry into specialized cells in the small intestine where they are absorbed and transferred to other cells.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Glutaricaciduria I (GA-I)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glutaricaciduria I (GA-I) is also known as:
• Dicarboxylic Aminoaciduria
• GA I
• Glutaricacidemia I
• Glutaric Acidemia I
• Glutaric Aciduria I
• Glutaryl-CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency
• Glutaurate-Aspartate Transport Defect

What is Glutaricaciduria I (GA-I)?
Glutaricaciduria I (GA-I) is a rare hereditary metabolic disorder, caused by a deficiency of the enzyme glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase. One of a group of disorders known as organic acidemias, it is characterized by an enlarged head, decreased muscle tone, vomiting, and excess acid in the blood. Affected individuals may also have involuntary movements of the trunk and limbs and mental retardation may also occur.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Glutaricaciduria II (GA-II)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glutaricaciduria II (GA-II) is also known as:
• Electron Transfer Flavoprotein, Deficiency of
• Electron Transfer Flavoprotein: Ubiquinone Oxidoreductase, Deficiency of
• GA II
• Glutaricacidemia II
• Glutaric Acidemia II
• Glutaric Aciduria II
• MADD
• Multiple Acyl-Co-A Dehydrogenation Deficiency

What is Glutaricaciduria II (GA-II)?
Glutaricaciduria II is one of the conditions termed organic acidemias. Individuals with these conditions have a deficiency or absence of an enzyme that prevents them from breaking down certain chemicals in the body, resulting in the accumulation of several organic acids in the blood and urine. Two enzymes that may be deficient in glutaricaciduria II are electron transfer flavoprotein and ETF-ubiquinone oxidoreductase.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases
• Newborn Screening

Cause Classification: Medical


Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency is also known as:
• Pyroglutamicaciduria
• Pyroglutamic Aciduria
• 5-Oxoprolinuria

What is Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency?
Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency is an extremely rare disorder characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme glutathione synthetase. This enzyme is part of the chemical process by which the body creates glutathione, a protein molecule that plays a role in many cell processes.

Categories

• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Glycogen Storage Disease Type I (GSD-I)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glycogen Storage Disease Type I (GSD-I) is also known as:
• Glucose-6-Phosphatase Deficiency
• Glycogenosis Type I
• GSDI
• Von Gierke Disease

Subdivisions of Glycogen Storage Disease Type I (GSD-I)
• Glycogen Storage Disease Type IA
• Glycogen Storage Disease Type IB

What is Glycogen Storage Disease Type I (GSD-I)?
Glycogen Storage Diseases are a group of disorders in which stored glycogen cannot be metabolized into glucose to supply energy and to maintain steady blood glucose levels for the body.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders

Cause Classification: Medical


Glycogen Storage Disease Type III (GSD-III)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glycogen Storage Disease Type III (GSD-III) is also known as:
• AGL Deficiency
• Amylo-1,6-Glucosidase Deficiency
• Cori Disease
• Forbes Disease
• GDE Deficiency
• Glycogen Debrancher Deficiency
• Glycogenosis Type III
• GSD-III
• Limited Dextrinosis

What is Glycogen Storage Disease Type III (GSD-III)?
The human diet contains 3 macronutrients that can be stored by the body as energy: carbohydrates, protein, and fat. There are at least 13 glycogen storage disease (GSD) subtypes, in which the energy stored as glycogen cannot be adequately produced or broken down.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Digestive Diseases
• Heart Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Glycogen Storage Disease Type IX (GSD-IX)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glycogen Storage Disease Type IX (GSD-IX) is also known as:
• GSD-IX
• PhK Deficiency
• Phosphorylase Kinase Deficiency

Subdivisions of Glycogen Storage Disease Type IX (GSD-IX)
• Glycogen Storage Disease Type Ixa
• Glycogen Storage Disease Type Ixb
• Glycogen Storage Disease Type Ixc
• Glycogen Storage Disease Type Ixd

What is Glycogen Storage Disease Type IX (GSD-IX)?
Glycogen Storage Disease Type IX (GSD-IX) is a group of at least four disorders characterized by a deficiency of the enzyme phosphorylase kinase. This enzyme is necessary to break down a type of complex sugar known as glycogen. Normally, glycogen is metabolized into a simple sugar known as glucose. Glucose is one of the main sources of energy for the body. When there is excess glycogen, it is stored in the body, primarily in the liver and muscles and, when the body needs more energy, is eventually converted into glucose. Because individuals with GSD-IX cannot properly break down glycogen, excess amounts accumulate in the liver, muscles, or both.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Glycogen Storage Disease Type V (GSD-V)

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glycogen Storage Disease Type V (GSD-V) is also known as:
• Glycogenosis Type V
• Glycogen Storage Disease Type V (GSD-V)
• GSD-V
• McArdle Disease
• Myophosphorylase Deficiency
• Muscle Glycogen Phosphorylase Deficiency

What is Glycogen Storage Disease Type V (GSD-V)?
Glycogen Storage Disease Type V (GSD-V or McArdle disease) is the most common disorder of skeletal muscle carbohydrate metabolism and one of most frequent genetic myopathies. Twelve different types of glycogen storage disease have been described, which result from defects in glycogen synthesis and breakdown principally in the muscle and liver, although other tissues can also be affected. GSD-V is caused by the lack of the muscle glycogen phosphorylase enzyme.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Glycogen Storage Disease Type VII (GSD-VII)

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Glycogen Storage Disease Type VII (GSD-VII) is also known as:
• GSD VII
• Muscle Phosphofructokinase Deficiency
• PFKM Deficiency
• Tarui Disease

What is Glycogen Storage Disease Type VII (GSD-VII)?
Glycogen Storage Diseases are a group of disorders in which stored glycogen cannot be metabolized into glucose to supply energy for the body. Glycogen Storage Disease Type VII is characterized by weakness, pain and stiffness during exercise. GSD VII is caused by abnormalities in the muscle phosphofructokinase gene that results in a deficiency of the phosphofructokinase enzyme. This enzyme deficiency leads to a reduced amount of energy available to muscles during exercise.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Metabolic Disorders
• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Goblet Cell Carcinoid (GCC)

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Goblet Cell Carcinoid (GCC) is also known as:
• Adenocarcinoid +/-ex GCC
• Adenocarcinoma Ex GCC
• Appendiceal Crypt Cell Adenocarcinoma
• Composite GCC-Adenocarcinoma
• GCC
• Goblet Cell Adenocarcinoid
• Goblet Cell Tumor
• Goblet Cell Carcinoma
• Goblet Cell Tumors (GCT)
• Microglandular-GCC
• Mixed Crypt Cell Carcinoma
• Mucinous Adenocarcinoids
• Mucinous Carcinoid

What is Goblet Cell Carcinoid (GCC)?
Goblet Cell Carcinoids (GCC) of the appendix are a subtype of appendiceal cancer. GCC are defined by a unique combination of two types of cancer cells, neuroendocrine (carcinoid) and epithelial (adenocarcinoma). They are extremely rare. The average age of onset is between 50 and 55 years, and they affect men and women equally.

Categories

• Digestive Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases
• Rare Cancers

Cause Classification: Medical


Goodpasture Syndrome

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Goodpasture Syndrome is also known as:
• Pneumorenal Syndrome

What is Goodpasture Syndrome?
Goodpasture Syndrome is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation of the filtering structures of the kidneys and excessive bleeding into the lungs. In many cases, Goodpasture syndrome may result in an inability of the kidneys to process waste products from the blood and excrete them in the urine.

Categories

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Blood Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gordon Syndrome

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Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Gordon Syndrome is also known as:
• Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita, Distal, Type IIA
• Camptodactyly-Cleft Palate-Clubfoot
• Distal Arthrogryposis, Type IIA

Subdivisions of Gordon Syndrome
• Chronic Gordon Syndrome

What is Gordon Syndrome?
Gordon Syndrome is an extremely rare disorder that belongs to a group of genetic disorders known as the distal arthrogryposes. Gordon Syndrome is characterized by the permanent fixation of several fingers in a bent position, abnormal bending inward of the foot, and, less frequently, incomplete closure of the roof of the mouth.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases
• Mouth Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gorham-Stout Disease (GSD)

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

What is Gorham-Stout Disease (GSD)?
Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) is a rare bone disorder characterized by progressive bone loss and the overgrowth of lymphatic vessels. Affected individuals experience progressive destruction and resorption of bone. Multiple bones may become involved. Areas commonly affected by GSD include the ribs, spine, pelvis, skull, collarbone, and jaw.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gorlin-Chaudhry-Moss Syndrome

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gorlin-Chaudhry-Moss Syndrome is also known as:
• Craniofacial Dysostosis-PD Arteriosus-Hypertrichosis-Hypoplasia of Labia
• Craniosynostosis-Hypertrichosis-Facial and Other Anomalies
• GCM Syndrome

What is Gorlin-Chaudhry-Moss Syndrome?
Gorlin-Chaudhry-Moss Syndrome is an extremely rare inherited disorder characterized by premature closure of the fibrous joints between certain bones in the skull, unusually small eyes, absence of some teeth, and/or excessive amounts of hair on most areas of the body. Affected individuals may also exhibit a mild delay in physical development.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Gottron Syndrome (GS)

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Gottron Syndrome (GS) is also known as:
• Acrogeria, Gottron Type
• Familial Acrogeria
• Familial Acromicria
• H. Gottron's Syndrome

What is Gottron Syndrome (GS)?
Gottron Syndrome (GS) is an extremely rare inherited disorder characterized by the appearance of premature aging, especially in the form of unusually fragile, thin skin on the hands and feet. GS is described as a mild, nonprogressive, congenital form of skin atrophy due to the loss of the fatty tissue directly under the skin.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical



Gout

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Blue Ribbon for Gout

What is Gout?
Gout is a common and complex form of arthritis that can affect anyone. It is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness and tenderness in the joints, often the joint at the base of the big toe. An attack of gout can occur suddenly, often waking a person up in the middle of the night with the sensation that the big toe is on fire. The affected joint is hot, swollen and so tender that even the weight of the sheet on it may seem intolerable.

Categories

• Musculoskeletal Diseases
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD)

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD is also known as:
• GVHD

Subdivisions of Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD)
• Acute GVHD
• Chronic GVHD

What is Graft versus Host Disease?
Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD) is a rare disorder that can strike persons whose immune system is deficient or suppressed and who have received a bone marrow transplant or a nonirradiated blood transfusion. Symptoms may include skin rash, intestinal problems and liver dysfunction.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Immune System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Granuloma Annulare

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Granuloma Annulare is also known as:
• Lichen Annularis

Subdivisions of Granuloma Annulare
• Generalized (Disseminated) Granuloma Annulare
• Linear Granuloma Annulare
• Localized Granuloma Annulare
• Perforating Granuloma Annulare
• Subcutaneous Granuloma Annulare

What is Granuloma Annulare?
Granuloma Annulare is a chronic degenerative skin disorder. The most common form is localized granuloma annulare, which is characterized by the presence of small, firm red or yellow colored bumps that appear arranged in a ring on the skin.

Categories

• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA)

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) is also known as:
• GPA
• Midline Granulomatosis
• Necrotizing Respiratory Granulomatosis
• Pathergic Granulomatosis
• Wegener’s Disease
• Wegener Granulomatosis
• Wegener’s Granulomatosis


What is Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA)?
Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare disorder characterized by inflammation of small and medium-sized blood vessels that results in damage to various organ systems of the body, most often the respiratory tract and kidneys.

Categories

• Blood Diseases
• Kidney and Urinary Diseases
• Lung Diseases
• Nervous System Diseases
• RDCRN

Cause Classification: Medical


Graves’ Ophthalmology

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Teal Ribbon for Graves' Ophthalmology

What is Graves’ Ophthalmology?
Graves’ Disease is a disorder that causes the thyroid gland to make too much of a certain hormone, a condition called hypothyroidism. In addition to weight loss, a fast heartbeat, high blood pressure, and irritability, it can cause the immune system to mistakenly attack healthy cells. In some people, the muscles and tissues around the eyes are targeted.

About half of people with Graves’ disease notice some eye issues, and some have severe vision problems. Experts think this happens because the tissues in the eyes have proteins like ones in the thyroid gland. The problem is known as Graves' Eye Disease or Graves' Ophthalmopathy.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases
• Eye Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Graves’ Disease

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Graves’ Disease is also known as:
• Basedow Disease
• Exophthalmic Goiter
• Graves' Hyperthyroidism
• Parry Disease
• Toxic Diffuse Goiter

Subdivisions of Graves’ Disease
• Graves' Dermopathy
• Graves' Orbitopathy
• Graves' Ophthalmopathy

What is Graves’ Disease?
Graves’ Disease is a disease affecting the thyroid and often the skin and eyes. Graves’ Disease is characterized by abnormal enlargement of the thyroid and increased secretion of thyroid hormone. Graves’ Disease is an autoimmune disease.

Categoies

• Autoimmune Diseases
• Autoinflammatory Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Greig Cephalopolysyndactyly Syndrome (GCPS)

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Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Greig Cephalopolysyndactyly Syndrome (GCPS) is also known as:
• Cephalopolysyndactyly Syndrome
• Frontodigital Syndrome (obsolete)
• GCPS
• Greig Syndrome
• Hootnick-Holmes Syndrome (obsolete)
• Polysyndactyly-Dysmorphic Craniofacies, Greig Type

What is Greig Cephalopolysyndactyly Syndrome (GCPS)?
Greig Cephalopolysyndactyly Syndrome (GCPS) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by physical abnormalities affecting the fingers and toes and the head and facial area.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Musculoskeletal Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Grover’s Disease

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Grover’s Disease is also known as:
• TAD
• Transient Acantholytic Dermatosis

What is Grover’s Disease?
Grover's Disease is a rare, transient skin disorder that consists of small, firm, raised red lesions, most often on the skin of the chest and back. Diagnosis of this disorder becomes apparent under microscopic examination when the loss of the "cement" that holds the skin cells together is observed. Over time, as the skin loses the "cement", the cells separate. Small blisters containing a watery liquid are present. These blisters tend to group and have a swollen red border around them.

Categories

• Not a Rare Disease
• Skin Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Growth Hormone Deficiency (GHD)

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Growth Hormone Deficiency (GHD) is also known as:
• Acquired GHD
• Congenital GHD
• Idiopathic GHD
• TEST

What is Growth Hormone Deficiency (GHD)?
Growth Hormone Deficiency (GHD) is a rare disorder characterized by the inadequate secretion of growth hormone (GH) from the anterior pituitary gland, a small gland located at the base of the brain that is responsible for the production of several hormones.

Categories

• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Growth Hormone Insensitivity (GHI)

Awareness Ribbon Color:

Blue Jeans Ribbon for Genetic Diseases

Growth Hormone Insensitivity (GHI) is also known as:
• GHI
• GH Insensitivity
• Growth Hormone Resistance
• Growth Hormone Unresponsiveness
• Laron Syndrome

Subdivisions of Growth Hormone Insensitivity (GHI)
• GH Inactivating Antibodies
• GH Postreceptor Deficiencies
• GH Receptor Deficiency (GHRD)

What is Growth Hormone Insensitivity (GHI)?
Growth Hormone Insensitivity (GHI) is a group of extremely rare genetic disorders in which the body is unable to use the growth hormone that it produces.

Categories

• Congenital and Genetic Diseases
• Endocrine Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical


Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS)

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Zebra Ribbon for Rare Diseases

Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is also known as:
• Acute Polyneuritis
• Acute Inflammatory Neuropathy
• Acute Inflammatory Polyneuropathy
• GBS
• Post-Infective Polyneuritis

Subdivisions of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GSB)
• Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy
• Acute Motor Axonal Neuropathy
• Acute Motor Neuropathy with Conduction Block
• Acute Motor-Sensory Axonal Neuropathy

What is Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GSB)
Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is a rare, rapidly progressive disorder due to inflammation of the nerves causing muscle weakness, sometimes progressing to complete paralysis. GBS affects approximately only one or two people each year in every 100,000 population.

Categories

• Nervous System Diseases

Cause Classification: Medical